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The daily Tar Heel. (Chapel Hill, N.C.) 1946-current, September 27, 1988, Page 2, Image 2

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2The Daily Tar HeelTuesday, September 27, 1988 World and Nation U.S. to stop escoirtnimg ships From Associated Press reports NEW YORK Citing the Iran Iraq cease-fire agreement, the Reagan administration said Monday it will end America's ship-escorting opera tion in the Persian Gulf while main taining a presence there. President Reagan's decision to terminate the close-quarter convoy ing of neutral commercial ships came after U.S. officials reviewed how the Aug. 20 cease-fire was working, said White House spokesman Marlin Fitzwater. The move substantially lowers the U.S. profile in the troubled waters nearly three months after a U.S. Navy Regis cruiser shot down an Iranian civilian airliner with 290 people on Federal judge rules Hatcher could act as own attorney From Associated Press reports RALEIGH A federal judge ruled Monday that accused news paper hostage-taker Eddie Hatcher could act as his own attorney after the Tuscarora Indian refused representation by anyone other than attorney Wil liam Kuntsler. Hatcher, 31, and Timothy Jac obs, 20, are charged with taking hostages and possessing illegal firearms. They have never denied that they walked into The Robe sonian newspaper office Feb. 1 in Lumberton, chained the door shut and held up to 20 people for 10 hours. The trial opened with a confus ing courtroom scene Jacobs sat with his lawyer while Hatcher argued that he would be repres ented by no one but Kuntsler. Hatcher and Jacobs claim mem bership in the Tuscarora tribe, an Indian faction affiliated with the Lumbee tribe. Jury questioning began in the afternoon with the judge question ing 28 prospective jurors. TV TV tV it tV TV tV tV tV tV tV tV & it tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV ?V tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV W (3 m (D 2 ?? (B&Q GO Mulke "Bolb David U.S. Congress Wueitm urn Jo(3o mm the (MIS ))M3 nF stog) wmv board. The United States said it regretted the accident, and officials have been weighing a program to compensate relatives of the victims. Talking to reporters aboard Air Force . One while Reagan flew here from Washington, Fitzwater said the administration decided to relax the Persian Gulf sea-lane policing oper ation only after "consulting with allies and friends in the region." Fitzwater said it would take a few days to revamp the U.S. military presence in the region. He said there would be no formal announcement when that takes place. In effect, the United States will replace its close-quarter escorting of commercial ships with a sort of arms- But before jury selection could start, Hatcher argued that the trial should be delayed. He wanted the proceedings delayed until Kuntsler finished a trial in New York. U.S. District Court Judge Ter rence Boyle denied Hatcher's request for a delay. Then Boyle ruled that Stephanie Moore, an associate of Kuntsler, would be Hatcher's trial attorney. But he changed that ruling after talking to Hatcher. "Mr. Hatcher, do you want to fire (local attorney Barry) Nakell or keep him," Boyle asked. "If you want him to stay and try this case, 111 force him to stay." Hatcher replied, "Bill Kuntsler is my attorney, and I feel like I'm being forced to make this decision, and my constitutional rights are being violated." Nakell, a law professor from Chapel Hill, said he would be willing to advise Hatcher but would not serve as his trial attor ney. Boyle wouldn't allow that and Nakell withdrew as Hatcher's attorney. President ordain Governor TO) length surveillance operation. The formation was likened by U.S. officials to a "zone" coverage of shipping rather than a "man-to-man" coverage. The analogy to a kind of coverage used in footballmeans that U.S. ships will watch selected areas of the gulf for trouble, rather than focusing the protective operation on individual vessels. In a speech to the United Nations General Assembly, Reagan said the world can feel "the uplift of hope in the gulf war, which he called "one of the bloodiest conflicts since World War II." During a brief exchange with reporters after a private meeting with IReag an .delivers . areweli speech to United- Nations From Associated Press reports UNITED NATIONS President Reagan told the United Nations in a farewell speech Monday that this was "a moment of hope" for peace in the world and that a new U.S. Soviet treaty to sharply reduce nuclear arms may be concluded next year. He called for an international war on drug traffickers, terrorism and hostage-taking, and vowed to main tain U.S. support for an armed insurgency against the leftist govern ment of Nicaragua. He said the Sandinistas were pursuing "the oldest, most corrupt vice of all man's age-old will to power, his lust to control the lives and steal the freedoms