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2The Daily Tar Heel Tuesday, March 7, 1989
World and Nation
Soviet Uooomi caDDs
From Associated Press reports
VIENNA, Austria The Soviet
Union on Monday proposed huge
reductions in troops and armor and
recommended that the Warsaw Pact
and NATO negotiate to eliminate all
battlefield nuclear weapons from
Foreign Minister Eduard Shevard
nadze's proposals went far beyond the
reductions NATO plans to suggest at
conventional arms talks that begin
A U.S. official, briefing reporters
on condition of anonymity, said
Shevardnadze's purpose in proposing
the missile talks was "to see whether
possible fissures in the alliance could
"I wouldn't characterize it as one
of the most positive characteristics"
of Shevardnadze's speech, the official
Secretary of State James Baker
told 35 foreign ministers gathered in
a haroaue palace that the West's goal.
4 Tibetans die 1m claslh wittlh
From Associated Press reports
BEIJING Police opened fire on
Tibetan protesters who marched
through Lhasa and burned Chinese
businesses Monday in a second
straight day of violence. Four Tibe
tans were reported killed.
Security forces moved into the
city's Tibetan section and pulled
people from their homes, taking some
aw ay in jeeps, American tourists said.
Chinese troops also beat Tibetans,
said the travelers, who spoke on
condition of anonymity for fear of
"One boy's face was completely
bloodied," said a man from New
Orleans. "He was no older than 10.
Blood was coming from his ears, his
The Americans and other tourists
were contacted in the Tibetan capital
by telephone from Beijing. As they
spoke, automatic weapons fired and
exploding tear gas canisters crackled
in the background. Bonfires burned
in the streets, they said.
The official Xinhua News Agency
reported one Tibetan was killed, and
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at least initially, is to reduce the
Warsaw Pact's current advantage in
Estimates vary but give the Soviet
led alliance at least a 2 to I advantage
"The Warsaw Pact's conventional
military preponderance, especially in
the spearheads of attack, is what
makes an invasion possible," Baker
He urged Soviet President Mikhail
Gorbachev to implement the "new
thinking" that guides economic and
political reform in the Soviet Union
by renouncing the Brezhnev Doctrine
"beyond any shadow of a doubt."
That doctrine permits military
intervention in a Soviet bloc country
in the event of a liberal insurrection.
The late President Leonid Brezhnev
introduced it after the Red Army
crushed the liberal "Prague Spring"
of 1968 in Czechoslovakia.
"Those in the East should be free
eight others, including two police
officers, were injured in the violence
Xinhua had said 10 Tibetans and
one Chinese police officer were killed
in anti-Chinese demonstrations Sun
day. Western travelers quoted Tibe
tans as saying that many more had
died on Sunday and that at least four
Tibetans had been slain Monday.
The U.S. State Department on
Monday deplored the use of weapons
on pro-independence protesters in
Tibet and called for a restoration of
"We have made clear to the Chi
nese both publicly and privately in
the past our concern for human rights
in Tibet," said spokesman Charles
Redman in Washington.
Police in Lhasa fired from rooftops
near the city's main square late
Monday afternoon, killing at, least
two Tibetans, according to an Amer
ican tourist quoting Tibetans.
Several hours later, security forces
fired on a group of 40 independence
activists as they threw rocks at a
building near the Jokhang Temple,
any pair of shorts
T-shirt or tank for
J C o
Franklin St. Downtown Chapel
for military cots
of the fear that armed Soviet inter
vention, justified by the Brezhnev
Doctrine, would be used again to
deny them choice," Baker said.
He also said Australia would
organize a conference to prevent the
spread of chemical weapons and the
Bush administration was exploring
ways to speed the removal of U.S.
chemical weapons from West
Baker added, however: "Unilateral
action is not enough. The Soviet
Union has enormous stocks of chem
ical weapons threatening Europe. We
therefore call on the Soviets to join
us, to accelerate the destruction of
their enormous stockpile of these
In Bonn, Chancellor Helmut Kohl
said: "I welcome this intention to
explore ways for the early removal
of chemical weapons from the Fed
Kohl's chief spokesman, Friedhelm
another tourist said. He quoted
Tibetans as saying at least two
protesters were killed in that incident.
On Monday morning, thousands
of Tibetans flooded the old city,
breaking into the small Chinese- and
Moslem-run stores that fill the area,
pulling out their contents and burning
them in bonfires along the city's main
The crowd, made up mostly of
young men, blocked off parts of the
old city, 'barricading it with metal
tables and garbage cans, witnesses
said. Xinhua said many people were
unable to go to work.
