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2The Daily Tar HeelMonday, September 25, 1989
World and' Nation
Baker opposes unolateral arms cots
From Associated Press reports
JACKSON HOLE, Wyo. Secre
tary of State James Baker said Sunday
that the success of his meeting with the
Soviet Foreign Minister should silence
congressional critics and dampen their
appetite for unilateral arms cuts.
Despite progress on talks to cut stra
tegic, conventional and chemical weap
ons, Baker said the Soviet Union was
still "a military threat."
"I think it would be quite naive for
the United States to talk about unilat
eral reductions of its strategic arsenal,'
Baker said on the CBS-TV program
X4Face the Nation."
The Bush administration, he said,
remains committed to the Strategic
Defense Initiative and deploying new
classes of long-range bombers and
Baker's four-day session with So
viet Foreign Minister Edward Shevard
nadze yielded an agreement to hold a
summit in the United States next spring
It will be the first meeting between
President Bush and Soviet leader
Mikhail Gorbachev since Bush took
Nujoma promises Namibian democracy
From Associated Press reports
WINDHOEK, Namibia Guerrilla
leader Sam Nujoma, expected to be
come Namibia's first black leader, told
70,000 jubilant supporters on Sunday
that he will build a democratic govern
ment that encompasses all political
Nujoma's speech was his first in
Namibia since he went into exile in
1959. The crowd also was one of the
largest political meetings in this terri
tory where, under a U.N. independence
plan, South Africa gradually is relin
quishing control after 74 years.
The crowd, predominantly black with
a handful of whites, packed a sports
stadium to hear Nujoma, president of
the South-West Africa People's Or
From Associated Press reports
: WASHINGTON A judge's rul
ing in a divorce custody battle over
frozen embryos is an aberration not
likely to survive on appeal, legal ex
But at least for now, they say, the
decision may have unforeseen conse
quences for fetal research and the tech
nology of fertilization outside the
Tennessee Judge W. Dale Young
ruled Thursday that "life begins at
conception" in awarding temporary
custody of seven frozen embryos to a
woman who is divorcing her husband.
I "This is just a tragic case," said
Professor Ellen Wright Clayton of
"Vanderbilt University Law School, an
authority on reproductive rights. "But,
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office, although the two met in New
York between Bush's election and his
In the course of the Baker-Shevardnadze
talks, the Soviets also said they
would withdraw a demand that the
United States agree to curb work on
"Star Wars" before conclusion of a
Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty
Baker told a news conference Satur
day that the Soviet decision could speed
conclusion of START, which would
cut long-range strategic arms by 30 to
Taking on domestic critics Sunday,
Baker said, "There was a lot of criti
cism in advance of this ministerial
(meeting) that I hope is absolutely gone
now because we have made some re
ally fundamental progress."
The most influential critic. Senate
Majority Leader George Mitchell,
tempered his remarks somewhat on
another interview program, but did not
"The events of the last 24 hours are
certainly positive ... but I still think
there are a number of steps that should
ganization, who returned from exile on
Namibians, he said, have "a historic
opportunity for our people to choose a
government of the people, by the people,,
for the people" at independence elec
tions in November.
Nujoma called for reconciliation in
this former Germany colony, where his
organization has fought a largely un
succesful bush war since 1966 to end
South African rule.
He promised that if his left-leaning
movement gains control of a post-independence
government it will not ex
clude those with differing views.
"SWAPO has no intention of impos
ing a one-party political system on the
Namibian people against their will,"
yes, I'll say it's an aberration. No judge
has said this before."
She added that the Supreme Court,
while showing increasing hostility to
its 1973 ruling legalizing abortion na
tionwide, is not likely to hold that life
begins at conception.
"I certainly think (Young's ruling)
goes too far even for this Supreme
Court," Clayton said. The justices
"have never said embryos are chil
dren." A deeply divided Supreme Court,
ruling in July in a Missouri case, ex
panded state power to regulate abor
tions but stopped short of overturning
its 1973 ruling in Roe vs. Wade.
In the Tennessee case, Young
awarded temporary custody of the
embryos to Mary Sue Davis, who wants
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November 6, 1989
be taken, should have been taken previ
ously," the Maine Democrat said on
ABC's "This Week With David Brin
kley." He specifically mentioned the
Democratic call for more financial aid
to Poland and expanded trade with the
Soviet Union as areas needing more
Baker and Shevardnadze went fish
ing Sunday morning in the Snake River
in the Rocky Mountains before flying
separately to New York for a United
Their mood appeared warm and
friendly, as it has been since they ar
rived in this beautiful mountain resort
Despite progress in talks across a
broad range of issues, and the signing
of six accords on Saturday, Baker said
the Soviet Union remained a threat.
