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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume S3, Issue 3
Wednesday, February 28, 1SS0
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
BusinessAdvertising 962-11 S3
Elecftloini violaitioinis dlisiimteL
K S I
w ii u r? ti w
Durable goods orders
plunge in January
WASHINGTON Orders to U.S.
factories for durable goods plunged
10.5 percent in January, the biggest
drop in 32 years of recordkeeping, the
government said Tuesday in a report
raising new concerns about widespread
weakness in American manufacturing.
While most private analysts main
tained the country w ould avoid a reces
sion, some were unsure, fearing that
further weakness in manufacturing
could lead to more job layoffs, sagging
consumer confidence and cutbacks in
consumer spending, which accounts for
two-thirds of all economic activity.
Analysts were looking for
Wednesday's Commerce Department
report on the gross national product to
show the extent of economic stagna
tion in the last three months of 1989.
allows shuttle launch
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. The
weather improved and NASA resumed
the countdown Tuesday for a sixth at
tempt to launch the shuttle Atlantis on
a mission to put a spy satellite in orbit.
"Looks good to me. ... We're ready
to go," Atlantis' commander John O.
Creighton said as he and his four mili
tary crewmates returned from an over
night trip to Houston for what he called
"spruce up" training in a simulator at
the Johnson Space Center.
Air Force forecasters said there was
a 60 percent chance the weather would
allow the liftoff at 12:45 a.m. Wednes
day, up from 40 percent Monday.
Capt. Ken Warren, an Air Force
spokesman, said the main concern was
clouds and wind. "It looks like condi
tions will continue to improve. It looks
like the winds will be dying down."
Supreme Court says
Tes' to drugs for thugs
WASHINGTON Prison officials
can force inmates to take anti-psychotic
drugs without a judge's consent,
the Supreme Court ruled Tuesday.
Voting 6-3 in a case from Washing
ton state, the justices said prisoners'
rights are safeguarded as long as staff
psychiatrists say the drugs will help
them, and not merely pacify them.
"An inmate's interests are adequately
protected and perhaps better served by
allowing the decision to medicate to be
made by medical professionals rather
than a judge," Justice Anthony Ken
nedy wrote for the court.
Indian elections lead to
deaths of 47 people
. NEW DELHI, India At least 47
people were killed and 200 wounded
by bombs, factional battles or police
during voting Tuesday for legislatures
in eight Indian states, news agencies
Press Trust of India said 45 people
were killed in Bihar, an eastern state
that is among India's poorest, and two
in the western state of Gujarat.
It said an election officer died of a
heart attack in mountainous Himachal
Pradesh state. Bihar is notorious for
organized gangs that operate during
elections. One of the victims there was
an independent candidate shot and killed
by unidentified gunmen.
From Associated Press reports
That's not the ticket
Confusion abounds over posted
speed limit on Airport Road 3
Insight into volunteering opportu
nities on campus 4
Spring into action
Read previews of spring sports in
Campus and city 3
By MYRON B. PITTS
Assistant University Editor
The Elections Board decided to hold
another student body president elec
tion with all five candidates on the
ballot because candidate Bill Hildebolt
had violated the elections laws and a re
election was the only practical solu
tion, board members said Tuesday.
But Gene Davis, co-chairman of
candidate Mark Bibbs' campaign and
speaker of student congress, said Tues
day that candidate John Lomax had
defaced University property with his
chalked campaign signs, and denied
that Hildebolt had violated any rules.
The board upheld Chairman David
Smith's decision to hold a re-election
by a 3-2 vote Monday after Hildebolt
admitted he and some of his campaign
workers removed Lomax's signs from
campus sidewalks before last Tuesday's
election.The board decided Hildebolt's
action was a violation of Section 5 of
Title VI in the student government code.
What's up, Doc?
Junior Suzy Sharman from Bethesda, Md., reads about
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs to Shaaistha Yoosef,
Chapel Hill delegation returns
By CAMERON TEW
A group of Chapel Hill residents
returning from Nicaragua Tuesday said
that they were pleased with the country's
election process and that Chapel Hill's
sister city relationship with San Jorge
would not be threatened by the new
The trip was the first by an official
Chapel Hill delegation. The group spent
several days in Managua, the country's
capital, meeting government officials
and traveling to San Jorge.
While in San Jorge, the delegation
served as poll watchers at the town's 1 3
polishes and were given complete ac
cess to the election process. "They let
us do things we wouldn't let them do
over here," Chapel Hill Town Council
member and delegate Joe Herzenberg
Gil Joseph, a UNC history professor
and delegate, said "they handled it very
Bill requires minority recraitmeiit
By STEPHANIE JOHNSTON
Assistant University Editor
Student leaders said Tuesday that a
bill passed by Student Congress requir
ing organizations that request student
government funds to actively recruit
minorities is a good idea, but would
have little practical effect.
Because there is no provision in the
bill for enforcement, student organiza
tions simply must sign a statement at
testing to their recruitment efforts.
