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2The Daily Tar HeelFriday, September 22, 1989
World and Nation
By GLENN O'NEAL
North Carolina is one of eight south
ern states working to reach an agree
ment for the management of hazardous
wastes by Oct. 17, when Environmental
Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund
money discontinues for states without
a waste management plan.
The Superfund Amendments and
Reauthorization Act (SARA) Action
Committee, composed of representa
tives from the eight states, met last
Friday in Atlanta and worked on a draft
for an agreement, said Carl Terry, public
affairs spokesman for the EPA.
The N.C. group is working on the
' document and is sending copies to the
other states, he said. The SARA Action
' Committee will met Sept. 29 to finalize
The governors of the states consid-
- ering the agreement discussed the issue
- during a conference of Southern gover
nors in Wilmington, Del., on Sept. 18
' and 19.
The conference was particularly
important this year because of the issue
'. of hazardous waste, said David Prather,
Residents seek shelter from B-
From Associated Press reports
CHARLESTON, S.C. Hurricane
Hugo advanced faster and with renewed
fury Thursday on Georgia and South
Carolina as a flood of coastal residents
grabbed what they could carry and fled
inland on jammed highways.
"We're not going to take any
chances," said Lamar Davis, a bar
tender on St. Simons, an island off
southern Georgia, who stole a last glance
at a pounding surf before leaving with
his wife and 4-year-old daughter.
The leading edge of Hugo, whose
winds muscled up to 125 mph from 105
mph the day before, was most likely to
hit between Savannah, Ga., and Char
leston any time after 8 p.m. A hurricane
warning was in effect between Fer
nandina Beach, Fla., and Oregon Inlet,
At 3 p.m., Hugo was 220 miles from
Savannah and bearing down at 20 mph.
It was expected to turn gradually to the
north, according to the National
The timing of the landfall was criti
cal because of the storm's tidal surge, a
Joint Chiefs -of Staff
1 From Associated Press reports
: WASHINGTON Adm. William
. Crowe Jr., retiring chairman of the Joint
: Chiefs of Staff, called Thursday for an
: end to sales of assault weapons and also
: said the nation "might consider doing
: unusual things with the military" to win
I the war against drugs.
I "If we want to fight it, and we want
to whip it, we want to prevent it, I
would suggest that it does require
'unusual measures," Crowe said in a
'. wide-ranging interview with news serv
. ice reporters.
I President Bush has banned imported
. assault weapons but has allowed sales
'.' of U.S.-made versions to continue.
Saying the nation has never "seen
-I the fiber of our society eaten away by
tan insidious, uncontrollable threat,"
Z Crowe suggested that in the anti-drug
fight America might want to use the
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create waste control olao
deputy director of communications for
Gov. Jim Martin. A multi-state agree
ment on the management of hazardous
waste needs some work, he said.
Before Gov. Martin left for the con
ference, he wanted the new draft agree
ment ready so he could speak with the
other governors, said Victoria Voight,
associate attorney general for North
Each of the eight states in EPA
Region Four would have a different
function in handling the hazardous
waste, Prather said. North Carolina has
decided to build an incinerator for the
project, but a location for the incinera
tor has not been chosen.
The eight states discussing the agree
ment are Alabama, Florida, Georgia,
Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina,
South Carolina and Tennessee.
By Oct. 17, a state must have a haz
ardous waste plan in effect or the EPA
cannot commit Superfund clean-up
money to that state, Voight said.
In North Carolina, there are nego
tiations with the EPA on two clean-up
sites, she said. If the state does not have
a waste management plan in effect, the
10- to 15-foot dome of water that would
feed a normal 5-foot high tide that
peaks after 2 a.m.
"On top of that will be waves, and so
(on) ... barrier islands (in) many places
the buildings will be swept clean off of
those islands," Bob Sheets, director of
the National Hurricane Center, said
from Coral Gables, Fla.
Evacuees lined up at gas stations and
stripped store shelves of bottled water,
bread and batteries. Officials warned
coastal dwellers not to linger because
gale force winds and flash floods could
block escape routes. Five to 10 inches
of rain is expected.
The Navy moved ships out of coastal
harbors to ride out the storm at sea.
Army bases in coastal states moved
helicopters inland or into shelters.
