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2The Daily Tar HeelTuesday, September 27, 1988
World and Nation
U.S. to stop escoirtnimg ships
From Associated Press reports
NEW YORK Citing the Iran
Iraq cease-fire agreement, the Reagan
administration said Monday it will
end America's ship-escorting opera
tion in the Persian Gulf while main
taining a presence there.
President Reagan's decision to
terminate the close-quarter convoy
ing of neutral commercial ships came
after U.S. officials reviewed how the
Aug. 20 cease-fire was working, said
White House spokesman Marlin
The move substantially lowers the
U.S. profile in the troubled waters
nearly three months after a U.S. Navy
Regis cruiser shot down an Iranian
civilian airliner with 290 people on
Federal judge rules
Hatcher could act
as own attorney
From Associated Press reports
RALEIGH A federal judge
ruled Monday that accused news
paper hostage-taker Eddie
Hatcher could act as his own
attorney after the Tuscarora
Indian refused representation by
anyone other than attorney Wil
Hatcher, 31, and Timothy Jac
obs, 20, are charged with taking
hostages and possessing illegal
firearms. They have never denied
that they walked into The Robe
sonian newspaper office Feb. 1 in
Lumberton, chained the door shut
and held up to 20 people for 10
The trial opened with a confus
ing courtroom scene Jacobs sat
with his lawyer while Hatcher
argued that he would be repres
ented by no one but Kuntsler.
Hatcher and Jacobs claim mem
bership in the Tuscarora tribe, an
Indian faction affiliated with the
Jury questioning began in the
afternoon with the judge question
ing 28 prospective jurors.
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board. The United States said it
regretted the accident, and officials
have been weighing a program to
compensate relatives of the victims.
Talking to reporters aboard Air
Force . One while Reagan flew here
from Washington, Fitzwater said the
administration decided to relax the
Persian Gulf sea-lane policing oper
ation only after "consulting with allies
and friends in the region."
Fitzwater said it would take a few
days to revamp the U.S. military
presence in the region. He said there
would be no formal announcement
when that takes place.
In effect, the United States will
replace its close-quarter escorting of
commercial ships with a sort of arms-
But before jury selection could
start, Hatcher argued that the trial
should be delayed. He wanted the
proceedings delayed until Kuntsler
finished a trial in New York.
U.S. District Court Judge Ter
rence Boyle denied Hatcher's
request for a delay. Then Boyle
ruled that Stephanie Moore, an
associate of Kuntsler, would be
Hatcher's trial attorney. But he
changed that ruling after talking
"Mr. Hatcher, do you want to
fire (local attorney Barry) Nakell
or keep him," Boyle asked. "If you
want him to stay and try this case,
111 force him to stay."
Hatcher replied, "Bill Kuntsler
is my attorney, and I feel like I'm
being forced to make this decision,
and my constitutional rights are
Nakell, a law professor from
Chapel Hill, said he would be
willing to advise Hatcher but
would not serve as his trial attor
ney. Boyle wouldn't allow that and
Nakell withdrew as Hatcher's
length surveillance operation. The
formation was likened by U.S.
officials to a "zone" coverage of
shipping rather than a "man-to-man"
The analogy to a kind of coverage
used in footballmeans that U.S. ships
will watch selected areas of the gulf
for trouble, rather than focusing the
protective operation on individual
In a speech to the United Nations
General Assembly, Reagan said the
world can feel "the uplift of hope
in the gulf war, which he called "one
of the bloodiest conflicts since World
During a brief exchange with
reporters after a private meeting with
. areweli speech
to United- Nations
From Associated Press reports
UNITED NATIONS President
Reagan told the United Nations in
a farewell speech Monday that this
was "a moment of hope" for peace
in the world and that a new U.S.
Soviet treaty to sharply reduce
nuclear arms may be concluded next
He called for an international war
on drug traffickers, terrorism and
hostage-taking, and vowed to main
tain U.S. support for an armed
insurgency against the leftist govern
ment of Nicaragua.
He said the Sandinistas were
pursuing "the oldest, most corrupt
vice of all man's age-old will to
power, his lust to control the lives
and steal the freedoms of others."