Although the bill is already a law, it
does not take effect until May 16. 1990,
the first day of the congress' next fiscal
Dana Lumsden, the bill's author, said
he proposed the resolution because
student organizations lack diversity.
"There are a lot of lily-white or minor
ity groups," he said. "That's one reason
this campus can't come together.
"We have a campus that's polarized
By the time we've made it, we've had it. Malcolm Forbes
w hich forbids tampering with campaign
materials. The incident may also be an
Honor Code violation.
Davis said Lomax was the one who
committed a violation by placing his
message on University property that
the facilities-use policy does not desig
nate a "free speech" area.
"If anyone should have been cited
with a violation it should have been the
Lomax campaign for defacement of
University property," he said. "Bill
Hildebolt was doing a service to this
University and in no way violated the
elections laws or the instruments of
student judicial government."
Davis, who was putting up posters
for Bibbs at the time of the incident,
said he decided to resign after talking
with Bibbs. He denied involvement and
said most of the Lomax slogan was
already removed before he saw Hilde
bolt pour water on it. Some witnesses
said Davis also participated.
"When I saw the 'Lomax for SBP'
S .!" " ' .iit W
' f ' . v.- '
respond to Mcaragesuti
professionally and were extremely
competent people. They were really
serious about what they were doing and
having us there to observe it."
The town's residents lined up early
Sunday for the 7 a.m. elections, and
more than 90 percent of the residents
voted, according to members of the
Joseph said the trip provided the
delegates with a "civics lesson" and
"there couldn't have been a cleaner
election in Chapel Hill."
Herzenberg said he was pleased with
the way both national and local elec
tions ran in Nicaragua.
"As far as we know these were the
first local elections in Nicaragua, and
we were extremely pleased with the
way the elections were conducted by
any standards," Herzenberg said. "This
was an extremely impressive election
that even the United States could be
by race, but no one wants to discuss it
year-round. Until we make it a year
round issue racism and polarization
will never end."
"Minority" is relative to each or
ganization, Lumsden said. "If an or
ganization is predominantly black like
the BSM, the minority to them would
be Asians or Caucasians, whereas most
other minorities in relation to groups
would be colored students."
Lumsden said he would have pre
ferred that the bill contain enforcement
provisions. "This will act as a catalyst
for change," he said. "It will cause
people to think about if their organiza
tion actively recruits minorities.
Tom Elliott (Dist. 6), the bill's co
sponsor, said it was not meant to force
groups to comply, but to make them
think about diversifying their member
ship. "Since student government funds
are intended for the benefit of the stu
slogan, there was very little of it left,"
Davis said. "By the time Bill had gotten
to it, it was not readable. Bill had not
done anything and it was already
scruffed. Bill did very little to add to
Smith said he recommended a re
election on the basis of the "letter of the
law." Under the student government
code, the Elections Board can call a re
election if one of the candidates com
mits a campaign violation.
Mary Jo Harris, an Elections Board
member, said rather than wait for the
Undergraduate Student Attorney Gen
eral to review the case, the board
members decided they should handle
the issue because of the obvious circum
vention of the laws.
"When any of the articles in the code
have been violated we can call for a re
election," she said. "What happened
was obviously a violation and some
thing had to be done. A lot of people say
that it's very small, but it could easily
.... r r. j
3, at Victory Village Day Care center as part of Project
The 17-member delegation, which
included professors, students and
Chapel Hill residents, visited Nicara
gua to observe elections Feb. 18-26.
The delegation held a press conference
Tuesday morning at the Vance Street
home of Adam Stein, one of the dele
gates. The delegates said many people,
including the opposition party, were
surprised that President Daniel Ortega's
ruling Sandinista Party was defeated
by United Nationalist Opposition
(UNO) leader Violeta Barrios de
Chamorro in Sunday's election. UNO
is a coalition of 14 separate parties that
banded together for the elections.
Herzenberg said San Jorge was sup
posed to be loyal to the Sandinista
Party, but people voted for the opposi
tion by a 2-1 ratio. He said the victory
was so surprising that "it was like the
See DELEGATION, page 9
dent body at large, this encourages
groups to reach out to all segments of
the student body and avoid blinding
themselves (to minorities)," he said.
"We had a hard time getting it
through. Some (congress) members
thought this was too strong."
The Student Congress Rules and
Judiciary Committee would be respon
sible for investigating any group sus
pected of not recruiting minorities,
Mark Bibbs, committee chairman,
said if a group were to violate the new
law, the committee would either refuse
to recognize the group or withdraw
previous recognition. "It (a violation)
would have to be brought to our atten
tion," Bibbs said. "We wouldn't go out
'The group would have to prove to
us whether through literature, parapher
nal ia, a statement or an increase in
escalate later into major things.
"The board decided to have a re
election because we could not validate
the votes. We felt the campaign had
been affected whether it was per indi
vidual or total vote. In the re-election,
every one on the first ballot who has not
been disqualified by the Student Attor
ney General has the right to run."
Smith said the slogan-erasure inci
dent came under two separate jurisdic
tions and that this added to the com
plexity of the matter.
