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2The Daily Tar HeelFriday, March 18, 1988
World and Nation
Uoo battalions depart for Honduras
From Associated Press reports
FORT BRAGG, N.C. Two
battalions of Fort Bragg's 82nd
Airborne Division boarded transport
planes and took off for Honduras
today as part of President Reagan's
"measured response" to border fight
ing between Nicaragua and the
"The soldiers are well-trained and
are prepared for this mission," said
Lt. Gen. John Foss, commander of
the 1 8th Airborne Corps. "They're
excited, but 1 would not say they are
nervous. This is the sort of thing we
Mourners 'gather for funeral of I IRA member
From Associated Press reports
BELFAST, Northern Ireland
The Irish Republican Army (IRA)
buried a guerrilla Thursday alongside
the trampled graves and tumbled
tombstones where a Protestant gun
man killed three people and wounded
68 at an IRA funeral a day earlier.
Wearing shamrocks and green or
black armbands on a somber St.
Patrick's Day, 3,000 mourners
gathered in the Roman Catholic
Milltown cemetery to bury Kevin
McCracken yards away from where
Noriega troops patrol streets in Paoaroa
From Associated Press reports
PANAMA CITY, Panama The
government on Thursday took over
major public services crippled by
strikes, and heavily armed soldiers
patrolled the capital to keep order
after an attempted coup against Gen.
Manuel Antonio Noriega.
Leaders of the National Civic
Crusade, an anti-government coali
tion, had planned demonstrations
Thursday, but the sight of hundreds
of soldiers carrying automatic rifles
and tear gas canisters apparently
Opposition activists and public
employees, furious about not being
paid, poured into the streets Wednes
day in the biggest protest of Noriega's
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The White House described the
movement as "an emergency deploy
ment readiness exercise" triggered by
what it said was an invasion of
Honduras by 1,500 to 2,000 Nicara
guan forces pursuing contras.
The first of 25 C-141 transport
planes left nearby Pope Air Force
Base at 7:03 a.m and others left for
the Palmerola air base in Honduras
at 30-minute intervals. Foss said a
total pf 2,000 soldiers were being sent
from Fort Bragg, including two 600
man battalions and 800 other combat
the gunman opened fire and hurled
grenades on Wednesday.
At St. Patrick's Day services,
Catholic leaders appealed for calm
amid fears the cemetery killings will
herald new and prolonged sectarian
Police kept a discreet distance
while funeral speakers, standing amid
tombstones knocked over in Wednes
day's pandemonium, renewed
charges that British authorities and
Northern Ireland's mainly Protestant
police force colluded in the attack.
In the face of widespread walkouts
by public employees, Noriega's
Defense Forces took control Thurs
day of all major utilities, most
government ministries, railroads,
ports, airports and the post office.
The employees were striking
because the cash-starved government,
under economic pressure by the
United States, was unable to pay
Shops and stores in the central
business district gradually reopened
Thursday, and electricity was re
stored to most of the nation after an
18-hour outage caused by an electri
cal workers' strike. Taxis and buses
that had deserted the capital's streets
support troops. About 800 para
troopers would be dropped about five
miles from the Honduran base.
"We are always ready; we train this
way to be ready," said Maj. Gen. Carl
Stiner, commander of the 82nd
Airborne. "This exercise is similar to
one conducted at the end of last
month. We got back from one of
these Tuesday morning."
Stiner said that after the troops
landed in Honduras, they would
participate in joint training exercises
with Honduran forces, including
patrols, practice air assaults and other
A British army patrol shot
McCracken, 33, on Monday night in
Belfast after he fired on them, the
Before his funeral, three hooded
IRA gunmen fired three volleys
the movement's traditional salute to
its dead in a side street near his
home. They fired over a makeshift
shrine of his photograph surrounded
Black flags fluttered from the
windows of row houses in West
Belfast's cramped streets as
began running again.
"Nobody is buying anything," said
a lottery vendor, displaying a fistful
of unsold tickets. "Look, I have to
return all of this."
The United States has applied
economic pressure, including a freeze
on Panamanian government
accounts in U.S. banks and withhold
ing of Panama Canal revenues. This
has dried up the supply of U.S.
dollars, Panama's national currency.
There were differing opinions
Thursday on how the coup attempt
by a group of officers had affected
Noriega, chief of the 15,000-member
Defense Forces and the power behind
Panama's civilian government.
"If nothing else, what happened
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Stiner said Brig. Gen. Dan
Schroeder was commander of the
joint forces in Honduras while Brig.
Gen. James Johnson was in charge
of the Army units there.
Accompanying the men was a giant
C-5 transport loaded with three light
conservation helicopters, four Cobra
helicopter gunships, one Blackhawk
helicopter, a command vehicle and
Stiner said a battalion rigged for
combat would remain at Pope Air
Force Base on alert status.
