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By KATIE WOLFE
J Pledging has been abolished by all
Zeta Beta Tau (ZBT) fraternity
chapters in a controversial step
toward the elimination of hazing.
' The national organization took the
action to prevent "a two-tier caste
system" and "an atmosphere condu
cive to hazing," said Gerald Pollack,
chairman of the ZBT Steering Com
mittee to Implement a New
; As a reaction to the 44 hazing
deaths that occurred throughout the
Greek system in the last decade,
ZBTs. action is the strongest legisla
tion that has been introduced to
control illegal treatment of fraternity
; Under the new ruling, a ZBT
initiate will be given his membership
pin after receiving a bid instead of
going through the traditional "pledge
' This change will thus eliminate a
pledge class within the fraternity.
! According to Charles White, pres
ident of the Fraternity Executive
Association, this restructuring of
membership was discussed at the
December 1988 conference of the
National Interfraternity Conference,
where 33 fraternities motioned to
look into the banning of the pledge
"Since the. motion, a surprisingly
good reaction has come from the
alumni. The questionable reactions
have mainly come from the under
graduates," White said.
Undergraduate ZBT members at
Vanderbilt University, where the
decision was released, were "at first,
pretty adamant about the change,"
said Robert Faxon, ZBT chapter
from page 1
the group was to guarantee public
discussion and input. Hardin said he
did not press for student represen
tation because he was concerned that
the University would outnumber the
other entities represented.
J "I didn't quite know how I could
piut a student on it without offering
if to faculty and staff members, too,"
-Hardin is considering a proposal
to form permanent student, faculty
and staff liaisons to the committee.
These representatives would not be
members of the commitSsij'uVfhey
would serve as an informational
resource, he said. . f0 ?
Martin said he was considering
further action. Concerned that stu
dents, who rarely vote in town council
elections, would be losing yet another
chance at representation before the
town, Martin's next step will be to
speak with Howes.
a Tau fraternity
The Daily Tar Heel Wednesday, February 8, 19893
president at the Nashville, Tenn.,
"But we have come to see that not
all aspects of pledging are needed,"
In stronger opposition, a member
of the ZBT chapter at the University
of Texas at Austin said: "Although
we are against hazing, we are also
against no pledging. We don't think
But Richard Krumholv, Austin
chapter president, described the
house's opinion as one of "mixed
The action ZBT has taken may
make fraternities "more popular and
less exclusive," said K.C. Potter, dean
of residential and judicial affairs at
"Their legislation may, however,
put more pressure on other fraterni
ties to change, to think seriously
about abolishing pledging," he said.
One fraternity seriously looking at
the action taken by ZBT is Sigma
Phi Epsilon (Sig Ep). A similar
program for Sig Ep "will probably
be implemented within two years,"
said Charles White, national manag
ing director of the fraternity.
"This (action) will not adversely
affect us because an initiate is treated
the same as the brotherhood," said
Hennen Cummings, UNC Sig Ep
chapter president. "I cannot see,
though, giving both pins on the same
Other fraternities, although look
ing into similar legislation, are not
so certain about the value of abol
ishing pledge classes.
Sigma Alpha Epsilon "is just
looking into legislation, not commit
ting to it," said Mike Tarbet of the
fraternity's national headquarters.
Similarly, Pi Kappa Alpha remains
undecided, although Patrick Haynes,
national executive director, said he
does not think any action should be
Mike llluzzi, Chi Psi national
executive director, voiced the con
cerns of many uncertain fraternities.
"We support the thinking that went
behind the ZBT's action," he said,
"but we don't know if their action
is the answer. We think that pledging
is part of the students' development."
In definite opposition to the leg
islation, BetaTheta Pi resolved to not
study or examine the proposal, said
Mark Bolar, national administrative
assistant of the fraternity.
"Avoiding the problem is not going
to solve the problem. There are too
many things to be gained in pledge
ship," Bolar said.
olitical climate comniplocates
refugee problem, official says
By STACI COX
Thousands of refugees are pour
ing across international borders
daily, but political maneuvering
and narrow definitions make it
increasingly difficult to deal with
the problem, the public informa
tion officer for the United Nations
High Commissioner for Refugees
(UNHCR) told an overflow crowd
in Hamilton Hall Tuesday night.
