North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
2The Daily Tar HeelMonday, October 9, 1989
World and Nation'
Covert planus in Paoiama admitted
From Associated Press reports
WASHINGTON The Bush ad
ministration was preparing covert ac
tion to seize Panamanian leader Gen.
Manuel Antonio Noriega during a coup
attempt last week but the uprising col
lapsed before the plan could be exe
cuted, top officials said Sunday.
President Bush made the decision
near the end of a failed coup Tuesday,
and the order was conveyed to the
commander of U.S. forces in Panama,
Gen. Maxwell Thurman, said Secre
tary of State James Baker and Brent
Scowcroft, the White House national
"The message that was sent was that
if there were an opportunity to do this,
without risking bloodshed and signifi
cant loss of American life, and to do so
without open military involvement, then
he was free to go ahead, the commander
on the ground was free to go ahead,"
Baker said on the NBC-TV program,
"Meet the Press."
Defense Secretary Dick Cheney said
that at the outset of the coup, he told
Thurman to be prepared to use peaceful
means to take custody of Noriega, but
1 frl litAOX-
Monday, October 9
Bull's Head Bookshop
UNC Student Stores 962-5060
From Great Classic flavors to terrific new
flavors! From deliciously tangy berries to rich,
creamy chocolates, there's only one place to go!
the chance never came.
"After the Panamanians had con
tacted us and told us ... that they had
Noriega but that they would not give
him to us, I made it clear that our
commander on the scene was author
ized to get him if he could, without
using military force, and that he should
develop an option or a plan to use
military force to get him," Cheney said
on the CBS-TV program, "Face the
"We never made the decision to use
military force, that would have involved
going in against the rebels and taking
Noriega from them. I never thought
that was a very good idea, but we told
him to be prepared in case he got the
order to do so. Shortly after that, the
coup fell apart," said Cheney.
The order to ready non-uniformed
U.S. forces for a covert action to grab
Noriega was first reported in Sunday
editions of The Washington Post.
Although that report did not attrib
ute the decision to the president,
Scowcroft said, "President Bush per
sonally was responsible for whatever
guidance was sent down, yes, person
to a Reading
1 0S W. Franklin fit. 4711 Hnnn Vnllnv Rri.
ally ordered whatever guidance was
sent to General Thurman."
Baker, Cheney and Scowcroft said
top presidential advisers believe they
acted correctly during the failed coup,
despite criticism from Congress that
U.S. forces should have helped the
rebels or to have intervened to seize
Noriega for trial in the United States on
"There is nothing like 20-20 hind
sight. Given what we know now about
what was actually happening on the
ground, then, I think I would not change
what we did," Scowcroft said on the
ABC-TV program "This Week with
Nearly a week after the incident, it
was still not 1 00 percent certain that the
rebels who seized Noriega's headquar
ters ever had custody of the strongman,
Scowcroft said, and they told the dep
uty U.S. commander in Panama. Maj.
Gen. Marc Cisneros, that they would
not hand him over.
"The rebels never asked us, indeed
when we had that one meeting with
General Cisneros, we asked them to
give him, and they said, 'No,' "
end in mass arrests
From Associated Press reports
BERLIN East German police
arrested hundreds of people during pro
democracy protests in East Berlin that
lasted into early Sunday, and police
broke up huge weekend demonstra
tions in five other major cities.
In East Berlin, citizens cheered pro
testers from apartment balconies.
Hundreds of injuries were reported
as police swinging truncheons repeat
edly charged the demonstrators. Police
punched, kicked, beat and dragged the
protesters away, and roughed up West
ern journalists covering the demonstra
tions in East Berlin.
Clusters of plainclothes and uni-
SHOC members last Tuesday) and that
was nice. I work in the (Orange County
Homeless) Shelter, but that's a tempo
rary solution. We need something per
manent. "I never realized what it would be
like to march," Marks continued. "I had
never done anything like that. If you
believe in something and do it, it makes
you realize that even though you're
only one person, you can do some
thing." Loughran said the rally was charac
terized by a strong sense of purpose.
"When we were crammed into the
mall, there was a great feeling of soli
darity between different types of people.
By people's presence, they were mak
ing a statement that something needs to
Davis said he felt that the rally pointed
out to the government and the people of
the country the injustice of homeless
ness and emphasized that no one should
be without a home.
