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2The Daily Tar HeelThursday, November 16, 1989
World aed Nation
Motiomi to confront Commy mst mule
From Associated Press reports
BERLIN An East German politi
cal party said Wednesday it would ask
Parliament this week to abolish the
Communists' 40-year lock on power, -the
first direct challenge to the Com
munist rule. And it predicted an easy
Communist officials spurned Bonn's
offer of an economic bailout, saying
they prefer their own recovery course
and hinting at reforms to encourage
In West Berlin, hundreds gathered at
the enormous Brandenburg Gate, hop
ing the East Germans would break
through the Berlin Wall in front of the
200-year-old "symbol of unity." A
West German TV network said as many
as 7,000 East German refugees were
expected to return to their communist
The East German constitution's
guarantee of a "leading role" for the
Communist Party will be challenged at
Friday's sitting of the increasingly
independent-minded Parliament, said
Manfred Gerlach, head of the Liberal
It was unclear whether a vote on the
constitutional change would come the
"I figure it will pass with a large
majority," Gerlach told West
Germany's ARD radio network. His
party, once closely allied with the
Communists, has been at the forefront
of calls for change in East Germany.
The new speaker of Parliament, non
Communist Guenther Maleuda, on
Tuesday urged a constitutional change
to allow a true multiparty government.
The East German constitution speci
fies that constitutional changes must be
approved by a majority of the lawmak
ers in the 500-member Parliament, or
Despite Gerlach's prediction, a
majority of the chamber is still believed
to be made up of orthodox members
likely to reject the measure.
Parliament, however, has shown
increasing signs of independence, en
gaging in once-unthinkable debates and
casting 26 "no" votes against naming
the new Communist Party chief Egon
Krenz as president on Oct. 24.
Gerlach for weeks has urged the
Communists to abandon their "leading
role," but Friday's motion will be the
first direct challenge.
Gerlach also predicted free elections
as early as next year and said the
Communists would fail to win a major
ity. Krenz has promised free elections
but has not set a date.
Krenz's leadership on Wednesday
weighed the latest pledge of economic
aid from Bonn, offered in exchange for
sweeping political and economic re
forms. West German Economics Minister
Helmut Haussmann on Tuesday an
nounced the offer of massive economic
aid, which he likened to the U.S.
Marshall Plan that helped rebuild
Western Europe after the Nazi defeat in
World War II.
There was no formal government
response from East Germany to
Haussmann' s offer, but officials have
made it clear they do not favor a full
The Communist-aligned National
Democratic Party outlined measures to
attract private investment.
Deputy Finance Minister Martin
Maassen called for tax breaks for East
Germans who want to privately pro
duce goods and services to fill the
nation's vast consumer void.
East Germany's state-run newspa
pers printed doubtful comments on the
prospects for accepting handouts, de
claring no interest in a "sellout" of
their socialist state.
Economist Karl-Heinz Arnold told
the Communist Party newspaper Ber
liner Zeitung that East Germany could
manage its own recovery, an indication
that Bonn's offer may be rejected.
The government-run Bauern-Echo
newspaper, geared toward East
Germany's farmers, warned against too
much influence from West Germany.
"Yes to unrestricted travel. No to an
East German sellout," the newspaper
said. It deemed the two German states
"politically and economically too di
verse." West Berlin Mayor Walter Momper
cautioned against excessive West Ger
man involvement in East German af
fairs. "East Germany needs no patronage,"
Momper said in West Berlin.
In Washington, a White House
spokesman said the United States has
"no apologies" for extolling capital
ism as a remedy for Eastern Europe's
economic woes. Soviet President
Mikhail Gorbachev had warned the
West against gloating about the demise
of socialism or attempting to "export
"We certainly are proud of the capi
talist system and the rewards that it has
offered," Marlin Fitzwater said. "We
hold it up as an example to all, but we
have not tried to dictate it to any of
Palestinians observe 'independence day'
fcYom Associated Press reports
MAZRAA ASHARKIYA, Occu
pied West Bank Palestinians set off
fireworks, danced, flew outlawed flags
and launched balloons Wednesday, the
first anniversary of the PLO declara
tion of their independence.
Many celebrations in the occupied
lands were peaceful, but Arab reports
said at least 18 Palestinians were
wounded or beaten by soldiers reacting
to stone-throwing attacks. An Israeli
man was reported injured in a stoning
Soldiers curtailed many festivities
by imposing round-the-clock curfews
that confined nearly 500,000 Palestini
ans to their homes and banned travel to
and from the Gaza Strip for a second
. The celebrations marked the anni
versary of the declaration of an inde
pendent Palestinian state on Nov. 15,
1988, during a meeting of the Palestine
National Council in Algiers. The coun
cil acts as the legislature of the Pales
tine Liberation Organization.
Young Palestinians in the occupied
West Bank and Gaza gave up stone
throwing for the day and Israeli sol
diers also used restraint, keeping away
from dozens of marches and rallies like
those held in this hilltop town of 3,500
people 20 miles north of Jerusalem.
