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The Daily Tar Heel Monday, November 7, 19885
By KAREN DUNN
The main issue in the N.C. gub
ernatorial race is the future of
education, and that seems to be the
only facet of the election that Repub
lican incumbent Gov. Jim Martin and
Democratic candidate Lt. Gov. Bob
Jordan agree upon.
"For the four years Jim Martin has
proposed budgets, from 1985 to 1988,
the percentage of the general fund
going to education has increased
every year," said Tim Pittman, Gov.
Martin's press secretary. "That
number had declined dramatically
frpm 1961 to 1983. The state has
finally reversed that trend."
; Martin has also enacted a career
lajdder program in which teachers are
evaluated by their peers, Pittman
said. The program works on a system
of levels in which teachers receive a
raise when they reach a certain level
Candidates 'vow legislative cooperation
By DAVID BALL
Because the lieutenant governor
can be stripped of his power to
appoint Senate committees and their
chairmen, both candidates pledge to
work closely with legislative leaders
to compromise and have a productive
;"What weVe had in the past is too
mjich partisan politics," Republican
candidate Jim Gardner said in an
interview last week. Gardner said he
w'nts to work "hand in hand" with
Senate leaders on education, prison
reform and transportation.
'.Democratic candidate Tony Rand,
the Senate majority leader and
appropriations committee chairman,
said his experience would make him
more able to compromise and effi
ciently guide the Senate.
"My knowledge of and association
Candidates value varied experience in secretary of
By KARI BARLOW
The 1988 race for the N.C. secre
tary of state pits Republican John
Carrington's business skills against
Democrat Rufus Edmisten's public :
Mt's really a business office," said
Donald Penven Carrington's cam
paign treasurer. "There isn't a great
wielding of power. That office should
be run by someone with business
Carrington, who has owned his
own business for more than 20 years,
feels that state government is a
business and will approach the job
as a businessman and not a politician,
"The main issue is electing someone
who has 20 years of public service,"
By JASON BATES
In the last days before the election,
the race for the 4th District seat in
the House of Representatives
between Republican Tom Fetzer and
Democratic incumbent David Price
was neck-and-neck, according to Bob
Harris, committee director for
Mike Davis, campaign manager
for Price, said they would be spending
the last few days identifying their
voters, getting them out to the polls
and watching for any last-minute
"shenanigans" by Fetzer.
They have centered the campaign
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of quality teaching, he said.
"The career ladder program will be
the most significant education reform
in state history," Pittman said.
Martin has also vowed to better
the conditions of some of the state's
"North Carolina is populated with
dilapidated schools. Twenty-five
percent of those we surveyed in 1986
had been built before 1949. So
Governor Martin has raised the issue
of a bond referendum to construct
new schools," Pittman said.
Another important issue to Martin
is to cut the high school dropout rate
in half by identifying children who
may be at risk and getting them extra
help at an early age, Pittman said.
But the Jordan campaign has been
critical of Martin's education policies.
"Bob Jordan has been a leader in
See GOVERNOR page 7
with the members would be a major
asset in trying to unify the Senate,
but there are no guarantees to
anyone," Rand said.
The lieutenant governor should
know what senators think are impor
tant issues in the state and be able
to work with them on those, Rand
Gardner said he plans to visit all
50 senators within the first week after
the election. "I'm willing to extend
a hand of compromise if we can work
together," he said.
Rand also plans to conduct regular
"I want to have meetings on a
regular basis with the entire majority
party and meetings with the minority
party on a regular basis," he said.
But if Gardner wins, he could still
See LT. GOVERNOR page 6
said Glenn Wells, campaign manager
Edmisten served as the state attor
ney general from 1974 to 1984 and
established a Raleigh law practice
after a failed campaign for governor
against Jim Martin in 1984.
"The Secretary - of State is the
custodian and keeper of the consti
tution of North Carolina," said Thad
Eure, who is retiring as secretary of
state after serving more than 50 years.
The secretary of state has a staff
of about 80 who work with him to
enact regulatory measures involving
corporations and stockbrokers in the
After serving as the state's attorney
general for 10 years, Edmisten has
earned the confidence and respect of
North Carolina's stockbrokers, Wells
Price runs on experience against Republican Fetzer
on what Price has accomplished in
his first term in the House and what
he can do in the future, Davis said.
Davis accused Fetzer of avoiding
the issues. "He has spent most of the
campaign saying, 'I'm for George
Bush' and distorting Congressman
Harris said he was pleased with
how the Fetzer campaign had pro
i l4 tM.
Jim Martin Needs
Jim Gardner as Lt. Governor.
We Need Them Both.
Jim Martin has presented the NC Legislature with many
proposals for making our state greater for us all:
Tougher Drug Trafficking and DWI Laws
Highway Improvement Bonds (With No Tax Increase)
Better Pay for Better Teachers.
Necessary School Construction To Better Educate Our
Pre-School Program For Disadvantaged Children.
We paid for this message because we know these men
and want them working together for all of the citizens of
UNC Students for Jim Gardner
"He was able to enforce the laws
fairly for everyone," he said.
Carrington has charged that
Edmisten is obligated to special
interest groups as a result of his past
. "He will not be lobbying anymore
when he goes over to the secretary
of state's office," Wells said. "Lob
bying is no more than going down
and presenting a point of view."
But Carrington supporters say
their candidate owes fewer debts and
can run the office according to his
"I think coming from the private
sector, he would be very conscious
of staffing," said Jim Gocke, a
Carrington campaign worker.
Voters are generally unaware of the
gressed so far. The most important
part of the campaign is raising enough
money for television commercials and
the Fetzer campaign has been very
successful in its efforts, he said.
