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6The Daily Tar HeelMonday, November 7, 1988
By ERIK DALE FLIPPO
While their position papers show
that they agree on some key envir
onmental issues, presidential candi
dates George Bush and Michael
Dukakis have voiced fundamental
differences, and an environmentalist
organization says their records on the
issues are very different.
Acid Rain. To combat this linger
ing problem,' both presidential can
didates Have said they support reduc
ing; annual sulfur dioxide emissions
by millions of tons, though Bush will
not quote a specific amount. Dukakis
has set his target at 12 million tons.
Dukakis believes even under exist
ing regulations, some 5 million tons
can be cut off current emissions levels,
according to a campaign aide.
Bush wants to increase interna
tional cooperation between Canada
and the United States to deal with
the problem, according to Scott
Gregory, communications director
for the N.C. Bush campaign.
Clean Water. Both candidates say
they want to ban ocean dumping of
pots candidate on
By PATRICIA BROWN
While many Americans have
said they would prefer not to vote
for the Republican or Democratic
presidential nominees, some may
have the opportunity to vote for
a Libertarian candidate.
Ron Paul, a former Texas
congressman, is representing the
Libertarian party and is on the
ballot in 46 states.
The Libertarians and Paul
believe in limited government and
a free market economy. They also
believe it's wrong to use force or
aggression to compel people to do
"We believe people are free to
live their lives the way they wish
to, as long as they don't interfere
with others," said Kent Snyder, a
campaign aide in Houston, in a
"The very interesting and uni
que aspect of our campaign is
(that) we draw views from the
conservative right and the liberal
left," Snyder said. "Our philos
ophy is the same that the founders
of our country had."
The Libertarians get the idea of
a free market economy from the
conservatives and the idea of
support on civil liberties as human
beings from the left, he said.
"By making it so difficult for
alternate parties to get on the
ballot, the state legislatures have
contrived a monopoly," Snyder
said. "It is more difficult to get
an alternate party started in the
United States than in any other
country in the world."
Paul believes the only moral and
waste by 1991. The candidates dis
agree, however, on the Clean Water
Act, which President Reagan vetoed.
Bush supported the veto of the bill
because the congressional version was
too costly, Gregory said in a tele
phone interview. The vice president
supports the earlier administration
draft of the bill, which was free of
amendments, he said.
Dukakis supported the act, saying
if it weren't for the current admin
istration's unwillingness to cooperate,
places like Boston Harbor which
the Bush campaign has used to attack
Dukakis environmental record
wouldn't be in trouble.
Dukakis believes the pollution of
America's air, water and land con
tinues "at an alarming and unaccep
table rate," according to one of his
New Nuclear Reactors. Bush sup
ports the construction of new nuclear
power plants, while Dukakis has
derided the technology as "the most
expensive way to boil water."
As president, Dukakis would make
the Nuclear Regulatory Commis-
constitutional role the government
has is to protect individual liberty
and defend the country.
"The Democrats and Republi
cans believe the government
should intervene in domestic and
foreign affairs," Snyder said.
"We're in favor of freedom of
choice in all aspects, even if we
don't condone what people do."
But Snyder said Paul's message
is not getting out through the
"He (Paul) usually likes the
press locally because of their
interest and the work of our staff
members, but he has been dissat
isfied with the national press,"
There are an estimated 2.4
million Libertarians in the United
States. Paul believes his biggest
support comes from California
and Western states.
Paul's name will not appear on
the ballot in West Virginia, Indi
ana, Missouri and North
For candidates to be on the
ballot in North Carolina, they
must represent a recognized party.
In North Carolina, these are the
Democratic, Republican and New
These parties had to submit
44,535 qualified signatures, with
200 signatures from four different
congressional districts, said John
nie McLean, administrative secre
tary for the state board of
But Paul can be a write-in
candidate in North Carolina,
environmentalists have mixed
feelings, but on the balance their
verdict is favorable.97
from the League of
Conservation Voters ' "Candidate
Report Card" on Michael
sion's first priority to protect citizens,
rather than cater to the nuclear power
industry, according to his position
Dukakis opposes construction of
new reactors until a "new generation"
of reactor design and safety proce
dures becomes available and safe
Woman to ran on
By SANDY WALL
When voters go to the polls Nov.
8, they will have at least three choices
Lenora Fulani, a 38-year-old devel
opmental psychologist from New
York, is the only independent can
didate to be on the ballot in all 50
states and the District of Columbia.
She is the New Alliance Party's
candidate and the first black woman
to receive federal matching funds.
