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Conference to celebrate tradition of Southern sound
By LISA ANTOKUCCI
The rich heritage of traditional
music from the American South will
be the focus of "Sounds of the South,"
a three-day conference marking the
official opening of the Southern
Nearly 250 scholars, collectors and
musicians have gathered at UNC to
join in the "celebration."
"The conference lets people across
the country even in other countries
know that we are here," said
Daniel Patterson, chairman of UNC's
Curriculum in Folklore and a Kenan
professor of English.
"Sounds of the South" has received
positive response nationally as well
as internationally, according to
George Holt, director of the Folklife
Section of the North Carolina Arts
"We have a wonderfully diverse
group of people attending the con
By JESSICA YATES
Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Henry
Taylor will kick off a new series of
poetry events at UNC with a special
reading of his poetry today at 4 p.m.
in 203 Bingham Hall.
Taylor, who is the co-director in
the creative writing department at
American University, won a Pulitzer
Prize in 1986 for one of his poetry
collections "The Flying Change."
James Seay, the director of creative
writing at UNC, invited him to launch
the opening of the Blanche Armfield
Padires outeuim rest
In a fickle sport where it's best
to stay away from blanket state
ments, one such all-encompassing
remark may safely be uttered:
baseball's toughest division is the
National League West.
The Los Angeles Dodgers won
the West by seven games on the
way to their improbable world
championship last season, but a,
mere five games separated the next
This year's race should be just
as tight and even ' more fun to
watch, thanks to the importation
of such American League super
stars as Eddie Murray, Jack Clark,
Bruce Hurst and Todd Benzinger.
Here's how it will turn out:
1. San Diego Padres "Trader"
Jack McKeon has done it again,
continuing a trend of winter
wizardry which has the Padres,
absolutely abominable this time
last year, sitting atop a heap of
divisional contenders heading into
McKeon's offseason acquisitions
of slugging first baseman Jack
Clark as well as top-notch starting
pitchers Bruce Hurst and Walt
Terrell were just what the Padres
needed to make it back to the
postseason for the first time since
1984. Incidentally, before that
season McKeon picked up Steve
Garvey, Goose Gossage and Graig
Nettles. Is this deja vu or what?
Mainstays Tony Gwynn (who is
going for his third straight batting
title), Roberto Alomar, Benito
Santiago, John Kruk and Carmelo
Martinez (super spring) will sur
round Clark in the league's best
batting order this side of New
Vastly underrated hurlers Eric
Show (1611) and Dennis Ras
mussen (16-10) round out the
rotation. And in the pen, McKeon
has lefty Mark Davis (28 saves, 2.0 1
ERA) to snuff out enemy rallies.
2. Cincinnati Reds There's
nothing funny about Pete Rose's
alleged gambling problem, and I
wish people would stop mocking
a man who was once America's
greatest sporting symbol. At this
. point, odds are good that Rose will
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ference," Holt said. "Many influential
people are coming just to be in the
"The North Carolina Arts Council
recognizes the collection as a tre
mendous resource for the state. UNC
will become a major research insti
tution for this type of study and We
are happy to support it."
The collection was established in
1968 by some of the UNC faculty
members who began using long
playing albums in their classes. Since
then faculty, graduate students and
others have donated material to build
on the collection. With the purchase
of the John Edwards Memorial
Collection in 1983, the archive has
grown to contain nearly 38,000
recordings. Music ranges from blues
to Cajun to Tex-Mex, but the col
lection is strongest in its number of
country music recordings.
According to Patterson, the collec
tion and the work that it represents
known poet to read
Seay said he selected Taylor
because of his national recognition
and stature. He admires Taylor's
works for their clarity. "He has a very
keen sense of the formal attentions
of the poetry. It strives toward an
In addition, a well-defined sense of
place characterizes Taylor's works, he
Taylor, who grew up in rural
Virginia, describes his own poems as
having "a feeling of fullness about
them. The style tends to be more
accessible, not influenced by modern
ism." He has based many of his poems
be suspended for the season, but
that definitely should not prevent
him from entering the Hall of Fame
on his first try in 1992.
Preaching aside, the Reds are my
pick to finish second for the fifth
straight season. That's right, the
dominant team of the 70s has
become the Alydar of the 80s
always close enough to sniff the
stogie, but never able to taste it.
In fact, it's been 10 years since
Cincy last won the division.
