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Volume 97, Issue 23
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Voice of the Tar Heels
Woody Durham speaks to residents of Morrison dormitory
Wednesday night about his career in broadcasting Tar Heel sports.
Copyrights qjyestioimecfl for 'professor py bDnshDim
Photocopying practices bring
By GLENN O'NEAL
A rSarr Writer
Recent rumors of a possible lawsuit
against Kinko's Service Corp. have
spurred renewed interest in "professor
publishing," the copying of patented
Publishers such as Random House,
Harper and Row, and MacMillan
refuse to comment on whether a
lawsuit is being filed.
The Association of American
Publishers (AAP) would not com
ment on the rumored lawsuit, nor
would they answer questions about
what is improper procedure for
copying classroom material.
"The lawsuit is a rumor that is not
going to come true," said Kurt
Koenig, copyright and trademark
counsel for Kinko's. The rumor has
not been confirmed by any major
publishing company he has talked to,
Kinko's obtains permission every
time copyrighted material is going to
be used, Koenig said.
The legality of copying materials
for professors must be determined by
individual cases, said Virginia Antos,
assistant director of copyrights for the
Congress passed the copyright act
Wolverines howl after
victory ..: 3
Committee plans rules to
rack up newspapers 3
Aldermen pave way for
commons construction .....4
Putting class system in
Radio station sending new
Union Station derails Pit
Conference to focus on
higher education 6
Pulitzer Prize-winner to wax
East meets West Part
If a man hasn't discovered something to die for, he isn't fit to
in 1976, setting guidelines for copying
material, said Terry Boren, president
of Copytron Inc.
One of the provisions of the law
defines fair use of copying for specific
purposes, such as for criticism and
comment, for research, and for
classroom use limited to students,
Boren said in a telephone interview
"Congress recognized that multiple
copies for education was in the best
interest of the country."
But Boren said Congress did not
go far enough in defining the law.
The law specifies that only a certain
number of copies can be made for
educational purposes, Boren said.
"Who decides the limits?"
A group of publishers made some
recommendations that went on the
Congressional Record. These were
very strict interpretations of the
copyright law, he said.
Publishers also made headway in
the courts concerning copyright laws,
Boren said. In 1978 a group of
American publishers banded together
against Gnomen Inc. for violating the
law. Gnomen is a printing and
copying company in Boston.
At the time of the lawsuit, Gnomen
had eight or nine shops around
Time off can relieve
By KAREN ENTRIKEN
Many students pressure themselves
to graduate from college as soon as
they can and begin a career track right
away sacrificing valuable oppor
tunities that would give them work
experience but would keep them from
completing college in four years.
But recently, more students are
realizing that the college-to-career
track isn't enough and doesn't give
them all the time they need before
they begin a career.
"It's sad when students sacrifice
their real values and real interests for
a career," said Marcia Harris, director
of University Career Planning and
Placement Services. "So we teach
them to evaluate themselves and what
they want out of life."
In increasing numbers, students are
opting to leave school for a semester
or a year for internships, work and
travel, said James Cansler, associate
vice chancellor of student affairs.
"These programs have a lot of
potential for good. It just depends on
what they do with their time away."
David Kindsvater, a senior adver
tising major, left school for two years
to begin a computer company with
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Thursday, April 6, 1989
By MARK FOLK
The Black Student Movement
(BSM) will not attempt an appeal to
the Student Supreme Court in a case
involving the Student Congress
budget process, BSM members
decided in executive session
The BSM had originally decided
March 8 to appeal a congress Appeals
Committee decision not to let the
group participate in the congress
budget process because it missed the
Davos dectedl conn
By JEFF ECKARD
Junior Gene Davis was elected
speaker of the 71st Student Congress
A speech communications major
from Raleigh, Davis (Dist. 16)
defeated Jurgen Buchenau (Dist. 3)
by a vote of 20-7-2.
Student Congress should chart a
new course in activism, Davis said.
"It's action, not reaction, that gets
things done," he said. "As speaker I
will strive to identify the issues
affecting students and work to meet
Beginning his fourth term in
Harvard, . Boren said. Gnomen did
not fight the suit and signed a consent
order agreeing to stop the violations.
Even though Gnomen didn't lose the
case, it admitted guilt by signing the
consent form, he said.
Some publishers banded together
in 1982, suing Unique Copy Center
in New York, New York University
and 10 professors, Boren said. The
case was settled out of court, but it
upset professors and universities all
across the country.
Professors need to be able to
publish materials from different texts
because it takes so long to get a new
"Primary criticism of the textbook
industry is that it takes two to three
years to get a new book out," Boren
said. "Material changes so rapidly,
three years is not good enough."
Many departments depend on up-to-the-minute
information, he said.
Textbooks are almost useless for
disciplines such as business, econom
ics, anthropology and medicine. For
instance, AIDS research changes by
the week, so health sciences courses
need newer information than dated
textbooks can provide, Boren said.
Tammy Blackard contributed to
"I left school because I found I had
no direction. It wasn't because I got
drunk all the time. I would find a
book on the Korean War and read
that instead of doing my economics
In September 1985 he was a partner
and director of advertising and sales
in an eight-person company that
created computer programs, bundled
them with computers, installed the
computers and trained their clients to
use their new systems.
"After three years it bothered me
that I hadn't finished my degree,"
Kindsvater said. "I found a focus in
marketing, so in January of 1988 I
came back to school. I worked early
and found a focus instead of gearing
my major to perfection and making
money. I might have woken up in
five years and realized I wasn't happy
Linda Kinser, a guidance counselor
at Millbrook High School in Raleigh,
See PRESSURE page 2
Chapel Kill, North Carolina
funding request deadline.
