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2The Daily Tar Heel Tuesday, April 19, 1988
World audi Natioe
UoSo forces attack Qiraraaira ooD piatffoirinnis
From Associated Press reports
MANAMA, Bahrain American
forces destroyed two of Iran's Persian
Gulf oil platforms Monday, sank or
damaged four attack boats, and
disabled two frigates that fired
missiles at American planes, U.S.
Iranian naval forces responded
with attacks on Arab oil facilities;
U.S., British and Cypriot commercial
vessels; and a press helicopter char
tered by NBC.
No American casualties were
reported, but Defense Secretary
Frank Carlucci said a Cobra attack
helicopter with two crew members
was late in returning to a Navy cruiser
and a search had begun.
Monday's conflict between the
United States and Iran was the most
intense since President Reagan
ordered last summer that Navy forces
be strengthened in the gulf, where
Israeli coo rt
From Associated Press reports
JERUSALEM Retired Ohio
autoworker John Demjanjuk was
convicted Monday of Nazi war
crimes by an Israeli court that said
there was no doubt he was "Ivan the
Terrible,' a death camp guard who
ran gas chambers that killed 850,000
The three-judge court convicted
Demjanjuk of the four counts against
humanity and crimes against perse
Demjanjuk, 68, listened to the
guilty verdict from a cot in a cell next
to the courtroom. Six police officers
had carried him there feet first after
he said he was unable to sit down
because of a back injury.
He was the second person to be
From Assoc lat d Press reports
JERUSALEM Army curfews
and strikes to protest the killing of
a PLO leader paralyzed the occupied
lands Monday, and hospital officials
said soldiers shot two Arabs to death,
including a woman who was taking
her children home.
At least $fll&festinian8 have been
cported kiUid fcinc rkrts-'began Dec.
I in the West Bank "ana "Gaza Strip,
vhich Israel has occupied since
capturing them from Jordan and
Egypt in the 1967 Middle East War.
An Israeli soldier and civilian also
have been slain.
Israel ordered the closure of Je
rusalem's only English-language
magazine owned by Palestinians,
alleging that it is financed and
directed by terrorist organizations. Its
managing editor denied the
Buildings in the West Bank were
draped with black flags of mourning
WE'RE FIGHTING FOR
As a Navy officer, pride and
profesionalism come with the
territory. You also develop the
potential that you know you
have and gain leadership ex
perience that builds success.
In operations and manage
ment, in scientific fields, you
work with highly talented men
and women committed to
Iran and Iraq have been at war since
Washington called the destruction
of the oil platform a "measured
response" to the explosion of a mine,
allegedly planted by Iran, that blew
a hole in an American frigate last
week and wounded 10 sailors.
Reagan said Monday's operations
were a warning to Iran that "we will
protest our ships and, if they threaten
us, they 11 pay a price. We undertook
this section to make sure the Iranians
have no illusions about the cost of
Iran's official Islamic Republic
News Agency said there were deaths
and injuries aboard the platform but
it not say how many.
In the ground war between Iran
and Iraq, the Baghdad government
claimed it regained most of the
southern Faw peninsula that Iranian
convicts roan of Nazi wair crimes
convicted of war crimes in Israel.
Adolf Eichmann, architect of Adolf
Hitler's "Final Solution" for the
extermination of European Jewry,
was hung in 1962, the only person
to have been executed in Israel's 40
The Ukrainian-born Demjanjuk,
who lived in suburban Cleveland
before his extradition to Israel in
1986, could face the death penalty
when he is sentenced April 25.
Observers have said it was more likely
he would receive a life prison term.
"We determine decisively and
without hesitation or doubt that the
accused John Demjanjuk who is on
trial before us, is Ivan, known as 'Ivan
the Terrible,' the operator of gas
for assassinated PLO leader Khalil
al-Wazir. Hundreds of Palestinians
paid condolence calls in Nablus to
al-Wazir's cousin during three days
of mourning, said Adnan Zahran of
"Nablus is a city of ghosts," the
30-year-old engineer told The Asso
ciated Press by. telephone from the
West Bank's largest city, which was
in its second day of curfew.
Al-Wazir, also called Abu Jihad
(Father of the Holy War), was killed
early Saturday by commandos who
burst into his home in a surburb of
For the Record
Friday's article, "Finance commit
tee cuts groups' budget requests,"
incorrectly reported that the Student
Congress Finance Committee recom
mended a 5 percent increase in the
allocation for Student Legal Services'
staff salaries. The allocation was not
increased. The Daily Tar Heel regrets
being the best.
You'll get a solid starting
salary and additional allow
ances that even add more to
your income. Plus, you'll get
benefits like free medical and
dental care, thirty days' paid
vacation each year, and oppor
tunities for postgraduate education.
CONTACT: Lt. Bernie Baetzel
Weekdays 8 am-5 pm
forces captured more than two years
ago, including the town of Faw. Iran
claimed U.S. helicopter gunships
fired at Iranian troops in the area and
Tehran radio said "American forces
have entered the war."
