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2The Daily Tar Heel Thursday, September 22, 1988
World 'and Nation
Americans' education level
From Associated Press reports
are more educated than ever, setting
records for the share of people with
high school diplomas and college
degrees last year, the Census Bureau
More than three-quarters of people
aged 25 and over have completed high
school and nearly one in . five has
finished at least four years of college
both new records the Bureau
said in a new study on educational
The percentage of educated Amer
icans has been increasing gradually
for upcoming debate
From Associated Press reports
Presidential candidates George
Bush and Michael Dukakis
plunged into preparations Wed
nesday for their first debate,
poring over fat briefing books and
getting tips from media and pol
itical advisers. Dukakis took out
time to propose a "Healthy Start"
program guaranteeing basic med
ical care for poor women and
"When children and their fam
ilies have needed a helping hand,
the Bush administration has given
them a cold shoulder," Dukakis
said during a visit to Brigham &
Women's Hospital in Boston.
"Yflien the time came to stand
up for our children's health care
needs, Bush was nowhere to be
found," the Democratic nominee
Bush, with his schedule cleared
of public appearances, spent the
day in Washington meeting with
advisers in preparation for the
nationally televised debate Sunday
night. The 90-minute debate at
Wake Forest University in
Winston-Salem, N.C., will begin
at 8 p.m. EDT.
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over the years, as society places
stronger emphasis on education, said
Census demographer Robert
"The entire post-Second World
War era has been characterized by
an expansion of educational oppor
tunities and structures in the coun
try," Kominski said in a telephone
"In the 1960s the civil rights
movement added another level of
opportunity. And the expansion of
college grant and aid programs in the
'60s and 70s allowed this to con
tinue," he said.
Bush's schedule included a
mock debate with former Deputy
Treasury Secretary Richard G.
Darman, Bush campaign sources
With the real debate just four
days away, the two campaigns
settled their argument over the
height of the lecterns where the
two candidates will stand.
The 6-foot-1 Bush will stand at
a 48-inch high lectern, down
slightly from his customary 52
inches. Dukakis, at 5-foot-8, will
stand behind a 41-inch lectern and
use a small riser, a Bush source
Before resolving the matter,
Dukakis officials had pushed for
shorter lecterns for both while
Bush staff members argued for a
minimum of 46 inches, saying their
lanky candidate would not stand
behind anything that made him
President Reagan offered
encouragement for the vice pres
ident. Asked whether he'd given
Bush any debate hints, Reagan
responded with a chuckle, "Take
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Also, Kominski added, changes in
the age breakdown of the population
have had an impact, as the less
educated elderly die and the numbers
of younger people who have spent
more time in school increase.
People in their teens, with 80 to
90 percent completing high school,
are replacing older folks who were
raised at a time when completion of
six to eight years of schooling was
a major accomplishment, he said.
Does this mean that Americans
today are smarter than in the past?
"Not necessarily," said Kominski.
"We all like to think that we were
From Associated Press reports
RANGOON, Burma Gen. Saw
Maung on Wednesday became the
fourth head of government in two
months, and the government said
troops have killed more than 140
civilians since the hard-line officer
ousted the civilian president on
Demonstrators demanding demo
cracy and a halt to 26 years of
authoritarian rule stayed off the
streets for a second day during the
Troops killed 67 people, wounded
34 and arrested 100 "in the course
of the government's law and order
restoration work" in Rangoon and
three other areas Tuesday and Wed
nesday, government spokesman
Kyaw San told reporters.
San said he had no knowledge of
a rumored . sweep by authorities
against student leaders who spear
headed the pro-democracy protests.
The latest tally brought the official
death toll since the coup to 144. But
some Western diplomats in Rangoon
believe at least 400 people have been
killed in the Burmese capital alone,
many when troops opened fire on
largely unarmed protesters Monday.
"At Rangoon General Hospital,
there were 200 corpses on Monday
night and that was only one hospital,"
said one diplomat, speaking on
condition of anonymity.; " "
State radio said Saw Maung was
named prime mininster by the nine
member governing council,
appointed the day before and made
up primarily of his military cronies.
He also holds the defense and foreign
The government spokesman listed
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raised in the generation which pro
duced the best and the brightest.".
Overall, 76.5 percent of Americans
were found to have completed high
school and 19.9 percent had finished
four years of college, as of March
Those figures compare to 74.7
percent and 19.4 percent a year earlier
and are up significantly from 68.6
percent and 17.0 percent in 1980.
By comparison, in 1940 only 24.5
percent of Americans aged 25 and
older had completed high school and
4.6 percent were college graduates.
eight separate incidents in Rangoon
during a 20-hour period beginning
Tuesday morning in which 57 people
died as troops broke up mobs looting
government warehouses and a biscuit
Nine more people died when
security forces beat back attacks on
a local government office in Mudon
and a patrol in Mandalay, Kyaw San
who have filled Rangoon by the
hundreds of thousands in recent
weeks stayed off the streets Tuesday
and Wednesday, residents reported.
