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The Daily Tar HeelFriday, March 3, 19893
isDartyire opposes MartDo's proposed! edycatSoim cots
J U EJ U
By KARI BARLOW
Gov. Jim Martin's tentative prop
osal to cut the Basic Education Plan
(BEP) while supporting salary
increases for teachers has received
staunch opposition throughout the
state and in the General Assembly.
Superintendent of Public Instruc
tion Bob Etheridge does not agree
with cutting the BEP, said Tony
Copeland, executive assistant to
."We think the people who are
serious about education in the state
will not cannibalize the education in
the state," Copeland said.
Martin campaigned for bringing
teachers' salaries up to the national
average, and the state leaders will
make the necessary changes, Cope-
RCOrd from page 1
As a kick-off to the campaign, a
large granite etching of the University
seal was installed in Polk Place Feb.
14, but the class is concentrating on
the endowment, Tepper said.
"Maybe that's indicative of oun
class, but maybe it's also indicative
of students in general," he said. "They
like a physical gift, but let's not make
it a priority.'"
Members of the class were glad the
class gift would strengthen the aca
demic side of UNC, he said.
Allen Eidson, co-chairman of the
Senior Class Gift Committee, said:
"We were very concerned about the
quality of teaching, and we have given
it a push in the right direction."
The gift is also meant to send a
message to other groups, Tepper said.
"The faculty needs this kind of
support. In the long run it is not the
students responsibility to provide this
support, but if that's what it takes
to get other groups committed, then
we are proud to have been able Jo
serve as an inspiration.
"I hope that our success will set
a precedent for state and alumni
from page 1
Nancy Monsinger said. The student
government along with the student
senate handles distribution of the fees,
while a publications board allocates
the exact funds.
The University of Missouri at
Columbia does not receive any
student funding, although the year
book staff has requested money from
the student senate this year, said
editor Matt Basta. "Right now the
yearbook is funded strictly through
book sales, portrait rebates, group
sale space and advertisements in the
yearbook." ; ,
Yearbooks at Cornell University,
Northwestern University and the
University of Virginia are self
sufficient and have not requested any
funds from student government,
according to the editors of those
The University of South Carolina
does receive a share of the student
fees, although discussion of taking
funding away has been mentioned,
said Josie Williams, editor.
Buchenau said that when he said
most other college yearbooks did not
receive student funding, he was using
second-hand knowledge. But he said
he supported the decrease in funding
for other reasons, also.
"I personally would have to see the
format of Jhe yearbook change," he
said. The yearbook does not fairly
represent the entire student body such
as foreign student groups and other
minority groups because it charges
organizations a fee to have their
pictures in the yearbook, he said.
"All organizations are not wealthy
enough to afford their pictures in it."
He also said the Finance Commit
tee asked the yearbook staff if raising
the price of the yearbook by $1 would
hurt the subscription rate. The
yearbook staff, he added, denied that
the increase would hurt sales.
"We gave them funds," he said. "It's
not like we don't fund the yearbook.
I made the motion (to decrease the
Yack's funding request) with the
understanding the yearbook would
Buchenau said he would consider
increasing the yearbook's funds if the
Yack altered its format.
. Kelly Sherrill, business editor of
the Yackety Yack, said the Yack
would lose editorial freedom if the
staff conformed to the requests of
Student Congress. She said the Yack
would rather not use ads because,
"We think it would hurt the quality
of the book."
The yearbook does not understand
the logic behind the past two years'
decrease in Student Congress fund
ing, Sherrill said. "Overall, we have
never been cut this way."
- Until the 1988 Student Congress
budget, the Yackety Yack was given
$ 1 5,000 to $20,000 each year, she said.
Sherrill said the yearbook staff did
say the $1 increase in price would
harm the future of the yearbook
because it has been forced to raise
prices in the past.
"We didn't feel they were very
receptive to us."
John Lomax (Dist. 13), a member
of the Finance Committee, said, "The
number one reason we cut funding
l?y that much is because we asked the
representatives of the Yack what a
$1 increase would do to their sales,
and they said it would not hurt
N.C. public schools and teachers
will both suffer if legislators decide
to cut the BEP, said Karen Garr,
president of the North Carolina
Association of Educators.
"If we lose our public schools, well
lose our democracy," Garr said. "I
think well see more and more empty
classrooms. I think well see more
"We believe that the governor and
the General Assembly should find the
money to pay for both salaries and
programs," she said.
Legislators do not want the BEP
in competition with a salary increase
for teachers, said David Diamont, D
Surry. Diamont said the program's merit
should be evaluated halfway through
"I think we need to re-educate
legislators on why we started it in the
first place," Diamont said. "I don't
think that looking at it means we're
going to slow it down."
Martin will have to increase state
revenue to bring about a salary
increase for teachers.
"I think the governor is going to
have to come forward with some kind
of tax package," Diamont said. "You
can't squeeze blood out of a turnip."
"I'm optimistic. The General
Assembly is going to look at the base
budget and make some cuts," he said.
The governor will try and come up
with dollars he does not have, said
Rep. Jim Crawford, D-Granville.
