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2The Daily Tar HeelMonday, January 30, 1989
World and Nation
From Associated Press reports
WASHINGTON Warren E.
Burger, who stepped down as chief
justice of the United States in 1986
and hasn't heard a case since, stands
to receive a $60,000-a-year pay raise
because he claimed status as a "senior
judge" rather than full retirement.
Burger is not alone. An additional
305 senior judges also legally qualify
for the active-duty pay raises accord
ing to administrative records
obtained by The Associated Press
that indicate one in five do no legal
The title of senior judge, created
by Congress in 1919, allows federal
jurists to sharply reduce their case
load while still qualifying for active
duty salary increases. Federal judges
are appointed for life, though they
may choose to resign at any time.
Most senior judges hear cases, but
Burger says he doesn't have the time.
By contrast, since he followed Burger
off the bench in 1987, former
Supreme Court Justice Lewis Powell
has served on the 4th U.S. Circuit
Court of Appeals in Richmond, Va.,
and next month will sit on the 1 1th
From Associated Press reports
: ALONG THE SALANG HIGH
WAY, Afghanistan Afghan troops
and Moslem guerrillas fought for
control of this highway Sunday as the
Soviet army moved out what may
have been the last convoy to leave
Afghanistan by truck.
A convoy of Soviet soldiers driving
armored personnel carriers and
trucks loaded with missile launchers
and other equipment cruised through
a Soviet bunker checkpoint as heh-
copter gunships hovered nearby,
The highway, the only road to the
Soviet border, winds through moun-
tains where the rebels are waiting for
the Red Army to complete its
Two ground-attack jets streaked
overhead and then disappeared
behind the snow-covered mountains
just beyond the hills surrounding the
capital of Kabul.
"This could be the last convoy,"
said a Soviet diplomat, who spoke
on condition of anonymity. He
refused to elaborate.
Rebels based in Pakistan reported
Sunday that Soviet bombing and
missile attacks along the highway
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U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in
Burger declined to answer ques
tions about his impending pay
increase and his judicial workload
other than to say, "I'm too busy to
Most senior judges do substantial
work, and as a group they handle
between 10 percent and 15 percent
of all federal cases. "Across the
nation, the federal judiciary would be
a mess without the help of senior
judges," says Appeals Court Judge
Receiving active-duty pay raises
while accepting no cases may not
seem equitable, but it is not unlawful.
Whatever Congress actually expected
of the senior judges, current statutes
require nothing in return for the
active-duty salary increases.
"It doesn't seem fair," said Rep.
Carlos Moorhead, a member of a
House subcommittee overseeing the
federal judiciary. The California
Republican said Congress may want
to study "establishing some minimum
work to qualify for the raises."
have killed 600 civilians and injured
"The mangled bodies are still under
the debris," the Afghan New Agency
said in a telexed statement. It was
unclear whether the agency, operated
from Pakistan by a rebel group, was
repeating a similar report it made
Official Radio Kabul, monitored in
Islamabad, Pakistan, said Sunday
night that Afghan troops had carried
out successlul military operations
with civilians who want to keep the
260-mile Salang Highway open.
"The inhabitants of the Salang
Highway assisted the forces, as they
hate the robbers, and complete
security has been restored on the
highway," it said.
At a Soviet checkpoint about 12
miles north of Kabul on Sunday,
Afghan soldiers paced nervously
along the highway.
Soviet soldiers in the convoy
"How's everything going?" one
Afghan officer was asked.
"Very bad," he said.
Earlier Sunday, Afghan soldiers
said, the rebels, known as Mujahe-
(for two QC
or more) kww
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recenve pay raises
Dozens of senior judges apparently
accept no cases, the AP has learned.
A report compiled by the Admin
istrative Office of the U.S. Courts
provides rare caseload data on senior
judges. For the year ending June 30,
1987, the study showed that 56 of 271
senior judges, or 21 percent, handled
no cases. Of the 56, 49 were over 75
"If you did the survey today, I don't
think things would be much differ
ent," said David Cook, a statistician
who put together the report for the
administrative office. The report
contains coded numbers instead of
the names of judges. Cook said office
policy bars him from releasing
information on individual judges or
more recent composite data. There
are now a total of 306, including
Burger, but Cook said the patterns
found in 1987 are "not out of date."
Stephen Gillers, professor of legal
ethics at New York University, said,
"As a lawyer and law teacher, I would
be troubled if judges were being paid
for doing nothing and getting incre
ments for doing nothing unless
Congress made a conscious decision
have left Afghanistan
deen, fired on a convoy of about 350
trucks carrying flour, eggs, diesel fuel,
gasoline and other supplies down the
highway to Kabul. One driver, an
Afghan, was slightly injured by a
bullet that grazed his leg, they said.