"The honor court violation is the
destruction or tampering (with) of other
people's stuff, and the election law
implies that in no way should there be
an interference with a message from
the candidate to the constituent."
Hildebolt will be removed from the
ballot if the Undergraduate Student
Court finds him guilty of honor code
violations. The board can also remove
a candidate from the ballot if he ex
ceeds the $400 limit for campaign
By STACEY KAPLAN
Many departments are developing
their own requirements for the new
academic minor program that will take
effect next fall, and professors said
Tuesday that it will give students greater
opportunities for a well-rounded edu
cation. Douglas Kelly, mathematics depart
ment Undergraduate Studies director,
said he favored the minor because it
will give students credit for courses
they take outside their major. "Students
will have the chance to take a sensible
program of courses structured by the
department," he said.
Math minor requirements have not
yet been approved by faculty members,
but will be available in the fall, Kelly
Faculty members in the Department
of Slavic Languages have been excited
about the institution of a minor since it
was first proposed, said Victor Fried
man, department chairman. "Students
Majority shocked by results
By ERIC LUSK
Shocked is the reaction of a majority
of Nicaraguans as opposition leader
Violeta Barrios de Chamorro defeated
President Daniel Ortega in Nicaragua's
first-ever free elections Monday.
Final tabulations gave Chamorro 55
percent of the vote compared to Ortega,
who received 41 percent. The remain
ing four percent was divided among a
few minor candidates.
"The elections were surprising to
everybody," said Gil Joseph, UNC
professor of history, in a press confer
ence Tuesday. "I don't think anyone
would have predicted this."
The Sandinistas were the most sur
prised by Monday's elections, which
took place on both a national and local
level, Joseph said.
Polls taken just before the election
showed Ortega still maintained the lead
over Chamorro, said Sam Hope, direc-
enrollment of minorities that it was
recruiting minorities. It's a fine line to
Student Body President Brien Lewis
said the bill would not substantially
change groups' operations. "It's a good
step," he said. "It's not going to be
anything that will impede groups from
their normal processes, and it will
heighten awareness of groups' need to
Mindy Friedman (Dist. 12) said the
bill would be a positive step if it worked.
"The only thing I'm afraid of is it might
create a spirit of tokenism," she said.
"But any step, small or not, is better
than none at all."
Sam Bagenstos (Dist. 14) said he
thinks the new law is a good idea. "I
think it will help," he said. "Seems to
me legislation like this is necessary to
See MINORITY, page 9
expenditures. No candidates reported
excessive campaign spending.
The board's order also removed two
workers from Hildebolt's campaign
staff and led to Davis' resignation from
Hildebolt, who was issued a warning
for his actions, said Monday he had no
knowledge of the law's prohibition of
washing away chalked slogans.
Harris said candidates were informed
of general elections laws and were given
condensed copies of the student code at
a Feb. 8 meeting.
"We said if there were any questions
as to what was legal and what's not, to
call," she said. "We had nine (board
members') telephone numbers and nine
names on the candidates' information
Smith and Harris both have worked
with presidential campaigns, and said
the complications of this year's elec
tions were not considerably worse than
in previous years.
with other majors will be given docu
mentable competence in a specific
language, a useful keystone of a liberal
arts education," he said.
The Department of Slavic Languages
will offer minors in two areas: Russian
literature and Slavic language and lit
erature. Jack Sasson, religious studies de
partment chairman, said his department
would require five courses for a minor.
He said he favored the minor because it
allowed students to have their choices
recorded on their transcript.
"The minor will let people learn more
about a specific topic without necessar
ily majoring in it," Sasson said.
Frederick Vogler, Undergraduate
Studies director of French and Italian,
said he expects the number of double
majors to decrease because the minor
program will be less structured and less
rigorous than the eight courses required
for majors. For the minor, only five
See MINOR, page 9
tor of program resources for Witness
for Peace, an organization helping
monitor polishes in Nicaragua on
"I'm not exactly sure what happened,
but I guess people changed their minds,"
In addition to being the first time
Nicaragua has ever had local elections,
Monday's election stands as one of the
cleanest to ever occur in Central
America's history, Joseph said.
"In addition, this is one of the very
rare times where an incumbent presi
dent accepts the results of losing the
election. This is an accomplishment of
real significance," he said.
Some minor infractions did occur at
local polishes, said Henry Landsberger,
professor of sociology at UNC who
helped monitor the sites. Isolated inci
dents such as lobbying and politicking
See MAJORITY, page 9
Care to expand the boundaries
of your mind to regions not yet
discovered by mere mortals?
Come add your lot. h to the new
and improved DTH at the new
writers' meeting on Thursday in
the Carolina Union, room 206, at
5:30 p.m. We need writers for most
desks: University, state and na
tion, city and features. A special
request from the Omnibus staff
goes out to non-journalism types
who specialize in art exhibits and
Writers will be required to write
a news story on a deadline. Those
interested in copy editing should
plan to spend 45 minutes after the
meeting to take a copy editing test.
A list of new writers will be posted