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The daily Tar Heel. (Chapel Hill, N.C.) 1946-current, March 28, 1988, Page 2, Image 2

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2The Daily Tar HeelMonday, March 28, 1988 World and Nation. Israeli coovoctedl of From Associated Prw reports JERUSALEM Mordechai Vanunu, the former nuclear techni cian who said he acted as a spy for the common man when he gave Israeli atomic secrets to a newspaper, was sentenced Sunday to 18 years in prison for treason and espionage. The sentencing climaxed a seven month, closed-door trial that focused worldwide attention on Israel's nuclear capability. The 34-year-old Israeli, who told a British newspaper his country possessed nuclear weapons, was convicted Thursday. The charges can carry a death penalty, but the prosecution requested a life term, which Israeli law limits to 20 years. The court then reduced the term by two years, citing Vanunu's cooperation with investiga tors, apparent signs of regret and the difficult conditions of his 18-month Ethnic turmoil stops business in From Associated Press reports MOSCOW The official Soviet press said Sunday most business halted in a city claimed by Arme nians, and dissidents described the stoppage as a general strike. The government newspaper Izves tia said that authorities had blocked the central streets of Stepanakert in the republic of Azerbaijan and that militiamen were patrolling Saturday. Armenians began strikes and street rallies Feb. 13 in Stepanakert, the main city in the region of Nagorno Karabakh. They have demanded annexation of the region, about the size of Delaware, to the neighboring republic of Armenia. Armenians make up more than three-quarters of Nagorno Karabakh's population, but they say they suffer racial, cultural and eco nomic discrimination in Azerbaijan. Sandinistas release 1 From Associated Press reports MANAGUA The leftist Sandi nista government announced Sunday it was releasing about 100 political prisoners in preparation for further peace talks with U.S. -supported contra rebels. An Interior Ministry announce ment said the prisoners were to be released Sunday afternoon, but officials refused to give immediate details for security reasons. In another development, President Daniel Ortega suggested that the United Nations send a multinational peacekeeping force to the Nicaraguan-Honduran border to stabilize the area. Ortega said Satur day night that he made the proposal to a U.N. technical commission visiting the border area. Most of the prisoners to be released If yfetf 111 Wflgto & solitary confinement. Under Israeli law, Vanunu could be released on good behavior after 12 years. But legal commentators said his early release was unlikely given the severity of the crimes. Defense attorney Avigdor Feld man has said he will appeal his client's case to Israel's Supreme Court. The sentencing climaxed an affair shrouded in secrecy that began when Vanunu, a 10-year employee of Israel's Dimona nuclear facility, gave photographs and details of the facility to The Sunday Times of London. Based on that information, the paper reported Israel had stockpiled the world's sixth largest nuclear arsenal. Israel has never confirmed or denied that it has nuclear weapons. It has said only it will not be the first country to introduce such weapons Most Armenians are Christians, while Azerbaijanis are mostly Shiite Moslems. At least 32 people have been killed in ethnic violence in the Azerbaijani city of Sumgait since the protests began. Despite official claims that tensions had eased, the Communist Party newspaper Pravda reported Sunday that 1 ,500 civilian auxiliary police had been deployed in Sumgait and that similar forces were in place in the Azerbaijani capital of Baku. "Only reinforced voluntary public order squads, made up of workers with red armbands who assist militia in the streets, indicate that some tension still persists in Baku," Pravda said. The protests have spread to Arme nia itself, and troops with attack dogs were deployed Saturday in the Sunday were workers arrested for joining illegal strikes or people who demonstrated against the Sandinista government. The release was ordered under an amnesty law the National Assembly approved by a margin of 82-2 Sat urday night. The law could result in the release of about 3,300 political prisoners jailed since the Sandinistas seized power in a 1979 revolution that" overthrew President Anastasio Somoza. There was little opposition to the amnesty bill. The Sandinistas hold 61 seats in the 96-member assembly. According to the legislation, another undisclosed number of con tra rebels taken prisoner during the six-year civil war will be released at an unspecified later date. The govern ment also plans a general review of THE AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION MEMORIAL PROGRAM. WETE FIGHTING FOR VOURUFE American Hoart ff) Association U This spac provided as a public service. To The New AZ Chapter on Initiation & Installation! Hey, AZ It's NOW Official We're FINA TER ibreaspiro, espionage ' into the Middle East. Vanunu, a Jewish-born convert to Christianity, testified during his trial that he made his revelations to warn the world of the dangers of nuclear weapons, not for personal gain or out of a desire to harm his country. In a poem quoted by his attorney on Israeli television after the verdict, Vanunu called himself a "spy for the common man." He had negotiated a lucrative contract with The Sunday Times pending publication of a never completed book and earlier approached several news organiza tions offering to sell his story for large sums. Vanunu made a last-ditch appeal at Sunday's court session, but his remarks were not made public and his attorney