In South Carolina, which was in a
state of emergency, Gov. Carroll
Campbell dispatched 400 National
Guardsmen to assist a mandatory evacu
ation of coastal barrier islands and
About one-fifth of the state's 3.1
million residents live in eight coastal
military in new ways. "That doesn't
appall me," he said.
He said he could not outline the
Pentagon's role in great detail, noting
the military's plans were currently being
worked out at the command of Defense
Secretary Dick Cheney.
But he said U.S. forces will not be
drawn into anti-drug combat overseas,
and that Pentagon officials are not inter
ested in shooting down unidentified
aircraft suspected of ferrying illicit
narcotics into the country a possibil
ity suggested by some in Congress.
Crowe said he finds the drug threat
so severe a problem he could foresee an
expanded role for the U.S. military
overseas in fighting international drug
"Perhaps that function will grow,"
Crowe said of the use of military train
ers and advisers in the Andean nations
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contracts will go on hold.
One of the projects provides for the
cleanup of a number of pesticide sites
in Aberdeen at a cost of $1 1 million,
Voight said. The other project is called
the Cape Fear Wood Preserving site,
with a cleanup cost of $15 million.
The state would be required to pay
10 percent of the costs for both of the
clean-up sites, she said.
Six of the eight states have signed a
commitment to a regional approach,
Voight said. Georgia and Kentucky
have not signed a commitment, but
they have been involved in the negotia
tions, she said.
In Tuesday's Atlanta Constitution,
Georgia Gov. Joe Frank Harris said his
state would sign the agreement to coop
erate in the hazardous waste plan, Terry
Wallace Wilkinson, governor of
Kentucky, has said he wants to see
what comes out of the upcoming public
hearings when Kentucky residents
express their viewpoints before he
makes any commitments, said Doug
Alexander, press secretary for the
By early afternoon, the windswept
streets of the resort island of Hilton
Head were deserted. Stores were forti
fied with boards, and most homes were
empty. State troopers guarded the
"We brought our photo albums and
our important papers," said Pat Bross,
who had stopped for gas while heading
from Hilton Head to Augusta, Ga.
The Georgia Emergency Manage
ment Agency opened shelters and ad
vised about 142,000 people more
than 95,000 of them in Chatham County
to leave their homes. Gov. Joe Frank
Harris declared a state of emergency in
The state's biggest shelters were
opened at Georgia Southern College in
Statesboro, with room for 15,500, and
the Veterans Administration Medical
Center in Dublin, where officials said
nearly 19,000 could be housed.
Coastal school systems canceled
class for the rest of the week.
Hugo was upgraded to a category 3
hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson scale
under Bush's anti-drug strategy. "If
what we are doing now is effective,
they may want more of it."
On the domestic front, Crowe cited
several areas where the military role
can be expanded in order to fight the
flow of drugs across U.S. borders.
"If we don't have control, it's our
own fault," the admiral said in an inter
view with The Associated Press and
Crowe is scheduled to retire Oct. 1
after 43 years in the military. The 64-year-old
former submariner is wrap
Proposal suggests shorter death penalty process
From Associated Press reports
WASHINGTON A committee
appointed by Chief Justice William
Rehnquist called Thursday for stream
lining death penalty appeals to assure
swifter executions, but only after con
demned murderers get more legal help.
The proposal was promptly de
nounced by civil liberties lawyers who
accused Rehnquist of stacking the
"They want to be able to kill more
people faster," said Mary Broderick of
the National Legal Aid and Defender
The entire grievance process is
weighted against the employees, Ed
wards said. Administration officials
team up to keep officers' complaints
from reaching upper-level officials, she
said. Edwards also claims that Univer
sity police administrators practice re
prisals on officers who file complaints
or try to talk to upper-level officials.
'They're doing everything they can
to make me upset, to make me quit, to
make me get violent," she said.
"They've been doing everything they
can to make things bad for me."
Edwards said she didn't believe the
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Mississippi has not committed to a
proposal for a facility that fits the three
categories that Alabama and South
Carolina have set forth for a buy-in into
the agreement, Voight said. The three
categories are land disposal, incinera
tion and aqueous treatment. Missis
sippi has suggested building a facility
but has not said what category the facil
ity would fit, she said.
