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2The Daily Tar HeelThursday, September 14, 1989
World and Nation
By KARI BARLOW
China fired its minister of culture,
Wang Meng, last week in another ex
ample of renewed hard-line control of
the government since the military crack
down on student protesters in Tian
anmen Square in June.
Meng is the highest ranking govern
ment official to be fired since Commu
nist Party leader Zhao Ziyang was
Meng is a novelist who was exiled in
1957 during the Cultural Revolution
for writing short stories that were said
to be contrary to the Communist Party
The official press in Beijing said
Meng was dismissed from his position.
But Meng asked to be relieved of his
position to work on his writing, said
Wu Zurong, a spokesman in the press
office of the Chinese Embassy in
The request for Meng's removal was
made by Premier Li Peng, Zurong said.
Imitfaott deaths, prenatal caire lioEced
By KYLE YORK SPENCER
North Carolina has the fourth high
est infant mortality rate in the nation,
and this ranking is strongly linked to
the fact that 22 percent of all pregnant
women in the state receive little or no
The General Assembly recently
increased Medicaid reimbursement
rates by 50 percent to help women who
cannot afford prenatal care.
Due to rising malpractice insurance
costs and low reimbursement rates,
many N.C. doctors are no longer ac
cepting Medicaid as a form of pay
ment, said Carla Weinfeld, coordinator
of the prenatal program at Orange
Chatham Comprehensive Health Serv
From Associated Press reports
BERLIN Hungary said Wednes
day it would break its Warsaw Pact
commitment and keep open its borders
to the West, and an East German news
paper said it is time to consider why the
country's young, skilled citizens are
In Austria, the Interior Ministry said
12,158 East Germans had passed
through that country en route to West
Germany in the two days that refugees
have been taking advantage of
Hungary's newly opened border.
In Budapest, a government official
said Wednesday that Hungary had no
intention of reversing its dramatic new
reflected the increasingly liberal com
munist nation's new role in'the world.
The Hungarian government's policy
of opening the country's borders will
continue," said Ferenc Somogyi, the
No. 2 official in the Foreign Ministry.
"You're really opening up a Pandora's
Box of funding issues and referendums
Mark Bibbs (Dist. 12) said he could
not deny his freshman constituency the
right to vote on the SRC. "The right to
vote is the most basic formulated right
we have in this country. I, in clear
conscience, cannot vote that we vote
against the students' right to vote again."
Sam Bagenstos (Dist. 14) agreed,
saying the freshmen in his district
expressed anger about having no say in
something they had to pay for.
Jonathan Martin (Dist 8) said he
wasn't convinced that students had
made an informed choice in February.
"A lot of people chose 'yes' or 'no
because they didn't know a lot about it
It bothers me to think that Student
Deng Xiaoping, military and politi
cal leader of China, allowed Meng to
return to Beijing in 1979 and to write
about his experiences during his exile.
In 1986, Meng was appointed cultural
minister, and many have considered
the last three years a time of literary
freedom for China.
It appears that firing the minister of
culture is an attempt to clamp down on
art and literature, said Larry Kessler,
UNC-CH associate professor of his
tory. The Chinese government has made
many moves like this one since the
crackdown on student protesters in
Chinese students were calling for
major political reform and a chance to
discuss their demands with Xiaoping.
She said she could not find a private
doctor in Chapel Hill, Durham or
Hillsborough who would accept Medi
caid as payment from a pregnant pa
tient. In 1987 the infant death rate rose by
4.3 percent, and according to a study by
the N.C. Institute of Medicine, black
infants are two times more likely to die
than white infants.
"The most important cause of infant
death is low birth weight," Weinfeld
said. OCCHS provides federally funded
community services, including prena
tal care for pregnant women.
Of all the babies bom in North Caro
lina, 7.9 percent of them have low birth
weights more than 1 percent above
to keep boirdeirs open to fleeing East bloc citizens
He said that as long as a third country
was willing to accept refugees from
other East bloc countries, Hungary
would allow them to leave.
