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The daily Tar Heel. (Chapel Hill, N.C.) 1946-current, November 30, 1989, Page 2, Image 2

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2The Daily Tar HeelThursday, November 30, 1989 World and Nation Czechs vote to end Communist rule From Associated Press reports PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia The Communist-controlled Parliament Wednesday swiftly ended the party's 40-year monopoly on power in a frantic effort to satisfy the demands of the growing pro-democracy movement. A member of the ruling Communist Politburo said the first free elections in four decades could be held within a year. The 309 deputies present voted unanimously to scrap Article 4 of the constitution, which ensured the leading role of the Communist Party, and change Article 16, which mandated that all education be based on Marxism-Leninism. The changes were among historic concessions the opposition won from the Communist government on Tues day when Premier Ladislav Adamec also promised to form a new govern ment including non-Communists by Sunday. The concessions followed 1 1 straight days of huge anti-government demon J Milton's First Christmas Frogstrangler! 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Franklin St., Downtown Chapel Hill Hours: Mon.-Sat. 10-6:30; Sunday 1-5 968-4408 -5 Yon0 NORTHGATE MALL 23) 1-85 ANd Greqson Street, DurHam strations, which culminated in a two hour strike on Monday in which mil lions of workers participated. Parliament also eliminated the Communists leading position in the National Front, an umbrella organiza tion embracing all political parties and social groups allowed in Czechoslova kia. Four deputies opposed the measure and 1 6 abstained. Shortly after the historic votes, state television showed Slovak actor Milan Knazko announcing the changes to a packed National Theater in Bratislava, capital of Slovakia. The entire audi ence, which included prominent dissi dent Vaclav Havel, rose to its feet in thunderous applause. Parliament also planned to consider creating a constitutional court and a commission to investigate allegations of police brutality in a crackdown on protesters Nov. 17. The removal of the requirement that Marxism-Leninism be the guiding prin ciple of education was a prime demand of students who staged the Nov. 17 N iffesfcyle Accepted at over five million establish ments worldwide, the BB&T Mastercard for Northgate Mall uniquely identifies cardholders as special and frequent customers of Northgate. Apply for your card at the Northgate Information Center by December 15th and you'll be registered to win a trip for two to Cancun, Mexico on Amercian Airlines with four nights at The Hyatt Regency. protest and have led the pro-democracy movement since. In parliamentary debate, broadcast live on TV for the first time, deputies openly admitted past party failures and said the Communists must work hard to win the people's confidence. "We have betrayed the trust of the electorate, and whatever laws we pass today will not change this,' ' said Blank a Hykova of the Socialist Party, until recently a docile ally of the Commu nists. Anton Blazej, dean of a Communist Party training academy, said: "We have misunderstood the leading role of the party and its position. We must regain this trust." Defense Minister Milan Vaclavik, a member of Parliament, sounded a cau tionary note: "I am aware that neither the army nor the party have the best position now. We should be aware that retreats and compromises are neces sary, but there are limits." Alois Indra, who said Tuesday he ndia's leader resigns From Associated Press reports NEW DELHI, India Prime Min ister Rajiv Gandhi resigned Wednes day after five years in power, clearing the way for opposition leaders to try to form a government. Gandhi, smiling and looking relaxed, said he was ready for the role of oppo sition leader. "Absolutely. We will be a very good watchdog." The National Front opposition's newly elected Parliament members planned to meet Friday to pick the man they hope will replace Gandhi as prime minister. The meeting had been scheduled for Wednesday, was postponed until today and then to Friday amid reported dis agreements over who should be nomi nated. Gandhi and his Congress Party have been gambling that the National Front would be hamstrung by internal squab bling that would pave the way for Congress to return to power. The Con gress Party decided Wednesday not to stake a claim to form the government. Former defense and finance minister Vishwanath Pratap Singh is the best known leader of the National Front, the five-party alliance that deprived Gandhi It's More Than A Bank. It's An Attitude. Member FDIC was quitting as Parliament president, delivered a formal speech of resigna tion to the 350-member chamber. He described the resignation as "a logical step in the context of the present developments." Indra was said to be among party leaders who requested the Soviet-led invasion of August 1968 that crushed the "Prague Spring" of reform insti tuted by Alexander Dubcek, then Communist Party chief. Bretislav Nedbalek, secretary of a preparatory committee, said Czechoslovakia's Social Democratic Party had been re-established after an absence of 41 years. At the Vatican, Pope John Paul U prayed that Czechoslovakia would use its Christian traditions in building its "new future." About 5,000 people, including sup porters of the opposition group Civic Forum, attended a Communist-sponsored rally Wednesday at Ostrava, an industrial city near the Polish border. of a decisive majority in the new Parlia ment in the Nov. 22 through 26 elec tions. But the mild-manned Singh, 58, has said he does not w; .. .o be prime minister and is content being the presi dent of the Janata Dal, or People's Party, the major component of the National Front. Another prominent Janata Dal member, Chandra Shekhar, said Tues day he was ready to take the prime minister's job, but some of his National Front colleagues were not enthusiastic about his candidacy. 