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The daily Tar Heel. (Chapel Hill, N.C.) 1946-current, September 18, 1989, Page 1, Image 1

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la! fc 11 Free Shag lessons in Women's Gym, 8 p.m. Partly cloudy High in upper 70s Serving the students and the University community since 1893 Volume 97, Issue 51 Monday, September 18, 1989 Chapel Hill, North Carolina NewsSportsArts 962-0245 BusinessAdvertising 962-1 1 63 CTOP comp Jan mite spm onwesto gat dobti By MIKE SUTTON Staff Writer Criticism of this summer's freshman orientation program has prompted in vestigations by University officials and members of student government. ; Edith Wiggins, associate vice-chancellor for student affairs, met with five orientation commissioners Wednesday to discuss their complaints after Donald Boulton, dean of student affairs, re ceived a letter from Student Congress Speaker Gene Davis relaying students' concerns with the orientation program. The academic affairs department of the executive branch of student gov ernment is also investigating the mat ter. Commissioner Justen Hix had asked Davis to forward a copy of his final evaluation of this summer's C-TOPS (Carolina Testing and Orientation Pro gram Sessions) directly to Boulton, rather than filing it through Shirley Hunter, director of orientation. Hix said he was afraid Hunter would delete the negative comments before passing the report on to Boulton, her superior. Hunter said she didn't filter out criti cism in the reports before giving them to Boulton. "That's the paranoia of that individ ual. I have asked them to tell me the good, bad, indifferent, how I can im prove the program. "I do not ask them to give me flow ery reports," Hunter continued. "I've never felt the need to alter anything. That's one person's opinion, and they're entitled to it. I don't always agree with it, but they're entitled to it." Wiggins declined to discuss the de tails of the meeting before presenting her conclusions to Boulton. "I want to get my data assembled, collect it and give it to Dean Boulton. I don't want to make the report through the newspa per," she said, adding that all of the commissioners' reports also contain "lots of positive statements about what the program does." Her report will be finished in about a week, and Boulton will decide what action should be taken, if any, after reviewing it. Hunter said most of the commis sioners' concerns centered around sal ary. "Mostly the feeling was the finan cial package wasn't sufficient for the work involved." She noted that Hix was particularly upset because his decision to live in campus housing meant that almost half of his salary was spent on a room and board plan. Hix said he spent $920 of his $2,000 salary on housing. He also complained that during preparation for C-TOPS in the spring, he and other commissioners put in three to eight hours per week of unpaid labor throughout the semester, performing either administrative office work or meeting with orientation coun selors. See C-TOPS, page 2 roue adopts tuitiom) defense plan By NANCY WYKLE Staff Writer and WILL SPEARS Assistant University Editor ' The Association of Student Govern ments (ASG) took action Saturday af ternoon to combat future tuition in creases when it unanimously adopted the Tuition Defense Initiative proposal introduced by UNC Student Body Presi dent Brien Lewis. The association, composed of three delegates from each of the 16 UNC system schools, meets on a monthly basis. UNC-CH is represented by Lewis, External Affairs Chairman Bill Hilde bolt and Student Congress Speaker Gene Davis, who was elected president of ASG on Saturday. Lewis explained the proposal in a press conference Friday. The proposal is designed to prevent a repeat of this Gene Davis ASG president 3 past summer's last minute tuition in crease. The increase was $100, or 20 per cent, for in-state residents, and $669, or 15 percent, for out-of-state students. "One hundred dollars is not so un reasonable," Lewis said Friday. "The point is not x number of dollars; it's that students were left out of the decision making process. And this is a danger ous precedent, in that we (the UNC system) are being seen as a revenue source." . . . .. Lewis' proposal comprises six points. The first is that the ASG president will report at each UNC Board of Governors (BOG) meeting on student concerns. Newly-elected ASG President Davis said it was important for students in the UNC system to have a firm line of communication with members of the BOG. BOG member Reginald McCoy said he thought board members would be receptive to this point. "Any input they (ASG) could give us would help. However, the legislature, who created us, will have the last say, and there's not a whole lot we can do about it." This point of the proposal is an alter native to establishing a student mem ber of the BOG, which is not very likely, Lewis said. "We raised that point at a recent conference (held in Boone last weekend) and it was not responded to enthusiastically." The second point is student leaders See ASG, page 4 I JW - A Si 1 s i, x J ., - '.'W:f 5 v , ' , J It - f 3 J1 5, v- It's only rock 'n roll Miick Jagger, lead singer of the Rolling Stones, rocks a full house at Carter-Finley Stadium in DTHDavkJ Surowiecki Raleigh Saturday night as a part of the 'Steel Wheels' tour. See review, page 6. Professor says China used student movement to advantage By JASON KELLY Staff Writer ' The Chinese student movement that ended in a massacre in Tiananmen Square, Beijing, in July was used to further the purposes of contending factions in the upper leadership of the country, professor Craig Calhoun said Saturday. A power struggle among the elite in government allowed the student move ment to grow as large as it did, and the ending violence was an unmistakable sign of a military-allied faction's vic tory, Calhoun said. "The violence was a demonstration that a certain faction had won, and in a way, to undermine the concern of op posing factions for appearances and Western opinion. Once the massacre had happened, saving face was a moot point." Calhoun is a sociology professor who has studied around the world and spent last year as an associate professor at Beijing University. The students of , " zVl - $ fx J I ) w i ft tfj 4 " v 4 t r i y , -www j -j ? ii i -T-nWinfii-rlriniKllnnrnini m,-.v;;Mnr I .j' -.fli . .aetc-S Welcome to the club DTHJodi Anderson Alpha Delta Pi members Shelly Muhl and Lang Kelly greet a new -pledge on Bid Day Saturday evening. Beijing University played a large role in leading the uprising in Tiananmen Square. At the beginning of his lecture, Calhoun discounted the ultimate relia bility of eyewitness accounts. "Eyewit nesses don't know everything. In fact an eyewitness is severly limited in his account of events because he only sees what is immediately around him. It's more like a worm's eye view rather than a bird's eye view." As an example of the confusion in Beijing, Calhoun said: "When the pro tests began, I rented a room in the Shagri-la Hotel, one of the few places that got uninterrupted satellite trans missions, and watched CNN (Cable News Network) to find out what was going on in China. Then CNN called me to get an eyewitness report of what's going on in China, when all I knew is what I'd seen on CNN." The occupation of Tiananmen Square was not the picture of chaos that many Chinese officials portrayed it to be, he said. "When the officials said there was anarchy, they did not mean there was chaos, it meant that they were not in control. "For 10 to 12 days there was effec tively no government in Beijing. There were no policemen at intersections, no officials of any sort in the city, because they had all fled to refuges outside Beijing. But life went on almost as usual. Chinese society is not defined and given its order by top-down ad ministration. This must have terrified the bureaucrats." China is changing rapidly under Western influences, Calhoun said. "People are better off and much more consumer-oriented. "New businesses which are conspicu ously consumer-oriented are appearing everywhere. People who had to wait in line for a bike four years ago now have 10-speeds and 35mm cameras and Walkmans. There is even the begin nings of fashion consciousness." "The identity of China has been in doubt ever since contact with the West. 'Quality and innovation must be from the West' is a pervasive idea, but it may not be healthy. People must believe that their culture is the best everyone inherently does but Westernization is undermining Chinese culture. China is uncertain how to face the modern world and where Chinese culture and tradition fit. "The student movement had its ori gins in the questions that Westerniza tion has raised," Calhoun continued. "We have a rationale for the capitalist system, and the great divide between rich and poor which it leaves. But the Chinese have no such explanations for the reforms and change in their society, at least none that an average person on the street could tell you. "There is no reason they can give for why a busboy at an international hotel makes more money than a university professor or an engineer that runs the power plant supplying electricity to a major portion of Beijing." "The students believed the people's interests should be listened to by the government. They would be content f X 1 - 'vx - a- it I fpiss Craig Calhoun with a benign dictatorship that would recognize and respond to their needs. Elections were a low priority. Graduate students plan rally seeking better pay, benefits By MYRON B. PITTS Staff Writer Graduate Students United (GSU), an organization of about 90 UNC post baccalaureate students, will hold a press conference and rally in the Pit today to examine salaries and benefits of gradu ates who work for the University and compare them to those of similar uni versities. In a recent report, GSU has described four main goals: a raise in salaries to a minimum of $4,000 a semester for all graduate as sistants; in-state tuition remission for assis tants; a child-care plan open to all Uni versity personnel, including graduates; and a health insurance plan for gradu ates. Members of GSU, as well as Provost Dennis O'Connor, have said graduates do not earn enough to make ends meet as teaching and research assistants and are forced to take other jobs to help pay tuition. Graduate students make be tween $4,000 and $11,000 a year de pending on the department because more funds are allotted to certain de partments, said GSU chairwoman Cindy Hahamovitch, a graduate stu dent in American history from Mon treal. O'Connor, who has called the rais ing of graduate assistant wages his top priority, will be one of several mem bers of the faculty to speak at the rally. Others to speak will include graduate assistants and undergraduate students. "We're hoping to publicize the group's (GSU's) goals," Hahamovitch said. "We're going to call on represen tatives and students to endorse our goals." In a summer study conducted by GSU, the University was found to have one of the lowest graduate assistant salary averages and one of the highest averages for cost of living expense, when compared to 10 "peer institu tions." GSU, which was organized at the end of last spring semester, will present the results of its research in detail at the press conference. "During the summer, we tried to get contact persons in all departments," said GSU member Johanna Schoen. The group recruited graduates to help spread its message for the fall semester. Hahamovitch said it was difficult to determine who was responsible for the low wages because money for graduate assistantships is drawn from various places in the budget. "They (members of the legislature) don't understand that the education provided (at UNC) would not be nearly as good without us," said Hahamovitch, who is a history teaching assistant. With the absence of teaching assistants, class sizes would be "enormous" and less time could be devoted to individual students, she said. nside Setting a good example Student Congress supports Spangler's academic sugges tions for athletes 3 Pig out Mayor reconsiders idea of keeping pet hog in town ....4 PSAT on the house Some N.C. students will, fill in the ovals for free 5 Sock It to 'em Women's soccer proves they're still number one ... 12 University news 3 City news 4 State and national news ....5 Arts 6 Comics 9 Sports Monday, .12 "'" M"J" ' ' "" One day we realize we are not waiting but living. Anna

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