"I think we should keep the BEP
intact," said Crawford, who is on the
Education Subcommittee. "I prefer to
keep it on schedule."
The General Assembly began
funding the eight-year program in
1985, said Peter Leousis, director of
policy research for the N.C. Public
"In constant dollars, it's going to
take about $800 million dollars to
fund (the BEP)," Leousis said. "We're
about halfway through the program."
The program defines the education
that should be available to every child
in the state, he said.
"I think the BEP is very important
because it sets a bottom-line standard
for public schools in the state," said
Kathy Travers, director of the Atlan
tic Center for Research in Education.
The BEP also provides money for
teaching and secretarial positions
throughout the state as well as for
principals, psychologists, counselors
and extra courses in public schools.
Another problem the BEP is facing
is the supplanting of the funds it
provides to the counties in the state,
BEP money is supposed to fund
new positions, but several counties
have used it to fund existing posi
tions. The local money that pre
viously had funded the positions is
used on projects outside the school
The BEP is designed to equalize
the funds given to all counties in the
state, but wealthier counties some
times violate these guidelines, said
"The more rural counties just don't
have anywhere near the funding to
run the kind of school system we'd
all like to in the state," Travers said .!
Wealthy counties have an advantage
' because of higher tax revenue, Trav
ers said. '
There is not enough information
to determine which counties are
supplanting funds, said Leousis.
"You'd have to do a detailed analysis
of each county's budget." J
There is a compelling argument for
giving educators at the school level
more flexibility and autonomy in how
they use their school resources,
But the General Assembly has a
good argument as well, Leousis said.
"When the General Assembly is
paying 70 percent of the bill, you can
understand why they want some kind
of accountability," he said.
Sooth Carolina restricts dumping of NC. waste
By JENNIFER JOHNSTON
South Carolina closed its doors
to hazardous waste from North
Carolina Wednesday, forcing N.C.
legislators to speed up the search
for a solution to waste disposal
problems in the state.
In late January, S.C. Gov. Carroll
Campbell told all states using the
waste disposal facilities to send
South Carolina a statement show
ing either that an effort was being
made to get waste disposal facilities,
or that there was no ban or pro
hibition on creating such facilities.
Failure to send the statement would
result in loss of access to the S.C.
facilities, said Becca Mercer,
spokeswoman for the S.C. Depart
ment of Health and Environmental
The deadline for the statement
was March 1, she said.
North Carolina was one of the
states that failed to meet the require
ments for using the waste disposal
North Carolina is not the only
state affected by the ban. Other
states that failed to meet the criteria
are Florida, Mississippi and Ten
nessee. North Carolina contributes
the most waste to the GSX site
30 percent of the waste the GSX
disposes of, Mercer said.
South Carolina now allows only
non-hazardous waste from North
Carolina, such as solvents and paint
waste, to be disposed of in its
facilities. In order for North Caro
lina to be allowed to transport waste
again, the state would have to prove
that action was being taken to set
up its own facilities, Mercer said.
"North Carolina has been trying
to set up its own facilities for a long
time, but public opinion and a vague
bill hampered efforts," said Hope
Lucas, community relations coordi
nator for the governor's Waste
A moratorium was placed on the
issue last year after repeated
attempts to find a place for a waste
facility met with no success and
The criteria for a proposed
hazardous waste site were vaguely
defined in the bill, and the public
was worried about safety, said
A new bill, sponsored by Sens.
Lura Talley, D-Cumberland, and
Leo Daughtrey, R-Johnston, has
just been introduced that they hope
will solve this problem.
The new bill would absolve the
N.C. Hazardous Waste Treatment
Commission and create the North
Carolina Industrial Waste Manage
ment Commission, said June Simp
kins, assistant calendar clerk. The
new commission would have two
representatives, two senators and
five people appointed by the
The bill would also differ from
the old one by calling for more
regional facilities. The old bill
suggested one comprehensive
"There was no clear explanation
of what comprehensive meant, and
there was confusion about it," Lucas
There are also more criteria in the
new bill to ease the public's mind
about safety, she said.
Environmentalists are glad more
emphasis is being put on safety
criteria, but they would like the
government to pressure industries
to cut back the waste that is
"Our main concern should be
preventing (waste), not storing
(waste). The bill does not even
mention it," said Edward Harrison,
land-use chairman for North Caro
lina's Sierra Club.
While the legislators are trying to
straighten out the bill, businesses
have to deal with the waste they
"Large industries have had back
up plans in place in anticipation of
this kind of situation," Lucas said.
The businesses ship their waste to
another facility farther away.
Smaller businesses might not be
able to afford the cost of transport
ing waste across the country. They
have the option of applying for a
temporary permit to store the waste
on the site for 30 days, she said.
"The legislators will have another
deadline to worry about soon. On
Oct. 17 of this year, the Environ
mental Protection Agency will stop'
money from Superfund for any state;
which does not have a plan for waste;
disposal. Superfund is money the
government allots to states to clean
up hazardous waste sites.
"The state will have to prove to
the EPA that it can handle its waste
for the next 20 years," said Carl
Terry, public affairs specialist for
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