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Poison overcrowding relief proposes
The Daily Tar HeelFriday, January 20, 19893
By KAREN DUNN
; Gov. Jim Martin sent a $75 million
proposal to state legislators Wednes
day for major reforms to alleviate
severe overcrowding in North Carol
; The proposal will also settle the
;lawsuit filed against the Department
;of Correction by the inmates of 49
;state prisons. In the suit, the inmates
;qiiestioned the constitutionality of
;their crowded living conditions.
; "The problem we have here is that
2,000 more people went to prison in
1988 than in 1987," said Sam Wilson,
chairman of the N.C. Parole Com
jmission. "People are coming in with
'.longer sentences, so there are less
people meeting parole. There were
1,045 fewer people eligible for parole
in 1988 than in 1987," he said.
; The proposal, called the Prison
Emergency Act, has four major
points. The first asks the General
Assembly to agree to terms that will
settle the prisoners' class action
lawsuit filed in the summer of 1985.
The settlement, reached on Dec. 20
of last year, calls for the availability
of 50 square feet of living space per
inmate in the 49 prisons named in
the suit. This additional space plus
an improvement in ventilation and
clothing must be provided by July of
The second point involves con
struction as part of the settlement. A
sum of $48.5 million over the next
two fiscal years will provide enough
space for 608 higher-security medium
custody beds in addition to the 200
minimum custody beds proposed by
The third point proposes alterna
tive supervisory methods to divert
offenders who under previous con
ditions may have gone to prison.
"The expansion of the electronic
house arrest program to 12 more
communities will link the offenders
of non-violent crimes who still need
supervision to telephone lines
through computer technology," said
David Guth, spokesman for the N.C.
Department of Correction. "It helps
monitor the person who would
otherwise be in prison, giving them
a last chance."
Another aspect of the third point
diverts potential prisoners through a
system of intensive probation.
"An offender will be in touch with
a probation officer five or six times
a day rather than once or twice a
week," Guth said.
The fourth and final point of the
proposal calls for the extension of
prison capacity. A cap of 18,000
would be allowed when enough
people are not eligible for parole,
although the proposal calls for an
increase in the normal cap to 17,640.
The settlement of the lawsuit has
been long-awaited, and the Depart
ment of Correction is pleased with
"We want to fix the entire system
to end the cycle of litigation," Guth
Martin is fairly confident that the
proposal will pass in both houses of
the state legislature.
"The governor thinks there's a
good chance that it will pass in the
House and Senate. He has high hopes
for it this time," said Tim Pittman,
press secretary to the governor.
If the General Assembly passes the
proposal and provides the necessary
funds, implementation of the new
program could begin this year,
a Gillian Cell, dean of the
College of Arts and Sciences, has
been re-elected to a three-year
term on the board of directors of
the Council of Colleges of Arts
and Sciences. The council is a
national association of 300 insti
tutions designed to sustain the arts
and sciences as a leading influence
in American higher education and
serves as a forum for idea and
D Judith Wegner, professor of
law, has been appointed to a
second term on the Association of
American Law Schools Accredi
tation Committee and named to
chair the committee in 1989.
a The Committee on Faculty
Research and Study Leaves
selected 34 assistant professors at
UNC as 1989 Junior Faculty
Development Awards winners.
The $3,000 awards support
research or scholarly work for
non-tenured faculty members.
The recipients are Michael
Aitken, Melanie Archer, Peter
Bearman, Deborah Bialeschki,
Jennifer Conrad, Noel Greis,
Elizabeth Crais, Ann Erickson,
Michael Folio, Deborah Franks,
Lorna Harris, Marilyn Hartman,
Maureane Hoffman, Siddugari
Kalachandra, Laura Kalfayan,
Cathy Klech, Mark Koruda, Ste
phen Leonard, Stuart Macdonald,
George Maryniuk, Judith Meece,
Jane Millen, Dexter Morris,
Donald Nonini, Mary Pardo,
Charles Paull, Delia Pollock, Jan
Prins, Joseph Rubino, Regina
Sherard, Kevin Stewart, Nancy
Thompson, Ann Wadsworth and
Community responds to Ronald McDonald House fund-raiseirs
By JESSICA LANN1NQ
With a massive fund-raising push
made at the end of last year and help
from the state McDonald's Children's
Services Advisory Board, the Ronald
McDonald House in Chapel Hill has
been able to raise more than $100,000.
Dick Broom, public relations
volunteer for the house, said the local
chapter raised $67,373 from Oct. 1
to Dec. 31, 1988. Those funds were
then matched by a $50,000 contribu
tion from the advisory board.
: Money raised for the house will
cover part of its operating costs,
estimated at $150,000, and the money
given by the advisory board will help
pay the $300,000 mortgage on the
house, Broom said.
The local money was raised
through two major fund-raising
projects. The organization contacted
previous contributors, thanked them
for their past contributions and asked
them to give again.
The local group also published a
cookbook called "Tar Heels Cooking
for Ronald's Kids," featuring recipes
contributed by former UNC athletes
and other University officials.
Approximately 1,200 books were
sold, raising $13,860 over the three
month period, Broom said.
