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Legislature addresses teem
By SANDY WALL
A bill to be introduced by Sen.
Richard Chalk, R-Guilford, could
raise the age of sexual consent from
13 to 16 in North Carolina.
MI would hope that by raising the
age of consent, it would discourage
children from becoming sexually
active," Chalk said in a telephone
; A draft bill written by Chalk's staff
jnet with much negative statewide
reaction. The draft bill read: "It is
Unlawful to engage ... in a sex act
with a minor."
Some people had concluded Chalk
wanted to make sexual activity
jbetween those under 18 illegal. Those
people misinterpreted his original
intentions, Chalk said.
; "My intent is to raise the age of
consent. I think it's preposterous that
the press overreacted. I'm not prop
osing we get out and arrest those
From Associated Press reports
: WASHINGTON Oliver North
concluded his defense Thursday after
six grueling days on the witness stand,
testifying he felt he had become the
fall guy in the Iran-Contra affair
when he heard himself described at
a White House news conference as
"the only one who knew what was
Attorney Brendan Sullivan
announced soon after North left the
stand, "That concludes the defense,"
signaling that the 11 -week-old trial
was nearing an end.
U.S. District Judge Gerhard Gesell
said he hoped to have closing argu
ments on Monday. Instructions to the
jurors and their deliberations would
During four days of tough cross
examination, North denied prosecu
tion contentions that he lied about
his Iran-Contra efforts and person
ally profited from some of them. He
said he had explicit authorization
Congress appears closer
to approving Contra aid
From Aodtd PrM reports
moved Thursday toward approval of
a $49.7 million package of non
military aid to the Nicaraguan Con
tras, even as a critic said the bipartisan
compromise with President Bush
"hinges on winks, nods and
Members of both the Senate and
the House cautioned that attempts to
amend or derail the agreement would,
if successful, represent a body blow
to hopes of future bipartisanship on
foreign policy issues.
The plan, reached after more than
two months of negotiations, would
provide at least a temporary truce in
the war that has been waged between
the White House and Capitol Hill
since then-President Reagan moved
in 1981 to arm the Contras as a force
to battle Nicaragua's leftist Sandi
Indeed, many of the suspicions and
much of the distrust that character
ized past debates over aid to the
Contras were still visible as both
chambers opened debate Thursday.
Some members clung to hopes
more arms could be sent to the
Contras; others said all forms of aid,
logistical as well as military, should
" The compromise plan would give
the Contras food, clothing and
medical assistance to sustain them
through next February. But it would
bar aid for weapons and ammunition
to renew the guerrillas' fight against
. Supporters of the compromise said
it would put the Sandinista leadership
under intense international pressure
to keep their promises, permit free
and fair national elections next
February, and observe the pther
"deadlines for democracy" set by
saying 'don't do this' and 'don't do
The Union receives money from
two pools of student fees, Copeland
said. One fee covers programming at
the Union, and it goes to the Union
Activities Board for events such as
concerts, lectures and movies. The
board receives about $150,000 each
The other funds the Union receives
are used to pay off the bond debt
left from building the Union and to
cover operating expenses.
This costs each studcnt'$60 per year
age of consent
The bill would set a community
standard as well as discourage child
ren from becoming sexually active
before they are ready, said Chalk.
"The 13-, 14-, 15-year-old children
are not capable of making the
decisions concerning their sexuality.
I don't think they're old enough to
be aware of the consequences of their
Raising the age of consent would
send a message to young people, he
An "empty" bill that would allow
the criminal code to be changed by
the General Assembly was sent to the
Senate Thursday and will be intro
duced and sent to committee Mon
day, he said.
An age of consent bill will be
substituted for the "empty" bill once
it is in committee, and the proposal
will be debated then.
from his superiors and, he
assumed, from President Reagan
for his actions and didn't take a dime
to which he wasn't entitled.
He testified Thursday that two
days before the Nov. 25, 1986, press
conference, in which Reagan and
Attorney General Edwin Meese took
part, North had been interviewed for
four hours by Meese and aides.
He is accused of lying during that
interview. But he testified he told
them readily about "the secret within
the secret" that profits from arms
sales to Iran had been funneled to
the guerillas fighting the leftist
government of Nicaragua. Therefore,
he said, he was shocked to learn that
he might be the target of a criminal
What he heard as he watched the
press conference on television, North
said, "was inconsistent with what I
told the attorney general two days
Meese said North's boss, John
agreements among Central American
presidents over the last two years.
In the Senate, Majority Leader
George Mitchell, D-Maine, urged
Republicans" not to offer amend
ments, which he said could upset the
delicate balance represented by the
"President Bush telephoned me this
morning, urged me to move this
legislation promptly . . . and made
clear his opposition to any amend
ments to the legislation," Mitchell
He asked that "the president's
urgent desire for this legislation be
taken into account by members of his
As debate opened on the House
floor, Republican Leader Bob Michel
of Illinois, supporting the agreement,
told his colleagues that what it "lacks
in perfection it makes up in real
effective help for the cause of progress
and democracy in Nicaragua and
"I wish we could do better but as
legislators it's not given to us to act
only when conditions are perfect,"
But Rep. Thomas Foglietta, D-Pa.,
said continued support of any kind
for the Contras would derail the
diplomatic peace process, keep the
Contras in place as a fighting force
and not integrate them into Nicara
"This accord hinges on winks, nods
and handshakes," he said. "I'd really
like to say I trust this new admin
istration, the Bush administration, for
reintegration of the Contras. But how
can I when I read . . . that then-Vice
President Bush played a role in
supplying covert aid to the Contras?"
Rep. Henry Hyde, R-Ill., a long
standing Contra supporter, said he
would go along with the compromise.
from page 1
for a total gross of about $1.3 million
per year, Copeland said. The money
pays for utilities and salaries for
student employees and staff, supplies
and renovations, he said.
