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Brown Deads race
By TAMMY BLACKARD
; Washington attorney Ronald
Brown, 47, claimed victory last week
in his bid for chairman of the national
Democratic Party, but his apparent
win has riled some Democrats,
especially those in the South.
; Brown's opponents have protested
his strong ties to the liberal wing of
the party, claiming the ties will divide
the party at a time when it is
Struggling to unite.
' Alabama Democratic Party leader
ifohn Baker said he would leave the
national party, if it were possible,
after Brown's chief rival pulled out
6f the four-candidate race for the
Democratic National Committee
- Louisiana Democratic Party chair
man Jim Brady said his differences
with Brown were strictly
, "I think we need to take a hard
look at how we haven't been doing
Very well in the South," Brady said.
"He believes we should be away from
Superintendent proposes reas
By ELIZABETH SHERROD
.' Some sixth- and ninth-grade stu
dents in the Chapel Hill-Carrboro
City Schools may be shifted to
different schools next year if the
School board accepts a proposal
presented by Superintendent Gerry
House at its meeting last week.
; The plan is designed to help
alleviate overcrowding in elementary
$nd junior high schools.
J The proposal includes assigning
rising sixth-graders from Frank
forter Graham Elementary School to
rey Culbreth Junior High School
and assigning rising sixth graders
from Elizabeth Seawell Elementary
School and Estes Hills Elementary
School to Guy B. Phillips Junior
From Associated Press reports
j MOSCOW A Cuban official
has disclosed that 270,000 Soviet and
Cuban troops were ready to go to
war with the United States during the
1962 Cuban missile crisis and that
100,000 casualties were expected,
former U.S. Defense Secretary
Robert McNamara said Sunday.
'A Soviet general confirmed for the
first time that one-third of his
country's nuclear warheads designed
to. strike the United States were in
Cuba at the tirrie, However, Tie and
another Soviet official said the
warheads had not beerTniounted on
missile launchers and were not ready
'The revelations came during a
review of the Cuban missile crisis at
a conference over the weekend at a
trade union center in southwest
'Soviets and Americans have met
before to discuss the Soviet deploy
ment of nuclear missiles in Cuba and
the U.S. response: a blockade of the
island and a demand for the rockets'
But this was the first joint meeting
with Cuban officials who guided their
country through the crisis. Premier
tyikita S. Khrushchev eventually
Withdrew the missiles in exchange for
President Kennedy's pledge not to
At a news conference wrapping up
tEe conference Sunday, McNamara
said the figures on Cuba's war
rladiness and casualty estimate were
provided by Jorge Risquet, a member
oT Cuba's ruling Politburo.
;:"They say they had armed 270,000
rijen. They were determined to fight
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the middle that's the perception
anyway. My gripe is his alignment
causes some problems for the Demo
Brown, a former aide to the Rev.
Jesse Jackson and Sen. Edward
Kennedy, D-Mass., would be the first
black elected chairman of a major
U.S. political party.
Brown received the endorsement of
the AFL-CIO and the support of
Kennedy, Jackson and New York
Gov. Mario Cuomo.
His chief rival, Rick Wiener,
Michigan Democratic Party chair
man, ended his campaign Wednesday
and endorsed Brown. Two other
candidates are still in the race, former
Reps. Jim Jones of Okalahoma and
James Stanton of Ohio, but Brown
is now considered to have the most
The DNC will meet in Washington
on Feb. 10 to officially elect the new
Current DNC chairman Paul Kirk
Jr. decided not to seek re-election
Some sixth-graders at Glenwood
Elementary School also will go to
Phillips Junior High School, and
rising ninth-graders who would have
attended Phillips Junior High School
will be assigned to Chapel Hill Senior
Students who live in the Colonial
Heights and Iron Woods neighbor
hoods and are enrolled in Carrboro
Elementary School will be reassigned
to Estes Hills Elementary School,
Carrboro Elementary School Princi
pal Randy Marshall said.
Marshall said that last year rising
sixth-graders were transferred to
Grey Culbreth Junior High School.
"These changes are necessary due
to an increasing number of elemen
tary school children," Marshall said.
to the death of every man, and they
believed there would be 100,000
Cuban and Soviet casualties,"
McNamara told reporters.
It was not clear whether the
100,000 casualty estimate included
deaths and injuries and whether it
referred to losses among soldiers and
Other American officials said
privately the Cubans had said the
casualty count could have reached
800,000. Cuba's population at the
time was 8 million.
