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2The Daily Tar HeelMonday, March 27, 1989
World and Nation
Soviets vote on landmark election
From Associated Press reports
MOSCOW For the first time
in more than 70 years, Soviets had
a choice of candidates when they
voted Sunday for a new parliament
in an election Mikhail Gorbachev
hailed as a triumph for his vision of
However, maverick candidate
Boris Yeltsin, running to represent
.Moscow in the new 2,250-seat Con
gress of People's Deputies, claimed
many Soviets were worried about
vote fraud and said the election wasn't
Polling stations in Moscow, fes
tooned with red banners and Soviet
flags, opened at 7 a.m. Eleven time
zones to the east, in the Kamchatka
and Chukotka regions of Siberia,
polls closed as Muscovites were still
The millions of voters elected 1,500
deputies to the congress, which will
choose the country's president and
elect about 400 of its members to a
new full-time legislature, the Supreme
From Associated Press reports
VALDEZ, Alaska Fishermen
fearing lost income from the nation's
biggest oil spill gathered Sunday to
seek compensation while efforts
continued to clean up the crude oil
floating in wildlife-rich Prince Wil
"We're not ready to absorb any
loss," said Riki Ott, spokeswoman for
United Fishermen of Alaska. "We
expect full compensation."
Exxon Shipping Co. scheduled a
meeting Sunday between fishermen
and a company claims officer.
Meanwhile, the toll on the sound's
wildlife started to mount. Depart
ment of the Interior spokeswoman
Pamela Bergmann said a wildlife
specialist sailed in the sound Saturday
and observed 75 ducks and two otters
coated with oil. They could not be
captured for cleaning, she said.
The 987-foot tanker Exxon Valdez,
carry ing 1.2 million barrels of North
Slope crude oil loaded at Valdez, ran
onto a reef 25 miles from the port
early Friday after swinging out of a
traffic lane to avoid ice. Valdez is at
the southern end of the 800-mile
Alaska oil pipeline.
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The Communist Party, labor
unions and other officially sanctioned
organizations have already directly
elected 750 members of the congress,
which will meet once a year.
Hundreds of races were contested
for the first time in more than sevei
decades. The election marked a
revolutionary change in Soviet poli-
tics, where the party has allowed only
one approved candidate to run for
each seat since the days of Vladimir
The official Tass news agency
reported brisk to heavy voter turnout
nationwide. At one precinct in
Moscow's Krasnopresnenskaya dis
trict, 84 percent of those eligible cast
ballots, according to a Soviet televi
Final results may not be known for
Unofficial results given to Western
reporters at three Moscow precincts
showed Yeltsin leading his opponent,
auto plant director Yevgeny Brakov
by 4,069 votes to 532, a margin of
meet to discuss oil spill effects
Estimates put the spill at 240,000
barrels of oil, or about 1 0.1 million
gallons, making it the biggest U.S.
spill on record. The only larger oil
related accident in U.S. waters was
the spilling and burning of up to 10.7
million gallons of oil when two ships
collided in Galveston Bay in 1979.
The Coast Guard said the slick and
patches of oil separated from it were
spread over 50 square miles.
More than four miles of floating
boom had been placed in an effort
to contain the oil, the Coast Guard
said Sunday. An additional 3,000 feet
was to be deployed at Galena Bay
at the request of fishermen. Skim
ming boats worked to remove the oil.
The transfer of oil remaining
aboard the Exxon Valdez to the
Exxon Baton Rouge resumed late
Saturday. The Coast Guard said
about 84,000 gallons of oil an hour
were being transferred; at that rate,
the unloading could take seven days.
About 11,000 barrels of oil were
removed Saturday, but pumping was
halted quickly because more oil was
Tests were under way to determine
if dispersal chemicals should be used
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better than 7.5-to-l.