Because of political alliances it
is often inappropriate for govern
ments to deal with refugees, and
they must call in non-political
organizations like UNHCR to
help, Patricia Fagen said.
"UNHCR carries out its man
date ... at the' request of govern
ments but very often to the disad
vantage of those governments,"
Nations must give up some
sovereignty to allow outside groups
to work, but humanitarian organ
izations must work under difficult
constraints as well.
"And let me tell you, that's a
delicate balance," she said.
Presently, there are 13 million
refugees under UNHCR care, most
of whom have moved from one
poor country to another, Fagen
Great Decisions 89
said. UNHCR tries to negotiate
safe re-entry for refugees to their
homes but usually must resettle
The original UNHCR definition
of refugee is a person outside his
country of origin with well-
founded fears of persecution for
religion, race, nationality, social
group or political opinion.
UNHCR has broadened its defi
nition and now evaluates a fleeing
group as a whole rather than on
an individual basis. Because of the
tremendous number of people
involved, the organization helps
refugees without weeding out the
small minority of non-refugees,
"How does one justify that
refugees, people who are leaving
because of political reasons,
deserve assistance while people
who leave because they are starving
Many countries will accept and
help refugees only of certain
nationality or from a particular,
area, forcing UNHCR to
UNHCR criticisms of North
American and European countries
are limited because these countries
have established their own
bureaucracies to deal with refugees
and because they provide most of
the funding for the group. They do
offer occasional critical reports to
governments, but do not make
those criticisms public, Fagen said.
anicimg officials support savings and loan-'bailout!
By KAREN DUNN
President Bush's proposal to bail
out failing savings and loan associ
ations across the country is getting
a positive reception from most
banking industry officials and
The proposal, which calls for all
federally insured banks and savings
institutions to pay higher premiums
for coverage, will require about $100
billion in order to restore the more
than 300 near-bankrupt associations
The recovery plan also proposes
giving the U.S. Treasury Department
more control and the power to
implement regulatory changes for
monitoring potentially risky
Additionally, the Federal Deposit
Insurance Corp. (FDIC), which
insures commercial banks, would
begin to insure savings and loans
(S&Ls) as well.
" The final point of the proposal puts
the failing institutions under the
supervision of both the FDIC and the
Federal Savings and Loan Insurance
Corp. (FSLIC), which has regulatory
authority over all S&Ls.
"The proposal will work, but it will
have alterations as with any legisla
tion," said Thad Woodard, president
of the N.C. League of Savings and
"Once accomplished, we will fix it
so it will never happen again. We're
hoping a bipartisan Congress will
address this issue so it will be put
behind us forever," he said.
Woodard said about half the $100
billion needed for the proposal has
already been paid for through money
from the industry itself, premiums
and various government
"The cost to the taxpayer will
hopefully be minimal. The federally
insured industry is paying in increas
ing premiums, and the government
is collecting on assets that have been
abused through fraud and other
means," Woodard said.
Although most banking industry
officials are happy to see that Bush
has responded quickly to the prob
lems of the savings and loan industry,
they are disappointed that their
insurance premiums may go up.
"The savings and loan problem is
one the administration has to deal
with quickly, but it is unfortunate that
one proposal is druncrease in the cost
of insurance," said Ellison Clary,
assistant vice president of media
relations with NCNB in Charlotte.
"The commercial banking industry
is willing to look at it (the proposal
as a whole), but we are strongly
opposed to the merge of funds of the
FSLIC and the FDIC," he said.
The funds will not be merged, but
the two insurers will serve as regu-
lators over the institutions, Woodard
John Makin, a resident scholar at
the American Enterprise Institute in
Washington, said he sees the plan as
a positive one, but that it has its
"The president's plan is a good one.
The only thing wrong with it is that
it kills S&Ls slowly rather than
quickly," he said.