Tibetans stoned Chinese who tried
to bicycle through the area, foreign
One tourist said he saw a police
officer dragged from his bike and
chased down the street at knifepoint.
Xinhua said the crowd tortured a
police officer, but gave no details.
Police guarded the Chinese section
of town, but later Monday they
moved across a broad road into the
The Americans saw hundreds of
Ost, said earlier that Baker tele
phoned the chancellor Saturday night
and told him the aging U.S. chemical
weapons would be withdrawn by
Shevardnadze countered a NATO
proposal to retire at least 25,000.
Warsaw Pact tanks, then reduce
armor, artillery and personnel carri
ers on both sides by 5 percent to 10
percent with a three-phase plan for
The foreign minister's arms reduc
tion program went far beyond
NATO's by adding missiles, combat
aircraft and soldiers.
"Let me ask what kind of reduc
tions are these if they do not affect
the main component of armed forces
their personnel?" he said. "And
surely airplanes and helicopters can
be used for a surprise attack."
In the Soviet second phase, 500,000
men on . each side would be
police, armed with Chinese-made
AK-47s, move in. The armed troops
met up with another 100 helmeted
troops, carrying only shields and
"The troops charged up the street
at a half-trot," said the tourist from
New Orleans. "A lot of tear gas came
into the hotel. They were firing up
the street pretty fiercely."
At one point, soldiers banged on
the window of the hotel's restaurant
where several foreign tourists were
"They pointed their guns at our
faces," said the New Yorker. "All of
us hit the deck."
do re-sentencoRis of
From Associated Press reports
STUART, Va. Patrick County
Commonwealth's Attorney Anthony
Giorno said Monday afternooon he
would soon seek another death
sentence for killer Dennis Stockton,
hours after the U.S. Supreme Court
ruled Stockton must - be. : sentenced
.again.- -. .,,-vVrv'''V-v,,
"We will try to pick another date .
here quickly, perhaps 30 to 60 days,"
Giorno said aftefthe high court,
without comment, let stand a federal
appeals court ruling that Stockton is
entitled to a new sentencing.
The 4th U.S. Circuit Court of
Appeals had ruled last July 22 that
Stockton should get a new sentencing
because during his original sentencing
for the 1978 contract murder of
Kenneth Arnder, four jurors were
told by a diner owner that Stockton
From Associated Press reports
LAS VUELTAS, El Salvador
A rebel leader says his fighters, many
now armed with Soviet-designed
assault rifles, are preparing a major
offensive to answer the government
for spurning a guerrilla peace plan.
-"We are ready to escalate the war,"
said Diego. Like many rebel fighters,
he uses only a nom de guerre.
Diego is a top officer of the
Popular Liberation Forces, one of
five guerrilla factions united in the
Farabundo Marti Liberation Front
(FMLN). He spoke with The Asso
ciated Press Sunday.
"To say we will (escalate the war),
then not do it, would be stupid both
militarily and politically. So you can
be sure well do it." he said, sitting
on a bench in a classroom off the
main square of this rebel-dominated
town in the northern province of
Over his shoulder was slung a
Soviet-designed AK-47 assault rifle,
WILLIAM Ik MARY
Ala. senator 1st Democrat
to back Tower nomination
From Associated Press reports
WASHINGTON Sen. How
ell Heflin of Alabama became the
first Democrat to swing behind
John Tower's confirmation as
defense secretary Monday, deliv
ering a major boost to the troubled
nomination a few hours after
President Bush appealed for law
makers to put aside partisanship
in the struggle.
"I will rely on his pledge and
give him a chance to prove him
self," Heflin said in a speech on
the Senate floor, referring to
Tower's promise to swear off
drinking if he is confirmed to head
Republican Sen. John Warner
of Virginia walked to Heflin's side
moments after the Democrat
completed his speech and thanked
Heflin, who had been courted
by the Bush administration,
bucked the growing list of Demo
crats who have come out against
the nomination. He cited Tower's
qualifications; the "uncertain state
of the evidence" against the nomi
nee, specifically the allegations
included in an FBI report on the
nominee; and the alcohol promise
as reasons for his decision.
Bush delays action on strike
Bush won't push yet for a bill
banning secondary picketing but
is ready to move quickly if the
strike against Eastern Airlines
spreads, a White House spokes
man said Monday.
Meanwhile, the chairman of a
House aviation subcommittee
scheduled a hearing for Tuesday
"I don't really see and I don't
believe that comment in the diner
affected the jurors," Giorno said. But
Giorno said he understood the
justices' position that if a comment
outside of the courtroom could have
influenced jurors, then there should
, be a new sentencing.
"If it takes sequestering a jury,
that's what well do," Giorno said.
