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2The Daily Tar HeelThursday, October 12, 1989
1 f m p' "
World aed Nation
South-African leaders discuss future
From Associated Press reports
PRETORIA, South Africa Presi
dent F.W. de Klerk told militant anti
apartheid leaders Wednesday he was
ready to negotiate on black voting rights,
but they demanded more concessions
before serious talks begin.
The three-hour meeting with Angli
can Archbishop Desmond Tutu and
two other church leaders came a day
after de Klerk announced his decision
to free eight longtime security prison
ers, including seven leaders of the out
lawed African National Congress.
"I hope today's meeting will be
looked on as a milestone on the positive
road ahead," de Klerk said after the
But Tutu, the Rev. Allan Boesak,
president of the World Alliance of
Reformed Churches, and the Rev. Frank
Chikane, general secretary of the South
African Council of Churches, said de
Klerk declined to give clear-cut re
sponses to their demands.
"We made it clear we need results,"
House OKs some federally paid
From Associated Press reports
WASHINGTON The House
agreed Wednesday to allow federally
paid abortions for poor women who are
victims of rape or incest, reversing
nearly a decade of more restrictive votes
and inviting a veto from President Bush.
By a 216-206 vote, the House re
jected the language it has kept in the
law since 1981 and instead endorsed a
more liberal provision already passed
by the Senate. An effort by conserva
East German Commmyoist Party officials fear pending
From Associated Press reports
BERLIN Hi-ii Communis: Pan,
officials believe labor trouble is ahead
in East Germany and have demaod a
report on the "critical situation" trom
Erich Honecker, the nation's 77-year-old
leader, party sources said Wednes
day. East Germany's chief ideologist,
Kurt Hager, reversed himself and called
for reform to curb growing unrest, but
the Communist Party said strengthen
ing communism is the only solution to
the nation's problems.
There have been conflicting signs
recently as to whether the Honecker
regime will yield to demands for more
Chikane said. "Without results, we can't
The clergymen demanded the lifting
of the state of emergency, legalization
of the African National Congress and
other banned groups, the release of all
detainees and political prisoners, the
lifting of restrictions on political activ
ity, and clemency for prisoners on Death
"If these things happen, we'll say to
our people: Give them (the govern
ment) a chance. They are serious," Tutu
However, the clergymen said they
would press on with calls for tougher
economic sanctions against South Af
rica unless de Klerk complied with
De Klerk, who "became president in
August, said the clergymen were reluc
tant to trust his pledges to negotiate a
new, just political system.
"We are really no longer arguing
about the fact that all South Africans
must have a vote, that all South Afri
tives to reverse the vote then failed,
Federal aid for abortions, available
under Medicaid, is now limited to poor
women whose lives have been endan
gered by a pregnancy.
Wednesday's vote came three
months after a Supreme Court ruling
giving states greater powers to restrict
abortions. Lawmakers and activists who
say women have a right to an abortion
have argued that that ruling spurred
democracy or cling to the orthodox
i ten.; et ihou-
sands of East Germans to leave the
' : c u.uiand tor a report, made by
party members at a meeting Tuesday of
the policy-making Politburo, suggests
Honecker may face an internal chal
lenge to his 18-year leadership. The
sources disclosed it soon after the radio
broadcast Hager's remarks.
Party sources, speaking on condi
tion of anonymity, said some members
of the 1 63 -seat Central Committee were
invited to the meeting of the Politburo,
which has 21 members. The sources
said the meeting continued late Wednes
If ft Do
And only 19 -
106 W.Franklin St.
(next to Pizza Hut)
4711 Hope Valley Rd.
(Woodcraft Shopping Ctr.)
cans must become involved in all deci
sions affecting their life," he said. "What
we must now start talking about is how
do we structure that."
De Klerk opposes a one-man, one
vote system and black majority rule.
He has not specified what role he envi
sions for blacks in the national govern
ment. The president said his government
planned to consult with a wide range of
South African leaders as part of a step-by-step
process to negotiate a new
He declined to say when the eight
prisoners would be released, but other
government officials said it could be
Nelson Mandela, the African Na
tional Congress best-known impris
oned leader, is not among the eight, and
de Klerk said his status was not dis
cussed at Wednesday's meeting.
Mandela is widely expected to be
released within the next few months.
The decision to release the eight
supporters of their position to make
their views known to their legislators.
"The political momentum on this
issue is so strong now that if President
Bush vetoes this, he'd be making a big
mistake," said Rep. Barbara Boxer, D
Calif., who led the fight for the eased
But Rep. Henry Hyde, R-Ill., who
has led the anti-abortion fight in the
House for years, said, "I couldn't char
They said the complaining officii
told Honecker "there are increasing
sipns of coming strikes in the facto
lies" ar.d "there is no time to waste."
Honecker was told some workers
already were refusing to work overtime
and called on the government to ad
dress the "increasingly pressing ques
tions" of the nation's people, the
sources reported. He was asked to re
port by the end of the week, they said.