When asked what would happen
when the Soviets are gone, an officer
said: "The Mujahedeen."
Tass reported Sunday that a Soviet
delegation led by Yuri Maslyukov, a
non-voting member of the ruling
Politburo, arrived in Kabul.
Maslyukov, Finance Minister
Boris Gostev and Minister for Exter
nal Economic Konstantin Katushev
met with Afghan President Najib to
discuss Soviet economic aid to
Afghanistan, the official Soviet news
It said the discussion focused on
how the Soviet Union would help the
Afghans "thwart the opposition's
plans to establish an economic
blockade of the capital" and that
Moscow would supply food, fuel
In Pakistan, Western diplomats
speaking on condition of anonymity
said that in the past week an average
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that even judges in total retirement
should get pay raises."
Congress did no such thing. Judges
who retire by resigning receive
pensions that equal their last year's
salary, but not subsequent increases.
If Burger had taken full retirement
in September 1986, his annual pen
sion would be $108,400. Instead, he
received a 1987 increase to $115,000,
and next month he stands to receive
a 52 percent boost to $175,000, the
salary earmarked for the sitting chief
justice, William Rehnquist.
Burger, who spent much of his
career campaigning for higher salar
ies forjudges, took senior status even
though he knew at the time he would
be working as the chairman of the
celebration of the 200th anniversaries
of the Constitution and the Bill of
Supreme Court spokeswoman
Toni House said the 81-year-old
Burger has not been asked to hear
any cases because, she presumed,
Rehnquist is aware of Burger's
bicentennial responsibilities, for
which Burger is not paid.
of 18 Soviet transport planes a day
had landed and taken off from Kabul
more than twice the number reported
the previous week.
The aircraft deliver arms and food
to the beleaguered city, then depart
with hundreds of Soviet soldiers, the
The Soviets sent about 115,000
troops into Afghanistan in December
1979 to prop up a Marxist govern
ment that seized power in a coup the
The Red Army began pulling out
eight months ago under an agreement
sponsored by the United Nations to
end the nine-year intervention.
Soviet diplomats in Kabul say the
remaining 15,000 to 20,000 troops
could be gone by the end of the week,
about 10 days before the U.N.
deadline. The remaining soldiers
apparently were to leave on transport
The guerrillas are not a party to
the U.N. agreement and have vowed
to overthrow Najib's government
once the Soviets are gone.
from page 1
housing department decisions is
needed, she said. "We need to go in
and make sure they know we're
willing to work with them, but we
need to know what's going on," she
said. "We need to have a part in the
Jackson has been governor of
Morrison Residence Hall and an
RHA governing board member since
March 1988. She was a Morrison
floor president her sophomore year.
FEBRUARY 1, 1989
Mr. Walter Howes
First Boston Corporation
'The Transportation Industry
Present and Future "
Mr. Daniel N. Copp
Vice President, International Finance
Federal Express, Inc.
'Federal Expresses ' Entry into the
European Common Market,
With an Eye Toward 1992"
Mr. Frank Helsom President
Templeton International Mutual Funds
"The Future of
1 1 :00 AM
1 :30 PM
Mr. Robert MacDonald
Senior Managing Director
Chase Investment Bank-Latin America
'Latin Debt Swaps in the 1990s'
Mr. Michael J. Reilly
Reuters North America, Inc.
"Electronic Global Communication
and Reuters: What Next?'
Warsaw Pact claims parity
with NATO military forces
From Associated Press reports
MOSCOW The Soviet-led
Warsaw Pact released a break
down of its conventional forces in
Europe on Monday that it said
shows "rough parity" with NATO
But a Moscow-based Western
diplomat said the alliance
appeared to have tailored the
categories of forces to support its
position that it is roughly equal
in strength with the West.
The breakdown came in a
statement by the Warsaw Pact's
Defense Ministers Committee and
reported by the Tass news agency.
The statement did not contain
numbers of troops and weapons
but said that when it is published
Monday in the Communist Party
daily Pravda, the document will
be accompanied by "several tables
and explanations concerning
Monday's editions of Pravda
were not immediately available
but the broad outlines contained
in the statement differed sharply
from NATO reckonings.
