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2The Daily Tar HeelThursday, October 26, 1989
World and Nation
Earthquake homeless cowot
From Associated Press reports
SAN FRANCISCO More than
13,000 people were reported homeless
Wednesday, and officials warned more
houses could be lost in landslides near
Children in the badly damaged
Marina district returned to classes in
their reopened school-turned-shelter.
As Congress moved forward with
relief packages worth billions, a survey
found many Bay area residents gave
low marks to the federal response to
last week's devastating quake.
California's Office of Emergency
Services (OES) raised its count of dis
placed people to 13,892, nearly double
the figure previously reported.
'There's more people out (at shel
ters) because of the recent rains," Bob
Krueger of the OES said Wednesday,
adding that a better reporting system
also increased the tally.
"I'm taking it one day at a time right
now," said Lynn Carrere, who was
East GeHrnaimy to allow more foreign trave
From Associated Press reports
BERLIN New leader Egon Krenz
said Wednesday he will let East Ger
mans travel abroad more freely but
made clear that the Berlin Wall, a scar
on the city for near three decades, will
not come down.
In further signs the communist na
tion is moving toward at least limited
reform, the official news agency ADN
carried a series of reports that included
a news conference by police to address
accusations of brutality and a dispatch
quoting a prominent dissident.
Tens of thousands of young, skilled
workers have fled to West Germany
since September and throngs of pro
testers fill the streets at home to de
mand reforms in this rigid society.
Late Wednesday, about 200 people
carrying burning candles marched si
lently through downtown East Berlin.
Police first stopped the protesters but
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reference book, is more than that. It is also a testament to the amazing
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With contributions from more than a hundred specialists, this book is
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Martin Banham, Editor
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being sheltered by the Red Cross at the
Marina Middle School after her apart
ment was heavily damaged. "The after
shocks are really getting on my nerves.
Some students were upset to find
175 displaced people still in their school
when it reopened.
"It's sort of wierd," said one girl.
"We can't get to the gym. The yard is
split in half for the Red Cross."
A boy said some students felt they
had sacrified enough.
Landslides in the Santa Cruz Moun
tains have already claimed scores of
homes, and geologists warned of worse
Because of rain, huge sections of
land in Santa Cruz County cracked by
earthquake fissures are in danger of
sliding this winter and burying hun
dreds of homes.
"What's happening today is fright
ening to geologists who have looked at
it," Professor Gary Griggs of the Uni
versity of California, Santa Cruz, told
let them proceed after a brief discus
sion. No slogans were shouted.
The marchers joined about 2,000
people at a vigil at a church at Alexan
derplatz and later dispersed peacefully.
ADN said Wednesday Wight that
about 20,000 people joined in what it
called a "march of hope" in the center
of Neubrandenburg, a city north of
The marchers called for talks with
authorities, so the city's mayor, Heinz
Hahn, promised talks with citizens,
With the comment that "no one will
be left out of the dialogue,' ' Krenz said
Wednesday the new officials' willing
ness to discuss reforms may extend to
members of pro-democracy groups. He
and the party previously rejected talks
with the opposition. Krenz, who last
week replaced Erich Honecker as
Communist Party chief, also said
LITERATURE IN ENGLISH
Ian Ousby, Editor
Foreword by Margaret Atwood
". . . an indispensable and indeed a
The Los Angeles Times
"The new Cambridge Guide to Liter
ature in English, although a compre
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AN ILLUSTRATED HISTORY
"Now Peter Conn's ambitious Liter
ature in America provides a whirlwind
walking tour through the united and
divided states of this American land
scape of letters."
The New York Times Book Review
county supervisors Tuesday. "I think
there's a cause for alarm, but not instant
alarm until we've had more rain."
The Senate approved a $3.45 billion
quake relief package Wednesday, and
sent it to the House, which had passed
a $2.85 billion measure just a day be
fore. The Senate bill tacked on $600
million for Small Business Admini
stration emergency loans.
A survey in Wednesday's San Fran
cisco Chronicle found 36 percent of
Bay area residents polled found the
federal response the the quake "fair' ' or
Forty-nine percent found it "excel
lent" or "good," compared with 72
percent who felt that way about the
local government response and a 59
percent positive rating for the state.
Damage estimates have been set at
Police said six people remained
unaccounted for, and the death toll from
the Oct. 17 quake remained at 63, in
Wednesday he was interested in meet
ing with Chancellor Helmut Kohl of
West Germany, but "one has to under
stand that I have to first attend to
domestic political problems."
He said he planned to discuss a
summit date by telephone with Kohl,
who said Tuesday he was ready for a
Krenz spoke after meeting with
Wolfgang Mischnick, parliamentary
leader of the Free Democrats, junior
partner in Kohl's coalition.