In Washington, Pentagon spokes
man Fred Hoffman denied the Iran
ian claims. No U.S. military forces
have been involved with Iraqi units,
On Reagan's instructions, at about
9 a.m., two groups of Navy warships
struck the Iranian oil platforms
Sassan and Sirri-D, 100 miles apart
in the southern Persian Gulf.
They gave the Iranians advance
warning to evacuate the platforms,
which have been used as speedboat
bases for attacks on neutral shipping.
Reagan ordered the attacks as reta
liation for the mine that holed the
frigate USS Samuel B. Roberts on
chambers," said presiding Judge Dov
Defense attorneys have said they
would appeal the verdict, which came
after the court spent 1 1 hours reading
the 450-page summation. Before it
was announced, Demjanjuk's attor
ney and relatives said they expected
"These are old-fashioned hanging
judges," said Demjanjuk's son, John
Jr. "It's a disgrace to the word
"The writing is on the wall," added
Demjanjuk's son-in-law, Ed Nishnic.
"This is going to go down in history
as the most lopsided case ever
conducted anywhere in the world."
Defense attorney Yoram Sheftel
said he told Demjanjuk last week
death of PLO leader
News of the death inspired riots in
the West Bank and Gaza in which
17 Palestinians were killed and more
than 100 wounded. It was the blood
iest day in the territories since the
In a message to Arabs in the
occupied lands, Palestinian Libera
tion Organization chairman Yasser
Arafat said al-Wazir, his chief aide
a member of the Student Govern
ment's Elections Board.
Dormitories were overcrowded
and lacked heat, paint peeled from
walls, walls crumbled, broken win
dows and toilets were not fixed,
furniture was old and battered, and
some rooms did not have desks for
the first semester, said Oligino,
O'Rourke and other students.
"Trying to get a repair around here
was like beating your head against
the wall," O'Rourke said.
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Both platforms were destroyed and
left ablaze, one by naval gunfire and
the other by explosives placed on it,
according to statements 'in
The Iranian news agency said U.S.
warships hit the Sassan platform at
9 a.m. and, 23 minutes later, the Nasr
platform off nearby Sirri Island.
Sirri Island is one of the makeshift
oil export terminals in southern
waters to which Iran ferries oil from
its main Kharg Island terminal in the
northern gulf. Kharg had been a
frequent target of Iraqi air raids.
The Iranian agency said Foreign
Minister Ali Akbar Velayati wrote a
letter of protest to U.S. Secretary
General Javier Perez de Cuellar that
said, in part, "Iran will never submit
to the policy of violence and will
definitely respond to the cowardly
there was "no doubt" he would be
convicted. "He accepted it," the
Jewish leaders praised the verdict.
"The trial was an affirmation of law
and civility in response to the bar
barity of the Holocaust," said Harry
Wall, director of the Israel branch of
the B'nai Brith Anti-Defamation
League, a major American-Jewish
Demjanjuk maintained his inno
cence, saying he was a victim of
mistaken identity and was not the
infamous Treblinka guard who
would stand near the gas chambers
and strike prisoners with a metal bar
or bayonet as they went to their
deaths in 1942 and 1943.
and the PLO's military commander,
"fell, weapon in his hand, to the
bullets of a Mossad gang." The
Mossad is the Israeli secret service.
Official sources in Tunis said
privately Monday that investigators
concluded Israel had conducted the
operation against al-Wazir and Tuni
sia would make a formal complaint
to the United Nations Security
Keg parties were also restricted in
dormitories, angering students who
felt the Drew administration was
insensitive to their needs, said Josh
Abrams, a senior.
"They don't care about the fun we
have here," Abrams said. "The
students should be a bigger priority
Students were not consulted about
the new alcohol policy, Abrams said.
"We were getting screwed over
because we weren't getting what we
deserved," he said. "We deserve
responsibilities for the money We're
"(Hardin) is a great speaker," he
said. "He seems to be able to say the
right thing to make everyone feel
good, but I don't really see a lot there.
"He says his door is open and come
by and see him, but that's the extent
of it," Abrams said.
Others, however, praised Hardin
for his willingness to listen and be
sympathetic to student problems.
Oligino said Hardin often sat in on
Student Government meetings.
"He was very responsive," Oligino
Summer job openings for Camp counselors at Camp Seagull (boys).
Serving as a camp counselor is a challenging and rewarding oppor
tunity to work with young people, ages 7-16. Seagull is a health and
character development camp located on the coast of North Caro
lina and features sailing, moforboating and seamanship, plus many
usual camping activities including a wide variety of major sports.
