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2The Daily Tar HeelTuesday, November 28, 1989
World and Nation
lN.C. senator denounces Bosh budget
By WENDY BOUNDS
Sen. Terry Sanford, D-N.C, recently
declared President Bush's upcoming
1991 budget to be unacceptable, dis
honest and shameful.
In a Nov. 14 floor statement, San
ford said the budget, which will be
released in January, did not tell U.S.
citizens the truth about the nation's
. "We know right now the president
does not plan to send us an honest
budget in January," Sanford said in his
statement. "We have every right to
expect to demand honesty from
: the president. But right now, the presi
dent does not plan to give us simple
The 1991 budget will have a deficit
of about $280 billion and will conceal
Strike in Czechoslovakia gains
From Associated Press reports
PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia Mil
lions of people ignored government
pleas and joined a nationwide general
strike Monday in the largest and most
dramatic demonstration so far for
democracy and an end to Communist
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two-thirds of this amount by unaccept
able and dishonest accounting prac
tices, according to Sanford.
The Office of Management and
Budget (OMB) in Washington, D.C.,
refused to comment on the president's
However, the president has attempted
substantial reductions in the deficit in
his 1 990 budget, said Tom Bruce, OMB
When he releases his 1991 budget,
President Bush will falsely claim to
have reduced the deficit to $90 billion
in 1990, Sanford said.
"If we are going to have an honest
budget it must start with a demand that
the president give us an honest budget
with the deficit reported forthrightly
and in full."
flag-waving crowd of 200,000 roared
in a thunderous chant that echoed off
the 19th-century buildings surround
ing downtown Wenceslas Square. It
was the 11th straight day of massive
protests in Czechoslovakia.
Huge crowds of workers also poured
into the streets of Bratislava, the east
Slovak industrial center of Kosice, the
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The president plans to reduce the
deficit to $64 billion with this budget,
said Dede Spitznagel, senior press offi
cer for OMB.
White House officials said the presi
dent had made no comment regarding
Sanford's accusations and that no state
ment about the 1991 budget would be
made until January.
The most significant deception in
the president's budget is that the deficit
is calculated only with net figures in
stead of the gross figures that take into
account the surplus government spend
ing on interest due to treasury bond
holders, according to Judy Love, legis
lative assistant to Sanford.
"The government is playing games,
pretending on paper that these interest
payments are receipts, when in reality
mining center of Ostrava on the Polish
border, and in Ustinad Labem, the heart
of industrial north Bohemia.
The showing was a resounding vic
tory for the opposition, which had called
the two-hour strike a referendum on the
Communists' 40-year monopoly on
Communist leaders' frantic attempts
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they are increasing our federal debt."
Sanford has proposed a strategy that
would eliminate the real deficit by the
year 2000 by working with these gross
figures, Love said. A hearing will be
held during this congressional recess to
determine how many of Sanford's
proposals will be marked up and sent to
Sanford will continue to speak
against the president's 1991 budget until
its "dishonest" method of calculation
and other gimmicks are eliminated,
"What Bush and others want, is to be
able to campaign in 1993 and say they
have reduced the deficit to $0," Love
said. "But the proposed budget is dis
honest and underpresent circumstances,
the deficit will never reach $0 by 1 993."
to avert the strike failed, as workers
joined the pro-democracy movement
started by students, artists and intellec
tuals. Shaken leaders continued to make
new concessions to the opposition:
The party's Central Committee
dumped three more hard-liners from
the ruling Politburo, the second major
leadership reshuffle in three days.
The Czech and Slovak ministries
of culture announced they had lifted
most forms of press censorship.
The Central Committee approved
an inquiry by a parliamentary commis
sion into a Nov. 17 rally in which riot
police clubbed hundreds of peaceful
But there were still more conditions
to be met. Posters demanding free elec
tions and an end to one-party rule were
plastered over the windows of shops,
hotels and restaurants that closed to
observe the strike.
At Prague's largest industrial com
plex, CKD, workers demanded the
formation of independent trade unions.
From Associated Press reports
BUDAPEST, Hungary The rul
ing Socialist Party conceded defeat
Monday in a national referendum that
would postpone presidential elections
and give the fledgling opposition more
time to organize and field a candidate.
It was the first free election in more
than four decades, and the first since
the communists dissolved their party,
renamed it the Socialist Party and
opened the way for free multiparty
Final results were not expected until
Tuesday, but the presidential candidate
of the ruling Socialist Party said voters
Sunday had approved the referendum
backed by opposition parties.
"We can be certain that the number
of 'yes' votes was higher than the 'no'
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U.S. support for U.N. hinges
on recognizing Palestine
From Associated Press reports
WASHINGTON The Bush
administration threatened Monday to
suspend all U.S. financial support for
the United Nations if the General
Assembly recognizes Palestine as a
State Department spokeswoman
Margaret D. Tutwiler said there was
no such nation and it did not meet the
U.N. criteria for membership.
It was not immediately clear
whether the U.S. threat would thwart
the drive planned by a number of
Arab countries later in the week in
the General Assembly.