Mischnick was the first senior West
German politician to see Krenz since
the ouster of Honecker, 77, a hard-liner
who ran the country for 18 years and
was Krenz's mentor.
Krenz told reporters who accompa
nied Mischnick that East Germans
would be given greater freedom of travel
by year's end.
Under a more liberal law proposed
Hlouse upholds Bosh
From Associated Press reports
Bush's veto of a bill to provide abortion
assistance to impoverished victims of
rape and incest was sustained in the
House on Wednesday as a 231-191
vote to override him fell 5 1 votes short
of the necessary two-thirds margin.
. Though narrow in scope, the bill
carried symbolic importance in the
widening political struggle over the
abortion issue, and proponents took
their loss with a vow to keep the
president's feet to the fire. But Rep.
Chris Smith, R-NJ., called it "a deci
sive victory for the pro-life movement."
"The president won a legislative
victory today with use of a legislative
minority," said Rep. Les AuCoin, D
Ore. "He will put his party at tremen
dous risk in the next election, and some
of his allies on the House floor will not
A Republican who supported the bill,
Rep. Bill Green of New York, said
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cluding 39 from the collapse of double
decked Interstate 880 in Oakland.
New aftershocks did not damage the
structure as crews continued to dis
mantle it. An aftershock of 4.5, the
strongest in four days, was registered at
Tuesday evening, and a 3.7 shock fol
lowed Wednesday morning the lat
est of about 3,500 aftershocks since the
Buck Helm, the 1-880 survivor,
remained in serious but stable condi
tion. "He's doing well," said Phyllis
Brown, a spokeswoman for Highland
General Hospital in Oakland.
Also improving were 6-year-old Julio
Berumen and his 8-year-old sister,
Cathy, who lost their mother in the I
880 collapse. Some 500 letters to the
children and more than $25,000 in
checks have flooded a fund set up at
Summit Bank in Oakland.
On Wednesday, BankAmerica Corp.,
announced it would give $1.1 million
to quake relief programs.
by the Communist Party's ruling Polit
buro, passports and exit visas would be
available for travel to any other coun
try. It also would drop current require
ments that family members remain
behind as insurance the travelers would
Officials in East Berlin say financial
obstacles must still be resolved. East
German marks are not exchangeable
outside the country, and officials are
unlikely to release much of their hard
currency reserves for Western travel.
Strict curbs on foreign travel have
been a prime source of complaint by
East Germans, joining with limits on
speech and political activity to propel
the mass exodus.
A Western reporter asked whether
easier travel to the West would make
the Berlin Wall obsolete. Krenz said,
"The wall has a very different meaning
than what is implied in your question. ' '
"President Bush may well have
stumbled on the one issue that could
cost him re-election."
The vote, in which 42 Republicans
joined 189 Democrats in the unsuc
cessful bid to enact the bill over the
president's veto, left intact an 8-year-old
ban of federal financing of abor
tions for poor women, except when
their lives are threatened.
The disputed provision would have
permitted Medicaid abortions for
women who are victims of rape or
incest, and who "reported promptly" to
authorities. It was part of a spending
bill that now goes back to the House
Appropriations Committee for revision.
Smith and other abortion opponents
said the vote demonstrated they can
overcome future efforts to weaken the
prohibition on most Medicaid abor
tions, adding that it shows the political
ground has not shifted in favor of abor
tion rights, as some strategists argue.
"They made the mistake of thinking
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Subpoena said to threaten
From Associated Press reports
WASHINGTON The Justice
Department said Wednesday that a
court decision allowing former Presi
dent Reagan's papers to be subpoe
naed for an Iran-Contra trial "raised
a serious question" about the institu
tion of the presidency.
Comments by chief spokesman
David Runkel appeared to signal that
top Justice Department officials were
studying the possibility of support
ing Reagan in any challenge to sub
poenas for notes and diaries for use
as evidence by former National Se
curity Adviser John Poindexter.
Runkel emphasized that the de
partment has not formulated a posi
tion on Tuesday's ruling by the trial
judge in Poindexter's case and
wouldn't do so without consulting
Reagan's private attorney.
But the spokesman said,"The
judge's decision would allow for the
subpoenaing of material from Presi
dent Reagan that dealt with discus
sions he had when he was president.
We intend to take a look at that."
Bush to announce safety move
WASHINGTON Moving to
ease consumer concerns over food
safety, President Bush is preparing to
announce a streamlining of regula
tions so that dangerous chemicals
can be taken off the market more
quickly, sources said Wednesday.
The administration's new policy
for dealing with pesticides and other
chemicals in foods is aimed at giving
the Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA) greater flexibility in dealing
with food safety issues.
EPA Administrator William Reilly
declined on Wednesday to provide
details of the impending policy an
nouncement, but told reporters "it's
responsive to a number of problems
this agency has had in administering
our pesticide law."
veto 00 abortion aid
this was a one-round fight," said Rep.