McNamara said that of the troops,
40,000 were Soviet, four times higher
than U.S. intelligence estimates at the
Risquet cited the figures to show
his country seriously believed that a
U.S. invasion of his island was
imminent. McNamara said no such
invasion was ever contemplated, but
speaking of the Cubans, he added:
"If I had been in their shoes, I would
have believed the same thing."
American officials have said they
were never sure whether any Soviet
nuclear warheads had actually
reached Cuba but that they assumed
Col. Gen. Dmitri A. Volkogonov,
director of the Defense Ministry's
Institute of Military History, said that
at the time of the crisis, 20 Soviet
nuclear warheads were in Cuba.
Another 20 warheads were headed to
the island aboard a Soviet ship that
was caught in the U.S. naval block
ade, he said.
Volkogonov said he got the figures
from military archives.
He made the remarks in a closed
session of the conference Saturday,
thru 52089 only
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.-. ..... , r-r-
for Democratic Parity chairmanship
after serving a four-year term.
Kirk's election was also opposed
four years ago by Southern Demo
crats because of his ties to Kennedy.
"Kirk did a good job, but when
he was first proposed, he was seen
as a Kennedy man," said William
Keech, UNC political science profes
sor. "Eventually Kirk won over his
opposition. Sometimes people sur
"I think Brown's election could be
damaging to the Democratic party in
the South, but I dont think the
Democrats will get help from the
South in the near future anyway.
Brown may represent a pragmatic
view of the Democrats' situation, and
he may be able to articulate that,"
Brown has a lot of experience in
Washington and is well tuned to
political realism, Keech said, and he
may appeal to a broad mass of voters.
"It may be a superficial inference
to assume that it will be bad news
for whites and the majority in the
Democratic party," he said. "That
To help alleviate this problem,
Carrboro Elementary School is
beginning a $1.3 million construction
project that will include a library and
Beth Ansly, co-president of Carr
boro Elementary School PTA, said
House considered alternate
approaches, such as mobile class
rooms, double shifts and year-round
schools, before making a formal
Recommendations from princi
pals, teachers, staff and PTAs were
reviewed before a final decision was
made, she said.
Parents are not happy about the
proposed reassigning of students, but
no one was in favor of double shifts
or year-round school, she said.
"I would hate to have my children
Cuban missile crisis
and they were reported to The
Associated Press on Sunday by
Raymond Garthoff, a State Depart
ment official at the time of the crisis.
Garthoff, now a senior fellow at
the Brookings Institution in
Washington, said Volkogonov
reported 20 nuclear missiles were on
Soviet territory targeted at the United
sity, said Frederic Schroeder, dean of
students. He and his wife shared a
long-standing love for government of
the University of North Carolina at
Chapel Hill and particularly for the
student government of the Univer
sity," he said. "I think the book itself
is such a rich history of the devel
opment of student government . . .
it's the kind of legacy that will be an
ongoing one in the future."
Student Body President Kevin
Martin said Coates appreciated the
value of student government, "but
more importantly, he tried to show
other people the value of student
Martin said that as far as he knows,
Coates' book is the only one that has
been written about a college student
government. Coates understood the
important tradition of UNC student
government, Martin said.
The fact that Coates, who was so
important to UNC and to North
Carolina, was interested in writing
about student government is , an
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isn't necessarily so.1
According to party insiders, four
DNC members from North Carolina
supported Brown even before his
victory was predicted former
Charlotte Mayor Harvey Gantt;
Jeanette Council of Fayetteville; N.C.
Sen. Russell Walker, D-Randolph;
and Durham Mayor Wilbur "Wib"
The other four DNC members
from North Carolina have not pub
licly committed to any candidate.
"I think since the party is made up
of such a diverse group of people,
we couldn't have picked one that
would satisfy everyone," Council
Gantt said he thinks Brown is
obviously qualified for the job.
"He wants to involve everyone in
the party," Gantt said. "The philo
sophical view of a chairman is not
necessarily important it's the
candidates' views that shape the
party's. A chairman just has to be
a good organizer to pull people
moved, but we are overcrowded,"
Ansly said. "If they are going to
redistrict, there needs to be a perman
ent plan so that parents can see a
positive end in sight."
School board chairman Theodore
Parrish said that after hearing the
recommendations, the school board
might accept all of , the changes,
except transferring ninth-graders
from Phillips Junior High School to
Chapel Hill Senior High School.
"Ninth-graders have never been
moved before," Parrish said.
The Chapel Hill-Carrboro School
Board will make a final decision
concerning the proposal in a meeting
scheduled for Feb. 23. Approved
changes will be effective for the 1989
90 school year.
