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2The Daily Tar HeelTuesday, September 12, 1989
World and Nation
D7000 fond hole-So
From Associated Press reports
PASSAU, West Germany
Crammed into sputtering sedans and
cheering their new freedom, thousands
of East Germans reached Bavaria on
Monday in a historic exodus permitted
by the reform-minded Communist
government in Hungary.
More than 2,000 refugees had made
the journey from Hungary to Austria
and then West Germany by midmorn
ing, with hundreds more streaming in
later in the day. News reports said the
total could top 10,000.
"I decided on escaping 27 years ago,
and today it worked. It's a feeling that's
just tops : Id," 5 aid a 40-year-old
Leipzig man after crossing into West
Germany at Passau.
. Single people, couples and families
with children and babies made the
journey from Hungary to West Ger
many by bus, rickety sedans or
"We did not really plan to come
here, but when we heard about the
opening of the (Hungarian-Austrian)
border, we decided this was a chance,"
said 20-year-old Volkmar Windt, who
crossed into West Germany on a small
Bush assures no U.S.
From Associated Press reports
WASHINGTON President Bush,
trying to dispel fears about the use of
U.S. military forces in the war on drugs,
said Monday there was "no contempla
tion" of combat roles for U.S. service
men sent to Latin America.
; Bush made his declaration after
White House Press Secretary Marlin
Fitzwater complained there were "a lot
of people who are trying to portray this
as another Vietnam situation or the
beginning of massive troop buildup
and so forth."
: About 30 U.S. servicemen have ar
rived in Colombia to help train that
nation's military forces in using newly
supplied U.S. military equipment for
the battle against drugs at the source.
Bush said Colombia has received 10
aircraft, five helicopters and an assort
ment of jeeps, ambulances and armor.
; The advisers and equipment are part
of a $65 million package that Bush
authorized last month for Colombia.
The president announced last Tuesday
that an additional $261 million in secu
rity aid would go to Colombia, Peru
FAA launches modification plari to. keep aging planes in the air
From Associated Press reports
; WASHINGTON The Federal
Aviation Administration will order
aging McDonnell Douglas jetliners to
undergo modifications to continue
flying after a set number of landings,
government and industry officials
; ' None of the work is urgent and the
airliners remain safe to fly, said Clyde
Kizer of the Air Transport Association,
which represents airlines and main
tains the task force which recommended
the modifications. He said no fare in
creases or service disruptions were
expected because of the orders, since
many airlines have already completed
East German-made motorcycle along
with his twin sister, Katrin.
Many refugees were cheering and
shouting as they reached Bavaria under
the blaze of television lights, while
children played with teddy bears handed
out by relief workers,
Some tumbled out of compact cars
packed with people and flashed victory
signs after crossing into West Germany.
It was the greatest flood of East
German refugees since 1961, the year
the Berlin Wall halted the flow to the
Hungary's action marks the first time
a Warsaw Pact country has aided an
exodus of refugees from an allied
communist nation. East German lead
ers expressed outrage at the Hungarian
government, and state news media
accused it of "organized smuggling of
It was not known how long the exo
dus of East . Germans out of Hungary
will last. News reports said the East
Germans might restrict travel to Hun
gary in retaliation, but the government
denied the reports.
"I have this feeling that I have missed
the last train to the West," a worried
and Bolivia as part of a five-year, $2
While Bush tried to play down the
role of U.S. forces in Latin America, a
member of the Senate Intelligence
Committee said the military would
provide protection to U.S. drug en
forcement agents and other law en
forcement officials operating in such
nations as Colombia, Bolivia and Peru.
Sen. Dennis DeConcini, D-Ariz., said
a secret directive signed recently by
Bush authorizes the military "to be
physically involved with units in the
field where we have been invited to
have our law enforcement people."
The senator said such protection was
designed to prevent incidents similar to
the torture and murder of U.S. drug
agent Enrique Camarena in
Guadalajara, Mexico, in February 1 985.
"We can't afford another Camarena,"
Fitzwater said he could not com
ment on the senator's remarks although
the spokesman confirmed that Bush
had signed a secret directive outlining
the goals and limits of military involve-
Robert Aaronson, ATA president,
said the orders were not a result of the
July 19 crash of a United DC-10 in
Sioux City, Iowa, which killed 112
people. A separate industry-government
inquiry is being conducted into the
design of larger airliners, partly as a
result of that crash.
The aging airliner task force was set
up after an Aloha Airlines 737 with
nearly 90,000 flights lost an 18-foot
section of fuselage in an April 1988
flight over Hawaii. A flight attendant
was killed in the incident.