In the statement, the Warsaw
Pact said the numerical strengths
of the two military alliances'
ground and air forces "are roughly
equal." But, it added that U.S.
led NATO has twice as many naval
personnel as its Eastern
PLO leader released
JERUSALEM A Palestinian
leader jailed without trial through
most of the 13-month uprising in
the occupied lands was freed
Sunday and said he envisions
direct talks soon between Israel
and the PLO.
"I believe that they (the Israelis)
have decided that their enemy is
the PLO and who do you make
peace with but your enemy?" said
Husseini, who met in jail
recently with Israeli government
officials, predicted progress in the
In Friday's story, "Sisson enters
race for SBP position," the DTH
incorrectly paraphrased Kevin Sis
son, candidate for student body
president, as saying homosexuality is
illegal. Sisson said homosexual acts
Thursday's story, "Campus
government to distribute student
parking permits," incorrectly
reported that the Traffic and Parking
Advisory Committee (TP AC) recom
mended the proposal to allow Stu
dent Congress to set the criteria for
distributing student parking permits.
TP AC did not support the proposal.
Thursday's story, "Minority scho
larship group forming," incorrectly
It is Fuqua's second student-initiated and organized
international business confernece. Last year, over 250
people attended our conference on
"Business with China: Beyond Trade.'"
The objective of this conference is to explore
the opportunities and challenges in a global
economy with an increasingly greater role for
services. Factors affecting international trade
and investment including deregulation, techni
cal change, multilateral trade policy and
macro-economic trends will also be addressed.
Mr. Robert Austin
Chair of the Law School
University of Sydney and leading scholar
of international markets
'Securities Regulation In the
International Capital Markets"
Mr. Bruce McQueen,
"World Effects of
US Banking Deregulation"
Mr. Harry Strachan, Director
Bain & Company
'Innovations and Interantional
Implications of Business
to Business Marketing"
Mr. Dick Self,
Chief Negotiator for Services, U.S. Trade Representatives Office
Mr. Walter Shill, Associate
McKlnsey & Company
"SenWce Issues in the Japanese
Registration Fees: $5 for students &
faculty. $7.50 extra for luncheon.
Register on day of conference.
For further information, call
Charles Jobson (9 1 9) 286-7845
News in Brief
next few months toward resolving
the conflict, but he refused to
He told reporters he believes the ; '
Palestine Liberation Organization t
will support a U.N.-backed refer-
endum on statehood for the occu- '
pied West Bank and Gaza Strip, ;!
but not elections for local repre- '
sentatives as suggested by some
Israeli leaders. '
fn the occupied territories, ,
meanwhile, hospital officials '
reported 12 Palestinians were
wounded by Israeli soldiers who '
fired at stone-throwing youths .
Germany restricts exports
BONN, West Germany The
government, under fire for its
handling of the Libyan scandal,
will impose much harsher penal
ties for illegal exports of materials
that could be used to make chem
ical weapons, a newspaper said
Also Sunday, a magazine
reported that nuclear materials
originating in the United States
were sent to India through a West
German company in 1984 and
suggested they could have been
used to make atomic weapons.
West German authorities are
investigating several companies
linked to shipments for a Libyan -
plant that U.S. officials say was
designed to make chemical wea
pons. Libyan officials say the plant
will make pharmaceuticals.
Some U.S. congressmen say
West German officials looked the
other way while German compan
ies made possibly illegal exports
to Libya and other countries.
The West German government
says it plans to stiffen export
controls to hinder shipment of
material that could be used for
chemical and atomic weapons.
described the funding for the Harvey
Beech scholarship. A University
source donated $50,000 to the Uni-,
versity for the Harvey Beech scho-'
larship; the Black Student Movement
is not funding it. Also, Trustee John'
Pope did not abstain from voting f or .;
the Black Cultural Center plan, as
was reported. He had excused himself
from the meeting before the vote. The '
story also reported that the three
students who served as BSM pres-.'
ident before Kenneth Perry had not
graduated. They did graduate, but jt,
was not within four years. ;
The Daily Tar Heel regrets the';;
This year's conference, entitled "Interna- -tional
Services in the 1 99CTs will be held at
Duke University on Wednesday. February 1 . -
Mr. Federico Minoli,
Benetton U.S. Operations
'Marketing the Benetton Concept"
Mr. Claude Marcus, President
Publicis International (France's largest
'The French Style of Advertising'
Dr. Norman Koo. Director
'Sun Microsystems' Role in Software
and Hardware Globalization "
Mr. John Forsgren, Treasurer
Walt Disney Company
'Challenges and Opportunities in
Duke Campus. Right
on 751 off of 15-501
North. Take left at 2nd
light. This is the Fuqua