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2The Daily Tar HeelThursday, December 8, 1988
World and Natioin
Mett leader gives UoNo
' From Associated Press reports
NEW YORK Soviet President
Mikhail Gorbachev called Wednes
day for international cooperation on
the environment, space and Afghan
istan in a dramatic U.N. speech
punctuated by an announcement that
he will reduce Moscow's 'military
troops by a half-million.
-President-elect George Bush will
find in us a partner who is ready
; without long pause or backtracking
to continue the dialogue in a spirit
of realism, openness and good will
. . Gorbachev said in his first
address to the 159-nation General
He suggested the United Nations
deploy a peacekeeping force to
Afghanistan to oversee the with
drawal of Soviet soldiers and the
transition to a broad-based govern
ment. He also called for a Jan. 1
cease-fire in the country,
v In his hour-long address, the first
by a Soviet president in 28 years,
Gorbachev covered a range of topics
1 and extolled peaceful co-existence in
the world. He urged an end to Cold
From Associated Prats reports
White House aide Oliver North on
Wednesday dropped efforts to dis
close a quarter of the 40,000 pages
of classified documents he wants to
use to defend criminal charges arising
; from the Iran-Contra affair.
Defense lawyers filed a brief
statement that they were withdrawing
.10,000 pages of CIA intelligence
cables on Nicaragua that were listed
in North's Nov. 14 notice of govern
ment secrets he wants to reveal in a
The monthly intelligence cables
covered a three-year period from
January 1984 through December
1986, a month after the Iran-Contra
affair became known and North was
dismissed from his job at the National
In a motion last month, special
prosecutor Lawrence Walsh sought
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After his speech Gorbachev ate
lunch with President Ronald Reagan
and Bush on nearby Governor's
Asked if he pressed Reagan for
anything in return for trimming the
Soviet military. Gorbachev said: "In
developing our relations we can work
only together so we do hope that the
United States and the Europeans will
work with us and will take certain
But the session was "not a nego
tiating meeting, Oorbachev said,
adding he was happy to join Reagan
and Bush in "this get-together.
It was the fifth meeting between
Reagan and Gorbachev, who was in
Washington a year ago to sign a treaty
reducing intermediate and medium-
44 We are at the birth of a new model
of ensuring security not through the
buildup of arms . . . but to the
contrary, through their reduction on
the basis of compromise," Gorbachev
Besides detailing troop reduction,
Gorbachev outlined a number of
proposals on a broad array of topics
attempt to release documents
to bar the defense from using any
secret documents as evidence. Walsh
accused the defense of listing a large
number of irrelevant documents "to
overwhelm the court's and the
government's abilities to conduct
proceedings" under the Classified
Information Procedures Act.
He specifically criticized North's
listing of "large swatches of CIA
cables concerning Nicaragua that
bear only the most tangential relation
to the subject matter of the case."
He specifically criticized North's
proposal to disclose "large swatches
of CIA cables concerning Nicaragua
that bear only the most tangential
relation to the subject matter of the
North's statement was filed as U.S.
District Judge Gerhard Gesell con
tinued closed hearings into the use
of secret documents at trial. The
hearings began last week.
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in his U.N. speech.
He said, for instance, the Soviet
Union is ready to impose a mora
torium of up to a century on debt
servicing by poor countries and, in
some cases, write off the debts.
He suggested an international
space station monitor the environ
ment, and discussed having the
International Court of Justice in The
Hague arbitrate human rights cases.
At home, he said, "Soviet demo
cracy will be placed on a solid norma
tive basis," with "elasnost," or
openness, and freedom of conscience,
enshnned in law.
Members of the General Assembly
greeted Gorbachev with sustained
applause at the end of his 26-page
speech, but they did not give him a
General Assembly President Dante
Caputo, the foreign minister of
Argentina, praised Gorbachev's
address as a ''very important speech,
with specific proposals on disarma-
ment, regional conflicts, development
and ecology." He said it contained
"a new philosophical approach in
Soviet foreign policy."
Gesell has not ruled on secrecy
issues and must decide if classified
material North wants to disclose is
needed for his defense. President
Reagan said last week he would allow
virtually none of the documents to
be disclosed in open court.
If Gesell decides North cannot get
a fair trial wthout disclosing some
documents, he could dismiss the
central charge that the former pre
sidential aide conspired to illegally
divert U.S.-Iran arms-sale proceeds
to the Nicaraguan rebels.
To foreclose North's need to
disclose government secrets, Walsh
has narrowed the focus of allegations
against the former presidential aide.
On Tuesday, he filed a detailed
statement of North's "wholly legiti
mate" efforts to try to release Amer
ican hostages in the Middle East.
The summary of North's activities
was offered as an unclassified state
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Gorbachev emphasized disarma
ment, which he called "the main
issue," and provided details of his
unilateral initiatives to reduce the Red
"Today I can report to you that
the Soviet Union has taken a decision
to reduce its armed forces," he said.
"Within the next two years their
numerical strength will be reduced by
500,000 men. The numbers of con
ventional armaments will also be
substantially reduced. This will be
done unilaterally, without relation to
(talks on conventional disarmament)
in Vienna," he said.
By agreement with the Warsaw
Pact allies, the Soviet Union will
withdraw and disband six tank
divisions from East Germany, Czech
oslovakia and Hungary by 1991.
