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2The Daily Tar Heel Thursday, April 27, 1989
World amd Nation
Bush officials lead
From Associated PrtM reports
opponents led by the Bush admin
istration urged the Supreme Court in
a long-awaited courtroom showdown
Wednesday to overturn its landmark
1973 ruling that women have a
constitutional right to end their
Outside, police arrested 27
abortion-rights activists among a
noisy crowd of people demonstrating
on both sides of one of the the nation's
most divisive issues. Those arrested
were charged with crossing a police
In sharp contrast, the hour-long
argument session took place in a
packed but hushed courtroom.
"The United States asks this court
to reconsider and overrule its decision
in Roe vs. Wade," said Harvard law
professor Charles Fried, referring to
the ruling that legalized abortion.
But Frank Susman, a St. Louis
lawyer representing those who suc
House ends hopes for Democratic bi
From Associated Press reports
WASHINGTON The House, in
the first big battle over the budget
in Congress this year, embarrassed its
Democratic leaders on Wednesday by
crushing a major amendment and
forcing them to pull a $4.7 billion
domestic spending bill off the floor.
Leaders wanted to pay for the
domestic spending in the bill by
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cessfully challenged an abortion
limiting Missouri law in lower courts,
argued, "There can be no ordered
liberty for women without control
over their . . . childbearing."
Missouri Attorney General Wil
liam Webster urged the court to
restore the state's abortion regula
tions even if it does not reverse the
broader 1973 decision, which was
based on women's privacy rights.
Fried, a former Justice Depart
ment official called back to govern
ment duty for Wednesday's session,
argued, "We are not asking the court
to unravel the fabric of . . . privacy
rights which this court has woven. We
are asking the court to pull this one
Susman responded, "It has always
been my personal experience that
when I pull a thread my sleeve falls
off." Only justices Thurgood Mar
shall, a strong supporter of abortion
rights, and Harry Blackmun, author
of the 1973 decision, remained silent.
slashing defense and other programs.
But, by a 252-172 margin, with
minority Republicans joined by
enough Democrats seeking to protect
their favorite programs, the House
rejected a Democratic amendment
that would have made $1.4 billion in
cuts spread over most government
The bill's backers then took the
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The justices, who do not necessarily
have to reconsider Roe vs. Wade in
resolving the Missouri dispute, gave
little indication as to how broad their
decision will be. They are expected
to announce their ruling by July.
At one point, Justice Antonin
Scalia a potential "swing v6te"
along with justices Sandra Day
O'Connor and Anthony M. Kennedy
asked whether the court must
consider the nature of a fetus.
"Can you derive (a fundamental
right to abortion) without making a
determination as to whether the fetus
is human life or not?" Scalia asked.
"It is very hard to say . . . it must
be a fundamental right unless you
make a determination that the organ
ism that is destroyed is not a human
life," Scalia suggested.
Susman said an assertion that "life
begins at conception," as stated in the
Missouri regulations, is not a verif
iable fact. "It is a question verifiable
only by reliance upon faith."
entire spending measure off the
House floor. House Speaker Jim
Wright, D-Texas, said he believed the
House Appropriations Committee
would "perform certain corrective
surgery" on the bill before the House
considered it again.
House Majority Leader Thomas
Foley, D-Wash., who offered the
spending-cut amendment, said the
vote was a sign of the divisiveness
of budget issues and not a signal that
the Democratic leadership was weak
ened by the controversy surrounding
Wright and his personal finances.
"I dont think it reflects on lead
ership problems," he said. "This is not
a vote of confidence issue."
Rep. Robert Roe, D-N J., was one
of the 92 Democrats who voted
against their leaders' plan. "From our
point of view, we were battling the
loss of about $100 million from
science and space."
Foley's proposal would have pro
duced $1.4 billion in savings by
shaving .57 percent off most govern
ment programs. The provision would
have produced cuts this year of $1
billion in defense, $353 million in
domestic programs and $43 million
in foreign aid.
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Fried said the Bush administration
was not asking the court to end all
protections for women whose lives
might be endangered by childbirth.
"We are not here suggesting that
the court allow bloodthirsty regula
tions," he said.
When asked by O'Connor whether
he thinks there is "a fundamental
right to decide whether to have a child
or not," Fried said, "I would hesitate
to formulate the right in such abstract
Even if the court rules on the
Missouri abortion regulations nar
rowly, the decision will be viewed as
a barometer of the current justices'
commitment to the 16-year-old ruling
in Roe vs. Wade.
The three justices appointed by
former President Reagan O'Con
nor, Scalia and Kennedy are
conservatives generally considered
skeptical about the legitimacy of the
White House budget director
Richard Darman had sent lawmakers
a policy statement in which he said
he would urge President Bush to veto
the "fiscally irresponsible" measure.