A Federal Aviation Administration
official said the agency would order
various modifications to the fuselage,
landing gears and doors of 1,153 DC-
iw y WX
student in East Berlin told The Associ
Other East Berliners interviewed
Monday, all speaking on condition of
anonymity, expressed the same fear.
The exodus came after weeks of talks
between the two Germanys failed. On
Sunday,' the Hungarian government
formally announced it would allow all
East Germans to leave for West Ger
many. East German refugees arriving in
West Germany said their journey ful
filled their dreams.
"For us there is only the future and it
will be good," said a middle-age East
German husband and father of two
children, who would not give his name.
Chancellor Helmut Kohl, during a
speech in Bremen, said that until East
Germany adopted reforms, West Ger
many would be seen as a mecca for
unhappy East German citizens. .
In Washington, State Department
deputy spokesman Richard Boucher
said the United States welcomed the
"We also commend Austria for its
help and support, and we admire the
efforts of the Federal Republic to offer
ment in the drug fight.
Fitzwater said the U.S. forces in Latin
America did have the right to defend
themselves. He said that was standard
policy for U.S. troops anywhere in the
"They are there. There is a risk.
Colombia is a very dangerous place to
be these days."
In another development, Fitzwater
threw cold water on a suggestion by
Drug Enforcement Administrator John
Lawn that the administration is recon-
sidering whether to ban the sale of
assault weapons produced in the United
States. The Bush administration has
curtailed importation of such weapons
but has not taken any action against
those made in this country.
"We aren't aware of any reconsid
eration," Fitzwater said. "By that I
mean there's none in the White House
... I know the White House position has
been given to me by the highest au
thorities." The president, in a speech to Treas-
ury Department officials, used virtu-
ally the same language employed by
10, DC-9, DC-8 and MD80 jetliners
used by U.S. airlines as they age over
the next four years. Most foreign air
lines, flying another 750 McDonnell
Douglas planes, also are expected to
"Let me emphasize that the safety
record of commercial aircraft contin
ues to be excellent," Kizer told a joint
government-industry news conference.
He described the order as a precaution
ary action to ensure that the planes
could continue to fly safely.
The McDonnell Douglas orders are
similar to those issued by the FAA in
May for aging Boeing 727, 737 and 747
airliners following another task force
report, officials said, although work
a home to fellow Germans seeking
After crossing into the West, the
refugees lined up to register with West
German charities and border authori
ties. As parents stretched, filled out forms
or cupped hands around containers of
coffee handed out by volunteers, their
children lined up in the morning mist
for the teddy bears, picture books and
other donated playthings.
West German Red Cross workers
hastily erected tent communities in
several Bavarian towns last month.
Authorities said more beds were being
made available in West German army
But most arriving Monday opted to
drive on to relatives in cities as far away
as Hamburg, more than 350 miles from
About 6,000 East Germans had al
ready fled to the West this summer
through Hungary, which with Poland is
gradually liberalizing while neighbor
ing East bloc governments are resisting
the freer climate under Mikhail Gorbachev.
Fitzwater in talking about the role of
"Let me state clearly," Bush said,
"none of the Andean nations have asked
for U.S. troops. And there is no con
templation of the use of American armed
forces in any combat role.
"No U.S. military personnel will
accompany host-government forces on
actual field operations," the president
Fitzwater refused to give details of
the secret directive on the drug war.
Asked if the directive left the door
open for the use of troops under some
conditions, Fitzwater said, "I really can't
go beyond that it doesn't contemplate
the use of troops. I think the interpreta
tion can fairly be made that it doesn't
authorize troops, either."
During the day, Bush met with
Britain's new foreign minister, John
Major. Afterward, Major told reporters
that Britain has had a team of experts in
Bogota for the past few days to assess
how London can help the government
of President Virgilio Barco fight drugs.
required on the McDonnell Douglas
aircraft will be less extensive and less
An industry analyst, Paul Turk of
AVMARK Inc., said McDonnell
Douglas planes generally are built with
a heavier structure than Boeing air
craft, which means the fuselage is less
subject to f atigue.
A third task force panel is expected
to make recommendations for other
aging airliners by the end of the year.
The recommendations, beginning
with the Boeing orders in May, mark a
major change in the government's
approach to aging airliners.
Previously, the FAA had required
periodic inspections with replacement
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REQUIRED READING FOR THE REAL WORLD j
South African police force
pledges end to use of whips
From Associated Press reports
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa
Police said Monday they would
stop using whips against anti-apartheid
protesters because of "negative
reactions" at home and abroad.
