North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
2The Daily Tar HeelWednesday, October 4, 1989
World aed Nation
Soldiers seize Noriega headquarters
From Associated Press reports
PANAMA CITY, Panama Sol
diers opposed to Gen. Manuel Antonio
Noriega seized his headquarters Tues
day in an attempt to oust him as army
commander and Panama's effective
. ruler, but loyalists counterattacked.
' . The rebels' claim to have overthrown
, Noriega could not be confirmed, and
the White House said U.S. authorities,
, who have tried to push him out for
nearly two years, could not confirm it.
Noriega's whereabouts were not
. Jose Blandon, a Panamanian defec
tor and former close aide to Noriega,
xsaid in Washington a leader of the as
sault told him by telephone Noriega
' . was wounded and captured.
, He said officers intended to send
- Noriega to the United States to face
, drug charges, but that it would be diffi-
cult because other officers in the De
Soviet lawmakers reject Gorbachev plan
From Associated Press reports
MOSCOW President Mikhail
Gorbachev suffered his first major
policy defeat in the 4-month-old Soviet
legislature Tuesday when it rejected
his call for an emergency ban on work
ers new right to strike.
But Gorbachev told lawmakers he
was satsified with a compromise that
imposes a selective ban on strikes in
critical industries. He said it would
"help restore a normal life."
Gorbachev said Monday that he
wanted a ban on all strikes for the next
15 months to prevent anarchy from
overwhelming the shaky Soviet econ
omy. A wave of strikes, largely over
ethnic and political conflicts, cost the
country $6.5 billion in July and August
Strikes were ruthlessly suppressed
,i i ill 1 1, i .1 l
I .1,1 , I mi
1 ""linn -GliXiSn
?(o)EE SCHOLARSHIP INFORMATION FOR
flfulblb STUDENTS WHO NEED
Every Student is Eligible for Some Type of
Financial Aid Regardless of Grades or Parental Income.
We have a data bank of over 200,000 listings of scholarships, fellow
ships, grants, and loans, representing over $10 billion in private sector
Many scholarships are given to students based on their academic interests,
career plans, family heritage and place of residence.
There's money available for students who have been newspaper carriers,
grocery clerks, cheerleaders, non-smokers. . .etc.
For A Free Brochure
May be used with
Not Valid with other
143 W. Franklin St.
Downtown Chapel Hill
fense Forces, which includes the mili
tary and police, also were involved in
the drug trade.
There were no official reports of
casualties, but residents of the neigh
borhood told The Associated Press of
dead and wounded following hours of
Troops of the U.S. Southern Com
mand were put on Delta Alert, the high
est level of readiness, and U.S. soldiers
in combat gear took up positions only
600 yards from the barracks.
President Bush told reporters in
Washington: "There were rumors
around that this was some American
operation and I can tell you that is not
true. Nobody's sure what's happening
" A broadcast on national radio at 1 1 :30
a.m. said Noriega had been toppled, but
forces loyal to him said they were "ready
to give their lives" in resistance. A
for decades until Gorbachev began his
effort to turn the country from a dicta
torship into one ruled by law. It was
only last year that workers began to
succeed in pressuring for change by
walking off the job.
It was the first time the new Supreme
Soviet legislature stood up to the gov
ernment and opted for its own policy,
though it had previously rejected sev
eral Cabinet nominees. The legislature's
display of independence was particu
larly significant because it came on a
package of emergency measures.
The compromise resolution, adopted
by a vote of 364-6, prohibits strikes in
the transport, energy, raw materials and
metallurgy industries, but only until the
legislature passes a detailed law defin
ing the right to strike.
That could be as soon as Monday,
I . I I I ,. I .1
I I mi. I mil .11 I
TD1EP 'of TOi
Days or Weeks for your Eyeglasses?
Come to us and get your Glasses in
Plastic Single Vision
Most of the Time
Sola VIP Progressive
with frame purchase
This Includes 45-day lens
We can make arrangements to have your
eyes examined by an eye doctor. Note:
We will fill any eye doctor's prescription
loyalist spokesman said the general still
controlled substantial armed forces.
Shooting began with a few bursts of
fire at about 7 a.m. (8 a.m. EDT).
Rebels took Control of the headquar
ters of the Panamanian Defense Forces
in a congested part of downtown Pan
ama City. Those loyal to Noriega then
mounted the roofs of surrounding build
ings, hurling grenades and firing mor
tars and small arms into the compound.
Several hours of heavy gunfire in
side and outside the headquarters pre
ceded the radio report, which said the
entire high command was forced into
retirement by middle-ranking officers
led by Maj. Moises Giraldi Vega, head
of the Urraca battalion that handles
security at Defense Forces headquar
ters. From the U.S. Southern Command's
Quarry Heights post less than a mile
the next session of the full legislature.
