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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 96, Issue 82
Monday, November 14, 1988
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Ne ws Sports Arts 962-0245 :
Business Advertising 962-1163 J
By JENNY CLONINGER
Assistant University Editor
: The UNC-system Board of Gov
ernors approved Chancellor Paul
Hardin's appointment of Dennis
O'Connor as provost of UNC at the
.board's meeting Friday.
; O'Connor has served as acting
provost since Samuel Williamson left
the position in July to assume the
presidency of The University of the
By TAMMY BLACKARD
'. The NAACP has challenged the
license renewals of 22 North and
South Carolina broadcasters, includ
ing Chapel Hill radio station WCHL,
saying they have not hired enough
The National Black Media Coali
tion (NBMQ in Washington con
ducted a study of all media renewal
applications in the two states and
found a number of stations had no
or very few black employees, said
Dennis Schatzman, executive direc
tor of the National Association for
the Advancement of Colored People
in North Carolina.
"Since the NAACP is the largest
civil rights organization in the coun
try, the NBMC asked us to join with
them in challenging the stations,"
The challenges were filed with the
Federal Communications Commis
Sttydentt .press covers variety
Dy WILL SPEARS
UNC's student-produced publica
tions, plagued by the same printing
and publication problems of profes
sional newspapers, aren't making
But they are succeeding in their
goal of exposing their readers to a
wide variety of views, according to
the writers and editors of publications
such as The Phoenix, a weekly, and
Carolina Critic, Catalyst and The
Black Ink, all monthlies.
The reasons behind the issues
The Phoenix is a "weekly news
magazine covering current issues,"
assistant editor Donna Leinwand
said. It includes essays, features, and
movie, theater and music reviews, she
The Phoenix began publication in
the late 1970s, managing editor Ed
Davis said. It was founded by a
student who lost the election for DTH
The student lost the election as a
result of the "insider, back-stabbing
politics of The Daily Tar Heel," Davis
By JAMES BENTON
UNC students feel there is a need
for a 24-hour study area on cam
pus, according to two student
government surveys submitted to
University officials Friday.
The surveys were submitted to
Donald Boulton, vice chancellor
and dean of student affairs. Boul
ton said Sunday he will present the
survey data to Chancellor Paul
Hardin and the chancellor's admin
istrative committee Nov. 21. The
committee will then take action on
Student government's Academic
Affairs Committee conducted two
surveys during the last week of
October to get students' opinion
and demonstrate their support for
creating a a 24-hour study area on
campus. In a random telephone
survey on Oct. 26, 226 students
were asked about the need for the
study area, among other issues.
Another committee survey ques
tioned 291 students on the study
South in Sewanee, Tenn. O'Connor
had served as vice chancellor of
research and dean of the graduate
school for about one and a half years.
Williamson resigned last spring,
when former Chancellor Christopher
Fordham was nearing the end of his
tenure at UNC. Rather than appoint
a new provost for Hardin's admin
istration, Fordham chose O'Connor
to serve as acting provost, said
sion (FCC) Nov. 1.
"The commission has rules that
stations with five or more employees
cannot discriminate on the basis of
race, national origin or sex," said
Rowland Martin, assistant director
for minority enterprise at the FCC.
"The licensee has to have an ongoing
program to recruit minority or female
The FCC requires a licensed sta
tion to employ at least half the
proportion of minorities in the
"Let's say minorities are 10 percent
of the work force," Martin said. "In
the station, 5 percent of their work
force must be minorities."
Orange County has a 24.5 percent
minority population, Schatzman
said. WCHL in Chapel Hill was one
of three stations that was granted an
extension by the NAACP.
"Any time a station is challenged,
said. The student's father financed the
publication of The Phoenix so his son
could edit it, he said.
Leinwand said, "We don't cover
day to day things. We don't neces
sarily cover what people did; we cover
why they did it."
The Phoenix has a circulation of
7,000 issues per week, an increase
from last year's circulation, Davis
But there is a circulation problem
at the The Phoenix, Leinwand said,
because the paper does not have a
formal distribution system.
"We don't have a truck to take the
papers around," she said. "We have
to get up Thursday mornings and put
them out. It works if everyone does
it, but there's always somebody who
has a big test that morning and
doesn't get around to it."
