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The daily Tar Heel. (Chapel Hill, N.C.) 1946-current, November 07, 1988, Page 6, Image 6

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6The Daily Tar HeelMonday, November 7, 1988 'Etection '88 policy agendas1 AW giro f(D) vary Group J By ERIK DALE FLIPPO Staff Writer While their position papers show that they agree on some key envir onmental issues, presidential candi dates George Bush and Michael Dukakis have voiced fundamental differences, and an environmentalist organization says their records on the issues are very different. Acid Rain. To combat this linger ing problem,' both presidential can didates Have said they support reduc ing; annual sulfur dioxide emissions by millions of tons, though Bush will not quote a specific amount. Dukakis has set his target at 12 million tons. Dukakis believes even under exist ing regulations, some 5 million tons can be cut off current emissions levels, according to a campaign aide. Bush wants to increase interna tional cooperation between Canada and the United States to deal with the problem, according to Scott Gregory, communications director for the N.C. Bush campaign. Clean Water. Both candidates say they want to ban ocean dumping of libertarian Party pots candidate on presDdeimtial ballot By PATRICIA BROWN Staff Writer While many Americans have said they would prefer not to vote for the Republican or Democratic presidential nominees, some may have the opportunity to vote for a Libertarian candidate. Ron Paul, a former Texas congressman, is representing the Libertarian party and is on the ballot in 46 states. The Libertarians and Paul believe in limited government and a free market economy. They also believe it's wrong to use force or aggression to compel people to do anything. "We believe people are free to live their lives the way they wish to, as long as they don't interfere with others," said Kent Snyder, a campaign aide in Houston, in a telephone interview. "The very interesting and uni que aspect of our campaign is (that) we draw views from the conservative right and the liberal left," Snyder said. "Our philos ophy is the same that the founders of our country had." The Libertarians get the idea of a free market economy from the conservatives and the idea of support on civil liberties as human beings from the left, he said. "By making it so difficult for alternate parties to get on the ballot, the state legislatures have contrived a monopoly," Snyder said. "It is more difficult to get an alternate party started in the United States than in any other country in the world." Paul believes the only moral and trades caurododaftes waste by 1991. The candidates dis agree, however, on the Clean Water Act, which President Reagan vetoed. Bush supported the veto of the bill because the congressional version was too costly, Gregory said in a tele phone interview. The vice president supports the earlier administration draft of the bill, which was free of amendments, he said. Dukakis supported the act, saying if it weren't for the current admin istration's unwillingness to cooperate, places like Boston Harbor which the Bush campaign has used to attack Dukakis environmental record wouldn't be in trouble. Dukakis believes the pollution of America's air, water and land con tinues "at an alarming and unaccep table rate," according to one of his position papers. New Nuclear Reactors. Bush sup ports the construction of new nuclear power plants, while Dukakis has derided the technology as "the most expensive way to boil water." As president, Dukakis would make the Nuclear Regulatory Commis- constitutional role the government has is to protect individual liberty and defend the country. "The Democrats and Republi cans believe the government should intervene in domestic and foreign affairs," Snyder said. "We're in favor of freedom of choice in all aspects, even if we don't condone what people do." But Snyder said Paul's message is not getting out through the media. "He (Paul) usually likes the press locally because of their interest and the work of our staff members, but he has been dissat isfied with the national press," Snyder said. There are an estimated 2.4 million Libertarians in the United States. Paul believes his biggest support comes from California and Western states. Paul's name will not appear on the ballot in West Virginia, Indi ana, Missouri and North Carolina. n For candidates to be on the ballot in North Carolina, they must represent a recognized party. In North Carolina, these are the Democratic, Republican and New Alliance parties. These parties had to submit 44,535 qualified signatures, with 200 signatures from four different congressional districts, said John nie McLean, administrative secre tary for the state board of elections. But Paul can be a write-in candidate in North Carolina, McLean said. "Massachusetts environmentalists have mixed feelings, but on the balance their verdict is favorable.97 from the League of Conservation Voters ' "Candidate Report Card" on Michael Dukakis. sion's first priority to protect citizens, rather than cater to the nuclear power industry, according to his position paper. Dukakis opposes construction of new reactors until a "new generation" of reactor design and safety proce dures becomes available and safe Woman to ran on By SANDY WALL Staff Writer When voters go to the polls Nov. 8, they will have at least three choices for president. Lenora Fulani, a 38-year-old devel opmental psychologist from New York, is the only independent can didate to be on the ballot in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. She is the New Alliance Party's candidate and the first