The book is still available for
$13.95 and is sold at the Ronald
McDonald House, Johnny T-Shirt,
the Country Store and Kitchenworks
in University Mall, Pace in the Glen
Lennox shopping center and the
Merrill Lynch Realty Office.
The cookbook was Tar Heel
announcer Woody Durham's idea,
Broom said. The book is divided into
sections for salads, appetizers, breads,
desserts and other recipes.
House manager Barbara Palmer
said she was pleased the fund-raiser
was a success and the advisory board
matched the funds the local group
"They always make an extra effort
to make the new houses mortgage
free," she said. "They like to see the
new houses get on their feet."
Palmer said she was surprised at
how important small contributions
are. "We got tremendous support
from the physicians and medical
faculty at the hospital," she said. "It
really adds up."
Broom said remaining operating
funds will be raised through frequent
fund-raisers such as auctions, mara
thons, T-shirt sales, bake sales and
contributions from individuals and
Broom said he was not sure if the
advisory board would match funds
again this year.
The advisory board is made up of
McDonald's restaurant representa
tives who decide how to distribute
money given to them or raised on
a state level.
"Some companies give money
without designating one of the houses
in the state, and the restaurants have
fund-raisers of their own," Broom
said. "The advisory board decides
how money will be distributed rea
sonably and equitably, sometimes
using it as an incentive for the houses
to have their own fund-raisers (as in
The Ronald McDonald House
provides families of seriously ill
children, and sometimes the child, a
place to stay while the child receives
treatment at North Carolina Memor
Since the house opened last May,
families from 73 of the 100 counties
in North Carolina and from seven
other states have stayed in the house,
and 307 people have been helped,
"It's a place to stay, not just a hotel
or motel," Broom said. The house
gives families a chance to be with
people in a similar situation, he said.
Staying at the house is cheaper
than paying for a hotel or hospital
room, Broom said. Families can stay
at the house for $8 per bed per night.
Before the house was built, families
camped out in cars, slept in chairs
at the hospital or skipped meals to
save money, Broom said.
Palmer said about 50 percent of
those who stay at the house can afford
to pay the cost, some can only pay
part of the fee, and many cannot pay
Broom said he felt the house was
doing well and that the need for the
house has existed for years.
"People say, 4I dont know how we
got along without the house,' " he
Chapel Hill housing prices push living costs above average
By TRACY LAWSON
With housing costs leading the
way, a national chamber of com
merce study shows the cost of living
in Chapel Hill is slightly higher than
the nationwide average.
According to the American
Chamber of Commerce Researchers
Association's (ACCRA) 1988 third
quarter cost of living index, living
costs in Chapel Hill are 11.2 percent
higher than costs elsewhere.
Sherri Powell, ACCRA rea
searcher for the Chapel Hill
Carrboro Chamber of Commerce,
said the numbers in the index repre
sent living costs for mid management
standards. j ' - '
"Examples of jobs that make up
the midmanagement standards are
partners in CPA firms, some small
business owners and some tenured
university faculty members," Powell
The cost of living index is based
on six components. In Chapel Hill,
five of the six components rank above
the national average. But the cost of
housing is the highest of these figures,
ranking 39.5 percent above the
Tina Vaughn, director of housing
and community development for the
town of Chapel Hill, said, "One of
the reasons the cost of housing is so
high in Chapel Hill is because there
are so many retirees moving into the
from pegs 1
Most of these retirees have money
to spend and come from the North
where the cost of living is extremely
high, Vaughn said.
"As a result the cost of houses here
may be cheap in comparison to where
they came from, and therefore they
demand to build more expensive
houses," she said.
June Foushee of Foushee Realty
said the Research Triangle Park and
area universities drive up housing
costs in the area, but she said people
usually are not apprehensive about
moving here because of the high cost
"However for the first time I have
talked to some retirees who have
decided not to retire here because the
cost of living is begining to catch up
with that of the North," Foushee said.
Building contractor Jon Harder
gave other reasons why the cost of
housing is so high land costs in
Chapel Hill are high and development
costs are even higher.
"The sewer and water fees are also
high in this area because of money
pledged to the bond issue to pay for
the Cane Creek project," Harder said.
"In other areas there is a tax subsidy
to help pay costs for sewer and
Besides the high cost of housing,
the index also shows the following
results for Chapel Hill:
a The cost for transportation is
10.9 percent above the national
n The cost, for health care is 5.5
percent above the national average.
B The cost for miscellaneous goods
and services is 3.9 percent above the
B The cost for grocery items is 0.8
percent above the national average.
B The cost of utilities is 5 percent
below the national average.
black students, Dawson said.
Also, Poole said, during the time
UNC's. percentages were increasing,
overall black enrollment went down
nationally, making the increase more
. . Poole said the system will not work
toward any specific percentage but
will continue to push for an increase.
"We're still working towards a more
realistic percentage based on the
number of students," he said.
According to the 1988 Minority
and Female Presence Report,
released in November by the Affir
mative Action Office, the number of
enrolled black undergraduates at
UNC-CH was 8.8 percent, short of
the 10 percent goal that has been a
target throughout the decade.
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