But he said the current orchestrated
migration was a "unique step" that
applied only to East German citizens.
"The East Germans were not treated
as refugees and they did not request
asylum as refugees," Somogyi said. -
East Germans are automatically
considered citizens of West Germany
and therefore do not qualify as refu
gees. Somogyi said the country's open
border policy was consistent with
Hungary's status as a signatory of the
U.N. Convention on Refugees. Hun
gary is the only East bloc country that
He indicated such agreements with
the West took precedence over War
saw Pact commitments. By allowing
citizens of a Warsaw Pact ally to flee
Congress should not want to reconsider
what the students have to say."
Beall argued that members of the
physical education department faculty
also said they had not been sufficiently
informed about the center. He quoted
associate professor John Silva as say
ing, "I don't think most people (in the
In Tuesday, Sept. 12's article "Ex
perts weary of dollar's rising value,"
several attribution errors were made.
The French-American wine market
example was compiled by the article's
author, Alan Martin. Also, the phrases
"As a whole, the country has been
consuming more than it has been pro
jof TARHEEL STVrt-
r - L . . ... ... - .
While occupying the square day and
night, the students built a version of the
Statue of Liberty called the "Goddess
of Democracy." Many students went
on long hunger strikes in hopes of get
ting their demands met.
After about seven weeks, Xiaoping
and Premier Peng ordered a military
crackdown on the students. Thousands
of protesters were killed in the chaos
that followed, and hundreds were ar
rested for their involvement.
Students have been silenced for the
time being, but somewhere down the
road there will be more protests, Kessler
The Chinese government is trying to
present a picture of stability despite the
Communist Party's recent unrest and
the fact that martial law still exists in
some areas of Beijing.
"The vast majority of the students
who participated in the protest have
come to understand that stability is
important to China's economic devel
the national average.
"Prenatal care is the single most
important factor in low birth weight,"
Weinfeld said. Women with no prena
tal care are three times more likely to
have a baby of low birth weight, she
said. This puts these babies at a 90
percent greater risk of infant death than
a baby of normal weight.
Experts argue that free prenatal care
is not available for all the women who
"The truth is a lot of women can't
afford it," Weinfeld said.
B ut there are state programs designed
to combat infant mortality among the
poor. One such program,"Baby-Love,"
covers all medical costs for pregnant
women in a family of three with total
across its borders, Hungary violated
those Warsaw Pact obligations.
'There are agreements with other
Warsaw Treaty countries similar to the
one Hungary just suspended with East
Germany, and these agreements are no
longer in line with Hungary's newly
assumed international responsibilities,
such as our having signed the Geneva
Convention," Somogyi said.
"We are working to bring these vari
ous agreements into harmony with (our)
new foreign policy."
In East Berlin, the Communist Party
youth daily Junge Welt said that East
German citizens could no longer avoid
the discussion about why a "minority"
has fled the country of 16.6 million
"How do we make this country in
disputably the focal point for dedica
tion and happiness for every individ
ual? How do we make it a homeland for
even more people in which one accepts
from page 1
physical education department) know
what the hell's going on with the SRC.
We, the physical education department,
feel like we have been jerked around."
Frye said she met with physical
education faculty Tuesday, and they
voted to support the concept of the
center and the site next to Fetzer.
ducing" and "The trade deficit is being
financed by issuing IOU's to foreign
ers and allowing them to purchase
American assets" were stated by Pat
rick Conway, professor of international
economics at UNC. The Daily Tar Heel
regrets the errors.
f6 DUCTS AO 8ASMSATr
opment and modernization," Zurong
said. The students who participated in
the protest were misled by a small fac
tion of people who intended to lead an
anti-govemment rebellion, he said.
The actions of the Chinese govern
ment have created a lot of tension at a
political level between China and the
United States, Kessler said.
A spokeswoman for the State De
partment, who asked not to be identi
fied, said the situation in China was still
not normal, and Americans are being
warned not to travel to China unless it
The United States is trying to stimu
late economic reform which is neces
sary if China is going to achieve mod
ernization, she said.
