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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 86, Issue 94
Monday, December 5, 1988
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
News Sports Arts 962-0245
Business Advertising 962-1163
Hihs in mid 503
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By BETHANY LITTON
. Black enrollment has increased
considerably, but UNC must con
tinue and improve recruitment pro
grams, according to a report adopted
unanimously by the Board of Gov
ernors in mid-November.
The report cited statistics from the
Southern Regional Education Board
concerning the enrollment of black
students in colleges and universities
between 1976 and 1986. The 16 UNC
system institutions increased black
enrollment by 24 percent, while the
Southern region increased by 10.8
percent and the nation as a whole by
Raymond Dawson, vice president
for academic affairs, said the statistics
and other figures in the report
encouraged committee members to
recommend the continuance of exist
By LYNN AINSWORTH
Student opinion will be the deter
mining factor in deciding whether to
raise student activities fees by $10 to
$15 to finance a $3.5 million student
recreation center adjacent to Fctzer
Gym, student leaders said.
Student Congress members said-a -referendum
on the proposed fee
increase will probably appear on the
spring ballot. The resolution will
appear before the Student Congress
Finance Committee on Jan. 18, and
the full congress will vote on placing
it on the ballot Jan. 25.
"I think it's a good idea to let the
students decide," said congress
member Shellie Berlin (Dist. 17).
"Referendums aren't binding, and it's
a good way to measure student
opinion. 1 dont like playing God to
a student activity fee anyway."
Congress members David Turling
ton (Dist. 10), Jill Gilbert (Dist. 19)
help city (recover
f ram tornadoes
By CRANDALL ANDERSON
The Chapel Hill-Carrboro
. chapter of the American Red
VQross is pitching in to help victims
.of the recent tornadoes in Raleigh,
.,-and local authorities are ensuring
hcy will be ready if disaster strikes
In the early stages following the
'tornadoes, workers and volunteers
were sent to Raleigh to help clean
up the damage in the aftermath.
Now the chapter is sending more
! Red Cross staff members as well
:-as donations, said Bob Ziegler,
"executive director of the Chapel
Hill-Carrboro Red Cross.
"The cost of the effort (for the
Red Cross in the Triangle) will be
about $750,000, and so far we have
raised $250,000," Ziegler said.
Each Red Cross chapter has
trained workers who go to the
disaster scene first, and workers
from other chapters assist them,
Should such a disaster hit
Chapel Hill, trained volunteers
would be activated immediately.
"Right now, we are in the
process of training volunteers for
our disaster action team," Ziegler
said. "In the three months before
the tornadoes struck Raleigh, we
had recruited only six volunteers.
Since then, we brought in 16 for
a total of 22 volunteers for
Also, depending on the size of
the disaster, the national Red
Cross may have the option to
"They (the statistics) led the pres
ident and the BOG to conclude that
we have something going that is
accomplishing our objective, and we
don't want to lose that momentum,"
Minority presence figures were also
favorable, Dawson said. Since 1980,
black enrollment has increased 14.3
percent at UNC-CH, and white
enrollment at historically black
institutions has increased 69 percent.
Minority presence is defined as black
enrollment at historically white
universities and white enrollment at
historically black universities.
The report, which was recom
mended to the BOG by UNC-system
President CD. Spangler, proposed
only minor changes to increase black
enrollment and retention and minor
ity presence enrollment in general,
Dawson said the increase in black
praSoni to afffect
and Harry Bleattler (Dist. 19) agreed
that the congress would probably
vote to place the referendum on the
But representatives were unwilling
to say. if the student body would
approve of the referendum in the
think most students would
support it," Turlington said. "But
there are some very conservative
people on this campus that don't like
to see fees raised at all."
Carol Gecr, president of the Caro
lina Athletic Association (CAA), said
the center would not progress beyond
the planning stages until student
support for the center could be
The proposed fee increase is based
on figures used by other universities
to build similar recreation facilities,
she said. N.C. State University
increased student fees by $35 per
semester to finance its center, and
come into the area to lend aid.
"They have already come into
Raleigh, and they would be in
Chapel Hill or Carrboro even
quicker if it happened here,"
Chief Arnold Gold of the
Chapel Hill Police Department
said if such a disaster happened
here, the town has a lengthy and
organized plan called the Com
mand System that handles any
"If we have forewarning of a
possible disaster, then we will
receive a message from the
National Weather Service," Gold
said. "Then the Chapel Hill com
mand team, which is made up of
the mayor and (town) department
heads, is called together to discuss
plans of action.