"People gained a real desire to work
together to provide housing and a liv
ing wage. The government can't do it
all. It must be a unified voice."
Marks said she hoped the rally
One free 8 l2"xll" color copy. Not valid
with other offers. One coupon per
customer. $3.95 value.
Good through 111589.
the copy center
Open 24 hours
114 W. Franklin St.
j 967-0790 j
"At that point, we became fairly
certain, although we did not know for
sure and still have no positive proof
Noriega was there. We had pretty good
assurance that Noriega was in fact
there," and the decision was made to
use non-uniformed U.S. forces to grab
him, Scowcroft said.
The indication later Tuesday that
Noriega was at his headquarters about
600 yards from the U.S. command
center "changed the calculus of what
we were prepared to do," said
Noriega has told reporters that he
was never in custody and "the last thing
he has said was that, no, he was never
there," said Scowcroft.
Throughout the coup, said Scowcroft,
the administration was in "the fog of
war. ... You are operating without a full
deck of intelligence information."
Changes will be made to avoid a
repeat, he said, but did not spell out
what steps were planned.
"We're not happy. We certainly hope
Noriega will not remain in power. ... He
is a dangerous symbol."
formed security forces were stationed
throughout East Berlin Sunday to pre
vent further demonstrations.
The protests, coinciding with the visit
of Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev
on East Germany's 40th anniversary,
were the largest since the Soviets put
down a workers' uprising in 1953.
Gorbachev's reform policies have
made him popular among ordinary East
Germans and many protesters chanted
his name and called for his support.
Western journalists accredited to
cover the anniversary were told Sun
day they could not extend their visas,
and some who had traveled to West
Berlin were not allowed back.
from page 1
showed how many people care about
the issue of homelessness.
"A lot of people thought it would be
a couple of thousand goofy liberals.
The rally showed that different people
from all different walks of life care."
Loughran said that now that SHOC
has made its statement by participating
in the rally, the group will "translate the
statement into action," including writ
ing letters to congress representatives
and working in the community.
"There will be 30 men homeless this
winter because the (Orange County
Homeless) Shelter will be closed for
renovations, and the temporary shelter
cannot accommodate everyone," he
said. "We are trying to help these people
through churches or the University."
Loughran said the rally made the
efforts of SHOC worthwhile.
"It was so exhilarating. The rally is
over, but I know the repercussions will
Thursday's article "Easley becomes
first official candidate for 1990 U.S.
Senate race" incorrectly stated that
former UNC-system President William
Speeding Ticket on 1-40?
Hear -ended in Durham?
D.W.I. On Franklin Street?
Slabbed Using A Fake I.D.?
Protect your legal rights &? insurance premiums
0 (Clip this ad for a $50.00 discount on your fee.) D
ES E3 CI 13 CI E3 CI CI CI CI EJ CI
Gallup Poll finds knowledge
lacking on college campuses
From Associated Press reports
WASHINGTON A Columbus
Day poll suggests one-fourth of
American college seniors either never
heard or do not remember the child
hood ditty: "In 1 492, Columbus sailed
the ocean blue."
In addition to finding that one in
four do not know Christopher Co
lumbus made his famous landing in
the Western Hemisphere prior to the
year 1500, the Gallup Poll suggests
considerable ignorance of other ba
sic facts about history and literature.
Nearly 60 percent did not know
the Korean War started when Harry
Truman was president, 58 percent
did not know that William
Shakespeare wrote "The Tempest"
and nearly a quarter believed a fa
mous saying from Karl Marx is part
of the U.S. Constitution.
"If the students' answers were to
be graded, more than half of those
tested would have failed,' ' concluded
the survey, which was conducted for
the National Endowment for the
Armed with the survey results,
NEH Chairman Lynne Cheney called
Sunday for colleges to revise their
curricula so undergraduates study
"essential areas of knowledge."
Navy crewmen killed in jet crash
NORFOLK, Va. A military jet
apparently malfunctioned shortly
after takeoff from an aircraft carrier,
and three crewmen were killed when
they ejected before it crashed into the
Atlantic Ocean, a Navy spokesman
A fourth crewman was rescued by
helicopter minutes later, said Lt.
Cmdr. Michael John, spokesman for
the Norfolk-based Naval Air Force,
The crewmen ejected from the S
3 Viking jet Saturday afternoon,
shortly after it took off from the
carrier USS John F. Kennedy, which
ted of trespassing charges. The stu
dents received a sanction of censure, an
Jones will also face charges of tres
passing and obstructing. His case could
not be pursued last year because Jones
was not a registered UNC student in the
1988-89 academic year.
