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2The Daily Tar HeelMonday, September 12, 1988
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Use of poisoim
From Associated Press reports
WASHINGTON Iraq's use of
poison gas against its Kurdish minor
ity is prompting concern that other
nations bogged down in armed
conflict might resort to the "silent
killer" in violation of a universally
accepted ban against the use of
According to U.S. officials, there
is little question that Iraq's use of
mustard gas against Iranian forces
influenced Iran's decision to end their
8-year-old Persian Gulf war last
Almost immediately after the
cease-fire took effect, Iraq launched
an offensive against its Kurdish
minority a? suspected collaborator
Fires cootioye to rase i in Yellowstone
From Associated Press reports
PARK, Wyo. Buffalo graze non
chalantly near flaming trees, but
people are not reacting so coolly, and
residents once worried about losing
business to forest fires now fear losing
Fire has destroyed buildings
around the geyser. Old Faithful, and
has threatened tourist towns on the
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with Iran. Tens oi thousands of Kurds
were forced to flee to southern
Turkey. . ,
Last week, about nine days after
the first reports of Iraqi chemical
warfare began to circulate. Secretary
of State George Shultz said he was.
convinced the allegations were true.
' Shultz accused the Iraqis of "unjus
tifiable and abhorrent" behavior. The
Senate then unanimously approved
stringent economic sanctions against
Iraq's minister of state for foreign
affairs, Saddoun Hammadi, met with
Shultz on Thursday and called the
charges "absolutely baseless."
But well before the latest Iraqi
periphery of the country's first
The Montana towns of Cooke City
and Silver Gate, located outside the
park's northeast entrance, were
evacuated twice last week. Jardine,
Mont., near the northern gate, was
Firefighters saved Cooke City and
Silver Gate only by burning thou
sands of acres of forest to remove fuel
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assault on the Kurds, a number of
United Nations investigations con
cluded that Iraq and, to a lesser
extent, Iran had engaged in
cHemical warfare since 1984.
The State Department has sharply
criticized Iraq from time to time and
unanimous U.N. Security Council
resolutions have done the same. But
the international reaction generally
has been muted and unsustained,
possibly reflecting the lack of global
sympathy for Iran's fundamentalist
In May, Iran complained that the
absence of punitive measures against
Iraq was having a disastrous effect.
Indeed, a U.N. report issued two
months later said use of chemical
from the fire's path.' The so-called
backfires left the once-picturesque
towns flanked by black, skeletal trees.;
"All we can do. . . is herd it around
improvements and structures and
don't get anybody killed," said Bob
Martines, a structure protection
officer in Cooke City.
The 2.2 million-acre park, dedi
cated in 1872, attracts more than two
million visitors a year who marvel at
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weapons against Iran was intensifying
and had become more frequent.
The 1925 Geneva Convention ban
. of the ftse of chemical weapons, which
was signed by 105 nations, was seen
as a major step toward humanizing
armed conflict and assuring that the
horrors of poison and nerve gas
attacks in World War 1 would never
That optimistic view has been
changed by the Persian Gulf war and
its ghastly aftermath, foreign affairs
analysts say. They are now concerned
that other war-weary nations may
conclude that the benefits of using
chemical weapons may outweigh the
geysers, hot springs, mountain scen
ery and wild animals.
But tourists have stayed away in
droves this summer, and residents of
tourism-dependent towns around the
park have complained bitterly about
the Park Service's initial reluctance
to respond to the fires.
"A guy gets really bitter when it
keeps dragging on and on and on,"
said David Klatt of Cooke City, who
spent three days in a motel room
outside of town last week, during an
In this summer of heat and
drought, Yellowstone is suffering the
worst fires in at least 200 years.
(whichever is more)
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Space shuttle may not lift off
on first try, program head says
From Associated Press reports
WASHINGTON - The head
of the nation's space flight pro
gram cautioned Sunday that
NASA might not be able to launch
the space shuttle Discovery on the
first attempt later this month.
"I think that when we do get
to do a launch date on the latter
part of this month, it wouldn't
surprise me at all if it took us two
or three times to get airborne,"
said Rear Adm. Richard Truly,
the head of the shuttle program.
- Truly, who is NASA associate
administrator for space flight, said
that if two recent successful
simulations of crew and launch
systems had been the real thing,
a launch would not have taken
place because of weather and
Soldiers injured in crash
West Germany A U.S. Army
helicopter struck high tension
wires and crashed into a field,
injuring the two pilots and four
soldiers on the ground, a military
statement issued Sunday said.
The statement from Officials at
the 5th Corps headquarters in
Sen waebisch Hall said the heli
copter crashed Saturday after
noon near Bad Mergentheim, 95
miles southeast of Frankfurt.
The pilots, from the 3rd Cavalry
Regiment stationed in Fort Bliss,
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Four U.S. soldiers on the
ground were injured when they
tried to rescue the pilots from the
wreckage, the statement con
tinued. The four men suffered
minor burns from power lines
dragged down by the helicopter.
Olympic flame reaches Korea
TORY., South Korea The
Olympic flame reached the door
step of North Korea on Sunday
and was lighted atop the Unifica
tion Observatory, a monument
that overlooks the demilitarized
zone, as it made its way toward
White-clad runners, including
an American, splashed along a
coastal highway in a steady rain
and transferred the blaze from
torch to torch before Olympic
officials conducted the noisy"
ceremony near the frontier of the
communist nation that is leading
the boycott of the summer Games.
Despite the downpour, thou
sands of people lined the parade
route, which took the flame down
the main streets of dozens of
fishing villages in northeastern
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