In a statement after the meeting
Wednesday, BSM President;' Kim
McLean said an appeal before the
court would be very time-consuming
and probably not beneficial because
the semester is almost over.; Instead
of appealing, the BSM will try to get
funds from Student Congress at the
beginning of the fall semester, she
"My new administration believes
that it would be in the best interest
of all, concerned if we waited until
congress, Davis has served as chair
man of the Rules and Judiciary
Committee and the Ethics
"My goal is to serve the,Student
Congress and thereby the students in
the best possible manner by being a
strong advocate of all resolutions
adopted by congress which will have
a positive influence on the student
body and the University community,"
"The most important thing for me
is to see that all student groups have
the opportunity to apply for student
government funding if they meet the
requirements, and that Student
UNC does not
By JAMES BURROUGHS
Assistant University Editor
UNC administrators try to make
faculty members aware of copyright
laws, but there are no University or
departmental regulations regarding
the duplication of copyrighted mate
rials for teaching and distribution to
students, University officials said
"What people do individually we
have no control over," said Susan
Ehringhaus, assistant to the chancel
lor. "We do our best to get informa
tion to (faculty) and others with
respect to what you can and can't do
in terms of copyright laws."
Ehringhaus said the University
could only be legally responsible for
violations made by the University as
a whole, and not by individual faculty
Gillian Cell, dean of the College
of Arts and Sciences, said that no
guidelines existed for faculty
members, but that any person pho
tocopying protected material should
be familiar with the copyright laws.
"It's our expectation that every
body will abide by those copyright
But many professors do not realize
there are rules that apply to the
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Watch the birdie!
Members of an animal behavior class observe
mockingbirds behind Davie Hall Wednesday
a 1Y fr
the fall for possible funds. However,
we still believe that the (Student
Congress) Appeals Committee hear
ing was unquestionably unfair."
The BSM appeared before the
Appeals Committee on Feb. 20 after
the congress finance committee
denied it the chance to participate in
the budget process because the
organization missed the original
budget deadline of Feb. 10.
McLean said the Appeals Commit
tee hearing was conducted very
informally. In addition, she said a
Congress will be able to aid those
groups in their long-term planning
and growth," Davis said.
In other elections, John Lomax
(Dist. 13), a sophomore from Hick
ory, ran unopposed for speaker pro
Donnie Esposito (Dist. 10), a
sophomore from Clemmons, was
elected Finance Committee chair
man. Esposito defeated Ken Costner
(Dist. 8), a sophomore from Graham.
An important role of the finance
chairman is to inform student organ
izations how to request and receive
student government funding, Espo
regulate instructor 'Course-Paks'
compiling of Course-Paks a
Copytron trademark or other
classroom materials from copyrigh
ted sources, said Terry Boren, pres
ident of Copytron Inc.
Copytron stores assume that pro
fessors have received permission to
use copyrighted materials, but in
order to protect itself, the company
checks with the publisher before any
material is printed, Boren said. "We
don't leave it up to the University
professors. We look after ourselves
more than anyone.
"WeVe been screening material for
a long, long time. In protecting
ourselves, I think we're protecting the
universities and professors we deal
Representatives of Copytron and
Kinko's stores in Chapel Hill refused
to comment on company policy
regarding their services to University
The use of 'professor publishing,"
or Course-Paks, is valuable because
the information is more contempor
ary and current, said Richard
Richardson, chairman of the political
If authors or publishers do not
want materials reproduced, profes
sors should respect that right and
f f ivi ' X
V & ! p f i 11
live. Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
by June Jordan
8 p.m., Hamilton 100
Business Advertising 962-1163
member of the committee acted as
a witness by telling the other com
mittee members that she had proof
that Chanda Douglas, the BSM
treasurer, did not bring in the BSM
budget before the 5 p.m. deadline on
"The committee used a supposed
witness against the BSM that neither
our leadership nor Ms. Douglas was
ever given the opportunity to con
front," McLean said. "One of the
See BSM page 2
"We must make campus organiza
tions more aware of the budget
process to eliminate potential prob
lems," Esposito said. "This can be
done by identifying possible errors in
budget procedures through one-on-one
meetings with leaders from
student groups and making them
aware of deadlines."
Mark Bibbs, a freshman from
Kings Mountain, defeated Buchenau
for the Rules and Judiciary chairman
ship by a vote of 14-12-3.
The Rules and Judiciary Commit
tee will work to strengthen the student
See DAVIS page 2
abide by the copyright laws, he said.
UI think it's an issue that should be
No departmental guidelines exist
for professors using copy stores for
their teaching materials, Richardson
said. "We don't have anything to do
with book orders."
Brian Schmidt, a visiting lecturer
in the Department of Religious
Studies, said the material he used in
Course-Paks is small enough in
quantity to prevent a copyright
"I'm generally familiar with the
copyright laws. If there is a question,
I do check up on it myself. WeVe
talked about (use of protected mate
rial) in the department, but I don't
know if it's written (as a departmental
Schmidt said he believed the
reproduction of more than 10 percent
of a source required the permission
of the publisher, according to the law.
The quality of information in an
anthology of articles is better than
that found in a single book, which
may handle certain topics better than
others, Schmidt said. Lower price,
flexibihty in the teaching of the
See COPYRIGHT page 2
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afternoon. The class played a recording of the
birds' songs and noted their response.