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The daily Tar Heel. (Chapel Hill, N.C.) 1946-current, January 30, 1989, Page 2, Image 2

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2The Daily Tar HeelMonday, January 30, 1989 World and Nation 4 Seimior jud From Associated Press reports WASHINGTON Warren E. Burger, who stepped down as chief justice of the United States in 1986 and hasn't heard a case since, stands to receive a $60,000-a-year pay raise because he claimed status as a "senior judge" rather than full retirement. Burger is not alone. An additional 305 senior judges also legally qualify for the active-duty pay raises accord ing to administrative records obtained by The Associated Press that indicate one in five do no legal work. The title of senior judge, created by Congress in 1919, allows federal jurists to sharply reduce their case load while still qualifying for active duty salary increases. Federal judges are appointed for life, though they may choose to resign at any time. Most senior judges hear cases, but Burger says he doesn't have the time. By contrast, since he followed Burger off the bench in 1987, former Supreme Court Justice Lewis Powell has served on the 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Richmond, Va., and next month will sit on the 1 1th Last Soviet From Associated Press reports : ALONG THE SALANG HIGH WAY, Afghanistan Afghan troops and Moslem guerrillas fought for control of this highway Sunday as the Soviet army moved out what may have been the last convoy to leave Afghanistan by truck. A convoy of Soviet soldiers driving armored personnel carriers and trucks loaded with missile launchers and other equipment cruised through a Soviet bunker checkpoint as heh- copter gunships hovered nearby, offering cover. The highway, the only road to the Soviet border, winds through moun- tains where the rebels are waiting for the Red Army to complete its withdrawal. Two ground-attack jets streaked overhead and then disappeared behind the snow-covered mountains just beyond the hills surrounding the capital of Kabul. "This could be the last convoy," said a Soviet diplomat, who spoke on condition of anonymity. He refused to elaborate. Rebels based in Pakistan reported Sunday that Soviet bombing and missile attacks along the highway I J 3Tr 3.5" & 5.25" Datacases Apple Imagewriter Epson MX 80 In packs of 6 In packs of 6 micso cznzzt SHOPPING CENTER 1 Jr U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Florida. . Burger declined to answer ques tions about his impending pay increase and his judicial workload other than to say, "I'm too busy to sit." Most senior judges do substantial work, and as a group they handle between 10 percent and 15 percent of all federal cases. "Across the nation, the federal judiciary would be a mess without the help of senior judges," says Appeals Court Judge Frank Coffin. Receiving active-duty pay raises while accepting no cases may not seem equitable, but it is not unlawful. Whatever Congress actually expected of the senior judges, current statutes require nothing in return for the active-duty salary increases. "It doesn't seem fair," said Rep. Carlos Moorhead, a member of a House subcommittee overseeing the federal judiciary. The California Republican said Congress may want to study "establishing some minimum work to qualify for the raises." convoy may have killed 600 civilians and injured 1,200. "The mangled bodies are still under the debris," the Afghan New Agency said in a telexed statement. It was unclear whether the agency, operated from Pakistan by a rebel group, was repeating a similar report it made Saturday. Official Radio Kabul, monitored in Islamabad, Pakistan, said Sunday night that Afghan troops had carried out successlul military operations with civilians who want to keep the 260-mile Salang Highway open. "The inhabitants of the Salang Highway assisted the forces, as they hate the robbers, and complete security has been restored on the highway," it said. At a Soviet checkpoint about 12 miles north of Kabul on Sunday, Afghan soldiers paced nervously along the highway. Soviet soldiers in the convoy looked bored. "How's everything going?" one Afghan officer was asked. "Very bad," he said. Earlier Sunday, Afghan soldiers said, the rebels, known as Mujahe- 3 (for two QC or more) kww 0.9 A I I Laser Cut Printer Paper Each IBM Proprlnter Okidata 8082 each In packs of 6 each In packs of 6 (c ji mm&m ii n l 100 Satisfaction Guaranteed or Your Money Back Holly Park Shopping Center 3028 Old Wake Forest Road Raleigh, NC 27609 919-878-9054 Monday-Friday, 10-9 Saturday, 9-6 o recenve pay raises Dozens of senior judges apparently accept no cases, the AP has learned. A report compiled by the Admin istrative Office of the U.S. Courts provides rare caseload data on senior judges. For the year ending June 30, 1987, the study showed that 56 of 271 senior judges, or 21 percent, handled no cases. Of the 56, 49 were over 75 years old. "If you did the survey today, I don't think things would be much differ ent," said David Cook, a statistician who put together the report for the administrative office. The report contains coded numbers instead of the names of judges. Cook said office policy bars him from releasing information on individual judges or more recent composite data. There are now a total of 306, including Burger, but Cook said the patterns found in 1987 are "not out