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4The Daily Tar HeelMonday, October 2, 1989
' . ... .
Foundation to create investigative' panel for athletics
The Knight Foundation last week
announced plans to form a commission
to investigate the causes and propose
solutions to problems facing intercol
f -legiate athletics.
I Vk. The foundation, whose assets total
I iiore than $600 million, is a national
J service Organization that supports
higher education scholarship programs
and other worthy causes.
The three commission members that
have been announced are the Rev.
Theodore Hesburgh, president emeri
tus of Notre Dame committee chair
man; former UNC-system president
William Friday, vice chairman; and
Richard Schultz, executive director of
the National Collegiate Athletic Asso-
3oy them. Bell to enact 10-
f ;,.V By JULIE GAMMILL
.v Long distance phone calls made
. ... .-within the caller's area code soon will
r, l require use of the area code when dial
ing, a Southern Bell spokesman said.
Vv,? Southern Bell's "10-digit dialing
plan" will begin in March 1990 in both
."rt;',the 704 and 919 area codes of North
., , Carolina, said Mark Collins, Southern
',,rt3e manager of corporate and commu-
nity relations for Chapel Hill.
-V-.--.' 'tn tne current dialing system,
SJBOG suggests plan to improve
jBy KYLE YORK SPENCER
;., Despite the emphasis placed on
nursing education at UNC system
schools during the past few years, there
as been a continuous drop in nursing
" school enrollment leading to a shortage
..of registered nurses in the state.
: "As women have more opportuni
ties to pursue other professions like
'.business and law, they are choosing
teaching and nursing less," said Susan
.Pierce, an associate professor of nurs
ing at UNC. "One reason is that they
. ,f ;can make more money in these other
Nurses in North Carolina have three
education options: an associate degree
Volunteers from across the nation contribute to Hugo cleanup
ijlrom Associated Press reports
RS$J CHARLESTON, S.C. This bat-
gtvjjtered city paused from cleanup labors
b&y'Sunday to thank the volunteers from all
IrvvSh .i ... i ,a u ii
.V'ivci uic cuuiiuy wiiu anawcicvj int. iau
Xvor help in the recovery from Hurricane
"What vou're doing will never be
iorgotten," Mayor Joseph Riley told
everal hundred weary workers who
athered at a noon rally.
"People from all over the country
jNDay-care owners charged with abuse
From Associated Press reports
EDENTON Prosecutors in this
".waterfront town on the Albemarle
Sound have charged the owners of a
prominent day-care center with mul
tiple counts of sexual and physical abuse
against children there, causing fear and
"A town this size, if you put your
trash out on the wrong day, someone
notices," said Marina Crummey, vet
The Knight Foundation Commission
on Intercollegiate Athletics was estab
lished as a "national blue ribbon com
mission to develop and build support
for a reform agenda for intercollegiate
athletics," said Barney Scofield, spokes
man for a public relations firm that
represents the Foundation. Creed Black,
the Foundation's president, hopes to
address the full spectrum of problems
that face athletic programs and any
thing that involves abuse of the current
system, Scofield said.
The commission probably will con
sist of 20 members, all who are nation
ally known and recognized and who
have strong personal convictions about
the issue, Scofield said. The Knight
Foundation hopes to name the remain
ing committee members by the end of
the year. The Foundation plans to in
callers dial only the number 1 plus the
phone number when calling long dis
tance in the same area code. In March,
all long distance calls will need an area
code and a phone number, a total of 10
digits excluding the preceding digit 1,
North Carolina needs to switch to
10-digit dialing because the state is
running short of phone number pre
fixes, Collins said. A prefix is the first
three digits of a phone number.
Ten-digit dialing frees potential
program offered at N.C. community
colleges; a baccalaureate program,
which is offered by UNC-system
schools; and a program which grants a
degree through work in a hospital set
ting. Enrollment figures peaked in 1983
in all three programs and then dropped
from 1983-1987, Pierce said.
Although all N.C. nursing programs
are facing similar problems, it is most
serious in the baccalaureate program.