refused to talk to waiting reporters. Armenian capital of Yerevan to crack down on street rallies, the official press and activists have reported. A Moscow dissident, Alexander Ogo rodnikov, on Saturday described Yerevan as a "dead city" with most people staying inside in silent protest. The Armenian nationalist protests subsided after Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev appealed Feb. 26 for restraint, promising social and eco nomic improvements. But the Pres idium of the Supreme Soviet, the country's highest executive body, brushed aside the annexation demand on Wednesday. In reaction, Armenians in Nagorno-Karabakh called for a general strike, which began Wednes day, Moscow dissident Sergei Grigo . ryants said Sunday. Izvestia said Sunday in a report from Stepanakert: "Enterprises in the 00 political the cases of about 1,800 members of Somoza's now-disbanded National Guard, Ortega said. Speaking to reporters Saturday night, Ortega said the former guards men all have been accused of human rights violations or crimes against humanity such as the indiscrim inate shooting of civilians during the one-year revolution that brought the Sandinistas to power. Many of them have been sentenced to the maximum penalty of 30 years imprisonment, Ortega said. The downfall of Somoza, a rightist pro American strongman, ended 42 years of iron-fisted rule by his family, usually enforced by the National Guard. Ortega said the case of each guardsman will be sent to the Organ ization of American States' Church authorities to discipline From Associated Press reports SPRINGFIELD, Mo. The Assemblies of God hope to lay the Jimmy Swaggart scandal to rest after the church's highest governing body meets Monday to discipline the television minister for an alleged relationship with a prostitute. The Pentecostal denomination's 250-member General Presbytery is charged with resolving conflict among the Executive Presbytery, the church's 13-member national board of directors and church officials in Louisiana who have proposed what some say is too lenient a punishment for Swaggart. Swaggart, the denomination's most prominent minister, confessed Feb. 21 from his Baton Rouge, La., Girls- LY Vanunu's family, however, expressed bitterness. "The trial was not conducted as it should have been," said Vanunu's brother, Asher Vanunu. He said he would try to galvanize international support to press authorities for his brother's release. Meir Vanunu, another brother who lives in London, said in an interview with British Broadcasting Co. television, "Israel wasn't able to give justice to Mordechai." He said Israel was trying to shield ils nuclear capability "in all the kinds of games that they played about it for the last 25 years." Meir Vanunu faces arrest in Israel for leaking details of his brother's journey home from London in October 1986, several days after The Sunday Times published Vanunu's revelations. Soviet city city today (Saturday) aren't working, except for essential services such as bread and milk factories, transport, water supply." Pravda said: "There is a relative lull in Nagorno-Karabakh . . .but the majority of enterprises of the regional center, Stepanakert, are idle." None of the articles, however, attributed the disruptions to a strike. Andrei Bavitsky of the dissident journal Glasnost had said in Moscow that 15,000 local policemen were patrolling Stepanakert Saturday. But he described the situation as a silent show of force rather than a general strike. Grigoryants, a former political prisoner who is half ethnic Russian and half Armenian, said the Stepa nakert strike was scheduled to last through Friday. prisoners InterAmerican Human Rights Com mission for review before a release is ordered to safeguard the Sandinista government from criticism that it acted unfairly. On Saturday, Ortega said he had told Gilberto Schilittler, head of the U.N. delegation, that "it is important to achieve the stabilization of the border zone with Honduras and this is only possible with a multilateral force." Ortega said that without a peace keeping force, "the United States can continue heating up the border . . . provoking conflicts, increasing its presence to threaten Nicaragua." The U.N. team inspected the border Thursday and Friday, the scene of a reported incursion into Honduras by Sandinista army troops pursuing contra rebels. pulpit to unspecified sins. Swaggart did not elaborate publicly, but reports have linked him to voyeurism involv ing a prostitute. Swaggart is not expected to appear at Monday's meeting, said church spokeswoman Juleen Turnage. The Assemblies' Louisiana presby tery recommended a two-year reha bilitation and a three-month suspen sion from the pulpit for Swaggart. Turnage has said that all other Assemblies' ministers who have confessed to moral failure were barred from preaching for at least a year. The Executive Presbytery dis cussed the matter for 1 1 hours Feb. 25 and 26 before asking Louisiana officials to reconsider. The Executive Presbytery, headed by General Superintendent G. Raymond Carl son, apparently wanted tougher penalites for Swaggart. But after gathering again Feb. 29 for what was described as an emo tional nine-hour session, the Louisi FROM ;KKAT CLASSIC FLAVORS TO TERRIFIC NEW FLAVORS FROM 1)1 LICIOUSLY, TART BKRRIKS TO RICH, CREAMY CHOCOLATES THERE IS ONLY ONE PI ACE TO CO V ? h '0 QfN House speaker's adviser tried to sell weapons to contras From Associated Press reports WASHINGTON An "eyes-and-ears" adviser to House Speaker Jim Wright tried to sell weapons to the contras through Lt. Col. Oliver North's private network three months before the Iran-contra disclosures ended the North operation. Richard Pena, a former House Foreign Affairs Committee