And in a letter to House Minority
Leader Bob Michel, R-Ill., Defense
Secretary Dick Cheney said the
defense cuts would force the Pen
tagon to stop paying re-enlistment
bonuses, reduce training hours,
eliminate five to 10 construction
projects, lay off scientists and engi
neers and curtail weapons testing.
"This would have very serious
consequences for the manning of our
forces," he wrote, adding that he, too,
would seek a veto.
But loyal Democrats countered
that the spending cuts were slight and
could be dealt with by federal
"All we're talking about are revi
sions of .57 percent so we can cover
some of the priorities we in Congress
think are needed," said Rep. Neal
Looming over the battle was the
veto threat from the Bush adminis
tration, which labeled the overall bill
"fiscally irresponsible" and said the
Democrats' proposed $1 billion in
defense cuts would be too harsh.
The legislation, deemed a "dire
emergency" by its supporters, would
provide money for the 1989 fiscal
year, which ends Sept. 30.
'I Love Lucy' namesake dies,
following April 1 8 surgery
From Associated Press reports
LOS ANGELES Lucille
Ball, the daffy comedian whose
harebrained schemes drove her
television family crazy but deligh
ted viewers for four decades, died
Wednesday of a ruptured abdom
inal artery. She was 77.
The actress, star of the hugely
popular "I Love Lucy" and related
situation comedies seen in more
than 80 countries, had undergone
major heart surgery April 18.
She had been recovering stead
ily, getting out of bed and joking
with the staff, but shortly before
dawn Wednesday, she went into
cardiac arrest due to internal
bleeding and could not be revived,
said Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
spokesman Ronald Wise.
She suffered a complete heart
failure at 5 a.m., and 47 minutes
of resuscitation efforts proved
fruitless, Wise said. "There was
nothing to indicate this would
happen. The heart itself appar
ently was not involved in Miss
Ball's sudden death."
Japanese leader seeks successor
TOKYO Prime Minister
Noboru Takeshita, shattered pol
itically and shaken by the suicide
of his longtime aide, worked
Wednesday to find a successor
untouched by the money scandal
that ruined his career.
An aide to former Prime Min
ister Takeo Miki said senior
politician Masayoshi Ito was
"certain" to be chosen by Take
shita and other governing party
leaders. Ito, 75, has a clean
reputation and served briefly in
1980 as acting prime minister.
Takeshita met with Shintaro
Abe, secretary general of the
governing Liberal Democrats, and
agreed to choose a new party
leader and prime minister after
Japan's April 29 to May 6 "Golden
Week" holidays end.
The ordinarily unflappable
prime minister appeared shaken
following the suicide Wednesday
of Ihei Aoki, 58, an aide since 1958
and the man who handled Take
shita's scandal-tainted political
"I strongly regret (his action),"
Takeshita told reporters. "We
walked side by side for over 30
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News in Brief
Violence in Israel claims 3 j.;-
JERUSALEM Israeli sold-I?
iers reportedly shot and killed '
three Palestinians and wounded at
least 63 during a general strike-'
Wednesday in the occupied lands;-.''
and masked attackers killed an-'
Arab accused of collaborating
with Israel. J
Also Wednesday, more than 80
Palestinian leaders in the occupied
lands rejected a government prop:
osal for elections leading to ah
interim peace plan. The leaders',
many of them pro-PLO, said the ?
elections were a ploy "calculated:
to appeal to the media, to end the .'
(Palestinian) uprising and to win
They said only an international"
peace conference with PLO par-:'
ticipation could solve the Middle
East conflict. Their signed state-',
ment was the first formal response:,
by local Palestinians to Shamir's. .
- The violence occurred mostly ra
the Gaza Strip, a stronghold of the
Islamic fundamentalist group
Hamas, which called the strike on
the anniversary of the capture of
Mecca in Saudi Arabia by the
Prophet Mohammed in 630.
Afghans mark coup date .
KABUL, Afghanistan Sold
iers accompanied by tanks, mis
siles and rockets paraded through
Kabul on Wednesday to mark the
1 1th anniversary of the communist
coup, but fears of guerrilla attacks
kept celebrations to a minimum.-
The parade was held a day early
to avoid attacks. As it passed
through central Eidgah Square,
insurgents fired a rocket into the
Later, as the parade was ending,
Moslem guerrillas who had moved
into an abandoned village about
15 miles from the capital fired on
troops along the Salang Highway,
which leads from the city to the
The two sides exchanged fire for
nearly eight hours, with helicopter
gunships attacking the village and
soldiers firing artillery on the mud-and-stone
There were no ' reports df