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2The Daily Tar HeelMonday, September 19, 1988
World aed Nation
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Avril imames himself .ruler
From Associated Press reports
Brig. Gen. Prosper Avril, a former
military adviser for the Duvalier
dictatorship, declared himself presi
dent on Sunday after ousting Lt. Gen.
In an address on national television
early Sunday, Avril said the Presi
dential Guard toppled Namphy on
Saturday because it was "sickened"
by the way Namphy governed.
Namphy was sent to the neighboring
Residents reported hearing heavy
gunfire Saturday night near the
presidential palace in what appeared
to be fighting between military
Frantz Lubin, Haiti's director of
information, said soldiers were killed,
Political overthrow in Burma incites riot
From Associated Press reports
RANGOON, Burma Armed
forces commander Saw Maung
ousted the civilian president on
Sunday, and thousands of people
surged into the streets to demand
democracy and protest the fourth
change in the government in two
Gen. Saw Maung said in a state
ment broadcast by state Radio
Rangoon that he overthrew President
Maung Maung to halt economic and
social chaos and to hold democratic
elections after 26 years of authori
The fate of Maung Maung was not
known, and no casualties or arrests
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but Avril mentioned no casualties.
Namphy-was head of the armed
forces, and Avril was adjutant general
of the army.
The coup came less than a week
after Hurricane Gilbert, one of the
most powerful storms on record, hit
Haiti and killed about 30 people.
Avril, who was adviser to ousted
President Jean-Claude Duvalier, said
Haiti will respect all international
treaties, liberties and human rights
and said that "dialogue will be
honored for the sake of national
Lubin said Jean-Claude Paul,
commander of the 700-man Dessa
lines Barracks, was named
commander-in-chief of the army, but
Avril did not mention Paul. Dessa
lines is the most feared unit in the
Saw Maung, 59, immediately
abolished key government institu
tions and slapped an 8 p.m. to 4 a.m.
curfew on the capital, the country's
largest city with 2.5 million residents.
Public gatherings were banned, but
it was not known whether the mea
sures were only for Rangoon or for
all of Burma.
Shortly after the 4 p.m. broadcast,
thousands poured out of their homes,
some bearing spears, knives and
homemade crossbows, to protest the
new regime. Protesters chopped
down trees and threw them along
with stones and bricks across roads
to block military vehicles.
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Paul, who has been indicted on
federal drug trafficking charges in
Florida, had been considered the
most powerful figure in Haiti after
Namphy. It was not known if Paul
played a role in the coup, but sources
said Namphy and Paul were at odds.
Namphy was arrested and escorted
under guard to the airport late1
Saturday, a government spokesman
He arrived in Santo Domingo, the
Dominican capital, early Sunday
morning on a private plane, said
Fabio Herrera Cabral, deputy foreign
minister of the Dominican Republic,
which shares the island of Hispaniola
with Haiti. He said Namphy, in a
military uniform, was accompanied
by his wife and daughter.
"I believe the people will rise up
again, and this time they are going
to be angrier," Burma expert Josef
Silverstein of Rutgers University said
by telephone. "It's going to be tragic."
But protest organizers persuaded
the demonstrators to return home ,
before the curfew began. They were
asked to return to the streets Monday
for further unspecified actions.
On Saturday, soldiers fired into a
crowd and wounded two people
during confrontations with protesters
demanding an end to the repressive
rule by Burma Socialist Program
Party, the sole legal party.
Protests since July have forced the
resignation of two leaders, and more
recent strikes, demonstrations, loot
ing and lawlessness have pushed the
nation to the verge of anarchy. About
300,000 people marched Sunday in
Rangoon before the coup was
announced; other groups staged
Saw Maung, who identified him
self as chairman of the Peace Res
toration Committee, has been defense
minister since July. He is widely
regarded as a hard-line officer and
a right-hand man of the toppled
President Sein Lwin.
Sein Lwin, whom demonstrators
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They were taken to the Dominican
Concorde Hotel, where former Pres
ident Leslie Manigat stayed after
Namphy toppled him in a June 17
coup, Herrera Cabral said.
The Dominican Republic said
Namphy and Port-au-Prince Mayor
Franck Romain were granted polit
ical asylum in its embassy in Port-au-Prince.
A group of officers detained
Namphy and prevented him from
entering the palace at 4:30 p.m.
