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10The Daily Tar HeelThursday, November 30, 1989
6 Ways to Disguise a Keg at Dry Rush
97th year of editorial freedom
Sharon Kebschull, Editor
MARY Jo DUNNINGTON, Editorial Page Editor
JUSTIN McGwrE, University Editor
KAREN DUNN, State and National Editor
TOM PARKS, Business Editor
Dave Glenn, Sports Editor
MELANIE BLACK, Design Editor
TAMMY BLACKARD, Editorial Page Editor
WlLUAM TAGGART, University Editor
Jessica Lanning, City Editor
CARA BONNETT, Arts and Features Editor
Kelly Thompson, Omnibus Editor
DAVID SurOWIECKI, Photography Editor
Julia Coon, News Editor
Preserving the village
Council should create historic district
The town of "
Chapel Hill, along
with the University
therein, has long had -
a national reputation for beauty and tran
quility, but several factors that accompany
a large college town contribute greatly to
the slow disintegration of such beauty.
Unsightly construction and developments
and near-condemned fraternity houses on
rundown lots are just two threats that can
spoil the "village atmosphere" of Chapel
Hill. In response, the recent proposal be
fore the Chapel Hill Town Council to grant
historic district status to a local neighbor
hood is a wise protective measure for one
of the town's finest residential areas.
Despite some complaints from residents,
the plan would benefit both homeowners
and many UNC fraternities in the long run.
The proposed historic district, tenta
tively scheduled for a Dec. 12 council
vote, would include the neighborhood
around West Cameron Avenue and Mc
Cauley Street the site of several homes
and fraternity houses, one sorority, the
Carolina Inn and the UNC power plant.
The historic status would prevent physical
deterioration of the area and its older houses
and prohibit the construction of new build
ings which would be out of place.
The fraternities in the proposed area
would undoubtedly benefit the most from
the proposed district, as many town resi
dents have pointed out. But those same
residents would also benefit. Many of the
included fraternity houses need fixing up.
While most financial support for fraternity
house renovations comes from alumni,
such contributions probably would increase
because any donations to historic district
buildings are tax-deductible.
There are drawbacks to the proposed
historic area, but the importance of pre
serving the town atmosphere outweighs
the drawbacks, as most residents seem to
realize. Of the 23 residents who voiced
their support and concerns with the plan at
a Nov. 20 public hearing, only eight were
against the idea.
The most common complaint comes
from homeowners who dislike the idea of
having to receive approval before making
changes to their houses' exteriors. As part
of the historic status, residents must first
apply for a certificate of appropriateness
from the Historic District Commission.
While this may be inconvenient for many
property owners, it is an inconvenience
that will not occur very often and one that,
in the end, upholds and protects the ap
pearance of the community something
all residents want.
The two University buildings in the
proposed area should not be included,
however, because additional guidelines on
these public buildings would only add to
the already complex system of channels
that characterizes the construction process
within the UNC system. In this case, the
town and University are better off retain
ing their separate existence.
A similar, successful historic district
already exists around East Franklin and
Henderson streets, the location of a neigh
borhood much like the one now being
considered. In this area and others, Chapel
Hill residents should recognize the unique
quality of this town and strive to preserve
it through support of the historic district; as
it stands, the "village atmosphere" is the
responsibility of the villagers.
Choice or copout?
Schools of choice don't solve problem
As part of President George Bush's effort to
reform the nation's schools, the U.S. Depart
ment of Education has been promoting schools
of choice. Under the school choice program,
parents would have a choice in where their
children went to school, and they would be able
to choose from specialized schools that cater to
different academic interests. While schools of
choice have worked in some areas of the coun
try, the United States, and especially North
Carolina, needs to attack the "education defi
cit" at the root of the problem education
budgets, teacher salaries, drop-out rates and
children and adults who imh
A few weeks ago,
U.S. Education Secre- -m i i i
tary Laum Cavazos salaries, kids need more
visited Charlotte to
promote the schools of attention, and citizens
choice program. A
must be able to read.
mer Wake County """""i
Teachers need higher
Giving students a choice in what they want
to study probably will not improve drop-out
rates and certainly will not increase student
teacher ratios or increase teacher salaries. The
nation's children are failing in the basics, as the
high illiteracy rate in the developed nation of
the United States shows only too clearly.
The magnet schools in Wake County use a
version of the choice system, but the choices
they offer students are limited. The program
was designed to lure white children into pre
dominantly black schools to balance the schools
racially with less mandatory busing.
Wake County 's lim-
School Superintendent Walter Marks, traveled
with Cavazos. Marks now works with an urban
school district on the San Francisco Bay; the
district implemented the System for Choice,
intended to improve a 31,000-student district
that was stagnant and low-achieving. And while
the system in California has been successful in
some aspects, similar programs in Philadel
phia, Chicago, Boston, New York and Little
Rock, Ark., led to segregation of races and of
the rich and the poor.