Defense attorney Louis Bograd did
not immediately return a telephone
call a reporter placed to his Washing
Stockton was convicted in 1983 in
Patrick County in the murder of
Arnder, 18. Authorities said Arnder
. had been shot in the head, and both
hands had been severed. .
Prosecutors said a drug trafficker '
who suspected that Arnder cheated
him on a drug deal hired Stockton
seelk death penalty;
rebels prepare offensive
one of several hundred Diego said his
group has bought indirectly this year
from U.S.-backed Nicaraguan rebels
based in Honduras.
"The AKs are part of the military
leap we're preparing," Diego said. "It
is more potent in terms of firepower.
It makes its user feel more powerful,
while contributing to the demorali
zation of the enemy."
The FMLN has been waging a
Marxist-inspired war against the
U.S. -funded government for nine
years. The rebels say they are fighting
for a fairer distribution of El Salva
dor's wealth and to recover national
sovereignty they contend has been
sold to Washington.
Salvadoran insurgent chiefs said in
mid-1988 they were acquiring arms
indirectly from the Contra rebels. But
AK-47s, the standard Contra wea
pon, have never been so evident
among Salvadoran guerrillas as
during the past few weeks.
Contra leaders deny their forces,
News in Brief
and said he hoped for quick action' .
on separate legislation to force d
Bush to appoint an emergency;',
board and end the strike for 60
days. ;' '
Rep. James Oberstar, D-Minri., .
suggested his legislation "might,
give cover to the administration" .
for the emergency action Bush(
refused to take on Friday before
the strike began.
Presidential spokesman Marlin-.
Fitzwater said Monday that as I
long as Eastern's striking members
of the Machinists union refrain
from picketing other airlines qrr
railways; "we wouldn't find it;
necessary to send up the legisla:
tion" barring such secondary ;
Court rejects air regulations r
Supreme Court, in a defeat for '
Northeastern states, refused Mon
day to require the federal govern-.
ment to crack down on interstate ' '
air polluters. .
The court's action involves .a.'
long-running controversy between
the Northeast and the industrial.
Midwest over responsibility for,
acid rain, which is caused byl.
pollutants primarily sullur and.
These pollutants often travel
hundreds of miles and fall to the'
ground as highly acidic rain,
destroying freshwater life and
forest vegetation in areas where
the air otherwise is considered
to kill Arnder for $ 1 ,500. Prosecutors
said Stockton later killed another
man for "running his mouth" about
the Arnder murder. .
During Stockton's sentencing, four
jurors were on a lunch break, at the
Owl Diner in Stuart when the diner's
owner asked about the case. A witness
later said that the diner owner, Glenn
Puckett, told, jurors Stockton should
Puckett, reached Monday after
noon at the diner, told a reporter he
did not believe the comment had.
influenced the jurors who sentenced
Stockton to die.
"I don't even know whether I said
it," Puckett said. "Hell, you know
how you say lots of things." '-"
Asked whether he believes Stock
. ton should die, Puckett said, "I'm not
even going to comment." . r
which have been mostly idle since
Washington cut off military aid 13
months ago, are selling weapons.' El'
Salvador's military high command ;
contends Nicaragua's leftist SanaV;
nista government is givng AK-47s to
The acquisition of the guns, which .'
according to several reports may be
in the hands of up to 10 percent of "
the estimated 7,000 rebel fighters'; :
does not mean the Soviet rifle will
replace the U.S.-made M-16 as the'
standard guerrilla weapon.
Diego said the guerrillas still try'
to use weapons as similar as possible-'
to the enemy's so captured ammu'- '
nition can be used.
The rebels have not said when their '
offensive would begin, but their peace
proposal was linked to the March'19 '
"If you have a smaller and less '
technologically sophisticated army
than your enemy, you don't go telling''
him when you're going to attack';' '
The offensive will be a response tp
the- government's unwillingness 'io
accept the guerrillas' proposal. 'v'
The guerrillas on Jan. 24 offered 1
to take part in and respect the ,
outcome of the presidential election '
if it were postponed until September
and if security and anti-fraud con
ditions were met. u
President Jose Napoleon Duarte's"
Christian Democratic administration''
has been at odds with the opposition-;
controlled legislature over how 'to'
deal with the rebel offer. f ,
The FMLN said last week that time' ;
was running out and proposed ' a'
meeting Tuesday between govern-';
ment and rebel representatives in Sa"ri'
Salvador. But Legislative President
Ricardo Alvarenga on Monday,
rejected postponement of the election '
as unconstitutional. '
The constitution says the election
must be held at least two months '
before a new governme.nt takes office'.-'
Duarte's term ends June 1 . ''