Whoever manages this team will
delight in filling out a daily lineup
card with names like Eric Davis,
Kal Daniels, Paul O'Neill, Todd
Benzinger, Barry Larkin and Chris
Sabo, last season's top rookie.
They will score runs, no doubt, and
in Danny Jackson (23-8, 2.73
ERA), Tom Browning, Jose Rijo
and stopper John Franco (1.57
ERA, 39 saves), they have the
pitching talent to protect even the
slimmest of leads.
So why not pick them to win?
Two reasons: the distraction of the
Rose situation and the Tom Kite
Factor. Explanation for the latter
reason: some people, like the
unlucky golfer, are just meant to
3. Houston Astros Bob
Knepper has a point. If Astros,
owner John McMulleri was really
serious about winning it all, he
would have resigned the ageless
Nolan Ryan instead of letting
Houston's heart and soul become
a Texas Ranger for a few extra
dollars. And don't think for a
minute that newcomers Rick
Rhoden and Jim Clancy (com
bined 23-25, 4-plus ERA) will
offset Ryan's loss.
Glenn Davis (30 HR, 99 RBI)
and Gerald Young (65 SB) are very
productive, but not enough to hide
gaping holes at shortstop, third
base, catcher and in the bullpen.
4. San Francisco Giants The
1987 West champs could reclaim
is a "window into a culture that may
have passed away. This conference
therefore is a time to look back at
our strengths and weaknesses,
achievements and failures."
Scholars like Patterson and David
Whisnant, an English professor who
teaches a class in country music,
believe their major strengths have
been in documenting, collecting and
recording. "We captured so much
before it faded away," Patterson said,
"which is a real accomplishment
considering that for a long time, many
were ashamed to admire such music."
The conference is also a time to
reminisce over the last 60 years, back
to when the record companies dis
covered there was a market for this
music and people spent their own.
money and .personal time to create
these new music genres.
"Most of this work was done
outside an institutional context since
the information was not of value at
on the years he spent growing up on
a farm, but he is careful to point out
that he is not an overly reminiscent
"I sort of like cities, as a matter
of fact," Taylor said, "though it is
easier to find the solitude to work
in the country."
He said he felt that governmental
and economical forces have made life
harder for farm people although he
himself doesnt feel these effects. "I
didn't come from a hard-scrabbling
background or anything like that."
Taylor's experiences growing up on
a farm have had certain advantages.
their lofty throne this season on one
condition: that manager Roger
Craig stop teaching that awful,
fastball to his poor impressionable
Mike Krukow and Dave Dra
vecky have already been irrepara
bly damaged by the tinkerings of
their well-meaning skipper, and the
tender joints of Kelly Downs, Atlee
Hammaker and Scott Garrelts
can't, be fa behind in the twinge,
parade., Things have gotten so bad
that the new stopper is Mike
LaCoss, a man whose career has
been recycled more times than a
The Giants do have plenty of
hitting, led by the potent bats of
first baseman Will Clark (29 HR,
109 RBI) and left fielder Kevin
Mitchell (19 HR, 90 RBI), but all
too often Craig's overmanaging
runs them out of big innings.
5. Los Angeles Dodgers After
going from worst to first, the
Dodgers will fall back in the pack.
Tommy Lasorda's win-with-mirrors
policy of last year will be
shattered by the harsh realities that
Willie Randolph is old, Fernando
Valenzuela ' is washed up, John
Shelby is painfully mediocre and
World Series hero Mickey Hatcher
is just plain horrible.
6. Atlanta Braves Earlier this
decade, the Braves were billed as
America's team. With visible assets
like that, it's no wonder the dollar
is worth around two quarters and
the Japanese now own every U.S.
company that's in the black.
Fortunately for Superstation
subscribers, the youth movement is
on. Only on WTBS can we follow
a Triple-A team on a daily basis.
Tune in and watch Tom Glavine,
Pete Smith, Derek Lilliquist and
Jeff Blauser take their lumps in the
majors against vastly superior
Trading Dale Murphy and Zane
Smith for a truckload of talent is
an essential step in the renovation
of baseball's most laughable bunch
of losers. But not surprisingly, GM
Bobby Cox doesn't seem able to
pull the trigger on any deals.
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the time," Whisnant said. "People
would come home from their 'real'
jobs to this enterprise that they loved
and work on it with incredible
persistence and dedication."
