The daily Tar Heel. (Chapel Hill, N.C.) 1946-current, April 06, 1989, Page 1, Image 1
Cloudy and cold weekend 60 today, 50s Friday 60 chance of rain Volume 97, Issue 23 1 ... I W I V KpaJ : : :-v-.-vx.:-: :.:.: ':-:.:--.:.: '.::: ' fci v v;r ; vv:v ,J y.y.yy.y .-.y -.y yX: N ' ; ' J I hA s - , l J , I ' -s " " I g - l, mill , - y j; ., 0 - Voice of the Tar Heels Woody Durham speaks to residents of Morrison dormitory Wednesday night about his career in broadcasting Tar Heel sports. Copyrights qjyestioimecfl for 'professor py bDnshDim Photocopying practices bring By GLENN O'NEAL A rSarr Writer Recent rumors of a possible lawsuit against Kinko's Service Corp. have spurred renewed interest in "professor publishing," the copying of patented material. Publishers such as Random House, Harper and Row, and MacMillan refuse to comment on whether a lawsuit is being filed. The Association of American Publishers (AAP) would not com ment on the rumored lawsuit, nor would they answer questions about what is improper procedure for copying classroom material. "The lawsuit is a rumor that is not going to come true," said Kurt Koenig, copyright and trademark counsel for Kinko's. The rumor has not been confirmed by any major publishing company he has talked to, he said. Kinko's obtains permission every time copyrighted material is going to be used, Koenig said. The legality of copying materials for professors must be determined by individual cases, said Virginia Antos, assistant director of copyrights for the AAP. Congress passed the copyright act nside Wolverines howl after victory ..: 3 Committee plans rules to rack up newspapers 3 Aldermen pave way for commons construction .....4 Putting class system in perspective 4 Radio station sending new signals 5 Union Station derails Pit Stop 6 Conference to focus on higher education 6 Pulitzer Prize-winner to wax poetic 7 East meets West Part two 7 If a man hasn't discovered something to die for, he isn't fit to DTHTom Clark in 1976, setting guidelines for copying material, said Terry Boren, president of Copytron Inc. One of the provisions of the law defines fair use of copying for specific purposes, such as for criticism and comment, for research, and for classroom use limited to students, Boren said in a telephone interview this week. "Congress recognized that multiple copies for education was in the best interest of the country." But Boren said Congress did not go far enough in defining the law. The law specifies that only a certain number of copies can be made for educational purposes, Boren said. "Who decides the limits?" A group of publishers made some recommendations that went on the Congressional Record. These were very strict interpretations of the copyright law, he said. Publishers also made headway in the courts concerning copyright laws, Boren said. In 1978 a group of American publishers banded together against Gnomen Inc. for violating the law. Gnomen is a printing and copying company in Boston. At the time of the lawsuit, Gnomen had eight or nine shops around Time off can relieve career-driven stress By KAREN ENTRIKEN Staff Writer Many students pressure themselves to graduate from college as soon as they can and begin a career track right away sacrificing valuable oppor tunities that would give them work experience but would keep them from completing college in four years. But recently, more students are realizing that the college-to-career track isn't enough and doesn't give them all the time they need before they begin a career. "It's sad when students sacrifice their real values and real interests for a career," said Marcia Harris, director of University Career Planning and Placement Services. "So we teach them to evaluate themselves and what they want out of life." In increasing numbers, students are opting to leave school for a semester or a year for internships, work and travel, said James Cansler, associate vice chancellor of student affairs. "These programs have a lot of potential for good. It just depends on what they do with their time away." David Kindsvater, a senior adver tising major, left school for two years to begin a computer company with VftM- Serving the students and the University community since 1893 Thursday, April 6, 1989 rl By MARK FOLK Staff Writer The Black Student Movement (BSM) will not attempt an appeal to the Student Supreme Court in a case involving the Student Congress budget process, BSM members decided in executive session Wednesday. The BSM had originally decided March 8 to appeal a congress Appeals Committee decision not to let the group participate in the congress budget process because it missed the Davos dectedl conn By JEFF ECKARD Staff Writer Junior Gene Davis was elected speaker of the 71st Student Congress Wednesday night. A speech communications major from Raleigh, Davis (Dist. 16) defeated Jurgen Buchenau (Dist. 3) by a vote of 20-7-2. Student Congress should chart a new course in activism, Davis said. "It's action, not reaction, that gets things done," he said. "As speaker I will strive to identify the issues affecting students and work to meet those needs." Beginning his fourth term in lawsuit threat Harvard, . Boren said. Gnomen did not fight the suit and signed a consent order agreeing to stop the violations. Even though Gnomen didn't lose the case, it admitted guilt by signing the consent form, he said. Some publishers banded together in 1982, suing Unique Copy Center in New York, New York University and 10 professors, Boren said. The case was settled out of court, but it upset professors and universities all across the country. Professors need to be able to publish materials from different texts because it takes so long to get a new textbook printed. "Primary criticism of the textbook industry is that it takes two to three years to get a new book out," Boren said. "Material changes so rapidly, three years is not good enough." Many departments depend on up-to-the-minute information, he said. Textbooks are almost useless for disciplines such as business, econom ics, anthropology and medicine. For instance, AIDS research changes by the week, so health sciences courses need newer information than dated textbooks can provide, Boren said. Tammy Blackard contributed to this article. Under Pressure a friend. "I left school because I found I had no direction. It wasn't because I got drunk all the time. I would find a book on the Korean War and read that instead of doing my economics homework." In September 1985 he was a partner and director of advertising and sales in an eight-person company that created computer programs, bundled them with computers, installed the computers and trained their clients to use their new systems. "After three years it bothered me that I hadn't finished my degree," Kindsvater said. "I found a focus in marketing, so in January of 1988 I came