of others." But with his presidency nearing an end, Reagan struck a mostly philo sophical stance as he told the 43rd General Assembly session of 159 nations that civil wars and foreign occupations were giving way around the world. Reagan said the trend was spurred by "a new era in Soviet-American relations" marked by the continuing withdrawal of the Red Army from Afghanistan and a treaty last year to tV tV tV tV tV tV tV ,tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV t tV tV tV tV tV i Tl o ..km it tV it it tV it tV it tV tV tV tV ,tV tV tV tV tV tV tV 'tV tV tV tV tV tV tV tV o nee f U.N. Secretary General Javier Perez de Cuellar, Reagan also said he hoped the easing of tensions in that part of the world could lead to the release , of nine Americans held hostage by pro-Iranian elements in Lebanon. But Fitzwater told reporters "there is no new morsel of information" to encourage U.S. officials, and said "there is no new signal" indicating a hostage release. In announcing the phase-down of the U.S. ship protection operation, Fitzwater stressed that "the U.S. intends to maintain in the gulf the forces required to protect U.S. flagged shipping and support our national objectives." abolish intermediate-range nuclear missiles. He said U.S. and Soviet negotia tors were making steady progress on another accord to sharply reduce long-range bombers, missiles and submarines. While completion of the pact this year was "highly doubtful," Reagan said, "I can tell you a year from now (it) is a possibility, more than a possibility." On the conventional front, Reagan said East-West talks to reduce non nuclear forces, tanks and other mobile weapons in Europe "will begin soon." The United States had demanded a Soviet commitment to give equal attention to human rights. Reagan met last week in Washington with Soviet Foreign Minister Edward A. Shevardnadze. Afterward, U.S. officials said the Soviets had promised to release 27 additional political prisoners, to make changes in their emigration procedures and to undertake other reforms. Reagan's statement indi cated the human rights obstacle had been removed. From Angola to Cambodia, and in the Persian Gulf, where U.N. Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar is trying to formalize a cease fire to end the eigmyear war between Iran and Iraq, prospects for peace are bright, Reagan said Presidential spokesman Marlin Fitzwater said earlier Monday that Reagan had decided to end the 14 month program of providing U.S. Navy escorts to re-flagged Kuwaiti oil tankers in the Persian Gulf, but he still would maintain a naval presence there to aid threatened ships. Fitzwater told reporters that Rea gan acted "after reviewing the current cease-fire. . . which has been in effect since August 20, and consulting with allies and friends in the region." In his speech, Reagan said, "I stand at this podium, then, in a moment of hooe hooe not iust for . the peoples of the United States or the Soviet Union, but for all the peoples of the world." In arms control, he said, "the logjam is broken" by the ban on U.S. and Soviet intermediate-range mis siles, progress toward a Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty and the onset of negotiations between the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the Warsaw Pact on conventional forces. 'History teaches caution," Reagan said. But his speech was upbeat, and he traced the improvement in U.S. Soviet relations to the first summit meeting he had held with Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev in Geneva nearly three years ago. in gu American testifies in trial of accused Arab hijacker From Associated Press reports FRANKFURT, West Germany American Clinton Suggs said Monday he figured he had just five minutes to live after Arab hijackers shot a fellow Navy diver and threw him out of a comman deered TWA jetliner. "I made up my mind that if my turn was next I'm ready, but I'm not going to scream," Suggs said at the murder and air piracy trial of Mohammed Ali Hamadi. The Lebanese Shiite Moslem is charged in the June 1985 hijacking in which Robert Stethem, 23, was killed and 39 Americans held hostage for 17 days. Suggs testified that Stetham was alive when the hijackers threw the mortally wounded man on the runway at Beirut airport in 1985. "I could hear him moaning," Suggs said. "I fixed my mind on him. I tried to hear everything I could because I was blindfolded and couldn't see." The court indictment states that Stethem died of his wounds a short time after being thrown from the airplane. Minimum wage bill dies WASHINGTON Senate Democrats said Monday that Republicans have effectively killed chances of raising the $3.35 min imum wage this year through a five-day filibuster. Bush, Dukakis renew campaigns after debate From Associated Press reports Michael Dukakis and George Bush exchanged post-debate jabs irom a distance Monday, with the Democrat savins his rival