The conference also allows an
opportunity to assess the collection's
flaws. Patterson said he believed
some of the most obvious weaknesses
have been the failure to record and
document people who did not seem
to be important at the time, or the
failure to record the music without
finding out about the musician.
Whisnant, who will address the
conference this afternoon, goes
further in his assessment of their
weaknesses. "Our enterprise has been
shaped by racism, sexism and pol
itical conservatism. I would like to
see a deeper study of the relationship
between the black and white artists
as well as more attention paid to the
role of women not only as per
formers but also as subjects.
For instance, "it came to be useful
to have been a competitive horseman
during my youth," he said. "It helped
to develop patience at an early age."
Taylor has now applied this habit
to poetry writing by not hurrying to
finish a poem. "A poem can never
be exactly what you thought it would
be before you started writing." Since
poetry is language, and what is in the
writer's head are feelings, "finding the
right words is sometimes nearly
impossible," he explained. He regards
this, however, as part of the challenge,
saying "it keeps it interesting and
sometimes makes it better."
Well-amed Mets rale N.L East
In the baseball world, or the Land
of No Repeat, no team has won back-tb-back
division titles since way back
in 1980-81, when the New York
Yankees pulled the trick in the
American League East.
This year, at the other end of the
New York subway, another team has
what it takes to close out the 80s in
similar fashion. '
1. New York Mets This team
is about as close as youH come to
seeing a modern baseball dynasty.
Five consecutiye , seasons . of 90 or
more victories, with an average of 97
in the W column.
Still, in the what-have-you-done-for-me-lately
sports world, numbers
from 1985 don't win you a pennant
in 1989. With the Mets, though, that
brings us to a somewhat scary,
thought. What they have done in the
past might not be as impressive as
what they are capable of doing in the
The Mets have eight proven
winners on the staff to go with some
talented youngsters. The biggest
problem with the starting rotation is
figuring out who's the ace. Dwight
Gooden (18-9), David Cone (20-3,
2.22 ERA), Ron Darling (17-9), Bob
Ojeda and Sid Fernandez are second
to none. In the bullpen, Randy Myers
(7-3, 1.62 ERA, 26 saves) and Roger
McDowell make up the best lefty
righty combo in the league.
The Mets' offense, which led the
league in runs, homers, slugging and
on-base percentage last year, could
be better this year. Kevin McRey
nolds (27 HR, 99 RBI), Darryl
Strawberry (39 HR, 101 RBI) arc
joined by upstarts Gregg Jefferies and
Kevin Elster in the explosive lineup.
Strawberry, McReynolds, Lenny
Dykstra, Mookie Wilson and How
ard Johnson provide speed arid
defense. Veterans Gary Carter and
Keith Hernandez are tailing off, but
they're both in the option years of
their contracts. Look for the salary
2. Montreal Expos The Expos
were right with the Mets last year
until mid-August, but they're still just
a notch below the New Yorkers.
The starting rotation finished
second to the Mets last year in ERA,
before workhorse Kevin Gross and
Moreover, there is a whole genre of
politically influenced music that
needs to be dealt with."
The third aspect of the conference
is planning for, the future. Whisnant
said he felt this "enterprise has been
one of cultural resistance. We've
pulled our wagons in a circle and
turned inward. Now that we have
decided who we are and that this
music is good, it is time to turn
What happened in the South
the conditions that led to the creation
of this music is now happening
elsewhere in the world, Whisnant
said. "Those threatened, enclaved,
marginalized, stigmatized minority
cultural systems must begin to under
stand the commonalities of their
interests and begin to relate to each
other. Without making these connec
tions, without pooling together our
energies, we cannot retain the
strength and vision to carry this
prize - winning work
In addition, some of Taylor's
poems are the result of a unique
writing technique. "They don't seem
to be the result of endless cutting
down, but rather, some are the
product of the direct opposite," he
Taylor felt honored in winning the
Pulitzer Prize, but said he had no idea
why he was awarded the prestigious
prize. "Prizes like this are sort of like
a lottery. I was extremely lucky in
that they just happened to like my
kind of thing."
Joseph Flora, chairman of UNC's
English department, said the new
impressive rookie Randy Johnson
jumped aboard. TheyH join stalwarts
Pascual Perez (2.44 ERA), Bryn
Smith (3.00 ERA) and Dennis Mar
tinez (15-13, 2.72). Tim Burke (18
saves), Andy McGaffigan and lefty
Joe Hesketh man a solid, but unspec
Runs will come courtesy of super
star outfielder Tim Raines, plus a
couple of guys who would be raeg
astars if they could get out of Canada.