'There will be trouble in the party if V.P. Singh is not elected prime minis ter," said Jaipal Reddy , one of the Janata Dai's general secretaries. "Efforts to persuade him to contest are continuing. "As of now, there is only one candi date. Despite persuasion V.P. Singh is not a candidate and despite dissuasion Chandra Shekhar remains one." Chandra Shekhar, 62, was a chief architect of the 1977 Janata Party elec tion triumph that ousted Gandhi's mother and predecessor, Prime Minis ter Indira Gandhi, from power for 29 months until her comeback in 1980. Most Janata Party members switched to the Janata Dal, formed in 1988. The 1977 election was the only time in India's 42 years of independence that the Congress Party failed to win a majority in a parliamentary election. . This year, Congress got more seats than any other party but fell far short of the majority needed for a government. The National Front got the second highest number but was able to muster the tacit support of other opposition parties. IBM EDS Procter & Gamble Johnson & Johnson Aetna Life & Casualty Barnett Banks Liberty Mutual Northwest Airlines And Many Other Outstanding Employers At Careers '90! Careers '90 college recruitment conferences will give you the opportu nity to meet and interview with some of the nation's top employers. Over 5,000 seniors have attended past conferences, with 51 receiving second interviews and almost 40 receiving at least one job offer AS A DIRECT RESULT OF THEIR CONFERENCE PARTICIPATION. You can meet and interviews with employers who don't recruit at your school, to make an important second impression on those that you do interview with on campus. In either case, just one day at Careers '90 can enhance your choice of career options and significantly increase your chance of getting the job you want, with the employer you want. ENGINEERING, COMPUTER SCIENCE, MATH, BUSINESS, PHYSI CAL & BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND LIBERAL ARTS majors are being recruited. To be considered for a Careers '90 invitation, send an updated resume by December 20, 1989 to Careers '90, P.O. Box 1852, New Haven, CT 06508. (Indicate the conference(s) you'd like to attend.) Your interests and credentials will be carefully reviewed by our experi enced staff and compared to other seniors in your major discipline. Seniors whose qualifications and interests best match the require ments of participating Careers '90 employers will be invited to attend. There is ABSOLUTELY NO CHARGE to seniors who attend. Careers '90 Atlanta Atlanta, GA January 30 and 31, 1990 Careers '90 New York NewYorkCity,NY January 9 and 10, 1990 East Germany resisting growing calls to reunify From Associated Press reports EAST BERLIN Communist Party chief Egon Krenz joined with leading dissidents Wednesday in calling for East Germany to remain independent, but West Germany began an international effort to win. support for reunification. The United States already has given its support to uniting the Germanys, whose common border is considered the dividing line of East and West and was established after the Nazi defeat in World War TJ. The Soviets criticized the plan Wednesday. Rebels deny U.S. is target SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador Rebels invaded parts of the city's most affluent neighborhoods before dawn Wednesday and dug in after fierce combat. In Washington, Secretary of State James Baker said guerrillas "briefly overran" at least one embassy officer's home, and added, "We are taking steps to assure the safety of embassy personnel." Administration officials said no Americans were in jured. A statement from the leftist guer rillas said their fighters had been told not to attack Americans. American sources said privately that the embassy told employees "who feel insecure" to take enough food and clothing for two days and nights and go either to the embassy or the headquarters of the U.S. Agency for International Development, which are in more tranquil sectors of the capital. Americans less wary of Soviets NEW YORK Americans' sus picions of the Soviet Union's mo tives are fading rapidly, with a major ity of people now convinced that the Soviets do not seek to dominate the world, a national poll has found. As Presidents Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev prepare for their weekend summit off Malta, the poll found overwhelming belief that the Soviet leader seeks real reform in his coun try although opinions were mixed on his prospects. Both men were highly popular in the Media General-Associated Press poll, with Gorbachev out-polling Bush among the most-educated For the In the Nov. 28 'Trolleys may carry ads," the amount for the advertisement racks was incorrect. The racks will cost $1,200 to $1,500. In the Nov. 28 article, "Court date set for group's lawsuit against animal re search labs," the information on the Students for Ethical Treatment of Ani SKMUM MEET & INTERVIEW WITH AT&T BellSouth Contel E-Systems TRW General Dynamics Ingersoll-Rand Everyready Battery News in Brief Americans. A plurality said Gbr7 bachev has done more than Bush" to ease East-West tensions. '. Christians to join against Syria BEIRUT, Lebanon Christian militias that have opposed Gen; Michel Aoun said Wednesday they would join him in fighting the troops, tanks and artillery Syria is massing around Lebanon's Christian enclave; Elias Hrawi, the new Christian president backed by Syria, dismissed Aoun as army commander Tuesday and ordered him to leave his com mand post in a bunker beneath the presidential palace in Baabda, east of Beirut. Aoun claims Hrawi's election by Parliament last week was unconstitu) tional, says he won't accept a new peace plan until Syrian forces leave the country, and has refused to turn over the shell-battered palace. I Missiles to be moved to trains WASHINGTON The Air Force announced Wednesday that 50 MX nuclear missiles will be removed front underground silos in Wyoming ancj placed on trains in six states L0.U7 isiana, Texas, Washington, North Dakota, Arkansas and Michigan. ; The announcement represents the, Bush administration's commitment to push ahead with plans to modern ize the nation's strategic nuclear missile force, even amid projections of Pentagon belt-tightening, height-; ened prospects for arms-control agree ments and sweeping changes in the Soviet Union and its Warsaw Pact allies. - Abortion notification questioned; WASHINGTON The Supreme Court was asked Wednesday to rule that most young girls have no right to abortions without first telling their parents. The justices, who have allowed limits on the availability of abortions for minors in the past, questioned lawyers defending and attacking parental-notification laws in Minne sota and Ohio. Record mals should have read that the group; is attempting to find put through court action whether the Institutional Ani mal Care and Use Committee ista "rubber stamp" and if only one person from the committee is reviewing -animal research protocols. -' j The DTH regrets the errors. Westinghouse Michelin Monsanto Milliken & Co. E.&J. Gallo Marathon Oil Mead Corp. Biogen V

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