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2Yhe Daily Tar HeelMonday, November 27, 1989
World and Nation
(Gorbachev backs change do socialism
-From Associated Press reports
tV .MOSCOW Mikhail Gorbachev
displayed solid support Sunday for
.jreforrn in Eastern Europe by endorsing
socialism with a "human face" the
slogan used by the Czechoslovak pro
gressives toppled by a Soviet-led inva
sion in 1968.
In the Czechoslovak capital, Alex
rander Dubcek, leader of the ill-fated
."Prague Spring" reforms of 21 years
.ago, read Gorbachev's remarks at a
rally as proof of the Soviet president's
backing for change.
Two days earlier, the Czechoslovak
pommunist Party dumped party chief
jC-lifos Jakes and some other leaders
associated with hard-line policies in an
attempt to stem the political crisis that
has rocked the country.
With the Eastern Bloc in upheaval,
the Soviet Communist Party daily
Pravda published a 2-page compilation
of Gorbachev's thoughts on the future
of socialism and his own program for
"perestroika," or reconstruction of the
economy and society.
Pravda said the article was a synthe
sis of recent remarks by Gorbachev.
The Soviet leader's major theme
seemed to be that socialism must
modernize even adopt traits of capi
talism if necessary or risk becoming
irrelevant. He offered no quick answers
but said the process would take years,
"into the 21st century."
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He also said achievements attained
under capitalism, like "equality of all
before the law" and general prosperity,
should not be dismissed because of
"In the hullabaloo of our constant
confrontation with capitalism, we
clearly underestimate the importance
of much that has been done by human
ity over the centuries," the Kremlin
On the need for Soviet reform, Gor
bachev said: "The people are tired of
"Many words have been spoken
about the interests of man, but they
have been little reinforced with mate
rial resources and genuine deeds. As a
result, in becoming a great and mighty
power, the country did not create for
the masses of the people the conditions
of life that are natural for any civilized
"The new face of socialism is its
human face, this fully corresponds to
the thought of Marx," Gorbachev said.
"Because its creation is the chief goal
of restructuring, we can with full justi
fication say we are building humanitar
For Communists, the phrase "social
ism with a human face" is inseparably
linked to Dubcek and his ill-fated re
Gorbachev has previously supported
economic and social reform in Eastern
Europe and pledged the Soviets would
not interfere there, but by appropriating
Dubcek's words, he made his point
Some in Prague even took
Gorbachev's comments as a public
admission that the 1968 intervention,
which led to Dubcek's overthrow, was
a mistake. The Soviet Union has not yet
renounced the 1968 intervention, as it
has the 1979 invasion of Afghanistan.
In the Pravda article, Gorbachev
sounded a note of alarm about social
ism by contrasting its present woes
with the adaptability of capitalism.
Karl Marx was wrong, Gorbachev
acknowledged, when he predicted
capitalism's imminent demise.
"Unfortunately, socialism has not
been able to occupy the leader's posi
tion in structural reconversion in
dustrially developed capitalist coun
tries have appeared in this role," Gor
He said much of value was created
under capitalism "not just simple
norms of morality and justice, but prin
ciples of formal law, i.e. equality of all
before the law, laws and liberties of the
individual, principles of the production
of goods and equivalent exchange based
on the law of value."
For the Record
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Palestinians start searches
for cooperators with state
From Associated Press reports
JERUSALEM Groups of Pal
estinian activists armed with assault
rifles have begun organized patrols in
the West Bankcity of Nablus to search
for Palestinians they suspect of col
laborating with Israel, Arab reporters
Members of two underground
Palestinian gangs have been seen at
least twice patrolling alleys of Nablus'
Old City, carrying lists of suspected
collaborators and questioning people,
said the reporters, who spoke on
condition of anonymity.
Trade Minister Ariel Sharon,
meanwhile, proposed to annex parts
of the occupied lands with dense
Jewish settlements as a prelude to the
Israeli-offered Palestinian elections.
Nicaraguan relations suspended
SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador
President Alfredo Cristiani sus
pended diplomatic and commercial
relations with Nicaragua's govern
ment Sunday to protest alleged smug
gling of weapons to leftist guerrillas
in El Salvador.