CIAAC member Joey Templeton,
one of the five protesters censured in
1988, said she expected the court to
take similar action in Jones' case. "It's
the same case I went through. I suppose
they'll take the same kind of action."
McKinley will face charges in the
Graduate Student Court of trespassing,
disorderly conduct and obstructing from
the April 1988 incident, plus a charge
of obstructing in a Feb. 23, 1988, pro
test at the University Motor Inn. A CIA
recruiter staying at the Inn canceled
student interviews after CIAAC mem
bers protested there.
McKinley's two previous hearing
dates were postponed, and he left UNC
during the 1989 spring semester. His
Friday would seek the Democratic
nomination for senator. Friday will not
seek the position. The Daily Tar Heel
regrets the error.
Attorney at Law j
- 1885 jj
Hwy. 54 at I-40, Chapel HillDurham, 493-8096 967-8227
Atlantic Ave. at Spring Forest Rd.f Raleigh 790-1200
Lunch: 1 1 :30-2:00 Sunday-Friday
5:00-1 0:00 Friday & Saturday
News in Brief
was on training exercises about 1 25
miles southeast of Norfolk.
The crash occurred within sight of '
the Kennedy, and the surviving crew
man was rescued and two bodies"
were recovered shortly afterward,''
John said. '
Investigators were searching, '
Sunday for the wreckage of the anti
submarine warfare jet, which was-'
based at Cecil Field Naval Air Sta-I:
tion in Jacksonville, Fla. John said it'"
was not immediately known why theT '
Generators raise protest
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla.
Technicians packed two atomic
generators aboard space shuttle At-y.'
lantis on Sunday as NASA prepared j
for a Thursday launch that anti-nuclear
activists vow to block legally or.,
The generators, each containing- '
24.7 pounds of radioactive pluto-nium-238
dioxide, were installed in .
the Galileo space probe stored in the ..
shuttle's cargo bay.
The devices are intended to power
the probe after five astronauts re-;
lease it for a six-year journey to ,
The National Aeronautics and.
Space Administration plans to start,
the countdown at 8 a.m. EDT Mon-;.
day, aiming for liftoff at 1:29 p.m. .
The agency decided to begin the
count on schedule even though a
decision is pending on a federal
lawsuit by three citizens' groups'
seeking a temporary restraining or-
der to halt the launch. The groups
contend that an explosion on liftoff,
could spread cancer-causing pluto--'
nium particles over a large area of
from page 1
first hearing was postponed Oct. 20,.
1988, when he walked out on the court
after it refused to allow him to discuss
CIA activities as part of his defense-
The case was again postponed Nov.
22, 1988, when the court ruled
McKinley's rights had been violated,
because the prosecutor in the case, al-
though not a practicing lawyer,, had.
passed the N.C. Bar examination.
McKinley said he expected to be
able to defend himself even though the.
court might not agree with his presen
tation. "I just want to be able to put on
my defense freely and argue why we.
did what we did and that it has no place;
in honor court.
Each court will hear from the de-;
fense counsel, who represents the de-.
fendant, and the investigator, who pres--ents
the evidence in the case. Both the
counsel and the investigator, are mem
bers of the Undergraduate Attorney
The proceedings are non-adversarial,
Dowling said. "The defense knows
everything that's going to be presented.
The three the defendant, the defense
counsel and the investigator work
together before the hearing." .
The hearings have two parts: deter
mination of guilt or innocence, ancVjf
the defendant is found guilty, the sanc
But if the defendant is found inncR
cent, all documents and statements,
relating to the case are destroyed,
Dowling said. .,'i
In the sanctioning process, the Je-i
fendant may introduce character wit
nesses to testify for him, Dowling said.
"They can also describe their life joo!
campus, what they're involved in. Past)
cases are also taken into considera--tion."
from page 1 ,
The only major decisions the IFCT
has to make soon are the rush dates for
next semester, Gilreath said.
He added, however, that while the"
Greek system was not crippled, "the
continued lack of an adviser can cripple"
Woof cm down.
.y.v. w m m m mm mr mm mm mmmrn m m m- m mmm m J m mmm m
(next to Pizza Hut) (Woodcroft Shopping Ctr.)