UNC nursing enrollment fell from 1,719
in 1984 to 1,162 in 1988, according to
the UNC Board of Governor's (BOG)
quarterly report. Falling enrollment in
recent years has led to tuition hikes on
some UNC campuses, which forces
came to help a community in need. We
might have suffered some damage, but
our spirit is alive."
The mayor read several letters of
support from children and other well
wishers from across the land. One
envelope from former President Re
agan included a check for $1,000.
Officials said 63 buildings collapsed
in the historic city when Hugo crashed
ashore and more than 350 were se
verely damaged by the hurricane's 135
eran member of the town council, told
the Greensboro News & Record.
District Attorney H.P. Williams
declined comment on the case. But two
weeks ago, he issued a news release
warning Edenton residents to quit
spreading "unfounded" statements.
It was January when someone lodged
a complaint with the Chowan County
Department of Social Services about
allegations of child abuse at Little
We Love You!
Your AZ Sisters!
vest $2 million in the committee's work
during the next two years.
Creed said the commission was a
"natural corollary" to the Foundation's
policy of sponsoring higher education.
Scofield said it was a constructive use
of its funds, especially because the topic
of college athletics was often discussed.
The goal of the commission is "to
preserve what we think is important
about intercollegiate athletics," Friday
said. The primary problems are the
control of intercollegiate sports since it
is rapidly becoming a large and compli
cated enterprise and the impact of funds
flowing from television, advertising and
other sources. Other problems are
coaches' salaries, academic progress,
graduation percentages and scholar
ships. Although it is the first independent
prefixes which duplicate area codes in
other states, he said.
Under the present system, if the
hypothetical prefix 404, which is also
Atlanta's area code, became a prefix in
a 9 1 9 area code, then a caller dialing 1 -404
plus the last four digits would auto
matically be connected to Atlanta, he
However, when 10-digit dialing
begins in March, long distance callers
who do not dial the area code when
calling will reach a recorded message
some nursing students to choose less
Further problems include poor grades
on the state licensing exam among
baccalaureate students taking the test
for the first time. Students at commu
nity colleges and in hospital programs
do consistently better on the exam.
These problems are particularity
disturbing for UNC schools because
the BOG has invested considerable time
and money toward improving the qual
ity of nursing programs during the past
few years. Two campuses recently
constructed nursing buildings, three
new master's programs have been in
stituted and UNC-CH has established a
doctoral program, according to the
Volunteers flooded into town to
remove trees, clear debris and pitch in
to help people in need.
Sen. Fritz Hollings, D-S.C, an out
spoken critic of the response by the
Federal Emergency Management
Agency (FEM A), praised the volunteer
laborers for their efforts.
"They didn't wait to fill out a form
like the bureaucrats in the federal gov
ernment ask you to. They came up here
Rascals' Day Care Center. Officials
investigated but are prohibited by law
from discussing what they found, said
Chowan Social Services administrator
Based on the investigation, the state
Child Day Care section in Raleigh
revoked the center's operating license
March 22. A letter, pulling the license,
said several children reported being
the copy center
Open 24 hours
114 W. Franklin St.
commission to discuss problems fac
ing college athletics in more than 60
years, it is not the first group to try to
examine these problems. Every five or
six years for the past 50 or 60 years
there have been commissions formed
to look at college athletics, said Ted
Tow, associate executive director of
the National Collegiate Athletic Asso
ciation.' "It may be the best funded commis
sion ever," Tow said. The NCAA
formed a blue-ribbon panel in 1982-83
to conduct a study on intercollegiate
athletics. About 80 percent of its rec
ommendations were adopted, he said.
The success of the commission will
depend on the individual schools, he
said. While the commission can make
recommendations to the universities, it
is up to the institutions themselves to
telling them to redial correctly, Collins
Southern Bell customers will not
receive any additional charges for the
new calling system, Collins said. But
research shows dialing time will in
crease by six-tenths of a second on
Lynn Smith, a junior from Jackson
ville, N.C., calls long distance 919
numbers an average of five times a
week and said using the extra digits
would not be an inconvience.