Nearly half the articles in the strike law
were approved Tuesday.
The more controversial sections,
which have yet to face floor debate,
would ban strikes that threaten human
life or health, as well as any aimed at
overthrow of the government or viola
tion of ethnic equality. It also would
ban strikes in the transportation, com
munications, energy and defense in
dustries, and among civil servants.
The draft also requires arbitration
before a strike and allows the Supreme
Soviet or its ruling Presidium to halt or
delay strikes. It also says those found
responsible for a strike can be fired and
fined up to three months' pay to help
cover economic damages. It does not
define responsibility, leaving open the
possibility that managers who fail to
From Associated Press reports
WASHINGTON House members
moved toward a likely repeal vote on
catastrophic health insurance Tuesday
after months of criticism from elderly
Americans upset with bearing the costs.
Although the program, the first major
expansion of Medicare in two decades,
was enacted just a year ago in a rush of
bipartisan fervor, its main House pro
ponents acknowledged heading into
Tuesday's sundown showdown that the
best they hoped for was to salvage a
sliver of the new benefits.
As with most major legislation,
however, the final resolution awaited
negotiations with the Senate, which is
expected to deal with the political hot
potato on its own later in the week.
At stake were significant new hospi
tal and doctor-bill benefits for 33 mil
lion elderly and disabled Americans
covered by Medicare.
on Franklin Street above Sadlack's
I Plastic Lenses
with frame purchase
j St. 2528 Line
with frame purchase
expires j.u oj. 03 1
from the Panamanian barracks, spokes
woman Mercedes Morris said: "The
firing is continuing at this moment;
right now, right now, there is firing. We
can hear automatic weapons, hand
grenades and other heavy detonations.' '
About 12,000 U.S. soldiers are sta
tioned in Panama, many within 5 miles
of Panama City. All U.S. civilian de
pendents were moved onto U.S. mili
tary installations July 1 because of
violence that followed Panamanian
elections held May 7. Noriega, who has
been indicted in the United States on
drug charges, nullified the results of the
vote, which showed the opposition
The radio said the communique
announcing the coup was signed by
Giraldi, Capt. Javier Licona of the
cavalry and Capt. Jesus George Balma
of the special forces.
resolve labor disputes could be held as
guilty as strike Jeaders.
All of these points still await debate.
The adopted emergency resolution
also permits the country's ministries of
interior, defense and transport to guar
antee operation of the railroads in
Armenia and Azerbaijan if necessary
to get rail traffic moving again to
Strikers in Azerbaijan motivated by
ethnic demands created a virtual eco
nomic blockade of Armenia by inter
fering with shipments on the main rail
and road lines to the neighboring re
public. Armenia and Azerbaijan are
locked in a conflict over the disputed
territory of Nagorno-Karabakh, which
has also been hit by lengthy strikes.
Trains ship about 80 percent of the
goods Armenia receives.
Medicare expansion looks likely
Many of the benefits do not take
effect until January.
The cry for repeal came from three
retirees who complained their for
mer employers were already giving
them additional benefits they were being
forced to purchase from Medicare;
upper income retirees who objected
to having to pay a disproportionate
share of the costs - in the form of an
income tax surcharge to make up for
a more modest assessment on the esti
mated 56 percent of Medicare benefici
aries who don't have enough money to
owe any income taxes; and
those who complained that the
program did not address the main need
of elderly Americans: insurance for
nursing home and other long-term care,
a benefit that many studies have said
would be as much as 10 times as costly.
Ironically, House leaders said legis
lators' painful experience with this run
at a major expansion of acute care health
protection probably would make them
SHNSEEKET& TANNING CENTER;
10 YISITS$45 (REGULAR)
PLUS ONE f EEC VISIT WITH TB15S AD.
2635 Chapel Hill Blvd.
PROSPECTIVE PUBLIC POLICY
We're having a General Meeting
on Thursday, October 12 from
3:45 to 5:15 p.m. oh the
4th floor of New East.
All returning PUPA majors are included also.
Excellent opportunity to meet other
PUPA majors and faculty sponsors
from the curriculum,
We'll discuss upcoming events for
the year, and will give you information
on how you can become involved in
the PUPA Union.
Informative meeting about the cur
riculum. 'Refreshments will be provided. See you there!
Any questions? Call 933-6316
Refugees try to break through
West German embassy gates
From Associated Press reports
Some East Germans were left blood
spattered and unconscious at the
West German Embassy Tuesday as
nearly 300 of the most desperate
fought police, broke through barri
cades and scaled a fence in their bid
"This is pandemonium," said a
Red Cross assistant helping injured
refugees on the embassy grounds.