Qualifications include a genuine interest in young people, ability to
instruct in one phase of the Camp's programs and excellent refer
ences. For further information please come to a meeting at the
South Gallery in the Carolina Union
Tuesday, April 19th at 7 pm
or call any of these counselors contracted for Summer 1988:
Hostage aboard hijacked jet
asks Kuwait to free prisoners
From Associated Press reports
ALGIERS, Algeria A man
identified as a member of Kuwait's
royal family said Monday from
the hijacked Kuwaiti jetliner that
he hoped his government yields to
the gunmen's demands to end the
Most of the brief radio message
from the man the hijackers said
was Fadel Khaled Al-Sabah was
impossible to understand, except
for the part about their demand
that Kuwait free 17 pro-Iranian
"I hope that Kuwait releases all
the prisoners," the man said,
speaking in Arabic in a feeble,
halting voice. Kuwaiti officials
insist they will not give in to the
hijackers, who have killed two
Hostages released earlier have
said Al-Sabah is in worse condi
tion than any of the other hostages
aboard the jet, describing him as
"the most psychologically broken
down" and suffering from a stom
The jumbo jet was hijacked
while en route from Bangkok to
Kuwait with 112 people aboard,
and first diverted to Mashhad in
northeastern Iran, where 57 pas
sengers were freed. It came to
Algiers' Houari Boumedienne
Airport on Wednesday.
Commission says air travel safe
WASHINGTON A presi
dential commission concluded
Monday that the U.S. air trans
port system is safe for the time
being, but urged appointment of
a "safety czar" in a newly inde
pendent Federal Aviation Admin
istration whose officials would be
insulated from political pressures.
"The nation's air transportation
system is safe, for now," said John
Albertine, chairman of the Avia
tion Safety Commission whose
final report was issued after a nine
month study of the rapidly grow
ing airline industry.
The report said there was wide
spread public concern about the
safety of air travel, coinciding with
burgeoning technological advan
ces and a backlog of safety
improvements waiting to be writ
ten into government regulations.
The panel recommended that
said of Hardin's attitude toward
student protests. "There was no real
animosity toward Hardin, but toward
the administration as a whole."
O'Rourke said Hardin was "very
fair and very supportive" of The
Once the administration began to
make changes, The Movement dis
banded, O'Rourke said.
"He admitted things could have
been better handled," she said. "That
was the directness I thought was
On one occasion, that directness
took the form of anger during a "town
meeting," O'Rourke said.
The meeting was a gathering at
Drew where students were given a
chance to question administrators.
At the meeting, students com
plained that there wasn't anything to
do socially on campus, Abrams said.
"(Hardin) said, 'We have a great
library,' and a murmur went through
the crowd," Abrams said. "He lost
his famed composure and said, 'Don't
give me that,' and walked away for
News in Brief
the FAA expand its force of
inspectors and begin conducting
surprise inspections of airlines in
addition to pre-announced exam
inations, to give the airlines
"increased incentives to keep their
day-to-day operations in close
conformance with safety
Under the panel's plan, the FAA
would be removed from the Trans
portation Department as an inde
pendent body with streamlined
regulatory procedures and greater
authority to manage its staff and
Pro-choicers discuss church
Roman Catholic Church's tax
exempt status gives it an unfair
advantage in the political battle
over abortion rights, the Supreme
Court was told Monday.
The court was urged by a "pro
choice" coalition to keep alive an
8-year-old lawsuit that seeks to
strip the church of its tax exemp
tion because of its anti-abortion
The suit is against the federal
government, not the church.
The justices are being asked to
decide whether the suit can go
forward not whether the
church's tax exemption should be
revoked. A decision is expected to
be announced by July.
If the suit against the govern
ment is kept alive, the church faces
$100,000 a day in fines for its
refusal to surrender documents
sought by those suing.
Church officials and the Reagan
administration urged the court to
kill the lawsuit.
Several justices hinted that the
case could be sent back to a federal
appeals court for clarification of
that court's views on the pro
choice coalition's legal standing to
sue the government.
The pro-choice coalition said in
its suit against the government that
the tax breaks for the church
violate a provision of the federal
tax code barring any tax-exempt
organization from spending
money on political activities.
from page 1
a second, then came back and said
he was sorry for getting angry."
That's typical of Hardin, Abrams'
said. "His answer to the social life
problem was 'what a great library we
In a recent interview, Hardin said
Abrams' version of what happened
at the meeting was "totally false."
"There was hissing and an under
tone of ridicule when an administra
tor stood up to speak," Hardin said.
"I was furious because the adminis
trator whom they directed their
hissing and rude noises against was
a very fine administrator who
happens to be black. I felt there was
an undertone of racism in their
reaction and I said so."
The students' complaints about
housing conditions were justified,
In the summer, a new management
company took over building and
grounds maintenance, Hardin said,
and the university was too tolerant,
of their slow response to problems.
"I'm not dean of students," Hardin
said. "I'm not dean of housing. As
soon as things came to my attention":
we did something.
"It's unfair the students' percep
tions are being based on a period of
four weeks. When we got the com
plaints, we responded immediately.".