Cornerstones Andres Galarraga
(.302, 29 HR, 92 RBI) and Tim
Wallach join Raines and Hubie
Brooks (20 HR, 90 RBI) to give the
Canadians an excellent nucleus.
3. Pittsburgh Pirates The Bucs
will go only as far as their pitching
will take them. That can be a long
way especially if the likes of Doug
Drabek (15-7, 3.08), John Smiley and
Mike Dunne can turn a string of
excellent performances into year-long
The bullpen, impressive last year
with journeyman Jim Gott (34 saves)
having a career-year, will be hard
pressed to duplicate last year's
numbers. Even if the starters come
through, look for the Bucs to blow
a lot of late-inning leads.
Gott and Co. will probably have
a lot of leads to protect, though, with
a 1 -2-3-4 combo of Barry Bonds (.283,
24 HR), Jose Lind, Andy Van Slyke
(25 HR, 100 RBI, 30 SB) and Bobby
Bonilla (24 HR, 100 RBI) smashing
opposing pitchers into oblivion.
4. St.Louis Cardinals This team
has the starting eight to challenge the
Mets. Unfortunately for Whitey
ii i?i " fail r i
FHEE TRAVEL CATALOGS
7,,- t Chapel Hill, NC 27514
Tar Heel Thursday, April 6, 19897
"Sounds of the South" is no
ordinary academic conference. The
passion and commitment infused in ?
this "enterprise" have carried it'
beyond scholarship to the hearts of.
the people involved. Patterson recalls"
talking to a religious singer who"
"began to weep when she sang. i.
don't know if I can finish, she said..'
'It means so much to me.' It is that '
meaning that's worth finding out'
about. It's profound."
In conjunction with "Sounds of the
South," a concert of Southern tra-
ditional music will be held at the
ArtsCenter in Carrboro Friday at 8
p.m. It will feature artists such as
blues guitarist Etta Baker; Doug
Wallin, an English and Appalachian
song and ballad singer; and Mike
Seeger, Tommy Thompson and Alan
Jabbour of the string band music
revival. Tickets are $8 and are
available at the ArtsCenter.
Blanche Armfield fund would be
announced at the reading. He ;
explained that the fund is designed :
to "allow the department to regularly
have poetry readings, contests for ,
students and many other related -activities."
The department hopes Taylor's,
visit will be the first in a long series
of events involving poetry. Flora
indicated that Armfield would be on
hand for Thursday's reading. Arm
field is closely tied with the University
because she received her master's
degree in poetry from UNC. She lives
in Washington, D.C.
Herzog and friends, all teams are,
required to put a ninth man on the.
field, on top of a large mound of dirt,
in the middle of the infield.
Well, it's not really that bad. The
Cards do have ace relievers Todd;
Worrell and Ken Dayley, but even;
they are coming off mediocre years.
Jose DeLeon, with a team-high 13
wins last year, needs help from Joe:
Magrane (2.18 ERA) and no-longer--
m. - u "T 'T 1
youngsters ukc ocoii lcriy, juuii
Costello and Greg Mathews.
The Redbirds will be off ' arid,
running again this year with neweb-:
uici inn JUUC5 yjy jd) juiiuug iiic
Stolen Base Express of Vince Cole
man (81 SB), Ozzie Smith (57 SB)
and Willie McGee (41 SB). With the
big bats of Pedro Guerrero and Tom
Brunansky behind the roadrunners,
Herzog will have a productive offen
5. Chicago Cubs The Cubs will
score some runs, with Ryan Sand
berg, Mark Grace and Andre Daw
son leading the way. There will be
a lot of dead grass between the
dugouts and the batter's box at
Wrigley Field this year. Unfortu
nately for the Cubs, their opponents
will be doing a dance of their owri
as they parade around the diamond.
No. 1 starter Greg Maddux (18
8) can't reproduce last year's
numbers. The rest of the staff prob
ably wouldn't want even want to look
at last year's numbers. i
6. Philadelphia Phillies The
Phillies farm system has produced
more major leaguers than any other.
The problem is, most of them are
playing (and doing very well) for
other teams. With Juan Samuel, Von
Hayes, Ricky Jordan and a rejuven
ated Mike Schmidt leading the way,
they'll score some runs. But they have
no pitching. None.
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