Politburo member Egon Krenz was
responsible for the restraint shown by
security forces during Monday's pro
democracy demonstrations in Leipzig,
East Berlin and Dresden, the sources
26 calories per ounce
prisoners unconditionally was widely
praised overseas and in South Africa.
The state-run radio, in a commen
tary, acknowledged that the prisoners
have a constituency among South
Africa's black majority and need to be
part of negotiations.
"Where Walter S isulu, Oscar Mpetha
and others are recognized by some
communities in South Africa as their
authentic leaders ... there is a need for
them to be placed in a position where
they can make a contribution to the
debate on just how a future South Af
rica should look," Radio South Africa
Sisulu is the most prominent of the
eight prisoners. He is a close friend of
Mandela and was a major African
National Congress leader before the
organization was banned in 1960.
Mpetha, 80, is the oldest political
prisoner in the country. He was seen
Wednesday at Groote Schuur Hospital
in Cape Town, where he has spent most
of his five-year prison term.
acterize it any other way than as a
defeat for the unborn. I was surprised,
upset and disappointed."
The provision adopted by the House
would allow Medicaid payments for
abortions when the mother's life is in
jeopardy or when the pregnancy re
sulted from rape or incest. Since 1981
and as recently as Aug. 2 the
House has voted for language limiting
federal aid to abortions only in cases in
which the woman's life was in danger.
said. Krenz often is mentioned as a
- cccs r to Honecker.
Late Wednesday, the official news
agency ADN said Honecker had post
poned a visit to Denmark scheduled for
Oct. 25-26. No reason was given.
Hager, one of the hierarchy's most
influential figures, recommended a
greater role for the people in solving
national problems, a more open society
and reform of the state-controlled news
media. He did not suggest specific ac
tions. Hager, also 77, made the recommen
dations in an interview Saturday with
the Soviet weekly newspaper Moscow
News while street protests were under
"You. can fight
SHiililw 'iMSiftip 'Jltt'5tn)i' 'WflJMPis
STARTS FRIDAY CARMIKE'S
Latin American presidents
consider role of Panama
From Associated Press reports
ICA, Peru Seven Latin Ameri
can presidents convened in this des
ert city Wednesday to discuss the
proposed expulsion of Panama from
their Group of Eight and support of
the Andean nations' struggle with
Panama's membership was sus
pended in 1988 after Gen. Manuel
Noriega arranged the dismissal of
President Eric Delvalle, who had tried
to fire Noriega as military com
manded Peru and Venezuela are among
the members pushing for Panama's
"We cannot permit a country like
Panama that scoffs at and ridicules
the democratic system to continue
with us,' ' said Guillermo Larco Cox,
Peru's foreign minister.
Diplomatic sources said Mexico
and some others felt expulsion would
amount to interference in the internal
affairs of another country.
Search for crash clues grows
ALTA, Iowa The discovery of
a key engine part from a jumbo jet
that crashed in July intensified the
search of Iowa cornfields for other
pieces to the puzzle of what caused
the DC-10's rear engine to fly apart,
officials said Wednesday.
"We don't know yet whether this
is the golden nugget we're looking
for," said Jim Burnett, a member of
the National Transportation Safety
Board. "But we're glad we found
way and Soviet President Mikhail S.
Gorbachev was visiting East Germany.
State radio read his comments
Wednesday. Earlier in the day, the party
newspaper Neues Deutschland vigor
ously defended the country's commu
"Our task in the immediate future is
to come up with a clear concept for the
development of necessary changes,"
said Hager, who has been known as a
hard-liner opposed to the Gorbachev
style reforms in Eastern Europe.
"That will require, above all, the
active involvement of the people in
solving important problems and a new
policy of public information. A freer
the Gods and still have a good time."
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News in Brief
Officials of General Electric Co.,
which made the engine in 1972, said
the discovery of the fan disk of the
crippled DC-10 that crashed July 19
while trying to land at the Sioux City
airport is important to the investiga
tion into what happened to United
Governor threatens to close plant
WASHINGTON The Bush
administration pressed governors of
seven states Wednesday to help avert
a possible forced shutdown of the
Rocky Flats nuclear arms plant by
agreeing to temporarily store part of
its radioactive waste next year.
Most of the seven Idaho, Colo
rado, New Mexico, Nevada, South
Carolina, Tennessee and Washing
ton had indicated earlier this week
they would not accept any of the
waste, which contains plutonium that
remains radioactive for 240,000
The administration says closing
Rocky Flats would amount to unilat
eral nuclear disarmament since it is
the sole maker of plutonium triggers
Colorado Gov. Roy Romer has
vowed to shut down Rocky Flats,
which is situated 16 miles from
Denver, if waste stored in plant build
ings exceeds 1 ,600 cubic yards. The
Energy Department estimates that
limit will be topped by March 1 .
and broader discussion is developing in
Virtually all news media are under
strict official control.
Referring to the mass exodus, mostly
of skilled young people, Hager said,
"All of the obstacles have to be cleared
away that have apparently prevented
our youth from developing their full
He said the government should re-1
spond to the "needs and mood" of the
During his two-day visit last week
for East Germany's 40th anniversary,
Gorbachev urged Honecker to make
i -I if