would "lead America nowhere" and the vice nresident charging his opponent with trying to obscure a liberal past. The two candidates renewed cam paign hostilities as their aides waited for the impact of Sunday night's nationally televised debate to show up in tne close race tor tne wnite House. The first polls rated the 90 minute confrontation a toss-up. , "One debate, down,. How'd I do?" Bush asked a cheering crowd of supporters at a railroad amusement park in Jackson, Tenn. Republican running mate Dan Quayle swiftly declared Bush the winner. But overhead, a small plane carried a banner of dissent. "Dukakis 1, Bush 0," it read. "After last night, for most people the notion of President Dukakis is a very, very troubling notion today," said Quayle. That was an attempt to reverse Dukakis' debate-night decla ration that the prospect of a President Onavle was a trnnhlinfr idea fnr manv pe0pie The vice president devoted much of his debate time to " depicting Dukakis as a liberal. "We're going to keep on doing it," Bush said as he left Winston-Salem. Despite the outward display of confidence, Bush and his aides sought to deflect any repercussions from the vice president's debate comment that he hadn't decided whether women who obtain "abortions "should face legal penalties. '. Campaign manager James A. . Baker III told reporters that after giving it more thought overnight, Bush was opposed to the idea. Bush told reporters he had "no change" on the subiect. although during the debate he said he hadn't "sorted out" the subject of possible penalties. Dukakis' first appearance of the day was in Cleveland, where he said Looking forano' exciting and challenging career? Where each day is different? Many Air Force people have such a career as pilots and navigators. Maybe you can join them. Find out if you qualify. Contact your Air Force recruiter today. Call . MSGT GARY HUFF 919-294-6734 Station to Station Collect News in Brief "There is no point in our . continuing to pound on their-, door," said Senate Majority , Leader Robert Byrd, D-W.Va ' "I'm now conceding that the Republican filibuster was success- ,, ful. I regret that. I would have ' liked to have seen this bill passed , by the 100th Congress." ' The bill by Sen. Edward Kennedy, D-Mass., would have t raised the wage floor, which has'.; been at its present level since 1981,' to $3.75 in January, $4.15 in 1990 , and $4.55 in 1991. ; Kennedy said it would have J; directly benefited some 15 million workers now paid less than $4.55' an hour. "I think it's a pretty good , result," said Republican Leader Bob Dole of Kansas. "This bill couldn't pass the House. It wasn't . going to pass the Senate unless it' was modified." Senate Democrats had attempt; ted twice, the last time on I Viday, to invoke cloture to end the filibuster. Both attempts failed. Republicans launched delaying tactics after Kennedy effectively used a parliamentary maneuver to deny a vote on Vice President George Bush's proposal for a subminimum training wage. the debate provided "the best . moments of this whole campaign."; In remarks intended to rebut Bush's charges of liberalism, the Massachusetts governor said: "We heard a lot of talk last night from Mr. Bush about the mainstream. But it's clear that he's willing to leave American families high and dry." . Bush, he said, "offers the easy way. He sees no challenges . he offers no solutions, and he will lead America nowhere as president of the United States." Addressing a c'fow'd' -of .'3,000, Dukakis said he had asked Bush to explain how rie'd bring down those massive federal deficits without raiding the Social Security trust fund. "And what did he say? Not one word," Dukakis said. Just as Bush's managers sought to minimize damage from the abortion issue, Dukakis' aides tried to deflect controversy about the ACLU, a civil rights organization that counts Duka kis among its members. Bush has criticized Dukakis for joining the group, and said during the debate that the ACLU favors relaxing child pornography laws, wants to eliminate the current system for movie ratings and opposes the Catholic Church's tax exemption. Dukakis spokesman Dayton Duncan said tne governor disagreed with the ACLU's position on each ot the issues cited by Bush.. Bush and his Democratic rival clashed sharply on a variety :pf domestic and foreign issues Sunday, and public opinion polls said the debate was roughly a draw. That type of outcome traditionally favors the out-of-power candidate, and one analyst said that was exactly what happened. V "In essence, the debate served 'to restart the campaign," said Lee Miringoff, director of the Marist College Institute for Public Opinion in Poughkeepsie, N.Y. "Overall,, it was a net plus for Dukakis in that it leveled the playing field for both of them." I Paid for by Democratic Victory "88 mm.m mm torn vm Em tV tV tV tV tV tV tV & tV tV tV V

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