Also Sunday, police arrested an
American woman and said they con
fiscated some 80,000 rounds of
ammunition, explosives, detonators
and grenades stored in her house.
The move announced by Cristiani
in a nationally televised address oc
curred one day after military authori
ties discovered two light planes de
livering weapons to the rebels fight
ing the U.S.-backed government.
One plane crashed in eastern El
Salvador and army troops recovered
sophisticated weapons, including 25
News in Brief
surface-to-air missiles. Three crew
men died, and the fourth committed
The other plane apparently was
able to unload its cargo after landing
in the southern part of the country,
but it was unable to take off either for
lack of fuel or other reasons and was
set on fire by its crew, who then fled.
Parliament coalition expected
NEW DELHI, India Opposi
tion parties forged ahead of Prime
Minister Rajiv Gandhi's Congress
Party in parliamentary elections that
will determine the fate of the world's
only democratically elected dynasty,
results showed Monday.
"The Congress Party is no longer
going to be the majority in the next
government," state television 'de
clared. Following the bloodiest vote in
modern India's 42-year history, tal
lies showed the governing Congress
Party leading in more races than any
single opposition party but trailing
the combined total of opposition
parties. It was falling short of enough
seats to form the next government
without entering a coalition.
Voting started Wednesday in most
of India's 25 states and seven feder
ally governed territories. By the time
polling ended Sunday in the states of
Punjab, Bihar and tiny Sikkim, at
least 136 people had been killed in
from page 1
NCBC members say they are ex
panding the protest to increase commu
nity awareness of the issue, which will
in turn pressure the University.
"We're taking it to the public so not
just the campus, but the public can see
what's going on here," Ards said.
"We're going public so they can't do it
undercover as they have been."
Waters added: "The reason we're
continuing (the protest) is to show them
they (the University) shouldn't ignore
the problem. It will be embarrassing for
them because not only minorities will
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see her as incompetent, but the commu
nity as well."
Eric Davis, co-chairman of the UNC
branch of NCBC, said only continued
protest would force UNC to address
minority concerns. "The University
won't do anything for minority stu
dents unless they're embarrassed first."
Ards said that more protesting would
also force the University to justify its
actions. "It (Cell's reappointment) was
set up from the very beginning.
"Yes, we realize that appointment
has gone through. We need to hold
them accountable, though."
But NCBC is not focusing only on
black concerns, Ards said. Members
are also focusing their attention on UNC
Trustee John Pope because of attitudes
he has expressed concerning women
and blacks, she said.
The group is also working to have
the University hire Native American
faculty members, Ards said.
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What does the Federal Trade Commission say
about "Eyeglass Prescriptions"
Q. Can an eye doctor charge patients an extra fee for releasing eyeglass prescriptions?
A. No. It is illegal for an eye doctor to charge their patients any fee in excess of their normal examina
tion fee as an extra charge for releasing or giving the patient a copy of their eyeglass prescription.
Example, if their normal examination fee is $40, they cannot add an extra $5 or $1 0 for giving you the
Q. When does an eye doctor have to give out a prescription?
A. The prescription must be given to the patient immediately after the eye examination is completed.
This means that the doctor must give the patient his or her prescription before they begin selling you
eyeglasses (if they also sell eyeglasses).
Q. What if the patient doesn't ask for the prescription? Does the eye doctor still have to give it out
to his or her patient?
A. Yes. The Prescription Release Rule requires that the eye doctor prepare the prescription and physi
cally offer it to the patient. Of course, the eye doctor can't force the patient to take it, but must offer
him or her the written prescription. Simply asking the patient whether they want their prescription is
not sufficient. It's been found that many consumers had never seen a prescription for corrective eye
wear, and were unaware that they could take that piece of paper and use it to comparison shop.
Q. What is the penalty for violating the Rule?
A. The penalty for violating the Rule is up to $1 0,000 per violation.
Q. How can you report violations of the Rule?
A. You can contact the Federal Trade Commission directly in
Washington, D.C. at:
Eyeglasses TRR, Federal Trade Commission,
Room 281 , Washington, DC 20580
Eyeglasses One Hour
Downtown Chapel Hill
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