All major markets remained closed
although small food stores and
roadside shops were open.
Troops conducted house-to-house
searches in the heart of Rangoon on
Wednesday after a nighttime attack
against City Hall and the main
government administration, residents
and officials said. No casualties were
Saw Maung, 59, is known as a loyal
follower of strongman Ne Win, who
seized power in 1962 and instituted
a repressive, military-backed system
that turned resource-rich Burma into
one of the world's poorest nations.
After Ne Win resigned in late July,
the government was; led, for IJ d&ys t
by former military officer Sein Lwin,
who was succeeded? by civilizan
President Maung Mafing. i-
Maung Maung gave in to oppo
sition demands to hold elections and
allow a multiparty system. The
sticking point was the opposition
demand for an interim government
to ensure a fair vote. Maung Maung
was removed in Saw Maung's coup.
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Disclosure of CIA operation
draws fire from conservatives
From Associated Press reports
sional conservatives voiced out
rage Wednesday over House
Speaker Jim Wright's disclosure of
a purported U.S. covert operation
President Reagan referred to
Wright's comments as a "viola
tion" and said the speaker had
been indiscreet in telling reporters
Tuesday that the CIA hired oper
atives inside Nicaragua' to stir up
demonstrations against the leftist
government and damage peace
The administration refused to
either confirm or deny Wright's
Rep. Henry Hyde, R-Ill., the
ranking minority member of the
House Intelligence Committee,
called Wright's assertions "Sandi
"It's appalling," Hyde said of
Wright's disclosure, which the
speaker said was based on CIA
testimony. "It's a no-win situation
for America. God help Americans
down there (in Nicaragua), that's
all I can say."
Hyde said he could neither
confirm nor deny the disclosure,
but added: "What he said is news
to me, and I serve on the Intel
ligence Committee ... I sure as
hell want to know who that
testimony is from and under what
circumstances he got it."
Inflation rate holds steady
food, shelter and gasoline prices
maintained an annual inflation
pace of 5.2 percent in August as
the effects of the drought on
consumers began to ease, the
government said Wednesday.
Food and beverage prices rose
allows local government to direct
where and what projects will be built.
"When the developers come in,
they're in competition," she said.
"They have to be good projects."
Andresen is skeptical of the pro
posal's chances, however.
"I don't think there's a majority on
the council - that would back an
allocation plan right now," she said.
. : Herzenberg said, "I think there are
some real problems with that system."
He is interested in pursuing such
an idea, but says similar laws in
Colorado and San Francisco 'had
But Herzenberg sees the potential
for agreement on planning issues.
"I don't really think there's two
sides,", he said. "I think there's a
The planning report made other
noteworthy projections for Chapel
Hill by 2010:
D The percentage of service indus
try jobs will double.
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News in Brief
0.5 percent for the month, com
pared with 0.9 percent in July
when the Labor Department said
the greatest .impact of the dry
weather in the Farm Belt began
reaching consumer pocketbooks.
But gasoline prices jumped a
whopping 3 percent in August, the
biggest increase in 12 months. :
Analysts noted that the normal
vacation season price spikes for
gasoline are usually over by
August, but that there were shor
tages of unleaded grades in many
markets this year.
Race riots in Louisiana
Hundreds of angry black people
burned stores and rioted in the',
streets after a white woman fatally
shot a black man, and black
leaders warned Wednesday
against a recurrence of violence.
"We're sitting on a powder keg,"
said state Rep. Alphonse Jackson,
who called for a biracial anti-crime
His plea followed a meeting of
city officials and black leaders to
discuss the rioting that persisted
nearly five hours, until 3 a.m.
Wednesday, and which officials
said was related both to drugs and
Stores were looted and burned,
and rioters threw rocks and bottles
at whites. There were reports of
racial slurs and chants of "Hot
Biscuit," the restaurant where a
white teenager killed a black
teenager on Aug. 4, an incident
that set off racial tension in this
northwestern Louisiana city of
from page 1
D The percentage of industrial and
manufacturing jobs will be cut in half.
D Increased traffic pressure and a
desire to keep the downtown the heart
of the city may mandate innovative
mass transit options, including a
possible trolley system.
will cause Chapel Hill to become "a
residential and employment center
for middle ;and upper, income fam
ilies." Many of the new jobs created
in Chapel Hill will not pay enough
to enable workers to live in town.
Williford said this change in
demography determines what type of
residential growth will occur.
"We think there will be a shift to
single-family dwellings," he said.
Carrboro has the state's highest
population density; fully 65 percent
of its residents live in multiple-family,
dwellings. New zoning efforts are
expected to lower that percentage to
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