The United States does not have
veto power in the assembly. But its
support for the United Nations is
essential to functioning of the world
The U.S. assessment for 1988 was
$216 million, of which $65 million
was paid in October.
Lebanese general won't give up
BAABDA, Lebanon Christian
army commander Gen. Michel Aoun
rejected an ultimatum to leave the
presidential palace, and said Monday
he would die fighting, even with
"kitchen knives, sticks and stones."
Aoun told a news conference in
his bunker beneath the shell-battered
palace east of Beirut that he was
recruiting volunteers to meet a pos
sible assault by the 40,000 Syrian
soldiers stationed in Lebanon.
Military sources discounted re
ports of military buildups in moun
tains above the palace in the Baabda
suburb, and along the line that di
vides Moslem west Beirut from the
Christian eastern sector.
A ranking Moslem army officer
said privately: "There is absolutely
no move on the ground to suggest
that a collision is imminent."
Indian parliament dissolved
NEW DELHI, India The presi
dent dissolved Parliament on Mon-
votes," said Imre Pozsgay, the popular
An opposition victory would mean
that a new democratic Parliament, to be
chosen before June, would elect the
president. If voters had rejected the
referendum, they would have elected a
president directly on Jan. 7.
Opposition groups favored postpon
ing the vote until after parliamentary
elections, saying that otherwise they
could not sufficiently organize a seri
ous challenge to Pozsgay. They hope to
win strong representation in the new
Parliament, giving their candidate a
better chance at the presidency.
According to recent opinion polls,
the Socialist Party is unlikely to win a
majority in the parliamentary elections.
With 91.3 percent of the votes
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News in Brief
day, leaving Prime Minister Rajiv
Gandhi and a caretaker government
to see India through what could be
weeks of post-election uncertainty.
Gandhi's Congress Party had
overwhelming control of Parliament,
but voters in the world's most popu
lous democracy took it away in three
days of elections that began Wednes
day, and left the party far short of a
To retain power, Congress must
find partners for what would be the
first coalition government since India
became independent of Britain in
The prime minister, who won a ;
landslide victory for the Congress ;
Party two months after the Oct. 31, ;
1984, assassination of his mother, ;
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, was ;
leading his own race for re-election ;
Vote tabulations put Congress
ahead of any single opposition group,
but not far enough to govern alone.
Shuttle makes landing plans .
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla.
Discovery's five astronauts, forced
by high wind to remain in space an
extra day and then an extra orbit,
aimed Monday for an afternoon land
ing in California's Mojave Desert to
end their secret military mission.
After being ordered to spend an
extra day in space, Mission Control
directed the astronauts to remain in
space at least an extra 90 minutes
Monday because of wind in
California's Mojave Desert.
The earliest new landing time for
the secret military mission was 4:31
p.m. PST, one orbit later than planned.
Astronaut Frederick Gregory was to
guide Discovery to a landing at
Edwards Air Force Base.
counted, the referendum actually was
failing by a narrow margin, 50.2 per
cent against to 49.8 percent in favor.
But Pozsgay and opposition parties
predicted a reversal when all votes are
Hungarian radio said there were
several thousand more "yes" votes than
Pal Kara, secretary of the referen
dum committee in Parliament, said 58.2
percent of Hungary's 7.8 million eli
gible voters cast ballots.
Although he conceded that the refer
endum would pass, Pozsgay said he
was encouraged by the results, noting
that the Socialists had urged people to
vote no, and "look at the percentages."
"That good result shows how close
(the party) was to the public opinion'
Referring to the momentous changes
in Eastern Europe and particularly in
Czechoslovakia, Pozsgay said, "While
in Eastern and Central Europe people
by the hundreds of thousands are march
ing in the streets to express their opin
ion. Hungarians are going to the ballot
box to express their political will." '
Pozsgay said there were lessons to
be drawn from the results, noting that
the four-party opposition alliance had
campaigned harder than other parties.
The close outcome could mean that
"to develop democracy, the course
would be bumpier than expected," he
The alliance has proposed that Par
liament amend the constitution to al
low a popular election of the president
after the new Parliament has been
elected. It also proposed curtailing the
powers of the president.
Ivan Petoe, a leader of the Free
Democrats, said Parliament should
reduce the power of the new president
and revoke his power to dissolve Par
Under the present constitution, the
president can call elections and dis
Pozsgay, asked about the opposition
proposal to hold direct elections after
the new Parliament is elected, said he
was "happy" about it. . !
He said he was not aspiring to "a
fully weakened presidential figurehead
... That is different from my percep
tion." But he said he believed the presi
dent should be weak enough not to
possess "arbitrary power." ' !
Pozsgay conceded that his chances
to become president would weaken if
Parliament chose the president "be
cause in that case the position is subject
to political bargaining." , .
For the Record
In the photograph accompanying the
Nov. 27 article "Astrology offers worlds
beyond horoscopes and fortune-telling,"
The Daily Tar Heel misidentified
astrologer Jill McDonald. The woman
pictured was Barbara Polk.
In the Nov. 27 'Town Meetings"
box, the date for the Chapel Hill Town
Council meeting was incorrectly stated.
The council will meet Nov. 30.
The DTH regrets the errors. ;