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2The Daily Tar Heel Monday, February 20, 1989
World arid Nation
ioy leaders aorove to to
From Associated Press reports
KUWAIT Lebanon's top Mos
lem and Christian religious leaders
arrived in Kuwait on Sunday for talks
aimed at ending the 14-year-old
Lebanese civil war and avoiding
permanent partition of the country.
The talks, to begin Monday, were
organized by the seven-member Arab
League committee charged with
seeking a settlement of the political
crisis that has left Lebanon without
a president for the past 147 days.
The leaders arriving from Beirut
Sunday were Maronite Catholic
Partriarch Nasrallah Sfeir, Greek
Catholic Patriarch Maximos Hakim,
Sunni Moslem Grand Mufti Sheik
Hassan Khaled, the acting chairman
of the Supreme Shiite Moslem Coun
cil, Sheik Mohammed Mehdi
Shamseddin, and the supreme reli
gious judge of the Druse community.
Sheik Mursel Nasr.
The Greek Orthodox Patriarch of
Antioch Ignatius Hazim, spiritual
leader of an estimated 300,000 Leb
anese, flew from his home in the
Syrian capital, Damascus.
They were met by Kuwaiti Foreign
Minister Sheik Sabah Ahmed, who
heads the Arab League panel. Also
on the panel are the foreign ministers
of Jordan, the United Arab Emirates,
Tunisia, Sudan and Algeria and the
league's Secretary-General Chedli
Before his departure. Patriarch
Sfeir appealed to Lebanese army
commander Gen. Michel Aoun and
Christian militia leader Samir Geagea
to avoid a recurrence of the clash
between their forces last week that
shook Lebanon's Christian hear
tland. Aoun and Geagea are both
Police said 76 people were killed
and 200 wounded during two days
of fierce fighting between Aoun's
20,000 Christian regular soldiers and
the 6,000 irregulars of Geagea's
Lebanese Forces militia, the Chris
tians' main force in the civil war with
The first stage of the talks was held
in Tunisia last month, when the
committee probed the crisis separ
ately with Aoun, who heads the
Christian Cabinet in Lebanon's dual
government, and with his Sunni rival.
Acting Prime Minister Salim Hoss.
The two governments emerged
when President Amin Gemayel
appointed Aoun prime minister of a
caretaker military cabinet on Sept.
22, minutes before his six-year term
ended. Parliament was unable to
convene to elect a successor.
Moslems rejected Aoun's appoint
ment, contending it violated an
unwritten national covenant dating to
Lebanon's independence from France
in 1943. This covenant gave the
premiership to the Sunnis, the par
liamentary speakership to the Shiites
and the presidency to the Maronites.
Lebanon has been divided into
Moslem and Christian de facto
cantons since the 1975 outbreak of
the civil war that has claimed more
than 130,000 lives.
Each enclave has been rocked by
internal power struggles.
Aoun, who makes no secret of his
hopes to become Lebanon's next
president, is pressing for an uncon
ditional withdrawal of Geagea's
militias from Christian east Beirut
and all its suburbs as a precondition
Earthquake rattles northern Japan; 1 dead
From Associated Press reports
TOKYO A strong earthquake
hit the capital and much of northern
Japan on Sunday, killing one person
and injuring another, shaking build
ings and briefly halting some train
and airline services, officials said.
The quake, registering 5.6 on the
Richter scale, hit at 9:27 p.m. (7:37
a.m. EST), said a spokesman for the
Meteorological Agency. The agency
placed the epicenter about 36 miles
underground near Utsunomiya, 60
miles north of Tokyo.
The quake also shook all of
northern Honshu, Japan's main
island, a stretch about 360 miles long,
but it caused no tidal waves, the
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A local fire department official said
Monday that Shigeo Ohikawa, 78,
was taken to a hospital in Matsudo,
east of Tokyo, after suffering shock.
He later died of a heart attack, the
Japan Broadcasting Corp. and
Kyodo News Service said.