In Marks' school system in California, ele
mentary teachers are complaining after only
two years of the program that their students are
not getting the basics they need. Some of the
students are not at the reading level they should
be, and the teachers union there has negotiated
a reduction in the number of electives taught in
the primary grades.
ited-choice model has
been successful and
shows that schools of
choice may work when
they give students a way
to concentrate in the
areas in which they are
interested. But until the
federal and state gov-
"B" ernments can find it in
themselves to be truly committed to education
in this country, the choice offered to students
can only be limited. If not, it is easy to see how
the children of doctors, lawyers and professors
could end up at one school, while the children
of blue-collar workers could end up at another
school that specialized in vocational skills rather
than in more academic pursuits. A badly
handled system of choice could create a new
American underclass, and segregation would
again be a problem in the next century.
Education in this country simply needs more
funding to improve its quality. Our teachers
need higher salaries, our kids need more indi
vidual attention, and our population needs to be
able to read. Creating schools of choice does
nothing to address those problems, and those
problems are eating away at the very core of our
nation. Tammy Blackard
The Daily Tar Heel
Assistant editors: Diana Florence and Jessica Yates, arts and features; Sheila Long, city; Karen Dennis and Wendy
Johnson, design; Charles Brit tain, editorial page; Staci Cox, managing; B Buckberry, JoAnn Rodak and Steve Wilson, news;
Lisa Reichle and Richard Smith, Omnibus; Evan Eile, photography; Andrew Podolsky, Jay Reed and Jamie Rosenberg,
sports; Kari Barlow, state and national; Sarah Cagle, Will Spears and Amy Wajda, university.
Editorial writers: James Burroughs and Jennifer Wing.
University: Cathy Apgar, Marcie Bailey, Debbie Baker, Lynette Blair, Robert Brown, Chris Helms, Jeff D. Hill, Joey Hill,
Katherine Houston, Stephanie Johnston, Stacey Kaplan, Jason Kelly, Dionne Loy, Kenny Monteith, Simone Pam, Jennifer Pilla,
Myron B. Pitts, Mike Sutton, Bryan Tyson, Nancy Wykle.
City: Steve Adams, Julie Campbell, Jennifer Dickens, Jennifer Foster, Samantha Gowen, Johanna Henderson, Kim Jaski,
Sheila Long, Jeff Moyer, Elizabeth Murray, Christina Nifong, Erik Rogers, Katherine Snow, Cameron Tew and Christine Thomas.
State and National: Crystal Bernstein, Robert Berry, Jennifer Blackwell, Wendy Bounds, Wagner Dotto, Julie Gammill, Eric
Lusk, Alan Martin, Kimberly Maxwell, Glenn O'Neal, Kyle York Spencer, Emilie Van Poucke, Sandy Wall, Chuck Williams.
Business: Craig Allen, Heather Clapp, Victoria Davis, Kevin Greene, Lloyd Lagos, David Lloyd, Becky Riddick, Vanessa
Arts and features: Cheryl Allen, Lisa Antonucci, Noah Bartolucci, Vicki Hyman, Mara Lee, Carrie McLaren, D'Ann
Pletcher, Leigh Pressley, Eric Rosen, Hasie Sirisena, Heather Smith, Brian Springer, Bevin Weeks and Laura Williams.
Sports: Neil Amato, Mark Anderson, Jason Bates, John Bland, Laurie Dhue, Chris Fialko, Christina Frohock, Scott Gold,
Warren Hynes, Doug Hoogervorst, David Kupstas, Bethany Litton, Bobby McCroskey, Brock Page, Natalie Sekicky, Eric
Wagnonand Steve Walston. -
Photography: Jodi Anderson, Schuyler Brown, Gina Cox, Steven Exum, Sheila Johnston, Tracey Langhorne, Kathy Michel
and Catherine Pinckert E. Joseph Muhl Jr., photographic technician.
Copy Editors: James Benton, Rebecca Duckett, Joy Golden, Stephanie Harper, Angela Hill, Susan Holdsclaw, Jennifer
Kurfees, Lisa Lindsay, Walter McNairy, Elaine Mosley, Debrah Norman, Heather Patterson, George Quintero, Kristin Scheve,
Joe Seagle, Bobby Seedlock, Kelley Shaw, Chrissy Stidham, Clare Weickert, Bruce Wood, Steffanie Woodfin and Cameron
Cartoonists: George Brooks, Adam Cohen, Pete Corson, Alex De Grand, David Estoye, Greg Humphreys and Mike Sutton.
Production: Stacy Wynn, manager, Greg Miller, assistant.
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"Zi's our mascot."