The nursing shortages will have
severe implications for North Carolina
hospitals and health-care agencies.
"The problem of the nursing short
age is driven by demand," Pierce said.
Unfortunately for these institutions,
while the state's nursing supply is
decreasing, the demand for nurses is
increasing. New technical advances and
an aging population make qualified,
well educated nurses a necessity.
The BOG recently suggested steps
to improve the nine UNC system bac
calaureate nursing programs. In order
to attract more students and increase
the quality arid productivity of the
free of charge and volunteered," said
Hollings, wearing a T-shirt that read:
"Charleston, S.C, We're Going:
Strong!" . '
"This country's great if we can get
the federal government off its duff,' ' he
said. "We're going back to work to get
around the bureaucratic snarl."
Mark Chambers, a spokesman for
Gov. Carroll Campbell, defended
FEMA's efforts Sunday.
"FEMA is providing everything the
state of South Carolina needs. We're
talking about one of the most devastat
ing storms in recent history. It's being
done," he said.
However, the Rev. Jesse Jackson, a
native of South Carolina, joined critics
of FEMA's effort. "People do not need
more bureaucracy they need more
direct help right now," he said.
The volunteers were treated to a hot
lunch of stir-fried chicken dished up by
the Outer Banks Rotary Club from
Medicaid to expand prenatal care
From Associated Press reports
changes in Medicaid, aimed at lower
ing the state's soaring infant-mortality
rate, have made thousands more women
eligible for government-subsidized
But that means problems for local
health departments charged with pro
viding that care because of a shortage
of private physicians who will see
. The N.C. General Assembly modi
fied Medicaid about a year ago to make
pregnant women with family incomes
at or below 100 percent of the poverty
level, about $11,000 for a family of
four, eligible for Medicaid.
In January 1990, expectant mothers
with family incomes at 150 percent of
5:30 Campus Profile
6:00 General College (NCTV)
6:30 Off The Cuff
9:30 Those Crazy College Kids
11:00 General College (STV)
vote on which policies they will adopt.
However, Scofield thinks that the
commission probably will succeed.
With the interest and consensus that is
building around the issue, along with
the caliber of people on the commis
sion, "if it's ever going to work, this
will do it," he said.
Friday agrees. In a recent poll, three
out of four Americans said they felt the
athletic system was out of control, too
many abuses were taking place and
students were misled about where their
athletic careers would lead, Friday said.
With the range of intensity around
this problem, if the intitutions them
selves do not step in, Congress will
have to act, he said.
"Congress is not the mechanism to
solve our problems ... we can do it
plan in March
"If it allows other people to have
access to a phone and makes it easier
for the phone company, then I don't
think it's a problem."
Ten-digit dialing also doesn't bother
sophomore Charlie Stafford of Louis
burg. "I mostly call friends in other
towns," said Stafford, who calls long
distance to eastern North Carolina about
three or four times a week.
"It won't be too much of a big deal.
If people don't know their own area
code, they're silly anyway," said Marc
program, the BOG's Committee on
Educational Planning, Policies and
All UNC nursing programs should
prepare comprehensive plans to im
prove the performance of their gradu
ates on the state licensing exam. All
programs should achieve at least a 90
percent passing rate by 1991, up from
this years's overall passing rate of 79
percent. Plans must be submitted to
system President Spangler by Feb. 1,
An effort should be made to attract
more registered nurses with associate
degrees or diplomas to UNC baccalau
reate programs. All UNC programs
A canvas canopy donated by the
Sturh Funeral Home protected the food
from an intermittent drizzle. But it was
more like a revival than a funeral and at
one point volunteers standing in mud
sang "God Bless America" over the
hum of portable generators.
Steve Desin, 45, of Vallejo, Calif.,
arrived Wednesday after 187 days
working on the Alaskan oil spill in
Valdez, Alaska. His company, Cheetah
Aviation Transport Service, sent four
large vessels to ferry food, clothing and
medicine to people on the offshore
barrier islands pummeled by Hugo.