"If a disaster has already taken
place, then the meeting is called
to discuss what has already
Saving lives and setting up
shelters for victims would take first
priority in the disaster relief
process, Gold said. The next
priority would be securing the
disaster area to keep out looters
or to keep others from getting hurt
at the damage site.
At the disaster site, staging areas
would be set up to assign jobs to
people who are willing to help but
dont know what to do.
From this point, the situation
would dictate what direction the
"plan of attack" would take, Gold
don't care what is written about me so long as it isn't true.
enrollment at UNC can be attributed
to efforts to bring in new students
and improvement in the retention
Retention of black students is the
biggest problem UNC faces in this
area, said Kenneth Perry, Black
Student Movement president.
"Enrollment is good, but it doesnt
do anyone any good if people don't
graduate," Perry said.
Programs such as the Black Cul
tural Center are. important for re
tention, Perry said, because they
provide a support for black students,
making them feel like they have a
place at UNC.
Black students also leave UNC for
academic reasons, Perry said, and the
University should assume a respon
sibility for black students admitted
below the normal qualification stand
See ENROLLMENT page 2
Appalachian State University stu
dents paid about $12 in additional
fees each semester for new facilities,
Geer said she believes students will
support the proposal if they under
stand what services the facility will
provide. ( . . :-
; "It's not justla random proposal,"
she said. We did surveys two years
ago which have gotten us this far. We
need to find out if students are willing
to pay for it." .
The CAA initially planned to
expand and upgrade the present
facilities, Geer said, but found it was
impossible to do so.
It is crucial that the funds used to
build the center come solely from
students, Geer said. "Any time you
dip into anyone else's funds, it can
hold you liable . . . maybe 10 or 15
years down the road," she said. "It's
very, very important that you pay for
the building with student fees if you
By HELLE NIELSEN
Ronald Reagan took office prom
ising to make America No. 1 in the
world again. But eight years of
military buildup failed to improve
national security, and the United
States position as a world leader has
weakened, policy analysts say.
In his approach to foreign policy,
Reagan has emphasized military
strength while overlooking the impor
tance of staying economically com
petitive, said Robert Borosage, a
fellow with the Institute for Policy
Studies in Washington, D.C.
Inadequate investments in educa
tion and infrastructure during Rea
gan's tenure will hurt the country's
ability to compete in the world
market, Borosage said.
"Reagan was flexible enough to
respond to (Soviet President Mikhail)
Gorbachev in arms control," Boros-
By CHERYL POND
1 1 j ihrough the flurry of prepara
tions, celebrations and good
JLL will of the Christmas season,
some students will quietly light can
dles in remembrance of a different,
Hanukkah the Festival of
Lights began Dec. 2. Because this
Jewish holiday and the major Chris
tian holiday, Christmas, fall during
December, there are many miscon
ceptions about Hanukkah.
It is not the Jewish equivalent of
Christmas," said Shellie Berlin, a
senior political science major from
For many Jews, Hanukkah is a
warm time when families gather
together to celebrate their rich tradi
tions and history. "It's a fun, festive
h ' 1
The Hillside High School Marching Hornet Band
from Durham participates in the annual Chapel
fate of - cepteir, leacfleirg say
want students to be in control of the
facility and not other groups." .
UNC's Student Union was funded
through an increase in student fees,
The CAA has received many
complaints about the availability of
recreation facilities on campus, Geer
said. The weight rooms' arent always
open to the average student because
varsity athletes and physical educa
tion classes have priority, she said,
and aerobics classes are filled to
Congress member Bleattler said he
agreed that a new center was neces
sary to meet the needs of students.
"I know from personal experience
that IVe been inhibited from using
the facilities outside of P.E. classes,"
he said. "At this point, I would say
our facilities for the average student
are not user friendly."
UNC is significantly behind other
universities in providing athletic
tiomi weakened, ex
The Reagan Legacy
age said. "But he remained oblivious
to the decline of American fortunes
in the world economy.
"A generation from now, if we look
back, well see this as the era of lost
opportunities and failed challenges."
The Intermediate-range Nuclear
Forces (INF) treaty and improved
relations with the Soviet Union have
been positive accomplishments, pol
icy analysts said.