"The military threat is not dimin
ished if you look at (it) just in terms of
military to military," Baker said.
He complained that while the Soviet
Union has two classes of mobile mis
siles, the SS-24 and the SS-25, the
United States has yet to deploy two it
he said, repeating a previously stated
reversal of party policy. "SWAPO does
not intend to rule Namibia alone but
will seek the participation of others in
formulating and implementing policy.' '
The speech took more than two hours
to complete because it was translated
from English into Afrikaans and three
"Viva PLAN," shouted Nujoma,
saluting the People's Liberation Army
of Namibia the guerrilla wing of his
South Africa agreed last year to
implement a U.N. independence plan
as part of a regional accord that granted
Pretoria's long-standing demand for
withdrawal of 50,000 Cuban troops
from Angola, Namibia's northern
life begins at
them implanted in her.
Her estranged husband, Junior Lewis
Davis, said he will ask the Tennessee
Court of Appeals to overturn Young's
Young relied heavily on testimony
by a French geneticist who said each
embryo bears the full genetic blueprint
of an individual. The judge said the
Davises "have produced human beings
... to be known as their child or chil
dren." Abortion opponents welcomed
"This ruling reflects what pro-lifers
have been saying for years," said
Regina Smith, executive director of the
Pro-Life Council of Connecticut. "Life
begins at conception and should be
protected by the laws of our land."
"Because of the integrity of coaches
and the serious stewardship of this
faculty, we've done a pretty good job of
upholding academic values," Hardin
Men's basketball coach Dean
ism," he said. "Students will perceive
that we can actually make a differ
ence." One of the main objectives of the
Markham, store manager.
"They're on the back of every bi
cycle in Chapel Hill," he said.
The store's milk supplier takes an
inventory of the crates each year, and
Fowler's must pay for any missing
October 7 & 8, 1989
2 person best-ball, gross & net
Oct. 5, 1989
18-hole Public Course
Complete Line of Golf Equipment
Driving Range. Lessons Available
has under development, the rail-mobile
MX and the Midgetman.
"We have them on the drawing board
and we still don't have congressional
approval even to move forward," he
Mitchell was asked whether the
United States can afford a mobile mis
"Yes, we can if we act prudently in
other areas," the Senate leader said.
"The important objective should not be
a particular type of weapon or defense
system, but rather what enhances stra
tegic stability, what reduces the threat
of nuclear war. Single warhead mobile
missiles do that."
Baker also urged Congress to ap
prove Bush's full budget request for
Star Wars development.
"We still (are) every bit as commit
ted to the Strategic Defense Initiative
as we were before," he said. "Of course
if the Congress says, 4 You can't move
forward,' then we will be constrained
from moving forward. And yes, they
are making a heavy run at the budget of
S.D.I., much against the wishes of the
Nujoma's party is favored to win
most votes Nov. 7-11 in U.N.-super-vised
elections that will choose partici
pants in an assembly assigned to draft a
constitution. But it is uncertain whether
it will win the two-third majority needed
to control the assembly since at least 10
parties are contesting.
About 700,000 of the territory's 1.3
million people have registered to vote.
Namibia's population includes 80,000
Nujoma alleged the election cam
paign has been marred by intimidation
against his supporters, and he cited the
Sept. 12 unsolved assassination of
Anton Lubowksi, the only ranking white
official in the movement.
But John Robertson, a professor at
the University of Texas Law School,
said Young reached out "in an unprece
dented and unwarranted manner" to
decide the dispute between the Davises
on right-to-life grounds.
Clayton said the judge "was com
pletely bamboozled' ' by the geneticist's
testimony. The. embryos "are unique
genetically. But that doesn't decide the
issue," she said.
Young could have reached the same
result by deciding the case on much
narrower grounds, the experts say.
Young's ruling could mean trouble
for the decade-old technology of in
vitro fertilization in which eggs are
removed from the mother's womb for
fertilization and then re-implanted.
Smith's high rate of player graduation
reflects this, he said. "Dean Smith's
record is not the result of a complacent
Harry Gooder, chairman of the Fac
ulty Council, said the faculty had the
conference is to create a national cam
paign to better the environment. SEAC
already has a $5,000 grant from the
Babcock Foundation to carry out any
project decided upon during the con
crates, Markham said. That cost is
passed on to the consumer.
Milk crates, often used by students
because of their sturdiness and versatil
ity, are common in residence hall rooms.
Tamara Sue Haefher, a senior Spanish
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" Call to register "
for anti-communist effort
From Associated Press reports
PARIS Chinese exiles on Sun
day chose a student protest leader
and a former government official to
lead an international movement to
end Communist rule in China.