The total stockpile of Soviet
nuclear warheads designed to fire on
the United States at that time was
60, Garthoff quoted Volkogonov as
Soviet officials had previously been
evasive about whether nuclear war
heads had actually reached Cuba,
according to Garthoff.
from page 1
honor, Martin said.
"He's really" given student govern
ment a legacy to hand down," Martin
said. "He was a friend to many
people, but to students in particular."
His interest in student government
started when he was an undergrad
uate member of the Philanthropic
Society. "He perceived of student
government as a real form of govern
ment worth studying and writing
about," Sanders said.
Schroeder said the book is "just a
first-rate history, guidebook, and I
think he would use the word
Coates' legacy to student govern
ment also lives through the Albert
and Gladys Coates Award, presented
each year to an outstanding Student
Coates is survived by his wife and
a sister, Ethel Coates of Durham.
In lieu of flowers, the family has
asked that donations be made to the
Albert Coates Law Center Fund at
the UNC-CH School of Law.
Rep. David Price, D-N.C, has
endorsed Brown, while Sen. Terry
Sanford has expressed concern about
the prospective new chairman. The
N.C. senator met with Brown in
Atlanta two weeks ago, but a spo
kesman for Sanford said he does not
have an "official reaction" to Brown's
Brown wants to lead the entire
party, said Karin Walser, a staff
assistant for Friends of Ron Brown.
"He wants to build the party at the
state and local levels to give local
leaders better resources," Walser said.
"He also wants to work with the
Census Bureau to help with redistrict
ing and reapportionment. . .Mr.
Brown has definite goals for the
The Democrats will be better
positioned for the presidential elec
tion in 1992 if they band together,
A former vice chairman of the
party, Brown has held many top party
posts. He served as the national
iroops mow sell in
Girl Scoot cookies
By LYNN GOSWICK
It's that time again.
From now until Feb. 4, those
delicious Girl Scout cookies
youVe loved for years are on sale
and available from Chapel Hill
Carrboro Girl Scout Troop 62.
For $2 a box, students can buy
any of seven varieties of cookies:
Shortbread, Caramel deLites,
Chocolate Creme . Sandwich,
Lemon Pastry Cremes, Peanut
Butter Patties, Thin Mint and
Peanut Butter Sandwich.
Because of University policy,
which prohibits door-to-door
selling on campus, students who
want to order cookies should call
cookie chairwoman Karen Brus
seau at 933-5752, said Ruth
Burnette, field director for Orange
County Girl Scouts.
After placing an order with
Brusseau, students will be given
information about where and
when to pick up their cookies, she
said. The approximate date for
INTERESTED IN A CAREER
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who have earned a baccalaureate degree
Approved by the American Bar Association
1989 Summer Program May 22 - August 15
Information Session February 1
209 Hanes Hall, 7:00 - 9:00 p.m.
For further information write or call:
The Legal Assistants Program
3800 Hillsborough Street
Raleigh, North Carolina 27607-5298
Telephone (919) 829-8353
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, o v o
An Equal Opportunity
Tar HeelMonday, January 30, 19893
convention manager for Jackson last
year. He has also worked for
Kenredy as general counsel and staff
director of the Senate Judiciary
Committee. He was deputy campaign
manager for Kennedy's unsuccessful
bid for the 1980 presidential
After the 1988 Democratic Con
vention, he served as senior adviser
to the Dukakis presidential cam
paign. Brown is now a Washington
Brown graduated from Middle-,
bury College in Vermont, where he
was the only black student in his
freshman class. He became a member
of Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity when
the members disobeyed the fraterni
ty's charter and initiated him as the'
first black member. The national
headquarters revoked the group's
charter, but Middlebury responded
by barring any fraternity with racial
Brown received his law degree from
St. John's University in New York.
cookie delivery is Feb. 20.
Those who miss the deadline to
order cookies will have a second
chance to buy a box from March
1 to March 4 at University Mall.
Girls who participate in the
cookie sale receive 25 cents for
each box they sell. The scout
troops use this money to buy
supplies and to send scouts on trips
to places such as the Juliette Low
Center in Savannah, Ga., Burnette
Julie Gammill, campus coordi
nator for Carolina Campus Girl
Scouts, said they will sell cookies
Feb. 20-21 in the Pit. Campus
scouts have ordered 50 extra cases
to sell to students who do not
order cookies in advance or who
would like to pick up extra boxes.
Campus Girl Scouts also sell
each box of cookies for $2, and
proceeds will go toward Campus
Girl Scout programs.
Cookie sales are the financial
foundation of Girl Scout activities,
Like all good things, we are not for
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