of date." Stephen Gillers, professor of legal ethics at New York University, said, "As a lawyer and law teacher, I would be troubled if judges were being paid for doing nothing and getting incre ments for doing nothing unless Congress made a conscious decision have left Afghanistan deen, fired on a convoy of about 350 trucks carrying flour, eggs, diesel fuel, gasoline and other supplies down the highway to Kabul. One driver, an Afghan, was slightly injured by a bullet that grazed his leg, they said. When asked what would happen when the Soviets are gone, an officer said: "The Mujahedeen." Tass reported Sunday that a Soviet delegation led by Yuri Maslyukov, a non-voting member of the ruling Politburo, arrived in Kabul. Maslyukov, Finance Minister Boris Gostev and Minister for Exter nal Economic Konstantin Katushev met with Afghan President Najib to discuss Soviet economic aid to Afghanistan, the official Soviet news agency said. It said the discussion focused on how the Soviet Union would help the Afghans "thwart the opposition's plans to establish an economic blockade of the capital" and that Moscow would supply food, fuel "and essentials." In Pakistan, Western diplomats speaking on condition of anonymity said that in the past week an average lZpCZZl EE Each (for two VH-"' or more) 19.95 Ea Panasonic 1090 Toshiba P1340 each In packs of 6 each In packs of 6 A Of that even judges in total retirement should get pay raises." Congress did no such thing. Judges who retire by resigning receive pensions that equal their last year's salary, but not subsequent increases. If Burger had taken full retirement in September 1986, his annual pen sion would be $108,400. Instead, he received a 1987 increase to $115,000, and next month he stands to receive a 52 percent boost to $175,000, the salary earmarked for the sitting chief justice, William Rehnquist. Burger, who spent much of his career campaigning for higher salar ies forjudges, took senior status even though he knew at the time he would be working as the chairman of the celebration of the 200th anniversaries of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. Supreme Court spokeswoman Toni House said the 81-year-old Burger has not been asked to hear any cases because, she presumed, Rehnquist is aware of Burger's bicentennial responsibilities, for which Burger is not paid. of 18 Soviet transport planes a day had landed and taken off from Kabul more than twice the number reported the previous week. The aircraft deliver arms and food to the beleaguered city, then depart with hundreds of Soviet soldiers, the diplomats said. The Soviets sent about 115,000 troops into Afghanistan in December 1979 to prop up a Marxist govern ment that seized power in a coup the previous year. The Red Army began pulling out eight months ago under an agreement sponsored by the United Nations to end the nine-year intervention. Soviet diplomats in Kabul say the remaining 15,000 to 20,000 troops could be gone by the end of the week, about 10 days before the U.N. deadline. The remaining soldiers apparently were to leave on transport planes. The guerrillas are not a party to the U.N. agreement and have vowed to overthrow Najib's government once the Soviets are gone. RHA from page 1 housing department decisions is needed, she said. "We need to go in and make sure they know we're willing to work with them, but we need to know what's going on," she said. "We need to have a part in the decision making." Jackson has been governor of Morrison Residence Hall and an RHA governing board member since March 1988. She was a Morrison floor president her sophomore year. rnati rvic infh 1990 FEBRUARY 1, 1989 Seminar of Mr. Walter Howes Vice-President-Transportation First Boston Corporation 'The Transportation Industry Present and Future " 9:00 AM Mr. Daniel N. Copp Vice President, International Finance Federal Express, Inc. 'Federal Expresses ' Entry into the European Common Market, With an Eye Toward 1992" 10:00 AM Mr. Frank Helsom President Templeton International Mutual Funds "The Future of Global Investment' 1 1 :00 AM 12:00 1 :30 PM Mr. Robert MacDonald Senior Managing Director Chase Investment Bank-Latin America 'Latin Debt Swaps in the 1990s' 2:00 PM Mr. Michael J. Reilly Vice President Reuters North America, Inc. "Electronic Global Communication and Reuters: What Next?' 3:00 PM Sponsored by Glaxo Inc Latin America Federal Express, Inc. MBAA Association Warsaw Pact claims parity with NATO military forces From Associated Press reports MOSCOW The Soviet-led Warsaw Pact released a break down of its conventional forces in Europe on Monday that it said shows "rough parity" with NATO forces. But a Moscow-based Western diplomat said the alliance appeared to have tailored the categories of forces to support its position that it is roughly equal in strength with the West. The breakdown came in a statement by the Warsaw Pact's Defense Ministers Committee and reported by the Tass news agency. The statement did not contain numbers of troops and weapons but said that when it is published Monday in the Communist Party daily Pravda, the document will be accompanied by "several tables and explanations concerning them." Monday's editions of Pravda were not immediately available but the broad outlines contained in the statement differed sharply from NATO reckonings. In the statement, the Warsaw Pact said the numerical strengths of the two military