Their commercials linking Fetzer
with Vice President George Bush
have been very effective, Harris said.
Price based his campaign on three
basic issues: education, helping real
race, making campaigning extremely
important for each candidate, offi
Registered Democrats outnumber
registered Republicans 2-to-l in
North Carolina, according to the
state Board of Elections, putting
Carrington at an disadvantage.
"WeVe only had two Republican
governors since Reconstruction. So,
traditionally, they (the voters) do vote
straight ticket," Wells said .
Penven agreed but said that tra
dition was wrong.
"Just pulling out one straight lever
is not what democracy is all about,"
said Penven. "We are trying to
Each candidate campaigned
aggressively in the week before the
election, trying to sway undecided
people with real problems and being
an effective leader, Davis said, and
Price's record on these issues is why
he should be re-elected.
Price helped co-author a bill to
make college education more affor
dable by making student loans tax
deductible, Davis said. He also
authored a home equity bill and
pushed it through the House and
Senate. Other congressmen called this
. " "
-- . .:
iiiimnmr m jK..v. ltft
Doing what's right for North Carolina
Re-elect Lacy Thornburg on November 8
Next governor wi
By KAREN DUNN
North Carolina's governor is the
only one in the United States
without veto power over bills
passed by the state Senate and
House of Representatives, and the
winner in the gubernatorial elec
tion is expected to seek that power,
But no matter how hard the
next governor tries, he probably
won't get the item veto power
because the N.C. General Assem--bly
doesn't want to relinquish any
power, said Thad Beyle, professor
of political science.
"If they give him power, they
lose power. It's part of the sep
aration' of powers," Beyle said.
"They see it as a zero sum game."
The N.C. governor is also weak
because department heads within
the government are elected separ
ately and not appointed by the
governor, Beyle said. The gover
nor can have little influence if his
lieutenant governor and attorney
general are from other parties, he
But the governor has more
power now than in years past,
because he may now serve more
than one term and is totally in
charge of the state budget, Beyle
If Gov. Jim Martin is re-elected,
he will push the legislature to make
veto power a public referendum
issue, said Tim Pittman, Martin's
campaign press secretary.
"The N.C. legislature should
allow the public to vote on a
referendum. The . governor
shouldn't decide," Pittman said.
"The voters should encourage the
"He (Carrington) is putting forth
a humongous effort," Penven said.
"It's been virtually a full-time thing
with him. John is out on the road
, almost every day." , ,
Carrington traveled, Jn Gov. Jim
Martin's Republican. Express from
Raleigh to Morehead City in an effort
to concentrate on people who are not
political activists, Penven said.
"Rufus has been into every county
in this state literally hundreds of
times," Wells said. Edmisten's name
recognition from when he was attor
ney general has helped his campaign,
Edmisten has also taken part in a
joint Democratic campaign, Demo
crats Together, formed by the various
campaign managers for council of
"a remarkable achievement for a
freshman congressman," he said.
Price also halted the placement of
a high-level nuclear waste dump in
North Carolina. If re-elected for a
second term, Price will keep working
on these issues, Davis said.
The major issues in Fetzer's cam
paign are controlling drugs and
reducing the deficit without raising
seek power to veto,
political experts say
Lacy Thornblirg,, a solid record of
leadership, integrity and service.
O leading the fight against unfair
increases in utility rates.
O defending our death penalty law in
the North Carolina Supreme Court.
O seizing the illegal profits of drug
O teaching our children how to say no
to drugs through the DARE drug
education program in our shcools.
O protecting our children by supporting
our tough anti-pornography law.
O protecting our elderly citizens with a
strong law against patient abuse and
paid for by the Thornburg Campaign Committee
legislature to put the veto issue on '
If elected, Lt. Gov. Bob Jordan
would submit a total governance
package to the legislature suggest
ing a limit on the number of terms
for the speaker of the house, said
Michael Plante, research director
of the Jordan campaign. The plan
would also suggest limiting gov
ernors to one term, he said.
When a governor has the oppor
tunity to serve two terms, the first
term is spent campaigning for re
election instead of working with
the legislature, Plante said.
Jordan's package would include
gubernatorial veto power, forcing
the legislature to vote on the entire
package rather than the veto they
"The only way to get it (the veto
power) is to work with the legis
lature. Martin has made a career
of bashing the legislature by
calling them 'arrogant and repul
sive'. . . that's no way to get things
done," Plante said. "Youll never
get the veto power by standing on
your back legs and screaming
about it," he said.
Martin's administration has
been very different from former
Gov. Jim Hunt's, Beyle said.
"Hunt was able to work with
his own party Martin has not,"
Their styles are also very differ
ent, Beyle said.
"Hunt worked hard to see that
his bills were passed. He had an
'open door policy. Martin does
not do that," he said. "Hunt put
legislators first. Martin does not
spend as much time with the
"We looked at a joint campaign
strategy. There is strength in'
numbers," Wells said. "This is a show
of unity and support of each other."
. Although Carrington has debts left
qver from his 1984 campaign for
lieutenant governor, he is financing
the major part of his campaign'
himself while paying off his debts. :
Since April, his campaign has spent
about $317,000, mostly on television
ads, Penven said.
"When you're in a minority party,
and not a name that's been around
. . . you have to rely on a commercial
method. His strategy is agressive in
trying to get his message and name
out," Gocke said.
The Edmisten campaign raised
taxes, Harris said. Fetzer supports
Bush's "flexible freeze" budget plan
and opposes any tax increases. He
favors a hard-line stand that includes
a life sentence for selling drugs to
children and the death penalty for
drug kingpins who commit murder,
If elected, Fetzer's first bill will call
for reducing pay for Congress if they
fail to balance the budget, Harris said.