But with his presidency nearing an
end, Reagan struck a mostly philo
sophical stance as he told the 43rd
General Assembly session of 159
nations that civil wars and foreign
occupations were giving way around
Reagan said the trend was spurred
by "a new era in Soviet-American
relations" marked by the continuing
withdrawal of the Red Army from
Afghanistan and a treaty last year to
U.N. Secretary General Javier Perez
de Cuellar, Reagan also said he hoped
the easing of tensions in that part of
the world could lead to the release ,
of nine Americans held hostage by
pro-Iranian elements in Lebanon.
But Fitzwater told reporters "there
is no new morsel of information" to
encourage U.S. officials, and said
"there is no new signal" indicating a
In announcing the phase-down of
the U.S. ship protection operation,
Fitzwater stressed that "the U.S.
intends to maintain in the gulf the
forces required to protect U.S.
flagged shipping and support our
abolish intermediate-range nuclear
He said U.S. and Soviet negotia
tors were making steady progress on
another accord to sharply reduce
long-range bombers, missiles and
submarines. While completion of the
pact this year was "highly doubtful,"
Reagan said, "I can tell you a year
from now (it) is a possibility, more
than a possibility."
On the conventional front, Reagan
said East-West talks to reduce non
nuclear forces, tanks and other
mobile weapons in Europe "will begin
The United States had demanded
a Soviet commitment to give equal
attention to human rights. Reagan
met last week in Washington with
Soviet Foreign Minister Edward A.
Afterward, U.S. officials said the
Soviets had promised to release 27
additional political prisoners, to
make changes in their emigration
procedures and to undertake other
reforms. Reagan's statement indi
cated the human rights obstacle had
From Angola to Cambodia, and
in the Persian Gulf, where U.N.
Secretary-General Javier Perez de
Cuellar is trying to formalize a cease
fire to end the eigmyear war between
Iran and Iraq, prospects for peace are
bright, Reagan said
Presidential spokesman Marlin
Fitzwater said earlier Monday that
Reagan had decided to end the 14
month program of providing U.S.
Navy escorts to re-flagged Kuwaiti oil
tankers in the Persian Gulf, but he
still would maintain a naval presence
there to aid threatened ships.
Fitzwater told reporters that Rea
gan acted "after reviewing the current
cease-fire. . . which has been in effect
since August 20, and consulting with
allies and friends in the region."
In his speech, Reagan said, "I stand
at this podium, then, in a moment
of hooe hooe not iust for . the
peoples of the United States or the
Soviet Union, but for all the peoples
of the world."
In arms control, he said, "the
logjam is broken" by the ban on U.S.
and Soviet intermediate-range mis
siles, progress toward a Strategic
Arms Reduction Treaty and the onset
of negotiations between the North
Atlantic Treaty Organization and the
Warsaw Pact on conventional forces.
'History teaches caution," Reagan
said. But his speech was upbeat, and
he traced the improvement in U.S.
Soviet relations to the first summit
meeting he had held with Soviet
leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev in
Geneva nearly three years ago.
American testifies in trial
of accused Arab hijacker
From Associated Press reports
FRANKFURT, West Germany
American Clinton Suggs said
Monday he figured he had just five
minutes to live after Arab
hijackers shot a fellow Navy diver
and threw him out of a comman
deered TWA jetliner.
"I made up my mind that if my
turn was next I'm ready, but
I'm not going to scream," Suggs
said at the murder and air piracy
trial of Mohammed Ali Hamadi.
The Lebanese Shiite Moslem is
charged in the June 1985 hijacking
in which Robert Stethem, 23, was
killed and 39 Americans held
hostage for 17 days.
Suggs testified that Stetham was
alive when the hijackers threw the
mortally wounded man on the
runway at Beirut airport in 1985.
"I could hear him moaning,"
Suggs said. "I fixed my mind on
him. I tried to hear everything I
could because I was blindfolded
and couldn't see."
The court indictment states that
Stethem died of his wounds a short
time after being thrown from the
Minimum wage bill dies
Democrats said Monday that
Republicans have effectively killed
chances of raising the $3.35 min
imum wage this year through a
Bush, Dukakis renew
campaigns after debate
From Associated Press reports
Michael Dukakis and George Bush
exchanged post-debate jabs irom a
distance Monday, with the Democrat
savins his rival would "lead America
nowhere" and the vice nresident
charging his opponent with trying to
obscure a liberal past.