"We've been basically saying that
the Chinese government might be able
-to clear Tiananmem Square, but they
the spokeswoman said.
monthly incomes of $838.
By 1990, the General Assembly will
expand this program to include 6,700
more women by increasing economic
But some experts argue the main
problem is lack of available informa
tion. "We need to educate more publicly
about prenatal care," said Emily
Mauney, the maternal health coordina
tor at the Orange County Health De
partment. "It is not unusual for us to see women
for the first time during their second
trimester who didn't know it was nec
essary to come in. Some women don't
see it as a priority."
burdens and from which one is not
lured away just by shop windows full of
bananas or glossy travel guides?" Junge
The newspaper often contains ar
ticles and commentaries reflecting of
The new arrivals have said they were
dissatisfied with the economy and the
political oppression at home. Many of
the arrivals are young, skilled crafts
men. They also said East Germany has
failed to adopt political and economic
reforms being tried in other Commu
The main East German party daily,
Neues Deutschland, continued Wed
nesday its criticism of West Germany,
8 a.m. Institute for Research in Social
Science will hold an ORS Funding Work
shop today in Great Hall, Student Union,
until 4:30 p.m. Info: Dottie Baker, ORS,
12:30 p.m. Institute for Research in
Social Science will hold "Evaluation of the
Japanese Technopolis Policy" with Walter
Stohr, University of Economics and Busi
ness Administration in Vienna, Austria, in
Manning Room 2 until 1:45 p.m. Info:
Harvey Goldstein, City & Regional Plan
Institute for Research in Social Science
will hold "Spanish Exploration of North
Carolina: The Failed Entradas of Hemand
de Soto and Juan Pardo" with Mary Jane
Berman, WFU Museum of Anthropology,
in the Education room, WFU Museum of
Anthropology until 1:30 p.m.
2 p.m. University Career Planning and
Placement Services will hold Job Hunt
101: Basic Information on how to use UCPPS
office for seniors and graduate students.
Will be held in 306 Hanes Hall.
3:30 p.m. UCCPS will hold a career
planning workshop for freshman through
juniors in 210 Hanes Hall.
- o o
u , v
Longtime mayor Koch loses
in New York City primary
From Associated Press reports
NEW YORK New York
Democrats chose calm," deliberate
David Dinkins over brash Mayor
Edward Koch, bringing the nation's
largest city closer to electing its first
Detroit Mayor Coleman Young,
one of the first blacks to lead a major
U.S. city, savored a big primary
victory over a dozen challengers,
and Democrats foiled Republican
designs on House seats in Texas and
California that were vacated by
Speaker Jim Wright and Democratic
Whip Tony Coelho.
Tuesday's primary election sig
naled the end of an era in New York,
although Koch reminded supporters
that it wasn't quite up.
"You'll have me from now to
December 3 1 st," he said in a conces
sion speech. "I do not intend to keep
my mouth shut."
Dinkins, the Manhattan borough
president, will face former federal
prosecutor Rudolph Giuliani in the
Nov. 7 election.
Namibian president ends exile
WINDHOEK, Namibia The
president of Namibia's independence
movement will end a 30-year exile
and return to his homeland despite
the assassination of another nation
alist leader, officials said Wednes
day. A Namibian newspaper on
Wednesday said callers claiming to
represent a white supremacist group
claimed responsibility for the killing
Tuesday of Anton Lubowski, an
official of the South-West Africa
Sam Nujoma, president of the
nationalist group, will return from
exile Thursday even though there
have been threats against his life, the
organization said in a statement.
which it contends has "lured the refu
It also criticized Hungary for allow
ing their "unsanctioned departure." The
refugees have traveled by car, train and
bus through Austria to their new home
land since midnight Sunday, when
Hungary opened its border completely.
West German border officials said
the number of refugees could top
The exodus comes at a time of dra
matic change in the East bloc. Poland
has installed the bloc's first govern
ment led by non-Communists, and
Hungary's leaders are promising free
West Germany and Hungary have
worked together to coordinate free
4 p.m. Christian Science College
Organization will have an organizational
meeting and elect officers tonight in Union
Campus Y Project Literacy will hold
its first organizational meeting tonight in the
Y Building for all interested students.