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Cooke brings melting pot to a boil
Alistair Cooke became a favorite of mine
back in junior year of high school. I had
a demanding AP U.S. history class that
year, but about once a month the teacher
would replace the usual lecture with that great
est of high school treats: a movie. The movies
in this class were all hosted by Alistair Cooke.
The class would file in on a movie day.
We'd see the telltale movie projector, and
smiles would break out all over. We'd softly
chant, "Alistair! Alistair! Suh-weet!" Soon
we'd all be watching Alistair, overdressed and
on location, as he strove to put a human face on
the events we'd been studying.
Alistair always struck me as a pretty on-the-ball
kinda guy. His insights on America and
Americans were always clever, and he had a
knack for describing us to ourselves that I
admired. Since that class, I have read two
books by Alistair about America, and with
those books my opinion of him rose another
But now Alistair has let me down.
A friend of mine got a letter from Alistair
recently, part of a mass mailing. Alistair has
attached his name to "U.S. English," which
bills itself as "the new national organization
formed to combat the divisive bilingual move
ment in America."
In the mailing, which included a newspaper
clipping and a "survey," U.S. English says the
federal government requires 375 U.S. juris
dictions to provide ballots in languages other
than English. It also charges that bilingual
education programs, instead of helping immi
grants make the transition to American soci
ety, are being used by certain groups to resist
the pressure of the great American melting
pot. Apparently it's some sort of plot, led by
"leaders of ethnic blocs, mostly Hispanic."
U.S. English supporters argue that American
society is in danger of becoming a "poly
lingual babel," and they point to "the political
upheavals over language that have torn apart
Canada, Belgium, Sri Lanka, India and other
To combat "the insidious pressure from
ethnic groups to displace English as our na-
tional language," U.S. English wants to outlaw
bilingual ballots, restrict government funding
for bilingual education to short-term transi
tional programs, and adopt a Constitutional
amendment making English the official lan
guage of the United States.
U.S. English hastens to add that the study of
foreign language should be encouraged and
that the right of people to use other languages
should be respected. "U.S. English is no refuge
for red-necked chauvinists," according to the
But most of the arguments U.S. English
advances are chauvinistic even if couched
in flowery speech. Reading between the lines,
it sounds like the people of U.S. English don't
care much for immigrants in general. The
immigrants pouring into this country are, it
seems, plotting to make a farce of E Pluribus
Unum out of many, one. To quote the
mailing: "This anti-assimilation movement (a
more accurate name than bilingualism) comes
at a time when the United States is receiving
the largest wave of immigration in its history."
The message is clear: The immigrants are
coming, and we need to let them know who's
boss if we let them in at all.
The main thrust of U.S. English can be seen
in this quote from its guiding principles: "In a
pluralistic nation such as ours, government
should foster the similarities that unite us,
rather than the differences that separate us."
It's an interesting idea, isn't it? That the gov
ernment should work to make us all more alike,
so that we can live in greater harmony?
But why stop with enforced English? The
government could do so much more to foster
similarities. What about all those divisive reli
gious feuds around the world; why not make us
all attend the same church? If similarity is so
great, why not make us all wear the same
clothes? Or listen to the same music? Read the
same books? THINK THE SAME
This isn't what U.S. English advocates. But
it is the logical conclusion of their stated phi
losophy. So I have a suggestion for them: why
not let government worry about governing, and
leave the similarities and differences of people
Normally, I just would've shaken my head
and thrown away this mailing. I'd have chalked
it up to white-collar ethnocentrism, another
misguided cause for people with too much time
on their hands and a skewed sense of priorities.
But in deference to Alistair Cooke, I read the
mailing and I thought long and hard about it.
And in addition to what I've already said, I
came up with a conclusion and a question:
The conclusion: Alistair Cooke has let me
down for the first time since 1 1 th grade history,
by actively supporting such a ridiculous cam
paign. The question: Why is it that when two or
more people gather together to support some
rinky-dink cause, they inevitably start talking
about amending the Constitution?
Every time I hear dingbats talk about pasting
another unnecessary amendment on the
Constitution, I get a little more cynical. One of
the hallmarks of our Constitution is its stabil
ity, its resistance to whims and fads. (Inciden
tally, we almost witnessed the end of that
resistance with George Bush's push for an
amendment on flag-burning.) I'm much more
worried about the day we start amending the
Constitution with impunity than I am about the
Asian-Hispanic language bloc.
That's a conclusion I reached while study
ing U.S. history in high school. I can't help
thinking that maybe Alistair should have spent
more time studying and less time lecturing.
Matt Bivens is a senior political science
major from Olney, Md.
drinking age likely
To the editor:
I would like to comment on the
recent articles in Omnibus con
cerning facets of the drinking
problem, primarily the first install
ment concerning the legal aspects
("The law affects everyone:
Chapel Hill nightlife: Fake IDs
and underaged drinking," Nov. 9).