back to school. I worked early and found a focus instead of gearing my major to perfection and making money. I might have woken up in five years and realized I wasn't happy at all." Linda Kinser, a guidance counselor at Millbrook High School in Raleigh, See PRESSURE page 2 Chapel Kill, North Carolina decide rl i funding request deadline. In a statement after the meeting Wednesday, BSM President;' Kim McLean said an appeal before the court would be very time-consuming and probably not beneficial because the semester is almost over.; Instead of appealing, the BSM will try to get funds from Student Congress at the beginning of the fall semester, she said. "My new administration believes that it would be in the best interest of all, concerned if we waited until congress, Davis has served as chair man of the Rules and Judiciary Committee and the Ethics Committee. "My goal is to serve the,Student Congress and thereby the students in the best possible manner by being a strong advocate of all resolutions adopted by congress which will have a positive influence on the student body and the University community," Davis said. "The most important thing for me is to see that all student groups have the opportunity to apply for student government funding if they meet the requirements, and that Student UNC does not By JAMES BURROUGHS Assistant University Editor UNC administrators try to make faculty members aware of copyright laws, but there are no University or departmental regulations regarding the duplication of copyrighted mate rials for teaching and distribution to students, University officials said Wednesday. "What people do individually we have no control over," said Susan Ehringhaus, assistant to the chancel lor. "We do our best to get informa tion to (faculty) and others with respect to what you can and can't do in terms of copyright laws." Ehringhaus said the University could only be legally responsible for violations made by the University as a whole, and not by individual faculty violations. Gillian Cell, dean of the College of Arts and Sciences, said that no guidelines existed for faculty members, but that any person pho tocopying protected material should be familiar with the copyright laws. "It's our expectation that every body will abide by those copyright laws." But many professors do not realize there are rules that apply to the v. v v s . :WX' -"K.:.:-y.y JC' '.V.: . T wv- : ..Jfc Watch the birdie! Members of an animal behavior class observe mockingbirds behind Davie Hall Wednesday a 1Y fr C7 s rl the fall for possible funds. However, we still believe that the (Student Congress) Appeals Committee hear ing was unquestionably unfair." The BSM appeared before the Appeals Committee on Feb. 20 after the congress finance committee denied it the chance to participate in the budget process because the organization missed the original budget deadline of Feb. 10. McLean said the Appeals Commit tee hearing was conducted very informally. In addition, she said a cess Congress will be able to aid those groups in their long-term planning and growth," Davis said. In other elections, John Lomax (Dist. 13), a sophomore from Hick ory, ran unopposed for speaker pro tempore. . Donnie Esposito (Dist. 10), a sophomore from Clemmons, was elected Finance Committee chair man. Esposito defeated Ken Costner (Dist. 8), a sophomore from Graham. An important role of the finance chairman is to inform student organ izations how to request and receive student government funding, Espo sito said. regulate instructor 'Course-Paks' compiling of Course-Paks a Copytron trademark or other classroom materials from copyrigh ted sources, said Terry Boren, pres ident of Copytron Inc. Copytron stores assume that pro fessors have received permission to use copyrighted materials, but in order to protect itself, the company checks with the publisher before any material is printed, Boren said. "We don't leave it up to the University professors. We look after ourselves more than anyone. "WeVe been screening material for a long, long time. In protecting ourselves, I think we're protecting the universities and professors we deal with." Representatives of Copytron and Kinko's stores in Chapel Hill refused to comment on company policy regarding their services to University faculty. The use of 'professor publishing," or Course-Paks, is valuable because the information is more contempor ary and current, said Richard Richardson, chairman of the political science department. If authors or publishers do not want materials reproduced, profes sors should respect that right and f f ivi ' X V & ! p f i 11 live. Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Lecture by June Jordan 8 p.m., Hamilton 100 NewsSportsArts 962-0245 Business Advertising 962-1163 member of the committee acted as a witness by telling the other com mittee members that she had proof that Chanda Douglas, the BSM treasurer, did not bring in the BSM budget before the 5 p.m. deadline on Feb. 10. "The committee used a supposed witness against the BSM that neither our leadership nor Ms. Douglas was ever given the opportunity to con front," McLean said. "One of the See BSM page 2 n. speauceir "We must make campus organiza tions more aware of the budget process to eliminate potential prob lems," Esposito said. "This can be done by identifying possible errors in budget procedures through one-on-one meetings with leaders from student groups and making them aware of deadlines." Mark Bibbs, a freshman from Kings Mountain, defeated Buchenau for the Rules and Judiciary chairman ship by a vote of 14-12-3. The Rules and Judiciary Commit tee will work to strengthen the student See DAVIS page 2 abide by the copyright laws, he said. UI think it's an issue that should be resolved." , No departmental guidelines exist for professors using copy stores for their teaching materials, Richardson said. "We don't have anything to do with book orders." Brian Schmidt, a visiting lecturer in the Department of Religious Studies, said the material he used in Course-Paks is small enough in quantity to prevent a copyright violation. "I'm generally familiar with the copyright laws. If there is a question, I do check up on it myself. WeVe talked about (use of protected mate rial) in the department, but I don't know if it's written (as a departmental regulation)." Schmidt said he believed the reproduction of more than 10 percent of a source required the permission of the publisher, according to the law. The quality of information in an anthology of articles is better than that found in a single book, which may handle certain topics better than others, Schmidt said. Lower price, flexibihty in the teaching of the See COPYRIGHT page 2 wj'.y".i.'w'-'---w-i- ".-mw0!m ur-wm .mm .-, DTHChuck Ellison afternoon. The class played a recording of the birds' songs and noted their response.