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2The Daily Tar Heel Thursday, January 26, 1989
World and Nation
From Associated Press reports
leaders 'in Congress introduced leg
islation Wednesday to make civilian
or military service a requirement for
many young Americans who want
federal aid for education, job training
Sen. Sam Nunn, D-Ga., chairman
of the Senate Armed Services Com
mittee, said creation of a national
service program would be in keeping
with President Bush's call in his
inaugural address for a new sense of
civic responsibility. And Senate
Majority Leader George Mitchell
said the bill would be a priority of
the new Congress.
Nunn, the main sponsor of the bill
in the Senate, said he hoped the
eoate leaders pledge bipartisanship
From Associated Press reports
WASHINGTON The Senate
lined up to confirm three members
of President Bush's Cabinet on
Wednesday, and Majority Leader
George Mitchell promised to coop
erate with the new administration
while pursuing a Democratic agenda
of improvements in the minimum
wage, housing, health care and the
nans prepare for end of
Soviet military occupation
From Associated Press reports
KABUL, Afghanistan Soviet
soldiers handed out emergency
rations Wednesday and the mayor of
Kabul said his city has a three-month
supply of food and fuel in case of
a guerrilla siege when the Red Army
United Nations aid officials, less
optimistic, said much more must be
brought in "if disaster is to be averted"
and they were preparing contingency
Moslem guerrillas operating along
the Salang Highway are attacking
supply convoys bound for the city as
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service program proposed
proposal would "awaken a new spirit
of citizenship and civic obligation in
America" by encouraging young
people to attack the nation's social
needs while earning education or
"This is not a guaranteed benefit;
this is a guaranteed opportunity to
earn a benefit," Nunn said. "There
is a fundamental difference. ... I
think it's time to begin a debate on
Rep. Dave McCurdy, D-Okla.,
who introduced an identical bill in
the House, said the program "repre
sents an appeal to the broad values
of citizenship rather than the narrow
views of self-interest." 1
Under the program, which would
be phased in over five years beginning
Mitchell outlined his hopes for the
next two years, including "true
bipartisanship" in foreign policy, as
the Democratic-controlled Senate
moved toward early evening confir
mation votes on the nominations of
James Baker as secretary of state,
Elizabeth Dole as labor secretary and
Richard Darman as budget director.
In the busiest day so far of the new,
101st Congress, committees also held
the withdrawal deadline approaches.
Soviet cargo planes began flying
loads of flour and fuel to the capital
Friction over the supply situation
has been evident between the govern
ment and the Soviet military, which
must be out of Afghanistan by Feb.
15 under a U.N.-mediated agreement
signed in April.
Maj. Gen. Lev Serebrov, deputy
Soviet commander in Afghanistan,
complained this week that his army
had to feed all 2.3 million people in
the city. He accused the Afghan
regime of inefficiency and failing to
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in 1990, young volunteers in the
"Citizens Corps" would work one or
two years in jobs such as providing
day care, combatting illiteracy or
caring for the elderly.
They would be paid $100 a week
and provided health insurance while
part of the Citizens Corps, and they
also would earn a $10,000 voucher
for each year of civilian service. Those
who volunteer for military service
would earn a $12,000 voucher for
The vouchers could be used to
finance a college education, to pay
for vocational or job training, or as
a down payment on a new home.
After the five-year phase-in period,
the vouchers would replace most
federal student loans and grants,
confirmation hearings for Defense
Secretary-designate John Tower and
several other Cabinet nominees.
Louis Sullivan, President Bush's
choice to head the Department of
Health and Human Services, met
privately with anti-abortion senators
and apparently persuaded them he is
committed enough to their cause to
win their support for confirmation.
"Dr. Sullivan believes in his heart
ask for help in time.
"That's a private opinion. ... I
have no comment," Hakim told a
Western diplomats in Kabul have
said the silo holding Kabul's wheat
reserves was down to a half-day
supply. Hakim called that Western
propaganda and said the airlift was
"humanitarian aid from our friends."
The insurgents, who began fighting
after a communist coup in April 1978,
control the countryside and have
refused offers of a political settlement
from the Kremlin and its client
government in Kabul.
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although such aid still would be
available for those not qualified for
the national service program.
Charles Moskos, a Northwestern
University sociology professor who
developed much of the proposal for
the Democratic Leadership Council,
said the program eventually could
cost the federal government $5 billion
a year, based on an estimated 500,000
to 600,000 civilian workers and
400,000 military recruits.