On the final day of a three-day
inaugural meeting of the Federation
of Democracy in China, delegates
elected former government adviser
Yan Jiaqi as chairman and student
protest leader Wu'er Kaixi as vice
chairman. "I'm very familiar with political
science, but I'm not that familiar with
politics," said Yan, former director
of the Institute of Political Science
and a close adviser to ousted Chinese
Communist Party leader Zhao
"Still, I think my firm belief in a
fair and democratic political process
will be an advantage in this first year,' '
he said in an interview.
The 47-year-old Yan is on China's
wanted list, accused of such "counter
revolutionary crimes" as proposing
to Communist authorities that gov
ernment leaders not be appointed for
life, but retire at a specified age.
Charges possible after jet crash
NEW YORK Salvage crews
resumed efforts Sunday to remove
the wreckage of a USAir jet from the
East River so federal investigators
can examine the parts to see if me
chanical problems contributed to the
And Queens District Attorney John
Santucci's office has entered the
investigation to be "on the lookout
for violations of local laws," said
Santucci spokesman Richard Pipemo.
A grand jury may be asked to
investigate possible criminal wrong
doing related to last week's Boeing
737-400 crash att he end of a LaGuar
dia Airport runway that killed two
passengers, according to a source in
the Queens district attorney's office.
The source, who spoke on condi
tion of anonymity, said possible
charges included criminally negli
gent homicide and leaving the scene
of an accident.
recommended that any new facility
should contribute to a parking develop
ment fund. The parking fee would be
considered the same as heating, water,
electricity and other utility fees charged
"The thrust of that is that any spaces
taken by the building must be replaced,
and additional spaces provided based
on the number of square feet," he said.
"But as yet, there's not really any firm
recommendation on how to implement
But constructing new parking facili
ties isn't the whole answer, said John
responsibility to make sure athletes
abided by academic standards.
The council did oppose Hardin's call
for mandatory drug testing for athletes,
Hardin said his recent report to the
SEAC will have a general meeting at
7 p.m. Wednesday in Union room 211.
Students who have concerns with the
environment are encouraged to attend.
major from Raleigh, said she uses her
milk crates as bookshelves and to sup
port her refrigerator.
Pine State Creamery Co. loses about
$150,000 a year on stolen or "bor
rowed" milk crates, said Ben Kilgore,
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News in Brief
The pilot's licenses of the flight's
captain and co-pilot were suspended
because they left the accident scene.
WHO report stresses aid
WASHINGTON One out of
every five humans about 1 billion
people are suffering from disease,
poor health or malnourishment, the
World Health Organization said
The WHO director-general, Dr.
Hiroshi Nakajima, said the greatest
burden of disease is in poor countries
of Africa, Asia and South America.
"This is a preventable tragedy
because the developed world has the'
resources and technology to end
common diseases worldwide," he
said in a statement accompanying a
WHO report. "The missing ingredi
ent is the will to help the developing
He said health expenditures in the.
poorest countries average about $5
per person, while in the U.S., Can
ada, Japan and western Europe, health
expenditures average about $400 per
Bus wheelchair lifts to be costly
Lines Inc. says thousands of rural
communities would lose their only ,
source of public transportation if;
Congress decides the Dallas-based;
transit company must equip every
bus with a wheelchair lift.
Advocates for the handicapped,
however, say Greyhound is exagger
ating the costs of compliance with
the Americans with Disabilities Act.
to shift attention away from the real
issue that the handicapped are.
largely denied access to public trans-:
Under the Senate-approved legis
lation, Greyhound, the only national
inter-city bus company, would have
six years from enactment before it
would be required to make its buses
accessible to the handicapped.
from page 1
De Vitto, director of Transportation
and Parking Services.
Students and employees at the Uni
versity must learn to rely more on buses
and carpools, he said. "Most Ameri
cans today don't want to walk. So they
drive the old car, and the bus goes
A single bus can replace 10-15 ve
hicles, he noted. Building more park
ing decks will just increase the flow of
traffic into the campus. "If the road
system can't handle it, what have you
gained?" he said.
from page 1
Board of Trustees focused on manage
rial issues. "Those matters don't really
get at the gut of my convictions and
concerns about the University."
He will speak his convictions and
concerns on University Day, he said.
from page 1
SEAC also needs students to house
other students coming to UNC for the
conference. There will be a sign-up
sheet in Campus Y for interested stu
dents. from page 1
company president. "I hope people re-
alize that they're not an expendable
item," he said.
In the past, the company has recov
ered very few of its missing crates,
L - - - v-2PJ2'J!2PJ-.-. - CaEe