5 p.m. The Phoenix Student
Newsweekly will hold an open staff meet
ing in Union 1 08 tonight. Anyone who filled
out an application please bring your writing
5:30 p.m. The Association of Interna
tional Students will meet in Greenlaw 101
tonight. A Chinese diplomat an others who
were in China this summer will discuss the
current situation in China.
5:45 p.m. The Baptist Student Union
will hold its weekly meeting at the Battle
House across from Kenan Dorm. This week
Albert Long will speak on "God's will for
your lifeliving the faith." Come hear UNC's
last four-sport letterman. Info: 942-4266.
6 p.m. The Student Government Serv
ices Dept. will meet in Suite C of the Student
Union tonight. All students are invited to
Campus Y Big Buddy Program will
15 1 EAST FRANKLIN STREET
919-9 4 2 - 0127
News in Brief
Posters appeared in Windhoek on
Wednesday with a photograph of
Nujoma and a target superimposed
on his face.
Nujoma is returning to Namibia to
take charge of his group's campaign
for elections scheduled for early
November, a prelude to Namibian
independence from South Africa.
South Africa, which has ruled
Namibia for 74 years, has agreed to
implement independence in the terri
tory under United Nations supervi
sion. Independence is expected early
Mine fire kills 10
WHEATCROFT, Ky. Methane
gas ignited in a flash "like a flame
thrower" in a coal mine Wednesday,
killing 10 miners and burning three,
It was the nation's worst coal mine
disaster since 27 miners were killed
in 1984 in a mine in Utah, said Frank
O'Gorman of the federal Mine Safety
and Health Administration.
There was nothing to indicate that
anyone was trapped underground at
the Pyro Mining Co.'s William Sta
tion Mine in western Kentucky, said
Nancy Toombs, a secretary for state
Commissioner of Mines and Miner
als Willard Stanley.
The ignition point of the fire was
apparently near part of a mining
machine that was being dismantled to
be moved, O'Gorman said.
Thirteen miners were in the vicin
ity when the explosion occurred, State
Police Capt. Robert Forsythe said.
Three miners escaped with burns.
Rescue teams were sent into the
shaft to remove the bodies, said state
Trooper Ed Brady.
passage for the East Germans, and that
has added to the strain in relations be
tween those countries and East Berlin.
It is the first time an East bloc nation
has helped citizens from a Warsaw Pact
ally in an exodus to the West.
OnTuesday, Yegor Ligachev, a hard
line member of the Soviet Politburo,
arrived in East Berlin and accused West
Germany of "slander, enticement and
luring away" East Germans.
East German leader Erich
Honecker's prolonged recovery from
gall bladder surgery has complicated
the situation. Communist Party offi
cials acknowledge that decision-making
in East Berlin is virtually para
lyzed. have'an informational meeting tonight in
6:30 p.m. UNC Cycling Club will hold
its first meeting in 303 Woollen Gym. Cy
clists of all interests and levels are invited.
7 p.m. UNC Women's Lacrosse Club
will meet tonight in the Union Auditorium.
Carolina Comic Book Club will hold its
first meeting of the semester tonight in the
UNC Baseball (Diamond Gals) will
meet tonight at the Baseball Field Team
Room. Come join us if you are interested.
7:30 p.m. Alpha Kappa Psi, Profes
sional Business Fraternity, is holding its
formal rush tonight in Carroll 106. All in
dustrial relations, business and economics
majors are invited to attend.
8 p.m. The Black Cultural Center and
the African Student Association will pres
ent Fela Anikulapo - Kute Concert tonight in
Memorial Hall. Tickets are $6 for students,
$7 for general public.
9 p.m. Cabaret presents Nikki Meets the
Hibachi tonight in the Cabaret of the Student
Union. Show time is 9 p.m. to midnight
Tickets are $1.