The Phoenix is funded by student
activities fees, advertising and fund
raisers, associate editor Timothy
Because The Phoenix is funded by
Student Congress, money is not a
concern, Leinwand said.
The Phoenix makes some money
hoy r stody area
area question alone.
Results indicated that 75 percent
of students in the first survey, and
82.1 in the second survey felt there
was a need for a 24-hour study
place. In the first survey, 37 percent
of the students, along with 34.5
percent in the second, said they
would use the proposed study area
at least once a week.
Sandy Rierson, executive assis
tant for academic affairs, met
Friday with Boulton to discuss
survey results and proposals for
creating the area. Proposals include
opening a 24-hour study area on
a trial basis before final exams next
The meeting went well, Rierson
"I think our survey was very
thorough, and the results were
predictable," she said.
Boulton said night activity on
campus and in Chapel Hill makes
security a main concern in creating
a 24-hour study place.
"When you open a building in
Hey Rocky .... watch me pull a rabbit out of my hat! Bullwinkle
Student Body President Kevin
"Chancellor Fordham obviously
didn't feel he was in a position to
appoint someone since he was leav
ing," he said.
A national search to fill the posi
tion wasn't necessary, Martin said,
because O'Connor had been hired
recently through a national search. "I
it has 30 days to respond," Schatzman
said. "The stations have an oppor
tunity to convince petitioners that
they are wrong or that the station can
come up with a plan to use minorities
"The Chapel Hill station is working
on a better EOE (equal opportunity
employment) program," he said.
Officials at WCHL refused to
Martin said the FCC looks at more
than just the number of minorities
a station has employed when consid
ering a license renewal.
"The actual numbers are not the
determining factor," he said. "The
bottom line is the effort the station
is putting out.
"If our enforcement branch is
satisfied with their effort, the station
will not necessarily be found in non
compliance with regulations. On the
other hand, if a station has more than
enough minorities and women, it
from advertising, Leinwand said. But
because the advertising staff com
prises students, not professionals, the
advertising is sporadic, she said.
"In the past, editors decided not
to cater to advertisers," Elliot said.
"The advertising staff was basically
let go. This semester we're trying to
build our advertising back up."
'Journal of Student Opinion'
Newer additions to the student
publications game are the Carolina
Critic and the Catalyst, both about
a year old.
The Carolina Critic, billed as a
"Journal of Student Opinion," is
generally conservative in tone, said
Bob Lukefahr, Critic editor. The
paper began last fall and "provides
a forum for students on the left and
the right to express their views,"
Other campus papers do not deal
with complex issues as completely as
the Critic does, he said.
"There is a whole host of students
on this campus that are dissatisfied
with how complex issues are dealt
with in other publications," he said.
the evening, you are taking a big
risk with security," he said.
If the area is approved, Rierson
said, monitors will be needed to
check student ID cards. Monitors
would also have to have some
means of communication with
University police officers, she said.
Another concern in establishing
of a 24-hour study area is the area's
location. Boulton said the Depart
ment of English didn't like the fact
that Greenlaw Hall was named as
a possible site for an all-night study
area. "They were not positive at all
about that," he said.
Rierson said she was unsure of
the location of a trial study area,
but said it could be in the Student
Union. Boulton agreed that he was
unsure of a location for the area.
"There are options for a location
but I just don't know where," he
Establishing a 24-hour study
area has been discussed for years,
See 24-HOUR STUDY page 4
think a search is normal, but not
necessary," he said.
O'Connor said he is excited about
his job. "I'm delighted that, having
consulted widely, the chancellor saw
fit to offer me the position," he said.
"It's always nice to be told you're
doing a reasonably good job. This is
going to be a great place to be for
the next few years."
could be found in non-compliance.
Just because a station hires minorities
and women doesn't mean it can
discontinue its EOE program," Mar
The problem is not new, Schatz
"We have a problem in North
Carolina (that) people refuse to deal
with," he said. "White people gener
ally feel black people are inferior, so
they either don't look for them or
claim to have none available. It's a
fact of life. The FCC has got to do
The N.C. stations cited were
WKRR in Asheboro, WBTB in
Beaufort, WLOE in Eden, WNNC in
Newton, WTRG in Rocky Mount,
WLVK in Statesville, WRRF in
Washington and WRCM in Jackson
ville, Schatzman said. WZZU in
Burlington, WGBR in Goldsboro
and WCHL were granted extensions.