It has been suggested that Missis
sippi wants to build a metals recovery
facility, but that use may not be ac
cepted by the other states, she said.
South Carolina and Alabama have
available landfill space, she said.
"Therefore, they are key to a regional
agreement. They have considerable
clout in negotiations."
Congress passed the Superfund
Admendments and Reauthorization Act
in 1986, Terry said. The act will require
states to handle hazardous waste in
their state for twenty years, he said.
"The EPA's number one priority is
source reduction to reduce waste,"
he said. "It is the state's decision to
determine what type of facility they
of strength, indicating it was powerful
enough to cause extensive damage.
Only two storms of category 5 the
highest have hit the United States
this century: the 1935 Labor Day hurri
cane that killed 600 people in the Flor
ida Keys and Hurricane Camille, which
devastated the Mississippi coast in 1 969,
killing 256 and causing $1.4 billion
Meanwhile, the vanguard of 1,100
soldiers dispatched by President Bush
entered the U.S. Virgin Islands at St.
Croix, which was pummeled by Hugo
and then hit by a looting frenzy and
Local police and the National Guard
plundered stores with machete-wielding
gangs and escaped prisoners, creat
ing "chaos and near anarchy," accord
ing to Adm. William Crowe.
Presidential spokesman Marlin
Fitzwater said the situation had im
The Virgin Islands was declared a
disaster area, which entitles victims to
receive loans for rebuilding and other
supports halt of weapons sales
ping up two terms as the chairman of
the Joint Chiefs of Staff, where he served
as the principal military adviser to the
president and as the Pentagon's top
Crowe said the nation's civilians
must consider curbing some of their
beloved freedoms if the drug problem
is to be eradicated.
"Certainly if the threat is as grave as
many people picture it to be, the United
States can't fight a threat that serious
and be normal," he said.
Crowe said certain elements in our
Retired Supreme Court Justice Lew
Powell, who heads the committee, said,
"The hard fact is that the (capital pun
ishment) laws of 37 states are not being
enforced by the courts.
"I respect those who argue for out
right abolition of death punishment,
but it seems irrational to retain the
penalty and frustrate its fair implemen
tation." Ironically, Powell said he would vote
to abolish capital punishment if he were
a state legislator, contending, "It has
present situation could change with the
"Nothing will change until we have
somebody in the administration who
cares about the officers themselves who
do the work. We just want someone
who will understand our problems and
listen to our side."
Officers can't get their complaints
heard by upper-level administration
officials, forcing officers to take these
matters to the media, Edwards said.
"Everything needs to be so public
because (Chancellor Paul) Hardin and
Tuchi have their doors closed to us.
They only hear one side of the story
1 9 students die after school ! i
bus plummets 40 feet into pit
From Associated Press reports
ALTON, Texas A bus crowded
with youngsters on their way to
school Thursday plunged more than
40 feet into a water-filled pit after
being struck by a delivery truck. .
Nineteen students were killed and 65
other people were sent to hospitals.
Dazed students scrambled out of
the submerged bus and stood on it,
screaming for help. Rescuers dove in
1 2 feet of water to pull out survivors
and the dead trapped in the bus.
Passersby pulled youngsters out
of the bus, as notebooks and school
papers floated on the water. Four
boats, firefighters from six depart
ments and about 10 divers helped in
"They were just trapped," said Al
Nye, a diver who pulled seven bod
ies from the bus. "We had to break
the glass of the windows to get in."
The driver had picked up his last
student en route to nearby Mission
High School when the bus collided
with a soft-drink truck about 7:40
a.m. at an intersection just east of
Alton, just north of the U.S.-Mexico
AIDS vaccine may hasten disease
WASHINGTON An immune
system desperately battling the AIDS
virus may actually hasten its own
death by disabling cells in the body's
army of disease fighters, a researcher
Dr. Michael Hoffman of the Sloan
Kettering Institute said in an inter
view that experiments in his labora
tory showed that an antibody made
by the immune system helped dis
able key cells in the body's defensive
system, thus . contributing to the
immune deficiency that kills AIDS
Hoffman said the finding, to be
published Friday in the journal Sci
ence, suggested that some types of
vaccine against the human immu
nodeficiency virus, or HIV, that
causes AIDS, could actually help the
disease instead of conquer it. .