Fulani began her career in politics
when she ran for mayor of New York
City in 1985 and for governor of New
York in 1986, both times on the
Fulani, who expects to win at least
one million votes, includes in her
platform such issues as health care,
abortion, civil rights, poverty and
She also includes provisions for a
"National AIDS Bill of Rights" and
enforcement of all Indian treaties,
plus restitution for use of all Indian
Marian Grossman, a spokes
woman for the Fulani campaign, said
Fulani advocates slashing the defense
budget in half and using the money
to fund social programs and human
According to Annie Roboff, press
be stripped of his power to make
committee assignments, since he is a
Republican and has had little expe
rience working with the legislature,
said UNC political science professor
The Senate has the right to strip
him of his powers because they are
not mandated by the state constitu
tion. Even if Gardner is not formally
stripped of his powers, Senate leaders
would probably work around him,
"The lieutenant governor is a
By HELLE NIELSEN
Both presidential candidates say
changes taking place in the world
should shape future foreign policy,
but George Bush's foreign policies
differ little from those of the Reagan
years, while Michael Dukakis says
national security must be linked to
"(Bush) is building upon what we
have done before," said Andrew
Carpendale, a foreign policy spokes
man for Bush's campaign. "But eight
years later the world has changed
somewhat. We must recognize the
changes and the policies we can take
to make them more beneficial for the
American involvement in world
affairs may include the use of military
force, as in the 1986 bombing of
Libya, he said.
Dukakis also emphasizes Ameri
can world leadership, foreign policy
spokesman Ed Gresser said. But only
by eliminating trade and budget
deficits can the country regain the
economic security necessary to play
that leading role, Gresser said.
"Dukakis' foreign policy is shaped
by the belief that our national security
depends on our economic security,"
he said. "The challenges are not only
the Soviet Union's conventional
forces in Europe but also trade with
Japan and the national debt."
Dukakis would use U.S. economic
power to pressure the Soviet Union,
Bush would continue Reagan's
- oin) eimviroiminnieimfaQ !ye
methods of waste treatment and
disposal are established.
Bush supports new reactors as long
as high safety standards are
"He supports the concept of
nuclear power," Gregory said. "And
clearly youV; got to ensure safety."
secretary for the . Fulani campaign,
Fulani wants to "get rid of corruption
and fat in the military budget" and
stresses a foreign policy of disarma
ment and non-intervention.
America should "reprioritize" how
it spends money and decide "what you
want to do with the richest country
on earth," Roboff said in a telephone
member of the executive branch.
Why should the legislature give its
power to it?" said Abraham Holtz
man, an N.C. State political science
professor. Holtzman said he was "90
percent sure" that the Senate would
take away Gardner's power.
But Gardner said he thinks he can
retain the office's powers.
"I don't think it's going to happen,"
he said. "It's been campaign rhetoric
that's going on."
Such a move might alienate his
supporters and hurt Democrats in
future elections, Gardner said.
::::: : . :v. . : :::::::::-.-::::: :. .v s: . .
strategy of simultaneous negotiations
and military modernization, Carpen
"If they are not willing to build
down, we must build up," he said.
Dukakis and Bush disagree on
what policy best furthers peace and
democratization in Latin America.
The 1987 Arias peace plan signed
by five Central American presidents
outlined steps toward a lasting peace
in the region, including the halt to
foreign aid for rebel groups such as
the U.S.-supported Contras.
"The vice president's position is
that the Arias peace plan is solid, but
it doesn't have mechanisms to achieve
its objectives," Carpendale said.
Bush "absolutely supports" aid to
the Contras to bring about peace,
democracy and economic growth in
Nicaragua, Carpenter said.
Siding with the leaders of Latin
American democracies, Dukakis
opposes military aid to the Contras,
Gresser said. The Arias plan has
brought more peace and democracy
to the region in one year than many
years of Contra war have, he said.
As president, Dukakis would call
a hemispheric summit to discuss the
problems of drugs and the Latin
American countries' huge foreign
debts, which threaten to destabilize
recently democratized countries,
South Africa can also expect
different treatment from the next
American president. While in favor
of change in South Africa, Bush is
against economic sanctions as a way
Bush is confident that research and
development will continue to provide
the nation with more advanced safety
measures, Gregory said.
Offshore Oil Drilling. Bush sup
ports drilling, except in "sensitive
areas," while Dukakis opposes drill
ing in "critical areas" and would give
more power to the states to approve
sales of drilling leases.
On these and other issues, the
League of Conservation Voters has
drawn up a "Candidate Report Card"
for the two contenders, grading them
from A to F on various environmen
Bush received a D-plus overall. On
the issues, he earned a D-minus in
Clean Air & Acid Rain, a D-plus in
Energy, an F in Water. Pollution &
Toxics and a D-plus in Water
Resources, Coasts & Land Use. His
best grade was a B-plus in the Public
Lands & Wildlife category.