"S&Ls made risky investments, lost
money and expected the government
to give them guarantees. It's not
bailing out S&Ls, it's bailing out
depositors," he said.
Confidence in the S&L system
must be restored for them to recover
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fully, Makin said.
"Depositors should have some
institutions where they can make
sound investments. They ought to be
very, very strict about what we allow
insured savings and loans to invest
in," he said.
The plan will probably win con
gressional approval without much
opposition, Woodard said. f
"It will have to have some additions; I
and deletions. It will take study,
conversation and deliberation over
the weeks ahead," he said.
"In the meantime, every depositor
can be sure that his money is safe '
at any. federally insured financial.
institution," Woodard said. "i
Free Found ads in the DTH
SCHOOL OF DESIGN
Special Summer Programs
'-f Parsons In Paris June 30-August 14 t , , ; , , ,t ,
" - Paint On the Left Bank, explore prehistoric caves in the Dordogne visit the
w masterpieces of renaissance art in Tuscany. Courses include painting, drawing,
. art history and the liberal arts. Students may choose to spend the last two
weeks of the program in the Dordogne or Cortona, Italy.
Photography in Paris June 30-July 31
Study both the aesthetics and the craft of photography in the city that has in
spired great photographers for 150 years. Guest lecturers and visits to Parisian
galleries supplement the curriculum.
Fashion in Paris June 30-July 31
Study the history and contemporary trends' of French fashion design through
visits to Parisian museums and costume collections. Guest lecturers and visits
to design studios and retail outlets are part of the program, as are daily classes
in fashion illustration.
History of Architecture and Decorative Arts in Paris June 30-July 31
Offered in collaboration with the renowned Muse6 des Arts Decoratifs, this pro
gram focuses on the history of French architecture and European decorative
arts. Excursions to points outside of Paris are included; last summer, students
visited Versailles. Vaux le Vicomte and Fontainebleau.
Modern Paris June 30-July 31 -
Combining architectural history with drawing, this program focuses on the de
velopment of Paris in the modern period (1830 to the present).
Paleolithic Art and Archaeology of the Dordogne July 30-August 13
Daily class sessions near the town of Les Eyzies de Tayac in southwestern
France, are devoted to lectures and guided visits to the areas famous and less
well-known prehistoric caves, living sites, and archaeological excavations.
History of Architecture in Italy June 29-Juty 28
The architectural heritage of Italy is studied in Rome, Florence and Venice,
where on-site presentations are made by Parsons faculty.
History of Architecture and Decorative Arts in Great Britain
July 6-August 7
. This four-week curriculum, covering the years 1600-1900, is offered in London,
with several excurs ons to nearby towns and country houses. '
Graphic Design in Japan July 10-August 10
Design students and professionals will discover the excitement of Japanese ad
vertising and graphic design through workshops, seminars and presentations
by internationally known designers. Studio museum and gallery visits supple
ment the curriculum, which emphasizes the sources, in the traditional arts, of
much contemporary Japanese design.
Parsons in Israel July 22-August 18
Offered m collaboration with Jerusalem's Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design,
the program provides an in-depth introduction to major sites of historical impor
tance, to the rudiments of archaeological practice and to techniques of artistic
Parsons in West Africa July 8-August 2 and August 5-26
Workshops in ceramics and fibers will introduce students to artists and artisans
m several Ivory Coast villages, where these crafts can be studied in their origi
nal context. A photography curriculum examines techniques of documentation
and reportage in regions of great natural beauty and cultural diversity. The his
tory of African art and architecture also is offered. Additional study in Mali may
be taken as a separate option, or as a continuation of the Ivory Coast program.
All programs include round trip airfare, accommodations and land transfers.
Academic credit i$ available to qualified students. For more information, please
return the coupon or call.
Parsons School of Design
Office of Special Programs
66 Fifth Avenue, N.Y., N.Y. 10011
Please send information about:
Parsons in Paris
Photography in Paris
Fashion in Paris
Architecture & Decorative
Arts in Paris
Architecture in Italy
Architecture in Great Britain
Graphic Design in Japan
Parsons in Israel
Parsons in West Africa