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2The Daily Tar HeelThursday, October 5, 1989
World and Nation
I : 1 .
Bush defends roBe do coop attempt
From Associated Press reports
WASHINGTON The Bush ad
ministration said Wednesday it was not
asked and did not promise to aid in
Tuesday's failed coup against Panama
nian leader Manuel Antonio Noriega
but reserves the right to use military
force on its "own timetable."
Amid sharp criticism from Congress
that the United States should have
stepped in to help topple Noriega, offi
cials said the administration was in the
dark Tuesday about what was happen
ing in Panama, with no details about the
coup's chance of success.
U.S. officials, asking not to be iden
tified, said the rebels had Noriega in
custody for four to five hours but then
let him go.
"It's crazy, I don't understand it,"
an official said when asked why the
insurgents decided to free Noriega.
One of Noriega's Miami-based
lawyers, Raymond Takiff, disputed the
account, saying the general was away
from the Panamanian Defense Forces
headquarters when the fighting began.
Bush was buffeted by criticism from
Congress, where one senior Republi
can said, "We blew it," and a Demo
cratic colleague spoke of "cold feet."
Secretary of State James Baker, tes
tifying before a Senate committee, said
the United States had kept its distance
Tuesday because the rebels had little
chance of removing Noriega Brushing
aside criticism of the U.S. reaction,
Baker said, "It's easy to be an armchair
White House press secretary Marlin
Fitzwater said the United States had
been tipped off about a coup attempt
during the weekend by "a third party"
and was in touch with "relatively low
level" members of the rebel force
during the fighting.
The rebels said "they weren't will
ing to give up Noriega" to the United
States, Fitzwater said. He said it was
unclear whether they actually had the
general in custody.
He said "just about everything"
about the coup argued against U.S.
military involvement, especially lack
of reliable information.
Asked if the United States might
have helped the rebels if they had agreed
to turn over Noriega, who faces drug
charges in this country, Fitzwater said,
"Well, you can't say. I don't know. I
can just tell you the way it unfolded."
Fitzwater said the person who alerted
the United States to the planned coup
"told us with an idea of seeing how we
would react to it. And basically, our
reaction was that we would protect
property, treaty rights and people, but
that was it."
Baker and Fitzwater refused to con
firm reports that the United States had
given refuge to coup leaders and their
families in Panama.
EPA to sue 11 cities for tainting seweirs
From Associated Press reports
WASHINGTON The Environ
mental Protection Agency announced
lawsuits and penalties Wednesday
against 11 cities, including Detroit,
Phoenix and San Antonio, accusing up effort by the EPA in recent months
them of allowing untreated toxic indus- to force municipalities to take action
trial chemicals into public sewage sys- against industrial plants that do not
terns. pretreat toxic chemicals before dis-
The action is the latest in a stepped charging them into public sewers.
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The latest suits brought to 61 the
number of cities that have been targets
of either administrative fines or civil
lawsuits this year for violations of fed
eral water pollution laws in connection
with the toxic industrial discharges.
"We are sending a message, a very
clear message," declared EPA Admin
istrator William Reily. "No individual,
no industry, no municipality will be
allowed to violate environmental laws
without the risk of sanctions and penal
Attorney General Dick Thornburgh,
who joined Reily at the news confer
ence announcing the latest lawsuits,
said the actions reflect "our determina
tion not to sit idly by while our waters
continue to be befouled."
Lawyer encourages Court
to raise licensing authority
From Associated Press reports
WASHINGTON An appar
ently sympathetic Supreme Court
was urged Wednesday to bolster
communities' power to crack down
on adult bookstores, X-rated movie
theaters and other sexually oriented
Several justices vigorously chal
lenged claims that a Dallas licensing
ordinance violates the Constitution's
free-speech guarantees, while they
seemed to react more warmly to
.arguments by a lawyer for Dallas
supporting the ordinance.
John Weston, a Beverly Hills
lawyer representing the objection
able Dallas businesses, said the
ordinance's broad authority to deny
licenses was an unlawful "prior re
straint" on free expression.
The local law goes beyond tradi
tional government regulation of
public health and safety, Weston
argued during the 60-minute high
court hearing. "We're not dealing
with nuclear power plants."
Blood studies conflict
BOSTON The odds of getting
an AIDS infection from a typical
blood transfusion were just 1 in
28,000 two years ago, and the risk is
dropping more than 30 percent a year
as fewer AIDS carriers are donating
blood, a study says.
"The blood supply is probably
safer now than it has ever been,"
concludes the study, conducted by
the American Red Cross.
News in Brief
However, another report cautions
that some people at high risk of the
disease still give blood despite ap
peals to refrain', and blood banks
should try harder to persuade them
not to donate.
A third study showed that more
than 95 percent of people who re
ceive AIDS-tainted transfusions
become infected, and half of them
develop AIDS within seven years.
Winners emerge after tax battle
WASHINGTON It began as a
simple bill to reduce the budget defi
cit by $5.3 billion. But as Tuesday
night faded into Wednesday morn
ing, the bill ballooned into a multi-billion-dollar
package of tax goodies
for a parade of special interests.
It was tax time at the Senate Fi
nance Committee and there were a
lot of winners: low-income parents,
some of the nation's wealthiest retir
ees, oil producers, timber growers,
banana farmers, rural hospitals, first
time homebuyers, entrepreneurs,
people who adopt handicapped chil
And, of course, workers who want
to use Individual Retirement Ac
counts to shelter income from the
Internal Revenue Service. In the
biggest fight of the day, liberalized
ERAs, favored by most Democrats,
won out over a cut in capital-gains
taxes, which Republicans preferred.
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Carolina Career Day
OCT. 1 1
in the Great Hall
from page 1
second math class.
"We do have a certain number of
students who go to level four to avoid
having to take two math courses," she
About 20 to 30 percent of the level
four students are taking the class for
that reason, she said.
Math department Chairman John
Pfaltzgraff declined to comment on the
possible requirement changes. "That's
in the hands of the (General) College."
Cesareo Bandera, chairman of the
Department of Romance Languages,
said, "Until all the facts and conse
quences are studied, I don't know if I'm
in favor of it or not."
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