As vice president, Bush served as
chairman of the Presidential Task
Force on Regulatory Relief, which
sought to relax health regulations,
especially those concerning pesticide
On health care, Fulani advocates
a national health service with quality
health care for all. "It seems to be
a privilege to get to see a doctor" in
America, Roboff said. Roboff ques
tioned Massachusetts Gov. and
Democratic nominee Michael Duka
kis' commitment to health care,
saying his proposed program would
only help those currently employed
and not the poor.
"The infant mortality rate in
Massacusetts rivals third world
countries," she said.
Fulani also stresses the need for
free or low cost abortion on demand
and full social and political equality
for women. Both the presidential and
vice presidential nominees from the
New Alliance Party are women.
Fulani is committed to full civil
rights for all people, Grossman said.
The New Alliance Party's
"National AIDS Bill of Rights"
would protect the civil and demo
cratic rights of people with AIDS,
Grossman said. The proposal would
also outlaw mandatory HIV virus
testing, she said.
Fulani advocates increased welfare
benefits and an end to workfare. She
also stresses the need for job oppor
tunities for all and free job training.
Fulani's platform also extends the
"You'd have a handful of people
telling the poeple of North Carolina
that their vote really doesn't count,"
he said. "If they (Senate leaders) turn
against the people . . . then I'd think
you'd see a tremendous resentment
all across the state."
"It could very well hurt the Demo
crats," Beyle said. "He could use it
as a rallying point if he runs for
governor in 1992."
But the potential reaction against
Democrats would be better than the
lack of productivity and loss of
Democratic control that would result
to pressure the country to abolish
Instead, Bush wants to empower
South Africa's blacks economically as
a way to strengthen their political
power, Carpenter said, although he
has not specified plans for that.
Dukakis endorsed economic sanc
tions as proposed in a bill by Rep.'
Ron Dellums, D-Calif.
"Our initial priorities would be to
regain our moral stature as an
opponent of apartheid," Gresser said.
"If we tolerate apartheid it raises'
questions of what kind of country the'-'
United States is, and what values are'
reflected in our international
Bush's experience with foreign.,
relations includes stints as CIA
director, U.S. envoy to China and
ambassador to the United Nations.-
But, Gresser said, experience is not
the only factor determining whether
a candidate is qualified to be the'
country's foreign policy maker. v' ,rs
"It's a question of judgment arid'
grasp of history more than years in
Washington," he said. "All the"
experience in the world didnt stop
Bush from sending weapons to the"
ayatollah or dealing with Gen:1
(Manuel) Noriega (of Panama)." ' ; '
As president, Bush would Be"
personally involved in foreign policy
Carpendale said. But he will also'
appoint a group of "very professional
ethical people with high integrity"-in
key foreign policy positions, Carpett-'
registration and industrial chemicals,
the league charges. .
The task force also "launched a
major assault on clean air laws" and
"targeted many regulations restricting
toxic chemicals as well," the report
card said. X
Dukakis fared better, earning a ,B
average. He received a B for Clean
Air & Acid Rain, a C-plus in Toxics,
Water Pollution & Solid Waste, an
A-minus in Energy and a B in Coast
& Water Management. . J . ,
have mixed feelings, but on the
balance their verdict is favorable," the
report card said.
As governor, Dukakis put forth
good policies, but according to the
league, "the governor's implementa?
tion of environmental programs was
considered only fair, largely because
of a few weak appointments to key
environmental positions, fear of
antagonizing business and a failure
to give his environmental program
enough funding in his budget
right to unionize all workers, end
union busting and restrict plant
Grossman said Fulani is opposed
to nuclear power and believes solar
power should be the country's prim
ary energy source.
Fulani also wants more federal
funding for the homeless and federr
ally subsidized housing.
"Two roads are better than one,"
has been the Fulani campaign's
slogan since her campaign began June
27, 1987. The New Alliance Party
backed Democrat Jesse Jackson in
the primary elections and, had
Jackson won the nomination, would
have backed him for president. Since
Jackson did not win the Democratic
nomination, Fulani continued her
campaign for the presidency.
Fulani is joined on the New
Alliance ticket by Wynonia Burke, t
Cohari Indian from North Carolina's
Roboff said she was disgusted witty
the Democratic Party, which she saj(J
takes the black vote for granted,
Fulani's candidacy tells Dukakis and
the Democrats, "You will not receive
one vote from us, your most loyal
constituency, until you give , more
than lip service to our agenda," she
from page ,5
from Gardner's appointments, Holtz
"It's a lot better to alienate people
than to give up power," he said.
The next lieutenant governor will
also have to work with Speaker of
the House Liston Ramsey, who will
make it hard for either candidate to
play a significant legislative role,
"Rand would have a better chance
because they'd both be Democrats,"
he said. "Gardner would get very little