But Moskos said much of that cost
would be offset by the elimination of
federal student loans and grants and
by the reduction in federal costs for
meeting many of the social needs,
such as providing nursing home care
to the elderly, that would be handled
by the young workers.
that the Roe vs. Wade decision should,
be overturned," said Sen. Gordon
Humphrey, R-N.H., referring to the
1973 Supreme Court ruling that
legalized abortion. Sullivan had upset
many conservative senators when he
was quoted by another senator as
saying he did not favor overturning
The House was not in session, but
inside the Senate chamber, speeches
by Mitchell and Republican leader
Bob Dole were followed by the
introduction of legislation for the first
time this year.
The bills ranged from a measure
to block the proposed $45,000 pay
raise for lawmakers or repeal it
if it takes effect on Feb. 7 to Dole's
proposal for a balanced budget
amendment to the Constitition.
Sen. Edward Kennedy, D-Mass.,
filed legislation to raise the rxiinimum
wage gradually from $3.35 to $4.55
an hour and Sen. Strom Thurmond,
R-S.C, filed ethics legislation that
was approved last year but vetoed by
Dole, who spoke a few moments
after Mitchell, pledged bipartisanship
and added it was the intention of the
Republicans to "support and further
the cause of our new Republican
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15-501 BPns YMts Driv ( htprl Hill
Bush creates ethics panel to
ensure government honesty
From Associated Press reports
Bush, saying current law fails to
keep the government sufficiently
honest, on Wednesday established
an ethics panel to take a fresh look
at conflict-of-interest standards
and recommend new ones.
In naming the eight-member
President's Commission on Fed
eral Ethics Law Reform, Bush said
he wants an "unambiguous . . .
code of conduct to ensure that
those who serve the public trust
avoid any actual or apparent
conflict between their personal
and public interests. "
However, he said the standards
of conduct he will propose for
executive and congressional offi
cials should not be "unreasonably
restrictive" to dissuade capable
people from entering government
Bush had supported President
Reagan's veto last fall of a con
gressional ethics package that
Reagan said was excessive and
would hamper the government's
ability to attract top-rate people.
- First female bishop elected
BOSTON The Rev. Barbara
Harris, elected the first woman
bishop in the 2,000-year tradition
of apostolic succession, said Wed
nesday that she sees her mission
as mainly religious and not
"I do not intend to be an
international Anglican gadfly,
moving around to promote ordi
nation of women, but I will be as
supportive as possible," she said
at a news conference the day after
the Episcopal Church approved
her election following a long and
sometimes bitter debate.
Harris was joined at the news
conference by Bishop David John
son of Boston, her new boss, who
sounded a note of conciliation.
"It is a time for reception, a time
for inviting," he said.
Harris, who is black, said she
believed an element of prejudice
lurked in some of the criticism of
her background and qualifications
to be a bishop.
"Given that racism is so preval
ent in our society and so woven
into the fabric of our lives . . . I
am 'certain that there was 1 some
- element of racism present in some;
In Tuesday's article, "Forum to
provide internship information," the
firm Rollins Burdick Hunter was
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News in Brief
of the objections," she said. jjf J
Fighting border drug smuggling I
WASHINGTON A 4-mile-
long ditch that a Justice Depart-.,
ment official compared Wednes-
day to a "buned Berlin Wall is .
planned for a stretch of the U.S.-.,;
Mexican border to stem drug
smuggling into southern.;.
But the plan is being criticized;
as "too little, too late" by a group ,
that advocates building fences...:
along the border and blasted as
repressive by immigrant rights
Associate Attorney General
Francis Keating said he proposed "
the idea last fall as a way to
discourage drug smugglers fronr! '
driving loads of cocaine, mari
juana and heroin across the border .
near San Diego.
The plan being undertaken by'
the Immigration and Naturaliza
tion Service was approved last';
month by Attorney General Dick;;
Thornburgh, Keating said.
The ditch, which Keating ' ;
likened to "our buried Berlin
Wall" will be deep and wide1
enough to discourage smugglers'
from driving trucks and cars'
across the border along a four-mile '
stretch of flat desert east of San
Ysidro, Calif. !,
Safe sex kits for hotels?
BERKELEY, Calif. City'
officials hoping to stem the spread'
of AIDS are considering a prop-''
osal that would require innkeepers' '
to put safe sex kits beside the'
"good book" in each hotel room. c'
"Certainly if hotels can have a
Gideon Bible in every room, they '
can include a safe sex kit, said
nurse practitioner ' Leland Trai-
man, a clinical AIDS researcher '
who proposed the idea.
"There could be a sign with each
kit saying, 'The Bible may save'-'
your soul, but this will save your
life,' " said Traiman, who served -
on the city's AIDS health com- -
mission last year. v
Each kit would contain con
doms and information 'abdut ; how1
AIDS is transmitted. ' , M J"!
incorrectly identified as a sales
company. It is an insurance company,
The DTH regrets the error. lr.