The money is also used to continue
payment on the bond debt. It will not
be paid off until the year 2007,
Before 1969, the Student Union
was housed in Graham Memorial.
The new Union was constructed in
1968 and an addition was built in 1981
to house the offices of student
publications, Copeland said.
Report requests more funding
to battle teenage pregnancy
By SANDY WALL
Staff Writer .
. A report submitted to the General
Assembly's Adolescent Pregnancy
Study Commission calls for more
state funding for programs that
combat the problem of teenage
"There are currently 34 projects
funded by the state legislature," said
Chris Troxler, vice president of the
Human Services Institute in
His group was employed by the
state in 1988 to investigate the
effectiveness of the 34 state-funded
adolescent pregnancy prevention
The group submitted its report to
the Study Commission in October
The study concluded that many of
the 34 pilot programs were effective
in preventing teenage pregnancy and
should be funded by the General
Poindexter, had known of the money
diversion but hadn't approved it
when, in fact, he had.
North testified, "It was very clear
to me that this was part of pointing
the finger at Ollie North. He was 'the
only one who knew what was going
on' which, I must say, is the way it
was supposed to be." North's firing
and Poindexter's resignation as
Reagan's national security adviser
were announced by Meese that day.
Both at the trial, which began Jan.
31, and at congressional hearings
nearly two years ago, North said he
had assumed while he was directing
covert aid to the Contras that he
would have to take the rap if word
got out about the help, which was
provided at a time official U.S. aid
Prosecutor John Keker's final
questioning of North concerned two
letters he wrote in December 1986 to
a contractor who had installed a
$13,800 security system at North's
The letters were backdated to
make it appear North had intended
to pay for the system, which had been
paid for by retired Maj. Gen. Richard
Secord, whom North had recruited
to run the Contra supply effort. The
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Assembly, Troxler said.
"We felt many of the programs
deserved to be funded," he said.
The group's research team, which
included two experts in the field of
adolescent pregnancy, visited each of
the 34 sites and ranked each program
on its effectiveness, said Keith How
ell, a member of the research team.
The research team also submitted
an II -point set of criteria on how
programs should be judged, he said.
Howell, who is a professor of
public health education at UNC
Greensboro, said the most effective
programs utilized different segments
of the community, including schools,
health departments and social servic
Troxler said his conclusions were
that the state should seriously con
sider funding many of these
"We told the legislators which
ones," he said.
letters are the basis for one charge,
that North accepted an illegal
North was still in the . Marine
Corps, he said, and didn't want to
fabricate the letters at work because
he didn't want the Marines involved
in "that type of cover-up." Therefore,
he testified, he went to a catalog store
to write the letters on display
Another of the 12 charges against
North is that he obstructed a presi
dential inquiry by lying to Meese and
by altering, destroying, concealing
and removing documents from the
National Security Council office
where he worked.
Relying on notes taken at the Nov.
23, 1986, meeting by Meese's chief
of staff John Richardson, Keker led
North through facts that appeared to
have been omitted by him in the
Meese meeting. North said that the
prosecutor was basing his questions
on a "very cryptic description of four
hours of conversation."
He said he could not remember
details of the interview. But he also
said, "I did the very best I could in
telling the truth and answering their
questions. ... I have told you when
I didnt tell the truth."
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-- - -
changes in format
of LSAT sections
By CHUCK WILLIAMS
The Law School Admissions
Test has undergone a great deal
of change recently, and testmakers
say it will make the test a better
predictor of law school
The changes will first appear
when the LSAT is administered
on June 12, 1989. About 130,000
students are expected to take the
test this year.
. The primary change was the
elimination of a section called
"Facts and Issues," which tested
memorization as opposed to crit
ical thinking skills. Testmakers say
the section was easily coached and
students depended on memoriza
tion strategies too much.
"The section was fairly formul
aic, and it was skewing the results
of the test," said Bob Verini, a
senior researcher at the Kaplan
Education Center in New York
"They (testmakers) dropped the
Facts and Issues section and added
10 minutes to each section. I think
the test overall is fairer now and
will reward the students with
Dropping the section was a
good move, said Elizabeth Furr,
assistant dean for admissions and
student affairs at UNC law school.
"It was probably wise to get rid
of that section since it was easily
coachable," she said.
The test had six 30-minute
sections with a total of 120
multiple-choice questions before
the changes, Furr said. After the
changes, there will be four 45
minute sections and a total of 100
The changes could make the
tests easier in some ways but
harder in others.
"Since many of the Facts and
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Issues questions were easy, they
(testmakers) have to replace them
with easy questions," Verini said.
"On the other hand, it may be
harder for non-test-wise students
who won't recognize the easy
Both the bid and new tests have
questions that can throw some
people who would do well in law
school, said Patricia Krebbs,
director of the Princeton Review.
"It's made it harder for students
who have trouble with reading."
The test is scored on a scale of
10 to 48, and the scale is based
on the number of questions ans
wered correctly. The scoring
system will remain the same on
the new test.
UNC Law School has a median
score of 38 for in-state students
and 39 for out-of-staters, said
Furr. She stressed that these
figures were based on past years,
and this year could be different.
GPA and extracurricular activities
are also considered in admissions.
The LSAT probably counts
more in law school admissions
than the SAT does in undergrad
uate admissions, Krebbs said.
Many students take courses
which offer strategies and tips for
taking the LSAT. Kaplan Educa
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Review both offer courses in
"We focus on the intellectual
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test, as well as offering strategies
and tactics," Verini said. "We also
try and get students to relax when
taking the test."
Princeton Review has achieved
great success with coaching,
"We have techniques for helping
students break the problems
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