Although I found the article infor
mative, I felt it was a bit propagan
distic, for it left out several key
legal issues relating to the raising
of the drinking age in North Caro
lina to 21 in September 1986.
I would like to remind everyone
that the raising of the drinking age
from 1 9 to 2 1 was mandated by the
federal government in P.L 98-363
by requiring the U.S. Department
of Transportation to withhold first
5 percent and then 10 percent of
federal highway funding from any
state permitting legal purchase or
public possession of any alcoholic
beverage by anyone under 2 1 . Let's
not kid ourselves that money is
critical to our highway program.
North Carolina essentially had no
choice in the matter. A quick read
ing of the preamble of N.C. House
Bill 141 from the 1985 session
the bill that actually raised the
drinking age makes this point
clear. It mentions nothing about
drunk driving, alcohol abuse or
other related problems; all it
mentions is the highway money
North Carolina would lose.
A clause was added to the state
law stating that upon certification
from the secretary of state of North
Carolina, if the federal mandate is
repealed by Congress or invali
dated by a court (the latter of which
not being likely given the U.S.
Supreme Court's Dakota v. Dole
decision), the drinking age auto
matically goes back down to 19
for beer and wine without any
action from the legislature being
necessary. Keep this little fact in
mind the next time you hear some
state official go on a tirade about
the "social problem" of drinking
by 19- and 20-year-olds.
I find it rather disheartening that
the legislature would consider
making consumption of beer and
wine by 19- and 20-year-olds a
misdemeanor. In fact, the federal
law leaves a bit more leeway given
the current text. Why not legalize
possession in a private residence
since only public possession by
those less than 21 is required to be
illegal? However, I feel that the
higher drinking age is a manifes
tation of the current "anti-chemical"
mentality in the country. I
further bel ieve that in several years
a backlash is likely, and maybe,
just maybe, by the time our kids
hit college, they won't be turned
away from Four Corners or He's
Not Here because they are not old
enough to drink.
J. WILL SNYDER JR.
DTH needs to give
all students. access
To the editor:
It seems that of late the DTH
has consciously chosen to fill its
editorial page with a plethora of
conservative tripe that does not
even deserve to be placed in any
respectable newspaper. While
there have been countless denun
ciations of the CIA Action Com
mittee, ignorant letters concern
ing the insidious scourge of com
munism, and most recently out
right lies and misinformation about
the situation in El Salvador grac
ing the editorial pages of the DTH,
letters and editorials that have
sought to respond to this garbage
have been silently pushed under
the tables at the DTH's office.
I am not exactly sure why the
DTH has chosen to allow its edito
rial page to be filled with such
one-sided, and in most cases, his
torically and factually incorrect
nonsense, when there have been
numerous pieces offered to bal
ance the picture. If the DTH wants
to pass itself off as a student news
paper then it should respond to the
opinions of the student body
equally. Even though the DTH has
always been thought of as a "lib
eral" newspaper, its recent, highly
selective editorial policy makes it
appear as the sister paper of the
reactionary Carolina Critic. The
"alternative" editorial pieces are
certainly needed to counter the
trash of people like Sharon Sen
telle, whose recent piece on the
FMLN is nothing but a litany of
lies justifying the death squad,
U.S.-supported ARENA regime.
Let's have equal access to our
student newspaper, and then let
the readers judge for themselves.
DALE T. MCKINLEY
Editor's note: The author is the
president of the Carolina Athletic
To the editor:
This letter is to clarify how
today's special ticket distribution
for the Central Florida and Tow
son State games will be handled.
The tickets being distributed to
day are for the seats which are
being added in sections 109, 110
and 111. Students who already
have seats in the upper level for
the Central Florida and Towson
State games may go to the ticket
office window at the Smith Center
today between 7 a.m. and 12 p.m.
and exchange their upper level
tickets for the new lower level
seats. Each student may exchange
up to two tickets.
From 3 p.m. to 5 p.m. today,
students who have not yet picked
up upper level tickets for the
Central Florida and Towson State
games may do so. (No exchanges
will be permitted at this time.)
Starting at 3 p.m., normal rules for
ticket distribution will apply: Each
student may get up to two tickets
and proper identification is re
quired for each ticket picked up.
We at the CAA hope that the
method of distribution used today
will give first priority for the new
seats to students who took the time
to pick up tickets earlier. We also
hope that by starting exchanges at
7 a.m., no student will have to
miss class to get a chance at the
new seats. More information will
be provided early next week con
cerning how tickets for the new
seats will be given out for the rest
of the games which have already
All letters must be typed and
double-spaced, for ease of edit
ing. Letters should include the
author's year, major, phone num
ber and hometown.