McCracken's coffin, topped with the
Irish tricolor flag and his guerrilla
insignia of a black beret and gloves,
was driven to Milltown.
Northern Ireland Secretary Tom
King, Britain's top official in the
province, described the charges of
police complicity as a "disgraceful
The mainly Catholic IRA is fight
ing to drive the British from Northern
Ireland and to unite the province with
the predominantly Catholic Irish
Wednesday showed that the mono
lithic Defense Forces are not so
monolithic after all," said one West
ern diplomat, speaking on condition
and will begin work July 1, Boulton
Gillian Cell, dean of the College
of Arts and Sciences, said she would
not comment on what her response
will be because she wants to respond
directly to Perry. She has met with
Perry twice this semester, and her
office was ready and willing to talk
with him, she said.
"I don't think there has been any
South Africans get stay
From Associated Press reports
. JOHANNESBURG, South Africa
Supporters of the '? Sharpeville
Six" celebrated by singing freedom
songs Thursday when a judge granted
a one-month stay of execution 15
hours before the black prisoners were
to be hanged.
Justice Willem Human, who sen
tenced the five men and one woman
to death three years ago for complic
ity in a mob killing, said there was
new evidence that a key prosecution
witness had perjured himself during
There have been worldwide calls
for clemency for the six.
Scores of blacks inside Pretoria
Supreme Court broke into applause
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Soviets launch first satellite
funded by foreign customer
From Associated Press reports
MOSCOW The Soviet
Union said it launched its first
satellite for a paying customer
Thursday, lifting the Indian
owned payload into orbit from the
Central Asian republic of
The launch was the first on
commercial terms with a foreign
country or company, said Nikolai
Semyonov, an official in the
international liaison office of the
Glavkosmos space agency. He
added that negotiations were
under way for similar deals
although no contracts have been
The satellite, called IRS, will
operate for three years studying
India's forests, water resources
and mineral deposits using remote
sensing devices, Radio Moscow
All believed dead in jet crash
CUCUTA, Colombia A
Boeing 727 jetliner carrying 136
passengers on a domestic flight
crashed Thursday in northern
Colombia, local police said.
Police in the town of Zulia said
they had been told by three
witnesses that the plane crashed
into trees and later slammed into
the earth. The witnesses said the
plane burst into flames and no
survivors were apparent, the police
There was no immediate con
firmation from Avianca airlines or
unwillingness to communicate, on
our part," Cell said.
Assistant Provost Carol Reuss said
Perry had not contacted the provost's
"No one (in the office of the
provost) knows what he's after,"
Perry and Harold Wallace, vice
chancellor of University affairs, could
when Human announced his deci
sion. Several hundred more people
outside cheered, raised clenched fists
and sang freedom songs before police
ordered them to disperse.
One of the defense attorneys,
Prakash Diar, was hoisted into the
air by supporters, then went to
Pretoria Central prison to tell his
clients they would not die at
They were overjoyed," he said
later. "Until I arrived there, they
believed this was their last night."
Also on Thursday, a car bomb
exploded outside a courthouse and
police station 25 miles away in
Krugersdorp, where the six had been
detained before their trial started in
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News in Brief
the Civil Aeronautics Agency.
The state-run Avianca airlines
jet left the city of Cucuta, about
250 miles northeast of Bogota, at
1:16 p.m. EST, the agency said.
It said the plane was headed for
the Caribbean port city of Barran
quilla, on the northern tip of
Mecham protests impeachment
PHOENIX, Ariz. Gov. Evan
Mecham angrily denied at his
impeachment trial Thursday that
he ever intended to obstruct justice
and suggested an alleged threat by
one of his aides was "a total
Mecham insisted he was kept in
the dark about details of a death
threat allegedly made by one of
his staffers. When he did hear
about it, he indicated, he didn't
consider it a serious threat.
Mecham acknowledged, how
ever, that he ordered the state's top
lawman not to cooperate with an
attorney general's investigation of
the alleged threat.
The one-term Republican was
answering the first of three
impeachment charges. He is also
accused of concealing a $350,000
campaign loan and of misusing
$80,000 from a state fund by
loaning it to his auto dealership.
from page 1
not be reached Thursday for
107 Wilson Hall.
B Friday, March 25, 1:30 p.m. in
Hanes Art Center Auditorium.
D Wednesday, March 30, 3:30 p.m.
in the Public Health Auditorium.
B Wednesday, April 6, 10:30 a.m.
in the Student Union Auditorium.
1985. The blast killed three black
men, including a policeman, and
The six were convicted of complic
ity in the 1984 murder of a black town
councilor during anti-apartheid riots,
although there was no evidence they
directly contributed to the victim's
death. Government leaders, churches
and human rights groups around the
world had appealed for clemency.
Human based his decision on a
defense application questioning the
reliability of testimony by prosecu
tion witness Joseph Manete. Human
cited a May 1985 statement in which
Manete said police coerced him into
claiming two of the accused were at
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