Vin Weber, R-Minn.
"Some members who were panicked
by pro-abortion propaganda in the last
few weeks are going to be surprised,
because the final tale hasn't been told
on how this issue is cutting across the
countryside," he said. "We're now
beginning to see some victories on our
side of the issue."
The House vote came two weeks
after pro-choice lawmakers surpised
even themselves by winning on a 216
206 vote that added the amendment
expanding Medicaid abortions to the
appropriations bill for labor, health and
education programs. It was the first
time in nearly a decade of trying that
the more liberal language had passed
the House, although it had easily cleared
Abortion-rights supporters picked up
15 votes on the override vote. But some
of those who switched positions said
they did so for other reasons, since the
Poland's secret police
try to fit reform model
From Associated Press reports Freed from watching opposition
WARSAW, Poland The secret activists many now hold posts in the
police will disband undercover units East bloc's first non-communist gov-
and turn off listening devices to try to
win back "public acceptance and Dres
tige" and a place in Poland's reforms,
commanders said Wednesday.
A coupon running in the
1990 class schedule book
let advertising $50 off
standardized test prepera-
tion is for the Stanley H.
Kaplan Educational Center,
2634 Chapel Hill Blvd. in
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& trench fries
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News in Brief
Man approaches Quayle's car
WASHINGTON A man who
slugged Sen. John Glenn Wednesday
after muttering "the earthquakes are
starting" had been detained by po
lice Tuesday after approaching Vice
President Dan Quayle's motorcade,
Michael Breen, who was arrested
after hitting Glenn in the jaw at a tree
planting ceremony, was the same man
detained for two hours Tuesday after
breaking through a police line and
trying to approach Quayle's motor
cade, U.S. Capitol police said.
Breen, 3 1 , of Washington, tried to
pass a letter to Quayle's motorcade
but was stopped before he got close
to the car, said a Capitol Police spokes
man. Breen was not arrested Tues
day, the spokesman said.
Warhead ingredient disappears
of a test shipment of tritium, a
key ingredient in nuclear warheads,
was lost between buildings at a Ten
nessee weapons plant, according to
government documents released
The documents said investigators
could not rule out theft as in explana
tion for the disappearance, though no
evidence of a theft could be found.
Ironically, the test was arranged as
part of an internal investigation at the
Oak Ridge National Laboratory into
the cause of discrepancies in the
amount of tritium shipped from the
lab to commercial buyers.
Jim Alexander, an Oak Ridge
spokesman, said Wednesday he did
not know whether the tritium in the
test shipment had been recovered. He
said efforts to resolve the discrepan
cies in commercial shipments dating
back to 1985 were continuing.
vote affected the entire $156.7 billion
Fifty-nine Democrats and 132 Re
publicans voted to sustain the veto.
Eleven members did not vote, in
cluding Rep. James Courter, a Repub
lican who is running for New Jersey
governor and who has been accused of
waffling , on the abortion issue, His
opponent, Democratic Rep. James '
Florio, voted to override and later said
Courter "chose to say this was not an
issue of enough importance to adjust
his schedule to be here."
Smith, the anti-abortion leader, at
tributed most of the switches to other
issues but said there were "a few mar
ginal members who have capitulated."
House Speaker Tom Foley, D-Wash.,
said Democrats had not decided on
their next move. House Democratic
whip, Bill Gray, D-Pa., said he did not
think Democrats would attempt to add
similar abortion language again to the
same appropriations bill.
eminent security forces can turn to
fighting an alarming rise in property
crimes spawned by Poland's economic
ensis, the officials said.
'The functionaries of the security
service not only fully accept these
changes, but are aware that the changes
are irreversible," said Jerzy Karpacz,
deputy chief of the secret police.
"If any are found with a different
view, they will have to leave the force."
Karpacz was joined by the deputy
commander of the police and the spokes
man for the Interior Ministry at a news
conference that opened the secret de
partment to unusual scrutiny.
"It is obvious that the understanding,
interpretation and realization of the job
of ... the Interior Ministry depends di
rectly on the broader social and politi
cal conditions of the country," said
spokesman Wojciech Garstka.
. "That is why there will be changes
perhaps the deepest in postwar his
tory in the way some responsibilities
in the Interior Ministry will be imple
mented." The despised secret police long
symbolized Communist control by fear.
They are remembered as executors of
Stalinist purges, clandestine monitors
of the opposition and interrogators of
Three rogue officers and their com
mander from the so-called "Third
Department," which spied on religious
associations, were convicted of the 1984
kidnapping and murder of Rev. Jerzy
Popieluszko, a charismatic Solidarity
priest whose bound body was dumped
in a river.
The third department and five other
units, including those responsible for
surveillance of citizens loyalty and
protection of the agricultural, manu
facturing and arms industries, have been
liquidated in the reform drive, Garstka