Yeltsin campaigned against privi
leges afforded high Soviet officials
and. called for speeding the pace of
reform to improve living standards
Gorbachev is already assured of a
seat in the new congress, and the
elections are unlikely to produce any
major upheaval in thepresent power
structure, which is dominated by the
The last elections in which most
Russians had a choice occurred weeks
after the November 1917 revolution
that swept Lenin and the Bolsheviks
In June 1987, two or more can
didates competed in 4 percent of the
races for municipal offices in what
amounted to a test for greater
But Sunday marked the first such
balloting on a nationwide scale. In
74 percent of the districts, there were
two or more competing candidates,
the Central Election Commission
despite the potential for environmen
tal damage. The agents need wave
action to help break up the thick
crude oil. Weather had been calm
since the accident, but the National
Weather Service said the wind was
expected to increase to 25 mph and
stir up a 5- to 6-foot chop on the
However, the wind and waves may
make it more difficult to skim oil off
the water, said Coast Guard Lt. Ed
An experiment to assess the pos
sibility of burning off the oil was
completed early Sunday and the
Coast Guard said Exxon officials
Bush officials seek to -clear yp
From Associated Press reports
WASHINGTON The Bush
administration's top two foreign
affairs officials sought to smooth over
an apparent internal squabble Sun
day, but denied they had surrendered
any authority to Congress by reach
ing an agreement last week on aid
to Nicaraguan guerrillas.
However, according to the weekly
Moscow News, 82 percent of those
running in Sunday's races are Com
munist Party members, guaranteeing
the country's ruling political party
will dominate whatever assembly
emerges from the voting.
Gorbachev, who with his wife
Raisa voted at Moscow's Institute of
Chemical Physics, told reporters the
occasionally boisterous campaign
caused by the multicandidate election
was just what the Kremlin leadership
"The electoral law that we passed
has justified our hopes," Gorbachev
said, as Mrs. Gorbachev, holding a
blue umbrella, stood beside him
under a light rain. "It has advanced
the political thought and social
activity of the people, and this is what
we wanted to achieve."
The 58-year-old Gorbachev,
already elected to the congress by the
Communist Party, picked up a paper
ballot, walked to a wooden voting
booth and voted.
were "cautiously optimistic."
Environmentalists, the governor
and other top state officials have
accused Exxon and Alyeska Pipeline
Service Co. of responding too slowly
to the spill. Alyeska operates the
terminal at Valdez that loads tankers
with North Slope crude. .
Both companies said they were
satisfied with the handling of the
"We're proceeding cautiously,"
said Exxon spokesman Tom Cirigli
ano. "We want to make sure we don't
make any mistakes in cleaning up the
Secretary of State James Baker and
White House national security
adviser Brent Scowcroft said they did
not agree with published remarks
attributed to the White House coun
sel, C. Boyden Gray, that the deal
encroached on the power of the
president to conduct foreign policy.
"If you look at the accord carefully,
you will see that the leadership of the
Congress acknowledges, the presi
dent's primary responsibility for
implementing foreign policy," Baker
"This is a voluntary agreement," he
said. "You do not have the question
Amendments specifying sexual and
racial harassment as violations were
also approved by the three bodies.
The primary objective of the date
rape amendment to the Instrument
is to focus attention on the problem
of date rape on campus, often left
unreported by victims, Hardin said.
"I hope this type of incident will
not occur often," he added.
Jeffrey Cannon, assistant dean of
students, said a charge of date rape
can now be brought to court if it
occurs after July 1, but the first step
will be to train the student court
The BOT approved the final design
plans of the deck in December.
The 500 students who now hold
parking permits in the Craige lot will
be reassigned spaces in a new lot
during construction of the Craige
deck. When the deck is completed,
350 spaces will be set aside for
students in the Craige deck and 300
spaces in the new lot, which is now
being built at the Horace Williams
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From Associated Press reports
Prime Minister Menachem Begin
broke his silence on political
affairs Sunday by using the 10th
anniversary of the Israeli-Egyptian
peace treaty to criticize the United
States for opening talks with the
Begin and the other surviving
architect of the historic treaty, .
former President Jimmy Carter,
praised the pact but expressed
regret that it did not lead to a
comprehensive settlement of the
opposed to the pact assassinated
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat
four years after he signed it.
There were no official ceremo
nies marking the occasion, reflect
ing the chilly relations between the
two former Middle East adversar
ies, mainly over the lack of a
solution to the Palestinian
Park launches PR campaign
NATIONAL PARK, Wyo.