Two prominent critics of the po-
lice, Anglican Archbishop Desmond
Tutu and the Rev. Allan Boesak,
discussed their concerns in Cape
Town with diplomats from the
United States and 14 other coun
tries. Tutu said he asked the diplomats
to "categorically condemn the bru
talities of the security forces."
Activists claim at least 23 and as
many as 29 black and mixed-race
people were killed Sept. 6 in election
night violence allegedly instigated
by police in townships near Cape
Law and Order Minister Adriaan
Vlok has called Tutu a liar and dis
puted the activists' figures. Vlok says
10 people were killed in black-on-black
factional fighting and that five
other deaths are under investigation.
"Even if we dealt only with (the
police) figure, it is a scandal," Tutu
said. "Fifteen is a massacre."
U.S. Ambassador William Swing
was among the diplomats meeting
with Tutu and Boesak.
"My government believes it is
important to listen to their (Tutu's
and Boesak's) concerns and their
points of view, particularly about
the recent deaths in the Cape Town
area," Swing said afterward. "We
are saddened by the reports of the
deaths, and we deplore this and all
Bakker trial continues
CHARLOTTE A California
real estate agent testified Monday
that PTL founder Jim Bakker sold a
luxury home at a loss of at least
$85,000 the month he resigned from
the television ministry.
Outside court, Bakker's wife,
Tammy, appeared on the "Phil
Donahue Show," saying they never
intended to misuse contributions to
Emma Howard, a real estate agent
from Palm Springs, Calif., said
Bakker bought the Palm Deserthome
in 1984 for $450,000 and sold it in
required only when corrosion, crack
ing or other signs of metal fatigue were
The FAA order will cover only U.S.
planes over the next four years, with
work required as each airliner logs a set
number of landings, and would total
$53 million, said Ray Ramakis, assis
tant FAA director for maintenance
programs and flying standards. The
number of landings varies for each type
of aircraft and for the type of work to be
Ramakis said the orders initially will
cover 21 8 DC-8s, 568 DC-9s, 173 MD
80s and 194 DC-lOs. The DC-8s date
back to the late 1950s, with DC-9s first
built in 1964 and replaced by the MD-
the world. I want to be
News in Brief
March 1987 for $385,000.
"They lost at least $65,000 on the
sales price plus closing costs and
real estate commission," she said.
"That added up to at least $85,000."
Howard was one of several wit- ;
nesses called to testify at Bakker's
federal fraud and conspiracy trial
about the Bakkers' spending habits.
Howard said she helped Bakker
buy a $600,000 furnished home in
Palm Springs in February 1987. She
said he sold it in August 1 987 for the
same price, losing a $36,000 real
estate commission, $5,000 for a new
roof and closing costs of $3,000.
Bakker is charged with 24 counts
of fraud and conspiracy and faces
1 20 years in prison and more than $5
million in fines.
Explorers search for Earhart
SUVA, Fiji A group of Ameri
cans headed to a desert island Mon
day where they believe Amelia
Earhart died of thirst after crashing
into the South Pacific 52 years ago.
"We wouldn't be going if we
didn't think there was something
there,' ' said Richard Gillespie, presi
dent of The International Group for
Historic Aircraft Recovery in
The expedition's archaeologist,
Thomas King, said the group hoped
to find traces of the fuselage of
Earhart's Lockheed Electra plane
and its two steel engines.
The group believes that Earhart
died on the island of Nikumaroro,
about 1,000 miles east of Fiji. The
island is also known as Gardener.
Earhart set off from Papua, New
Guinea on a journey that began in
Oakland, Calif. Her disappearance
July 3, 1 937, made headlines around
the world. President Theodore
Roosevelt authorized a search for
the plane but nothing was found.
The American flier was 6,820
miles short of her goal of flying
around the world when she and navi
gator Fred Noonan vanished. Her
stopover destination en route to
Hawaii was Howland Island, about
500 miles north of Nikumaroro.
80 in the 1980s. DC-lOs first went into
service in 1971.
The task force recommended work
over the next 20 years on 1 ,900 McDon-;
nell Douglas airliners in service
throughout the world and said the bill
would total $563 million, amounting to
an average of $290,000 per aircraft.. . ;
from page 1
someone sees it as an inequality, there
are plenty of opportunities for women
to get entertainment for women.
"It's been said that Playboy pro
motes sexist ideas because it promotes
one image of physical beauty. But Play
boy has featured women of all nation
alities and races, and even handicapped
women. It does not put down an entire
Legal Problems ?
Attorney at Law
in the DTH office