staff member, contacted North's asso ciate Richard Miller in 1986 offering material from two South American companies. One would sell grenades, bombs and mines, and the other had boots at $33 a pair, according to a letter proposing the sale. Such activity would appear at odds with the objectives of Wright, who has opposed military aid to the contras and has taken an active role in efforts to get a negotiated peace agreement between Nicara gua's warring factions. Death toll rises in West Bank MEITHALUN, Occupied West Bank Israel said its troops shot three Arabs in the West Bank Sunday after Palestinians attacked them with iron bars and a car, but villagers accused the soldiers of firing at cars carrying the wounded. Israeli soldiers killed a fourth Palestinian in another West Bank town while trying to rescue an Israeli tour bus that blundered into the Arab community. Left-leaning Labor Party min isters, meanwhile, accused Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir of the rightist Likud block at Sunday's Cabinet session of exaggerating the success of his U.S. tour that ended Tuesday, Israel radio reported. They said the proof came in U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz's meeting Saturday in , Washington with two university professors linked to the Palesti nian Liberation Organization. Sunday's deaths raised to 118 the number of Palestinians killed in 15 weeks of violent protests against Israel's 20-year occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, according to U.N. figures. One Israeli soldier has been killed. Iran attacks Indian tanker 'MANAMA, Bahrain Iranian gunboats rocketed an Indian tanker in the Persian Gulf Sunday, setting its engine room ablaze and wounding a crewman, gulf-based shipping executives reported. Iran and Iraq fired missiles into each other's capitals in a brutal long-range duel. In northeast Iraq, Iran said its troops punched deeper into enemy territory, occupying strategic heights that ana Presbytery stood by its original decision. The Louisiana Presbytery has close ties to Swaggart for instance, state superintendent Cecil Janway also sits on the board of Jimmy Swaggart World Ministries. Reports were circulating that Swaggart would leave the denomina tion if church officials suspended him for longer than three months, but a spokesman for Swaggart's ministry said the preacher has made no decision on how he might react. Turnage said she did not believe the General Presbytery would be swayed by "rumors heard through the media." Turnage said the church's national officials have the final say and until now have always been able to work out an agreement with state leaders. The General Presbytery, whose members include representatives from each of the church's state councils, is a court of last resort on ministerial credentials. Generally, a News in Brief overlook a key hydroelectric dam. Both countries reported exten sive civilian casualties in the missile war. Shipping officials, speaking on condition of anonymity, said the 24,529-ton Jainarayan Vyas, owned by the Shipping Corp. of India, was en route to the Saudi Arabian port of Jubail to load petrochemicals when it was hit. The tanker was attacked just before noon about 40 miles from the Iranian-held Abu Musa Island. The island serves as a base for Revolutionary Guards who attack neutral ships in armed speedboats in retaliation for Iraqi air riads on Iranian tankers. The Jainarayan Vyas was hit in apparent retaliation for Iraqi air raids on Iranian tankers overnight Friday. A Danish supertanker, the 337,700-ton Karama Maersk, was initially believed to have also been attacked near Abu Musa. But shipping sources said the vessel had only relayed a distress call from the stricken Indian vessel. Heavy rains in Argentina kill 18 BUENOS AIRES, Argentina Four consecutive days of torrential rain left at least 18 people dead and forced the evac uation of 55,000 residents of the Buenos Aires-La Plata area, offi cials said Sunday. Weather forecasters said the heavy rains that have pounded Buenos Aires and central Argen tina since Thursday would con tinue Monday. The dead included seven child ren who drowned and two women who were electrocuted while cross ing flooded streets where live cables had fallen. Skater announces marriage BUDAPEST, Hungary Debi Thomas, the U.S. figure skating champion and Olympic bronze medalist, announced Sunday that she had married a University of Colorado student on March 15. "I did not want this news to detract from my focus on the world championships (last week)," Thomas said. "Now that the world championships are over, I want to let all my friends and supporters know how happy I am." Thomas' husband is Brian Vanden Hogen. The two met at the University of Colorado when Thomas moved there last year to train with her coach, Alex McGowan, and they were married in Boulder. minister would appeal his case to the group after his course of rehabilita tion had been decided by the Exec utive Presbytery. The Executive Presbytery short-circuited that pro cess when it decided March 3 to turn the Swaggart case over to the larger body. The two-day meeting at the denom ination's headquarters is to open at 2 p.m. Monday. The group will debate according to parliamentary rules of order, and a majority vote will decide Swaggart's fate. For the Record The March 24 story, "Voices of opposition to project grow louder in N.C. counties," incorrectly cited the Department of Transportation as the department to decide the location of the superconducting super collider. The Department of Energy will make that decision. The Daily Tar Heel regrets the error. 942-PUMP 106 W. Franklin St. (next to Pizza Hut) Swaggart

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