'These people need help," Desin
said. "This is what makes this country
what it is. You can kick our butts, but
we'll fight back."
Fayetteville sent 19 police officers
to help Charleston with traffic and
"These people have been kicked in
the teeth. Wouldn't you help someone
where they're down?" said Caps. L.E.
the poverty level, which is about
$16,500 for a family of four, will also
J.L. Rhyne, who heads the maternal
and child-health section of the N.C.
Division of Health Services, said the
Medicaid changes, coupled with a sharp
decline in doctors who deliver babies,
have shifted the load for prenatal care
to health departments.
"We're now seeing about 30,000
prenatal patients across the state in
health departments, and they are one
third of the deliveries in the state," he
told the Winston-Salem Journal. "We
feel the reason for it is that many obste
tricians and general practitioners have
discontinued obstetrics, and the women
have nowhere else to go. So they come
to the local health department."
Moyer Smith, vice president of the
UNC Educational Foundation, does not
think the commission will be beneficial
"I wouldn't see it as affecting
Carolina's program at all," he said,
adding that the study would just show
that UNC has a very well-run program.
"(UNC) is the type of place you go to
study how to do it," Smith said.
The latest survey showed a gradu
ation percentage of 74.6 percent for
UNC's athletes, while the percentage
of the whole student body was 74.7
percent, Smith said.
"I don't think this commission is
designed to look at places like us."
There are a few exceptions, but in
general the athletes brought into UNC
have the potential to graduate.
Zollicoffer, a freshman from Winston
Salem. . Although phone service falls under
the jurisdiction of the N.C. Utilities
Commission, the commission did not
have to approve 10-digit dialing for
Southern Bell and the 28 other phone
companies in North Carolina, Collins
Georgia, also serviced by Southern
Bell, will switch to 10-digit dialing at
the same time as North Carolina, Collins
must prepare such plans, to be submit
ted to President Spangler later this year.
Problems of costs and productivity
must be addressed. Each nursing pro
gram must submit by Nov. 1 a five-year
enrollment plan covering the period
1990-95, with budget projections con
sistent with enrollment estimates. Presi
dent Spangler will appoint a panel of
outside consultants to review these plans
and to advise him on the feasibility of
the plans and on such alternatives as
closing or consolidating programs. The
consultants will make their report by
February 1990, and the president will
then present recommendations concern
ing the future of each program to the
Morgan of the Columbia County
Fort Lauderdale, Fla., sent 28 men
plus a squadron of trucks, backhoes
and heavy equipment.
'The hurricane could have hit us,"
said Tom Carbone, 33. "This country's
always sending help to other countries.
This is a way to help our own."
Elsewhere, Sunday in South
Carolina's upstate region, heavy rain
overflowed already swollen rivers and
closed some roads.
Ten FEMA disaster application
centers were open Sunday, with four
more scheduled to open Monday, offi
cials said. As of Sunday, 5,400 people
had applied for federal disaster aid in
the three days the centers had been
Seventeen counties issued food
stamps to people who suffered prop
erty damage or income losses. Officials
said Saturday that $10 million in food
stamps had been issued.
Maida Dundon, a state nursing con
sultant who works in Forsyth, Guilford,
Surry, Stokes, Yadkin, Davie and
Rockingham counties, said all the
county health departments where she
works are seeing more prenatal pa
tients this year than ever before.
'There's not enough staff not
enough space," she said. "Most every
county has a shortage of staff, espe
, cially nurses, to begin with, and there's
a shortage of private physicians who
will accept Medicaid patients.... Over
all, there's shortage of physicians pro
viding maternity care to anyone, so
physicians' offices have more women
than they can care for."
Almost all North Carolina health
departments already face a severe short
age of public-health nurses, according
to a report issued by the N.C. Associa
tion of Local Health Directors last April.
"High rates of professional turnover,
vacant positions, lack of merit incen
tives and a large number of nurses hired
without prior training are docu
mented,..." the report says.
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