A 61-year-old man also was injured
after a falling vase hit him on the head
at his home in lbaraki, 63 miles
northeast of Tokyo, a National Police
Agency official said. The man was
taken to a nearby hospital for
treatment, said the official, who
spoke on condition of anonymity.
About 300 households in Chiba
state east of Tokyo were forced to
go without electricity for about 70
minutes after a power supply line was
cut in the wake of the tremor, the
police official said.
Japan Railways officials said trains
in northern Japan were halted for
about five minutes, while local train
service near Utsunomiya was still
suspended 90 minutes after the
Officials at the New Tokyo Inter
national Airport in Narita, 40 miles
northeast of Tokyo, said they had
closed the main runway to check for
damage, but after 13 minutes the
runway was reopened.
Subway trains in Tokyo also were
stopped temporarily, including a two
minute shutdown of the Hibiya Line.
"We checked to see if there was
any damage," said an official less than
one hour after the quake, "but
everything was all right, and the trains
are running fine."
In central Tokyo, the quake rattled
plate glass windows for about a half
minute, shook clocks on the wall and
made chairs wobble.
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Floods prompt Peru officials
to increase rescue missions
From Associated Press reports
LIMA, Peru Rescue oper
ations were stepped up Sunday in
a jungle-covered region in north
ern Peru where flooding has killed
, at least 40 people, officials said.
The National Civil Defense
office in Lima said Prime Minister
Armando Villanueva toured the
flooded zone Sunday and reported
afterward that 40 people had been
killed and 30 others were missing.
Officials said a layer of mud
deposited by the receding waters
could conceal other victims.
The rain-swollen Gera and
Indoche rivers jumped their banks
Friday and flooded a dozen small
villages and settlements near
Moyobamba, 450 miles northeast
of Lima, city officials said.
Hundreds of farm families near
Shucyacu, a tiny village 20 miles
south of Moyobamba, were
temporarily driven from their
homes, which were damaged or
destroyed by the flood waters,
Civil Defense officials said.
Several Lima newspapers on
Sunday gave death toll figures of
x up to 60, but Civil Defense author
ities, speaking on condition of
anonymity, declined to confirm
the newspaper numbers.
Vietnam troops face late retreat
JAKARTA, Indonesia Viet
nam's foreign minister said Sun
day that a delay in finding a
settlement to the Cambodian
conflict may delay withdrawal of
his troops from the country.
"The best is a political solution,
but we must prepare for the worst
... If others don't want an early
solution, then we must be pre
pared for the worst," Nguyen Co
Thach told a news conference at
the second round of multilateral
He repeated earlier promises
that, Hanoi would pull out its
forces by September if Cambo
dia's warring factions can reach a
political settlement. Otherwise, the
News in Brief
withdrawal could be delayed until
uecemoer ivyu, ne said.
Since 1970, Cambodia has
suffered through a five-year war,
a reign of terror by the Khmer '
Rouge from 1975 to 1978, the "
Vietnamese invasion on Christmas '
Day 1978, and a continuing guer
Millions have died in the land :
also known as Kampuchea. :
After years of deadlock the'
warring parties and their neigh-
bors met informally in July in the'1
first tentative step toward peace.
Families seek airline safety
NJ. Relatives of Pan Am
Flight 103 victims organized a
committee Sunday to push for a
congressional investigation of the
flight's bombing and to step up
"If we don't organize ourselves-,
in an effective way . . . it will be
very difficult to go forward," said
Paul Hudson, an attorney and
former counsel to the N.Y. State
Crime Victims Compensation
Board who started the network.
Hudson's daughter, Melina, 16
was aboard the jetliner when u
blew up over Lockerbie, Scotland,",
on Dec. 21, killing all 259 aboard,
including 35 students enrolled,
in a Syracuse University program,
and 1 1 residents of Lockerbie. '
"We've come to assist each other ;
in our grief," Hudson said. "We've
come to try to ensure that there
are no more Flight 103 disasters
for the air and families."
Last week, officials announced
that the terrorist's bomb which
destroyed the Boeing 747 was
traced to a portable radio stored
among the luggage. The plane was
en route from London to New
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