"In terms of vaccination, our data
provides some alarming news be
cause you would have to realize if
you immunize (with a vaccine) you
also produce antibodies that might
society "want drugs to go away, but
they don't want the quality of their
The admiral, asked about the prolif
eration of guns in society, said, "I've
never objected to measures that make
you register your guns. I think the most
reasonable position seems to be that we
should generally know where the guns
are, and who owns them, and if you
own a gun you shouldn't insist on
owning it clandestinely," he said.
Asked if he believed that the sale or
purchase of assault weapons should be
not deterred murder."
The United States has the highest
murder rate of any nation and is the
only democracy that has the death
penalty, he noted.
Powell said the aim of his
committee's report is to reform a sys
tem that encourages endless legal
maneuvering, years of delay and fren
zied, last-minute moves to stave off
The committee report was submitted
to the U.S. Judicial Conference, the
policy-making arm of the federal courts.
the administration side. So we have to
go to the media to get our story out.
There are problems which should catch
their attention, but haven't so far."
Edwards said that she had tried re
peatedly to meet with Tuchi to have her
grievances heard, but that they had never
Tuchi said that he had heard reports
that Edwards wanted to meet with him,
but that she had never shown up for the
appointment. Tuchi would not com
ment further on the Edwards case.
Much discontent exists in the Uni
versity police department, Edwards
said, but most officers wont't file a
o AK Day
310 West Franklin
3 0z -Buckete
News in Brief
be rather harmful," he said.
"Among the antibodies that an
HIV-infected individual produces,'
there are some that are harmful and
actually participate in the immune
system's own destruction."
An AIDS vaccine, Hoffman said,;
"could cause exactly what you want
to prevent immune deficiency.";
U.S., USSR go to Mars -- sort of;
MARS, Pa. It's official. U.S.j
and Soviet spacemen are going to;
Mars, and the Martians can't wait to;
greet them. !
That's Mars, Pa., 16046. U.S.A.j
Soviet cosmonaut Sergei Krika-j
lev arrives in Mars on Monday, by
jetliner and car, for an eight-day visit'
to this community of about 1,800;
humanoids about 25 miles north of
Krikalev, 31, a flight engineer,
spent five months on a Soviet-French
Soyuz mission that ended in Aprilj
He will be joined Wednesday by
Navy Lt. Cmdr. Mario Runco Jr., a
NASA astronaut who is awaiting
assignment to a space shuttle flight.
The spacemen's mission is to teach
Martian children about space and
Soviet-American friendship at school
lunches and assemblies. ;
Organizers say it's just like Mar
tians, as some residents call them
selves, to do something spacey like
Economy grows slowly ;
WASHINGTON The economy
grew at a moderate 2.5 percent pace
in the second quarter, down some
what from the first quarter but strong
enough to stop any new predictions
of imminent recession, the govern-t
ment said Thursday.
The Commerce Department re
ported that April-June growth in the
gross national product compared with
a 3.7 percent gain in the first three
months. The second-quarter GNP had
been revised downward 0.2 percent
age point from the 2.7 percent growth
estimate a month ago.
allowed, he responded, "I don't think
Asked which rights American rhust
think about curbing, Crowe shot back,
"Search and seizure. The most simple
one is random drug testing ... that is
what has allowed us to bring down the
usage so heavily in the military." .
On cutting the amount of drugs en
tering the nation by air, Crowe said he
believes it is "perfectly proper", for
pilots flying in from the Bahamas to file
flight plans and to be heavily fined if
The conference postponed any action
on the report and any recommenda
tion to Congress until its 28 judges
reconvene in March.
The committee recommended that
states enact laws to limit death row
inmates to two rounds of appeals in
state and federal courts. ,
One round would challenge a ver
dict directly; a second would be based
on alleged violations of the condemned
The current system permits succes
sive rounds of appeals. ,x
from page 1
grievance because they know it's a
"Everything is blamed on the offi
cers. We need new management. All of
the officers agree we need a new ad
ministration, and a new system for
resolving internal grievances."
Edwards has employed a lawyer to
represent her since 1987, even though
it strains her income. '
"It's a struggle to stay in the fight,
but it's worth it. All I want is to b
treated like a human being, but ydp
don't get that unless you're a supervi
sor." Friday o