Officials closed the embassy early
Tuesday, leaving nearly 1,000 people
stranded outside the baroque
Lobkowicz Palace that houses it.
Between 4,000 and 5,000 people,
including some 1 ,500 children, were
packed into the compound at the
time, and Red Cross officials feared
Shortly after noon, the despera
tion peaked. Witnesses saw groups
of newcomers rush toward the fence
of the compound, which was blocked
by a police barricade.
When police tried to stop them,
the refugees pulled down the barri
cade. Police resorted to their trun
cheons. "They clubbed like mad," a
Czechoslovakian eyewitness re
ported. Visit focuses on trade issues
Bush and Mexican President Carlos
Salinas De Gortari on Tuesday
pledged mutual trust and understand
ing on cross-boundary issues, agree
ing to conduct trade negotiations
and to clean up Mexico City and
To mark Salinas' visit to Wash
ington, the two governments signed
seven agreements on trade, the envi
ronment, investments and tourism.
Bush said the agreements "are
concrete examples of how our ad-
less inclined to pursue even more costly
programs for the elderly in the future,
"Future programs are going to have
to be more carefully considered," House
Speaker Thomas Foley told reporters
shortly before debate began on the
proposal to repeal catastrophic health
Earlier, he had described a "mood of
frustration" as settling over House
health policy leaders.
Indeed, Rep. Fortney Stark, D-Calif.,
a major force behind the catastrophic
program, said Monday, "I think they
(lawmakers) feel they'd just like to get
rid of this annoyance and they certainly
are going to be very skeptical when I
come to them in the future with a bill to
help the senior citizens."
He said catastrophic care supporters
"lost the information battle" to groups
that preyed on the fears of the elderly.
"It's very easy to take very fragile,
very insecure seniors who are easily
confused and confuse them even further."
News in Brief
ministrations have worked closely
together during the last 10 months.
They show what can and must be
done to make relations between our
two great nations even closer than
they are today."
Salinas also cheered for a close
relationship, but said his primary goal
in facilitating U.S. investment in
Mexico was to "open up additional
sources of employment in Mexico
Angolan factions meet in U.S.
Marxist government and the U.S.
armed rebels opposing it are waging
their battle in Washington's public
relations arena this week.
The Bush administration is hold
ing open house for both sides, sched
uling meetings with Angolan For
eign Minister Pedro van Dunem
despite the absence of diplomatic
relations with his government and
a White House visit with President
Bush for Jonas Savimbi, leader of the
In addition, the administration is
urging Zairean President Mobutu
Sese Seko to pay a quick visit to
Washington this week, in hopes of
arranging a reconciliation meeting
with Savimbi. Mobutu, who has
helped funnel U.S. arms to Savimbi's
Union for the Total Independence of
Angola (UNJTA), appears to have
shifted his allegiance in recent weeks,
openly supporting Angolan President
Jose Eduardo dos Santos.
The U.S. diplomatic efforts are
designed to head off a final collapse
of Zairean-mediated truce accords
reached last June.
The income tax surcharge ranges up
to $800 this year for Medicare-eligible
people in upper income ranges. The
Congressional B udget Of fice said about
6 percent of the 33 million people
covered would be hit with the maxi
Most of the 15 million or so Ameri
cans who would be subject to the sur
charge at all would pay much less
$15 per $150 of tax liability this year.
The additional cost for the majority of
those covered by Medicare: $4 per
month. Both the flat monthly premium
and the surtax, officially called a "sup
plemental premium" would increase in
Whoever won the "information
battle" mentioned by Stark, there was
no question that House members were
inundated with mail urging them to
repeal the program and almost none
urging them to keep it.
Rep. Steve Gunderson, R-Wis., il
lustrated that point in a brief speech
explaining his intention to vote for
repeal even before formal debate be
gan. He said he had received 2,172
letters urging repeal and one support
ing the program.
Rep. Bill Paxon, R-N.Y., said his
office received 3,807 letters urging
The Medicare Catastrophic Cover
age Act was aimed at protecting the
elderly and disabled from financial ruin
in the event of a prolonged hospital stay
or other high medical costs.
The program pays for unlimited
approved hospitalization after a once-a-year
deductible of $560 in 1989.
kinds of careers
and plan ahead
in the Great Hall
" 11:30 am-11:30pm O "
mm MMW t AW A M -MSmw"
wm r mw b mi s mm
S BUY ANYTHING FOR $Z95
OR MORE AND GET
g ANYTHING OF EQUAL OR H
LESS PRICE FOR HALF OFF! S
n No Take CXrtNotVa5d with Any Other n
" OfferOneCoLpcn per Customer "
U dudngUrtheon Specials Q
n CGorjdBervveen5-9RAIThuri n
" .Expiresl06 u