"The DTH editorial page doesnt
have enough space to really go in
depth. Our magazine provides an in
Although the Critic is officially
recognized as a student organization,
it receives no student funds, said
Jason James, Critic publicity
The Institute for Educational
Affairs (IEA) in Washington and the
John William Pope Foundation in
North Carolina fund the Critic
"We're not making money," James
said. "We're barely floating."
The Critic also gets $200 to $300
per year from subscriptions, he said.
The Carolina Critic's circulation
has increased from 2,000 last year to
See STUDENT PRESS page 8
Mioority .enrollment shoold
be increased, students say I ;
By JUSTIN McGUIRE
Assistant University Editor
A slight decrease in the number of
black students enrolled in UNC's
graduate and professional schools
during the last year signals an
ongoing problem the University must
address, students and administrators
The 1988 UNC Affirmative Action
Office's Minority and Female Pre
sence Report, released Nov. 5, said
that from 1987 to 1988 the percentage
of blacks enrolled in UNC's graduate
school decreased from 5 percent to
4.5 percent. Black enrollment in
professional schools decreased from
9.4 percent to 8.8 percent.
Students and administrators dis
agreed about the decrease's signifi
cance but said the numbers reflect an
Carlton Barber, president of the
Alliance of Black Professional and
Graduate Students, said he thought
the decrease was significant. "There's
a lot of work the University can do
to increase the numbers," he said.
The University should make a
more substantial effort to recruit
black graduate students and should
institute programs to attract and
retain black professional and grad
uate students, he said.
"I don't see any University program
that specifically addresses recruiting
and retaining black graduate and
professional students," he said.
The Alliance works with the Uni
O'Connor said he would concen
trate on unifying the campus this
year. He listed several programs, like
continuing education, research servi
ces and computing services that could
be implemented well across UNC's
schools and departments.
"I think there's going to be a feeling
that it's coming together," he said.
O'Connor relates well to students,
Martin said, and will fit well into the
vXv ' : V-'' u
John Hinton, an assistant track
Road Race Sunday. His finishing
versity on minority recruitment, he
said. The group sponsors a program
in which black graduate or profes
sional students are paired with black
freshmen to act as mentors, Barber
said. The Alliance also works with
the University to sponsor a minority,
graduate school fair each year, he
Harold Wallace, vice chancellor of
University affairs, said the decrease
is a sign that the University has to
make more aggressive efforts to get
blacks into the graduate and profes
"My experience has been that once
you see that decrease, you've got to
put more aggressive programs in
there to arrest the decline," he said.
The entire University community
not just offices, individuals or
programs must address the prob
lem, Wallace said.
The University knows the problem
exists and is working on programs,
"I'm convinced there is a recogni
tion (that) we need to marshal efforts
towards that problem," Wallace said.
Leon Herndon, a second-year
medical student and co-president of
the Student National Medical Asso
ciation, said the University is prob
ably moving in the right direction in
graduate and professional minority
"My assumption is that things are
getting back on the right track," he
Hardin administration. The two new
administrators should bring fresh'
outlooks and new energy to UNC,
"It will be interesting having two-'
people who are both new to campus,"
he said. "I think he and Hardin have'
a very good relationship, and that will -be
very important over the next few-years."
coach at UNC, wins the Footfalls
time was 31 minutes, 57 seconds.
With the help of the administra
tion, the UNC School of Medicine
is making efforts to increase minority
recruitment, he said. s
"Blacks make up 12 to 15 percent
of the population, and that number
needs to be reflected (in medical
school)," he said.
The medical school invites black
students who have expressed an
interest in medicine for a weekend of
activities to familiarize them with
UNC's opportunities, he said. '
According to the report, the
number of blacks in UNC's School
of Dentistry has increased. Kenneth
Day, the director of admissions and
student affairs for the school, said the
school sponsors several programs for
"We are making every effort
toward recruiting black dental stu
dents because they (black dentists) are
underrepresented in North Carolina,
he said. '
The. school works with Project;
Uplift and the Black Pre-Professional;
Health Society to recruit students,
Day said. The school also has aj
faculty member who helps with!
recruitment, he said, and school
representatives visit the historically
black colleges in the UNC system toj
The school also works with pro
grams in high schools, and dental
school officials sponsor seminars with-
See ENROLLMENT page 6