"There was a remarkable shift from
the 'empire of evil' to the four
summits arid the achievement of arms
control," said Ray Garthoff, a senior
fellow of foreign policy at the Brook
ings Institution, a Washington think
Although internal political factors
were the main motivating element in
the .tradition of Hanukkah
time," said Lauren Stone, the direc
tor of student activities at the Hillel
But because Hanukkah falls dur- ,
ing the school semester this year,
most of the more than 500 Jewish
students at UNC will not be able to
go home to celebrate. "It's just hard
being away on any holiday," Berlin
said. "You can't just tell your
teachers you are going to miss eight
days of class. It's not so much that it
is an important holiday as it is the
whole idea of being home with your
Most students are not willing to
miss classes for Hanukkah because
it does not have the same signifi
cance as other Jewish holidays,
Many people assume Hanukkah ,
must be a major holiday for Jews
v - -
Hill-Carrborb Christmas parade on Franklin Street
facilities for the average student,
according to Geer. "Intramurals and
varsity athletes are very well taken
care of, but as whole, we are behind
in offering facilities to the general
student," she said. v
Members of the CAA plan to meet
with student congress members
. mdnidoally'to explain the project hv
' greater detail, Geer said.
Richard Baddour, associate
athletic director, said he believed
students would be interested ' in the
proposed center. "We have over 650
student athletes using (the present
recreational facilities)," he said. "They
take up all of the time available."
The CAA also proposed that the
UNC Wellness Center, located in
Fetzer Gym, be given" 1,800 square
feet of space in the new building. The
Wellness Center is too cramped in its
current location, according to Geer,
and would benefit from new office
space and conference rooms.
the Soviet Union's agreement on arms
control, Reagan's uncompromising
posture in early negotiations may also
have played a role, Garthoff said.
But the confrontational approach
to the Soviet Union caused distrust
among the European allies, Borosage
said. Public opinion polls show West
Europeans trust Gorbachev more
than they trust Reagan. v
"The United States is seen as the
leading obstacle to peace," Borosage
said. "That suggests that among our
closest allies we have lost the moral
U.S. assistance to the Afghan
Mujahedin rebels, though, did help
end the Soviet invasion of Afghan
istan, analysts said. ,"
. "Reagan's biggest victory is the
support of the Afghan freedom
fighters," said Jim Phillips of the
Heritage Foundation, a conservative
think tank in Washington, D.C.
because of its calendar proximity to
Christmas, said Max Weiss, a
sophomore psychology major from
Durham. But, in fact, Hanukkah is
less a spiritual holiday than it is the
celebration of an event in Jewish
"In the Jewish calendar, it is one
of the least important holidays,"
said Marcia Schwartz, a senior edu
cation major from Wilmington. "It
is a festival, a commemoration."
Historically, the holiday com
memorates two miracles. The first
was an outnumbered Jewish army's
military victory-over the Romans,
After the liberation of Jerusalem,
they planned to rededicate the Tem
ple but only had enough sacred olive
oil to light the Temple's "eternal
light" for one day. Miraculously, the
small amount of oil kept the lamp lit
"The Wellness Center is an incred
ible, hidden jewel that no one knows
about right now," Geer said.
The center offers students profes
sional advice on fitness and nutrition
from exercise physiologists.
The new Wellness Center office
would house a library, and students
workouts on file there, Geer said.
One or two trained psychologists
would be on duty at the center to
help students deal such problems as
eating disorders and general stress,
Students might be more willing to
seek help at a recreational facility
than at Student Health Service
(SHS), she said. "I think it would be
a lot less intimidating to go there (the
proposed center)," she said.
, The idea has not been cleared with
SHS administrators, Geer said, but
See CENTER page 3
"Reagan inherited a small assistance
program (to) the Mujahedins, and he
expanded the quantity and qualitof
it. Especially, supplying the rebels
with the Stinger missiles was crucial."
But in other important regions, the
Reagan administration's policies
have left a dismal legacy, according
to the analysts.
Reagan's policies may have been
most damaging in Central America.
Ontina for rrrilitarv virtnrips in the.
region's socially rooted conflicts, .
Reagan strengthened the military
institutions in Honduras and El
Salvador at the expense of demo
cratic political institutions, said
II 1114 SAL k. A iJVVJllUlUV) M piVlVOJVl SA
political science at American Univer
sity in Washington, D.C.
Most of American economic assist
ance to the Central American coun-
See POLICIES page 4
for eight days.
Hanukkah, which means dedica
tion, lasts for eight days. A candle .
on a menorah is lit every night in
memory of these miracles. Lighting
the menorah candles, saying special
prayers and singing traditional songs
are all part of the festivities. Other
popular traditions include eating
potato-latkes and playing a game
with a dreidel, a four-sided spinning
Though it has been a tradition for
centuries, Hanukkah is a holiday in
transition, said John Sasson, a reli- ,
gious studies professor. Because the
story of the Hanukkah miracles is
not in the holy scriptures, the holi
day is more open to variation and
adaptation, he said. A relatively
See HANUKKAH page 4