Several Israeli newspapers said
Defense Minister Yitzhak Rabin told a
closed parliament committee session
he had information that leaders of the
23-month-old Palestinian uprising had
ordered increased use of firearms to
Palestinians shot a soldier to death
Monday in Gaza, but the PLO has di
rected that firearms not be used. The
most common weapons are stones and
Forty-one Israelis, including eight
soldiers, have been killed since the
uprising began Dec. 8, 1987. Israeli
soldiers or civilians have killed at least
Whatever the PLO orders, there was
a call to arms during a rally in Mazraa
"We congratulate our people today,
and we promise you to continue our
struggle! With the gun we will achieve
our independence; only with the gun!"
a young man in a "popular army' ' khaki
uniform, masked with an Arab head
scarf, shouted through a megaphone.
He was applauded by about 1,000
men and women in the main square and
on rooftops holding balloons and Pal
estinian flags, which Israel outlawed.
Many adults clapped rhythmically
and children sang the Palestinian an
them "Biladi, Biladi," Arabic for "My
Country, My Country."
From the crowd came chants of
"Don't be afraid, don't be afraid, the
stone will become a Kalashnikov," a
Soviet-designed automatic rifle.
About 150 uniformed youths later
marched through streets of the village,
past houses adorned with photographs
of PLO chief Yasser Arafat, and Pales
tinian guerrilla leaders Nayef Hawat
meh and George Habash.
Young men daubed "Let's burn the
land under the feet of occupation" on
walls. Israeli soldiers manned a check
point outside Mazraa Asharkiya during
the 90-minute rally, but did not inter
vene as an army helicopter clattered
Observances were held in many other
towns, including Nablus, the largest in
the" West Bank. Dozens of masked
youths defied an army curfew in Nablus
by lighting torches and shouting, "With
blood and soul, we will redeem Pales
tine!" Balloons in the red, green, white and
black of the Palestinian flag hovered
over rooftops. A huge red balloon at
tached to a flag was emblazoned with,
"The independent Palestinian state lives
At Jebel Mukhaber village in the
Jerusalem district, children holding
balloons marched to a drum beat on a
main street until riot police dispersed
Youths in Yatta, near Hebron, danced
the Arabic "debka," beat drums and
waved Palestinian flags to the applause
of children who watched.
American, Israeli leaders
to continue talks on PLO
From Associated Press reports
WASHINGTON Israeli Prime
Minister Yitzhak Shamir took his
appeal against a PLO role in Mide
ast talks to President Bush on
Wednesday after making "some
progress" in a two-hour session with
Secretary of State James Baker.
Standing alongside Shamir in the
marble-columned State Department
lobby, Baker agreed with the Israeli
leader's description of their session.
But Baker and Shamir provided no
details before heading for the White
Their brief remarks left no doubt
that final agreement on setting up
talks between Israel and Palestinian
Arabs was still not in hand.
"I think we will continue the dis
cussions," Shamir said. "I think we
made some progress."
Live from inside the heart
NEW ORLEANS Doctors
exploring the body with tiny ultra
sound probes say they have em
barked on "a fantastic voyage,"
getting an inside view of the maze of
blood vessels and the heart itself.
In scientific presentations
Wednesday, doctors described ex
perimental use of the devices to make
live cross-sectional pictures that help
them see problems and guide tools
to fix them.
"It's a fantastic voyage," Dr.
Natesa Pandian said. "It's almost
like you are traveling inside the blood
vessels and looking around."
Several other doctors working
with the new technique also likened
it to the exploits in "Fantastic Voy
age," a 1966 movie starring Raquel
Welch in which miniaturized doc
tors traveled through their patient's
Policeman's trial begins
MIAMI A policeman who
fatally shot a black motorcyclist
acted recklessly and in defiance of
police regulations, prosecutors said
Wednesday t the opening of the trial
into two deaths that touched off racial
violence in January.
Defense attorneys said their client
shot in self-defense.
William Lozano, 31, faces two
manslaughter counts in the slayings
of the driver, Clement Lloyd, 23,
and his passenger, Allan Blanchard,
News in Brief
24, who died of injuries suffered
when the motorcycle crashed after
Assistant State Attorney Don Horn
told the racially mixed jury that
Lozano violated police regulations
when he stepped into the street and
fired at Lloyd.
"This shooting was not justified,"
Horn said. "At the time Lozano fired
the shot, he was in no danger of being
struck by the motorcycle."
Testimony will show, he said, that
Lozano fired at the motorcycle as it
was about to pass him, not hit him.
Bush backs pay raise
Bush will back a plan to raise salaries
for members of Congress and other
top governmental officials by more
than a third while tightening ethics
rules, the Speaker of the House said
Speaker Thomas Foley, D-Wash.t
told reporters the agreement with the
administration had been reached and
a statement from the president would
be released. White House officials
confirmed the statements privately
in advance of the statement.
With the president's endorsement,
House leaders formally unveiled their
plan and scheduled a vote Thursday.
The package would raise salaries
from $89,500 to almost $125,000 in
just more than 1 3 months and impose
new ethics rules on the amount and
type of members' outside income.
Capital-gains cut fails
efforts to cut capital-gains taxes this
year ended Wednesday when the
Senate refused for a second time to
choke off a Democratic filibuster
against the proposal.
A 51-47 vote in favor of limiting
debate was nine votes short of the 60
required to end the filibuster. The
vote was the same as on Tuesday,
with the same six Democrats joining
all 45 Republicans in supporting the
limitation on debate.
"One day we will have 60 votes to
pass the capital-gains tax," said Sen.
Bob Packwood, R-Ore., chief advo
cate of the reduction.
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