Yellowstone, its image hurt by
fires, starving elk and the slaughter
of bison, is the focus of a high
powered public relations effort to
restore the gleam to the national
park system's crown jewel.
Nature is slowly healing the
wounds left from the summer of
1988's forest fires that burned
nearly 1 million acres of the 2.2-million-acre
park. But Yellow
stone's magical lure is being
crippled by vivid images of 200-foot-tall
walls of flame that were
projected into America's homes by
television last year.
arise here with respect to constitu
tional powers and prerogatives
because the Congress is not imposing
its will, in effect, through legislation."
While disagreeing with Gray's
reported assessment, Scowcroft and
Baker were careful not to criticize the
White House lawyer.
A television interviewer noted that
it was Gray who "a few weeks ago
embarrassed you publicly by calling
attention" to stock Baker held in a
bank that has major outstanding
loans to foreign countries.
"Now he is complaining that you
have made a deal that is wrong," the
members for these cases. The
members will receive training from
professionals from rape action cen
ters and Student Health Service.
The only kind of cases that will
be heard under the date rape clause
are those in which the attacker is a
student, Cannon said.
"We only have jurisdiction over
students," he said.
A student convicted of date rape
by the Undergraduate Student Court
could face possible expulsion or
suspension, he said.
from page 1
After the deck opens, students will
have approximately 350 fewer spaces
on campus and will have an overall
net loss of 50 spaces, according to
As one of its recommendations for
improving parking, the committee
suggested in its report that the
University reduce the number of
spaces allotted to students by 235.
talks with PLO
News in Brief
"The more sensationalistic cov
erage led the public to believe that
Yellowstone simply burned up,
that there was nothing left," said
Yellowstone spokeswoman Joan
Anzelmo. "That's very far from the
Brady to present debt plan
WASHINGTON The Bush
administration's heralded plan to
relieve the staggering Third World
debt burden faces its first big test
this week when Treasury Secretary
Nicholas Brady tries to sell the
proposal to finance ministers from
around the world.
The sales talk will come at the
spring meeting of the 151-nation
International Monetary Fund and
World Bank, the two major lend
ing organizations, and at a separ
ate strategy session attended by
officials from the seven largest
Fire destroys performer's studio
WENTZVILLE, Mo. An
early-morning fire destroyed a
recording studio on the farm of
rock V roll star Chuck Berry,
including a tape with some Berry
songs, officials said.
Authorities said the fire in the
unoccupied building several miles
south of Wentzville was reported
early Saturday. The one-story
concrete block structure is one of
several buildings on Berry's 1 60
acre farm west of St. Louis.
The cause of the blaze was not
immediately determined, but offi
cials discounted arson.
reporter said. "Is there room for both
of you in this administration?" .
"Nice try, Sam," replied Baker.
"The fact of the matter is, the
president, the chief of staff, the
national security adviser to the
president and I all discussed this
particular provision. So, good try."
President Bush, appearing at the
White House with congressional
leaders from both parties to announce
the deal last Friday, hailed it as a
return to a bipartisan foreign policy.
The previous administration
repeatedly failed to reach accord with
Congress on Central America.
from page 1
Ruth Dowling, chairwoman of the
Undergraduate Student Court, said
she realizes the court could hear cases
as soon as July, but she feels hesitant
about the court's preparation.
"I'm concerned with training
members of the court," she said.
But Dowling said she feels confi
dent in the chancellor's decision to
approve the amendment.
"He had a lot of experience in
judicial systems in the previous
university he worked at."
Robert Byrd, chairman of the
Faculty Council Committee on Stu
dent Conduct, presented the amend
ment from Student Congress to the
Faculty Council. He said he thinks
the members of the court will not have
to participate in any legal training.
"It won't necessarily entail any
more intensive training than what
they have, because it deals with
credibility and circumstantial evi
dence," he said.
If the court passes a guilty verdict
and sentences the defendant, but in
civil court the defendant is found
innocent, the University cannot be
punished for its actions, Byrd said.