The two candidates renewed cam
paign hostilities as their aides waited
for the impact of Sunday night's
nationally televised debate to show
up in tne close race tor tne wnite
House. The first polls rated the 90
minute confrontation a toss-up. ,
"One debate, down,. How'd I do?"
Bush asked a cheering crowd of
supporters at a railroad amusement
park in Jackson, Tenn.
Republican running mate Dan
Quayle swiftly declared Bush the
winner. But overhead, a small plane
carried a banner of dissent. "Dukakis
1, Bush 0," it read.
"After last night, for most people
the notion of President Dukakis is
a very, very troubling notion today,"
said Quayle. That was an attempt to
reverse Dukakis' debate-night decla
ration that the prospect of a President
Onavle was a trnnhlinfr idea fnr manv
The vice president devoted much
of his debate time to " depicting
Dukakis as a liberal. "We're going
to keep on doing it," Bush said as
he left Winston-Salem.
Despite the outward display of
confidence, Bush and his aides sought
to deflect any repercussions from the
vice president's debate comment that
he hadn't decided whether women
who obtain "abortions "should face
legal penalties. '.
Campaign manager James A.
. Baker III told reporters that after
giving it more thought overnight,
Bush was opposed to the idea. Bush
told reporters he had "no change" on
the subiect. although during the
debate he said he hadn't "sorted out"
the subject of possible penalties.
Dukakis' first appearance of the
day was in Cleveland, where he said
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Station to Station Collect
News in Brief
"There is no point in our .
continuing to pound on their-,
door," said Senate Majority ,
Leader Robert Byrd, D-W.Va '
"I'm now conceding that the
Republican filibuster was success- ,,
ful. I regret that. I would have '
liked to have seen this bill passed ,
by the 100th Congress." '
The bill by Sen. Edward
Kennedy, D-Mass., would have t
raised the wage floor, which has'.;
been at its present level since 1981,'
to $3.75 in January, $4.15 in 1990 ,
and $4.55 in 1991. ;
Kennedy said it would have J;
directly benefited some 15 million
workers now paid less than $4.55'
"I think it's a pretty good ,
result," said Republican Leader
Bob Dole of Kansas. "This bill
couldn't pass the House. It wasn't .
going to pass the Senate unless it'
Senate Democrats had attempt;
ted twice, the last time on I Viday,
to invoke cloture to end the
filibuster. Both attempts failed.
Republicans launched delaying
tactics after Kennedy effectively
used a parliamentary maneuver to
deny a vote on Vice President
George Bush's proposal for a
subminimum training wage.
the debate provided "the best
. moments of this whole campaign.";
In remarks intended to rebut
Bush's charges of liberalism, the
Massachusetts governor said: "We
heard a lot of talk last night from
Mr. Bush about the mainstream. But
it's clear that he's willing to leave
American families high and dry." .
Bush, he said, "offers the easy way.
He sees no challenges . he offers no
solutions, and he will lead America
nowhere as president of the United
Addressing a c'fow'd' -of .'3,000,
Dukakis said he had asked Bush to
explain how rie'd bring down those
massive federal deficits without
raiding the Social Security trust fund.
"And what did he say? Not one
word," Dukakis said.
Just as Bush's managers sought to
minimize damage from the abortion
issue, Dukakis' aides tried to deflect
controversy about the ACLU, a civil
rights organization that counts Duka
kis among its members. Bush has
criticized Dukakis for joining the
group, and said during the debate that
the ACLU favors relaxing child
pornography laws, wants to eliminate
the current system for movie ratings
and opposes the Catholic Church's
tax exemption. Dukakis spokesman
Dayton Duncan said tne governor
disagreed with the ACLU's position
on each ot the issues cited by Bush..
Bush and his Democratic rival
clashed sharply on a variety :pf
domestic and foreign issues Sunday,
and public opinion polls said the
debate was roughly a draw. That type
of outcome traditionally favors the
out-of-power candidate, and one
analyst said that was exactly what
"In essence, the debate served 'to
restart the campaign," said Lee
Miringoff, director of the Marist
College Institute for Public Opinion
in Poughkeepsie, N.Y. "Overall,, it
was a net plus for Dukakis in that
it leveled the playing field for both
Paid for by Democratic Victory "88
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