Altogether; he said, Soviet forces
stationed in those three countries will
be reduced by 50,000 men. Some
5,000 tanks will also be slashed, he
The Soviet Union will also reor
ganize Soviet divisions in Eastern
Europe so they are "clearly
ment that could
evidence at trial.
be introduced as
The Reagan administration, seek
ing to protect well-guarded secrets
about intelligence operations, is
particularly sensitive about revealing
any details about efforts to free the
Walsh argues that North and his
co-defendants corrupted President
Reagan's arms-for-hostage initiatives
by diverting proceeds to the Nicara
Activist Jacobs goes
after kidnapping char
From Associated Press reports
LUMBERTON Indian activist
Timothy Jacobs remained in hiding
Wednesday after he and fellow
activist Eddie Hatcher were indicted
on state kidnapping charges in the
takeover of a newspaper office.
"We are continuing to try to locate
him," said Cuyler Windham, assistant
director for the State Bureau of
Investigation (SBI). "Hopefully, he
will turn himself in, or well hear from
him or his attorneys."
But Jacobs, in a telephone call to
a Raleigh television station Tuesday
night, said he was hiding in New York
and would not return to North
"I'm really upset about it. I'm sick
upset about it," Jacobs told WRAL
TV. "I was tried before in federal
court for the same charges except they
were different wording. I was tried
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Authorities move Mandela
to prison farm after illness
From Associated Press reports
Africa Black leader Nelson
Mandela was moved from a hos
pital to a private house on a prison
farm outside Capetown, his lawyer
said Wednesday night.
The lawyer, Ismail Ayob, said
the 70-year-old Mandela had been
transferred from the Constantia
burg Clinic to the Victor Verster
Prison in Taarl, a suburb of
Authorities said last month that
Mandela would not be returned
to prison when he completed his
recovery from tuberculosis at the
Oil reserve shown vulnerable
WASHINGTON The Stra
tegic Petroleum Reserve, this
country's first line of defense
against a foreign oil embargo, is
vulnerable to a terrorist attack,
congressional investigators and
Energy Department officials said
"Improvements are needed in
the (reserve) security program,"
Keith Fultz of the congressional
General Accounting Office told
the House Government Opera
tions subcommittee on environ
ment, energy and natural
Fultz said a mock terrorist
attack on the 550-million-barrel
reserve in Louisiana and Texas last
year symbolically damaged or
destroyed facilities vital to recov
ering the oil from underground
caverns during an embargo.
The terrorist team, put together
by a contractor hired by the
department, was able to get plans
and blueprints of the reserve's
for hostage taking; that didn't apply.
So the people down there that were
behind these charges . . . they were
"They lost the battle," Jacobs said,
"The war's not over with yet. That's
the way I look at it."
Jacobs, 20, and Hatcher, 3 1, were
indicted by a special session of the
Robeson County grand jury Tuesday
on 14 counts of second-degree kid-
napping. 1 ne cnarges stem irom tne
Feb. 1 takeover of The Robesonian
newspaper in Lumberton.
A federal jury Oct. 14 acquitted the
two Tuscarora Indians of federal
hostage-taking and firearms charges,
despite their admissions that they
sawed off two shotguns and held up
to 20 people hostage at the newspaper
for 10 hours.
The siege ended after Gov. Jim
Martin agreed to form a state task
force to investigate their charges of
official corruotion and law enforce
ment involvement in drug trafficking,
The two Indians met only once with
the task force, which said there was
little evidence to substantiate their
In the Dec. 6 article "Reagan
criticized on environmental policy,"
Bristol Bay off the coast of Alaska
was incorrectly identified as produc-
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Effective December 26,1 988 through March 26, 1989. Maybe'
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News in Brief
facilities and its 240 miles of
pipeline from the library at the.
University of Southwesterly
Quayle gets VP advice
Quayle, investigating how as vice"
president he will involve himself,
in fighting drugs, exploring space"
and picking his staff, got some
advice from Walter Mondale - stay-,
away from trivia. v
Mondale, who was vice presi
dent under President Carter and.
the Democratic presidential nornis
nee in 1984, said after meeting with!
Quayle on Wednesday that the.
Indiana senator is "obviously
serious about this job."
"I believe he can do it, and.L
believe he wants to do it. He's been!
elected by the people of the United
States and we all better hope that
he does a good job," Mondale
"I told him I thought a big
danger of the vice presidency is to"
be trivialized, to be given a number.
of functions, to prove they're!
important when in fact we have!
other agencies to do that work."
Dow average continues climb ;
NEW YORK The Dow
Jones average of 30 industrials,;
which had risen 57.08 points in the
two previous sessions, added
another 4.27 to 2,153.63.
Advancing issues outnumbered
declines by about 4 to 3 on the
New York Stock Exchange, with
818 up, 613 down and 533
Superior Court Judge Robert !
Hobgood had set bond for the men '
at $140,000 each on Tuesday. j
Hatcher's bond was reduced Wed- '
nesday during an arraignment before '
Hobgood, said David Lerner.-an I
attorney for the Center for Consti- "
tutional Rights, which is representing I
"We're obviously real pleased with",
that," Lerner said in a telephone .
interview trom New York. Hope
fully we'll be getting him out
Hatcher was arrested Tuesday at
the office of the Robeson Defense
Fund in Pembroke.
Hatcher disappeared for several
weeks before his federal trial when
an appeals court revoked his bond.
He surfaced at Raleigh-Durham
Airport with an attorney on a flight
from New York.
Federal officials said after the trial
they were still interested in where
Hatcher was hiding, but Windham
said no decision had been made yet
on involving federal investigators in
the search for Jacobs. :
ing $1.5 billion of oil annually. The
area produces this amount of fish
annually. The Dl H regrets tne error.
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