alliances' ground and air forces "are roughly equal." But, it added that U.S. led NATO has twice as many naval personnel as its Eastern counterpart. PLO leader released JERUSALEM A Palestinian leader jailed without trial through most of the 13-month uprising in the occupied lands was freed Sunday and said he envisions direct talks soon between Israel and the PLO. "I believe that they (the Israelis) have decided that their enemy is the PLO and who do you make peace with but your enemy?" said Faisal Husseini. Husseini, who met in jail recently with Israeli government officials, predicted progress in the For the In Friday's story, "Sisson enters race for SBP position," the DTH incorrectly paraphrased Kevin Sis son, candidate for student body president, as saying homosexuality is illegal. Sisson said homosexual acts are illegal. Thursday's story, "Campus government to distribute student parking permits," incorrectly reported that the Traffic and Parking Advisory Committee (TP AC) recom mended the proposal to allow Stu dent Congress to set the criteria for distributing student parking permits. TP AC did not support the proposal. Thursday's story, "Minority scho larship group forming," incorrectly 00 It is Fuqua's second student-initiated and organized international business confernece. Last year, over 250 people attended our conference on "Business with China: Beyond Trade.'" The objective of this conference is to explore the opportunities and challenges in a global economy with an increasingly greater role for services. Factors affecting international trade and investment including deregulation, techni cal change, multilateral trade policy and macro-economic trends will also be addressed. A Seminar B Mr. Robert Austin Chair of the Law School University of Sydney and leading scholar of international markets 'Securities Regulation In the International Capital Markets" Mr. Bruce McQueen, Managing Director Manufacturers HanoverFrance "World Effects of US Banking Deregulation" Mr. Harry Strachan, Director Bain & Company 'Innovations and Interantional Implications of Business to Business Marketing" TORCH KEYNOTE SPEAKER Mr. Dick Self, Chief Negotiator for Services, U.S. Trade Representatives Office Mr. Walter Shill, Associate McKlnsey & Company "SenWce Issues in the Japanese Automotive Industry" Registration Fees: $5 for students & faculty. $7.50 extra for luncheon. Register on day of conference. For further information, call Charles Jobson (9 1 9) 286-7845 News in Brief next few months toward resolving the conflict, but he refused to elaborate. He told reporters he believes the ; ' Palestine Liberation Organization t will support a U.N.-backed refer- endum on statehood for the occu- ' pied West Bank and Gaza Strip, ;! but not elections for local repre- ' sentatives as suggested by some Israeli leaders. ' fn the occupied territories, , meanwhile, hospital officials ' reported 12 Palestinians were wounded by Israeli soldiers who ' fired at stone-throwing youths . Sunday. Germany restricts exports BONN, West Germany The government, under fire for its handling of the Libyan scandal, will impose much harsher penal ties for illegal exports of materials that could be used to make chem ical weapons, a newspaper said Sunday. Also Sunday, a magazine reported that nuclear materials originating in the United States were sent to India through a West German company in 1984 and suggested they could have been used to make atomic weapons. West German authorities are investigating several companies linked to shipments for a Libyan - plant that U.S. officials say was designed to make chemical wea pons. Libyan officials say the plant will make pharmaceuticals. Some U.S. congressmen say West German officials looked the other way while German compan ies made possibly illegal exports to Libya and other countries. The West German government says it plans to stiffen export controls to hinder shipment of material that could be used for chemical and atomic weapons. Record described the funding for the Harvey Beech scholarship. A University source donated $50,000 to the Uni-, versity for the Harvey Beech scho-' larship; the Black Student Movement is not funding it. Also, Trustee John' Pope did not abstain from voting f or .; the Black Cultural Center plan, as was reported. He had excused himself from the meeting before the vote. The ' story also reported that the three students who served as BSM pres-.' ident before Kenneth Perry had not graduated. They did graduate, but jt, was not within four years. ; The Daily Tar Heel regrets the';; errors. ' This year's conference, entitled "Interna- -tional Services in the 1 99CTs will be held at Duke University on Wednesday. February 1 . - 1989. DUKE THE FUQUA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS Seminar C Mr. Federico Minoli, Managing Director Benetton U.S. Operations 'Marketing the Benetton Concept" Mr. Claude Marcus, President Publicis International (France's largest advertising agency) 'The French Style of Advertising' Dr. Norman Koo. Director Product Internationalization Sun Microsystems 'Sun Microsystems' Role in Software and Hardware Globalization " Mr. John Forsgren, Treasurer Walt Disney Company 'Challenges and Opportunities in Promoting EuroDisneyland' Duke Campus. Right on 751 off of 15-501 North. Take left at 2nd light. This is the Fuqua Parking lot. v. V i

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