black woman to receive federal matching funds. Fulani began her career in politics when she ran for mayor of New York City in 1985 and for governor of New York in 1986, both times on the independent ticket. Fulani, who expects to win at least one million votes, includes in her platform such issues as health care, abortion, civil rights, poverty and nuclear energy. She also includes provisions for a "National AIDS Bill of Rights" and enforcement of all Indian treaties, plus restitution for use of all Indian lands. Marian Grossman, a spokes woman for the Fulani campaign, said Fulani advocates slashing the defense budget in half and using the money to fund social programs and human needs. According to Annie Roboff, press Li. governor be stripped of his power to make committee assignments, since he is a Republican and has had little expe rience working with the legislature, said UNC political science professor Thad Beyle. The Senate has the right to strip him of his powers because they are not mandated by the state constitu tion. Even if Gardner is not formally stripped of his powers, Senate leaders would probably work around him, Beyle said. "The lieutenant governor is a By HELLE NIELSEN Staff Writer Both presidential candidates say changes taking place in the world should shape future foreign policy, but George Bush's foreign policies differ little from those of the Reagan years, while Michael Dukakis says national security must be linked to economic security. "(Bush) is building upon what we have done before," said Andrew Carpendale, a foreign policy spokes man for Bush's campaign. "But eight years later the world has changed somewhat. We must recognize the changes and the policies we can take to make them more beneficial for the United States." American involvement in world affairs may include the use of military force, as in the 1986 bombing of Libya, he said. Dukakis also emphasizes Ameri can world leadership, foreign policy spokesman Ed Gresser said. But only by eliminating trade and budget deficits can the country regain the economic security necessary to play that leading role, Gresser said. "Dukakis' foreign policy is shaped by the belief that our national security depends on our economic security," he said. "The challenges are not only the Soviet Union's conventional forces in Europe but also trade with Japan and the national debt." Dukakis would use U.S. economic power to pressure the Soviet Union, Gresser said. Bush would continue Reagan's - oin) eimviroiminnieimfaQ !ye methods of waste treatment and disposal are established. Bush supports new reactors as long as high safety standards are maintained. "He supports the concept of nuclear power," Gregory said. "And clearly youV; got to ensure safety." Lenora Fulani secretary for the . Fulani campaign, Fulani wants to "get rid of corruption and fat in the military budget" and stresses a foreign policy of disarma ment and non-intervention. America should "reprioritize" how it spends money and decide "what you want to do with the richest country on earth," Roboff said in a telephone interview. member of the executive branch. Why should the legislature give its power to it?" said Abraham Holtz man, an N.C. State political science professor. Holtzman said he was "90 percent sure" that the Senate would take away Gardner's power. But Gardner said he thinks he can retain the office's powers. "I don't think it's going to happen," he said. "It's been campaign rhetoric that's going on." Such a move might alienate his supporters and hurt Democrats in future elections, Gardner said. $t ::::: : . :v. . : :::::::::-.-::::: :. .v s: . . strategy of simultaneous negotiations and military modernization, Carpen dale said. "If they are not willing to build down, we must build up," he said. Dukakis and Bush disagree on what policy best furthers peace and democratization in Latin America. The 1987 Arias peace plan signed by five Central American presidents outlined steps toward a lasting peace in the region, including the halt to foreign aid for rebel groups such as the U.S.-supported Contras. "The vice president's position is that the Arias peace plan is solid, but it doesn't have mechanisms to achieve its objectives," Carpendale said. Bush "absolutely supports" aid to the Contras to bring about peace, democracy and economic growth in Nicaragua, Carpenter said. Siding with the leaders of Latin American democracies, Dukakis opposes military aid to the Contras, Gresser said. The Arias plan has brought more peace and democracy to the region in one year than many years of Contra war have, he said. As president, Dukakis would call a hemispheric summit to discuss the problems of drugs and the Latin American countries' huge foreign debts, which threaten to destabilize recently democratized countries, Gresser said. South Africa can also expect different treatment from the next American president. While in favor of change in South Africa, Bush is against economic sanctions as a way Bush is confident that research and development will continue to provide the nation with more advanced safety measures, Gregory said. Offshore Oil Drilling. Bush sup ports drilling, except in "sensitive areas," while Dukakis opposes drill ing in "critical areas" and would give more power to the states to approve sales of drilling leases. On these and other issues, the League of Conservation Voters has drawn up a "Candidate Report Card" for the two contenders, grading them from A to F on various environmen tal issues. Bush received a D-plus overall. On the issues, he earned a D-minus in Clean Air & Acid Rain, a D-plus in Energy, an F in Water. Pollution & Toxics and a D-plus in Water Resources, Coasts & Land Use. His best grade was a B-plus in the Public Lands & Wildlife category. As vice president, Bush served as chairman of the Presidential Task Force on Regulatory Relief, which sought to relax health regulations, especially those concerning pesticide independent ticket On health care, Fulani advocates a national health service with quality health care for all. "It seems to be a privilege to get to see a doctor" in America, Roboff said. Roboff ques tioned Massachusetts Gov. and Democratic nominee Michael Duka kis' commitment to health care, saying his proposed program would only help those currently employed and not the poor. "The infant mortality rate in Massacusetts rivals third world countries," she said. Fulani also stresses the need for free or low cost abortion on demand and full social and political equality for women. Both the presidential and vice presidential nominees from the New Alliance Party are women. Fulani is committed to full civil rights for all people, Grossman said. The New Alliance Party's "National AIDS Bill of Rights" would protect the civil and demo cratic rights of people with AIDS, Grossman said. The proposal would also outlaw mandatory HIV virus testing, she said. Fulani advocates increased welfare benefits and an end to workfare. She also stresses the need for job oppor tunities for all and free job training. Fulani's platform also extends the "You'd have a handful of people telling the poeple of North Carolina that their vote really doesn't count," he said. "If they (Senate leaders) turn against the people . . . then I'd think you'd see a tremendous resentment all across the state." "It could very well hurt the Demo crats," Beyle said. "He could use it as a rallying point if he runs for governor in 1992." But the potential reaction against Democrats would be better than the lack of productivity and loss of Democratic control that would result to pressure the country to abolish apartheid. Instead, Bush wants to empower South Africa's blacks economically as a way to strengthen their political power, Carpenter said, although he has not specified plans for that. Dukakis endorsed economic sanc tions as proposed in a bill by Rep.' Ron Dellums, D-Calif. "Our initial priorities would be to regain our moral stature as an opponent of apartheid," Gresser said. "If we tolerate apartheid it raises' questions of what kind of country the'-' United States is, and what values are' reflected in our international relations." Bush's experience with foreign., relations includes stints as CIA director, U.S. envoy to China and ambassador to the United Nations.- But, Gresser said, experience is not the only factor determining whether a candidate is qualified to be the' country's foreign policy maker. v' ,rs "It's a question of judgment arid' grasp of history more than years in Washington," he said. "All the" experience in the world didnt stop Bush from sending weapons to the" ayatollah or dealing with Gen:1 (Manuel) Noriega (of Panama)." ' ; ' As president, Bush would Be" personally involved in foreign policy Carpendale said. But he will also' appoint a group of "very professional ethical people with high integrity"-in key foreign policy positions, Carpett-' ter said. registration and industrial chemicals, the league charges. . The task force also "launched a major assault on clean air laws" and "targeted many regulations restricting toxic chemicals as well," the report card said. X Dukakis fared better, earning a ,B average. He received a B for Clean Air & Acid Rain, a C-plus in Toxics, Water Pollution & Solid Waste, an A-minus in Energy and a B in Coast & Water Management. . J . , "Massachusetts environmentalists have mixed feelings, but on the balance their verdict is favorable," the report card said. As governor, Dukakis put forth good policies, but according to the league, "the governor's implementa? tion of environmental programs was considered only fair, largely because of a few weak appointments to key environmental positions, fear of antagonizing business and a failure to give his environmental program enough funding in his budget recommendations." .! right to unionize all workers, end union busting and restrict plant closings. Grossman said Fulani is opposed to nuclear power and believes solar power should be the country's prim ary energy source. Fulani also wants more federal funding for the homeless and federr ally subsidized housing. "Two roads are better than one," has been the Fulani campaign's slogan since her campaign began June 27, 1987. The New Alliance Party backed Democrat Jesse Jackson in the primary elections and, had Jackson won the nomination, would have backed him for president. Since Jackson did not win the Democratic nomination, Fulani continued her campaign for the presidency. Fulani is joined on the New Alliance ticket by Wynonia Burke, t Cohari Indian from North Carolina's Sampson County. Roboff said she was disgusted witty the Democratic Party, which she saj(J takes the black vote for granted, Fulani's candidacy tells Dukakis and the Democrats, "You will not receive one vote from us, your most loyal constituency, until you give , more than lip service to our agenda," she said. Vl from page ,5 from Gardner's appointments, Holtz man said. "It's a lot better to alienate people than to give up power," he said. The next lieutenant governor will also have to work with Speaker of the House Liston Ramsey, who will make it hard for either candidate to play a significant legislative role, Beyle said. "Rand would have a better chance because they'd both be Democrats," he said. "Gardner would get very little cooperation." A

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