Saturday, said a reliable source who
quoted an army major.
Avril reported Namphy's ouster at
about 2:30 a.m., several hours after
shooting broke out at the main plaza
in front of the presidential palace. The
gunshots sent dozens of people fleeing
called the most hated man in Burma,
resigned Aug. 12 after a week of
bloody clashes between troops and
unarmed protesters left 112 dead by
the government's count.
A later broadcast named the other
18 military officers in the committee,
including the army, navy and air force
commanders, eight of Burma's nine
regional army commanders and the
unpopular military intelligence chief,
Col. Khin Nyunt.
The broadcast said all government
and state bodies were dissolved,
including local administrations.
Striking government workers were
told to return to work by Sept. 26
or face dismissal.
The initial broadcast, preceded by
martial music, said the military took
over state authority "to curb further
deterioration of the general situation
of the country."
It also said the election supervision
commission formed by Maung
Maung's government would be
Maung Maung, a Western
educated lawyer, on Aug. 19 became
the nation's first civilian leader since
the 1962 military coup that installed
the Burma Socialist Program Party.
Maung Maung bowed to protests
and offered general elections under
a multiparty system, but demonstra
tors say they do not trust the party
and demand formation of an interim
government to conduct the polling.
The government gave no indication
it would agree to this.
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Pope calls for peace among
factions in Mozambique
From Associated Press reports '
Pope John Paul II, his shoulders
draped with a leopard skin, Sun
day urged the Marxist government
and rebels to end their 12-year civil
war and called for international
aid to rebuild the country.
"I felt the heart of the people
bleed," the pope told Roman
Catholic bishops, criticized by the
government for advocating nego
tiations with the Mozambique
National Resistance rebels.
During the last full day of a 10
day trip through southern Africa,
the pope comforted victims whose
limbs were blown off by land
mines, celebrated Mass at a soccer
stadium decked with political
banners and was greeted by a
boisterous crowd of 5,000 when he
blessed an orphanage in a slum
of reed huts. ;
Park fire revives landscape
CASCADE, Idaho While
many lament the fires that have
charred much of Yellowstone
National Park, a wilderness that
went up in smoke just one year
ago already displays lush and
diverse greenery that attracts herds
"The fire created more wildlife
habitat than anything we could
have ever done," Forest Ranger
Morris Huffman said of the Dead
wood Summit fire in the Frank
Church-River of No Return Wil
derness in the Boise National
The fire 250 miles west of
Yellowstone burned more than
50,000 acres during the summer of
Federal land managers, rocked
by criticism of their hands-off
approach to dealing with naturally
sparked wildfires in wilderness
areas and parks, point to Dead
wood Summit as an example of
a good burn.
In Tuesday's story, "Program to program was incorrect. The program
build relations between students, will meet monthly or bi-monthly. The
faculty," the number of monthly Daily Tar Heel regrets the error.
meetings in the Faculty Fellows
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News in Brief
Presidential successor unknown
BEIRUT, Lebanon The :
Christian-led army said Sunday it
rejected what it called an attempt
by the United States and Syria to
name a new Lebanese president.
Christians and Moslems in the .
Lebanese Parliament, which is -empowered
to name a successor
to President Amin Gemayel before
his term ends Friday, have been ,
deadlocked for . five weeks over
who will be the new head of state.
Disney trip earns Golden Fleece
WASHINGTON Sen. Wil
liam Proxmire gave his latest
Golden Fleece Award to the
Urban Mass Transit Administra- '
tion (UMTA) for sending govern- .
ment officials to Disney World to
learn how to motivate employees,
his office said Sunday.
The September installment of
the Wisconsin Democrat's
monthly award for wasteful fed
eral, spending was for a four-day
seminar that cost the agency
"UMTA apparently hopes that .
by sending mass transit officials
from around the country to Dis- .
ney World, Minnie Mouse, Goofy,
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
will help them find out how to
make transit employees whistle
while they work," Proxmire said
in a written statement.
Attending the Sept. 6-9 session
in Orlando, Fla., were six top
UMTA officials including its
chief, Alfred DelliBovi and 47
local mass transit officials from
around the country. The officials
paid their own travel expenses, but
UMTA picked up the tab for the
$1 10-per-night-hotel rooms and
the $795 program fee for each.
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