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Serving the students and the University community sinc e 1893
Volume 98, Issue 12
Tuesday, March 20, 1990
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Cowt reinstates ranioff decisioin
I ! l f II
in i! 1 If (I VV
Supreme Court upholds
fines against Puerto Rico
WASHINGTON The Supreme
Court rejected the advice of 31 states
Monday as it left intact $30 million in
fines against Puerto Rico for failing to
relieve prison overcrowding.
The justices, without comment, re
fused to disturb rulings that the govern
ment of the island commonwealth failed
to respond fast enough to a federal
judge's order to cease overcrowding.
.-Most states are under similar court
orders to improve prison conditions.
Officials for 31 states, including
North Carolina, told the high court that
such strict enforcement of federal court
penalties could delay voluntary prison
Prime minister seeking
U.S. support for Poland
WARSAW, Poland Prime Minis
ter Tadeusz Mazowiecki is coming to
the United States to seek support for the
Solidarity-led government's demand
that a treaty guaranteeing Poland's
western border be signed before Ger
The former Solidarity editor and
political prisoner leaves Warsaw on
Tuesday for a six-day visit to the United
States, with a one-day stop in Canada.
It will be Mazowiecki's longest trip
abroad since he was elected in August
to lead the first non-Communist gov
ernment in the Eastern bloc.
Mazowiecki achieved one aim of his
trip when the four victorious World
War II allies and the two Germanys last
week decided to allow Poland to take
part in sessions of "two-plus-four" talks
that concern Poland's security.
Factional mob fighting
leaves 26 blacks dead
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa
At least 26 people died in black fac
tional fighting and clashes with police,
including 15 men killed when a mob
destroyed a Zulu tribal chief's com
pound, police said Monday.
A mob on Sunday attacked the chief's
kraal or homestead at Njobokazi
near Hammersdale in Natal, slaugh
tered most of the inhabitants and in
jured nine others, police said. Two black
police officers assigned to guard the
chief were among the dead, they said.
Police reported 1 1 other people were
killed Sunday and Monday, most in
factional fighting in Natal. Police firing
shotguns killed two men in sepaiate
incidents Monday while breaking up
protests in black townships, they said.
Soviet economic reform
MOSCOW President Mikhail S.
Gorbachev is preparing a package of 1 7
drastic reforms that will hit Soviet
consumers hard and fast, in hopes of
saving the failing economy, the Inter
fax news agency reported Monday.
The package, due to take effect July
1, includes desperately needed price
reforms, according to Interfax. Soviet
prices are set by bureaucrats without
regard to costs.
The proposed bills and executive
orders are expected to be painful and
unpopular, Interfax said. Gorbachev
said Thursday that he was planning
drastic economic reform.
From Associated Press reports
Their sperm counts
Student donors 'just doing a job' to
help infertile couples .....4
Mark your calendars
Long-awaited Club Sports box make
its debut today 4
Knee injury leaves senior forward
out for remainder of tourney 5
Campus and city 3
Classified . 6
yM , H gtUki Til" 1 ill' MUM i i ' MMItti fi
By STEPHANIE JOHNSTON
Assistant University Editor
The Student Supreme Court decided
Monday night to reinstate the results of
the first student body president (SBP)
election and hold a runoff March 27
between Mark Bibbs and Bill Hilde-
bolt, overturning a previous Elections
On Feb. 26 the Elections Board
declared the Feb. 20 SBP election re
sults invalid after finding Hildebolt
guilty of violating an elections law. He
had washed candidate John Lomax's
chalked campaign slogans off the side
walk in front of the Undergraduate
Library in the early hours of Feb. 20.
The board had ordered a new elec
tion to be held March 6, but on March
5, the court placed a temporary injunc
tion on the second election until a
complaint filed by Christopher Bran-
oram focuses on drags
By ELIZABETH BYRD
Because of economic and political
conflicts caused by drug production
and trafficking, President George
Bush's drug war has far to go, agreed
panelists at Monday night's forum,
"U.S. Demand and Latin American
Participants in the forum were: Maria
Jimena Du.an, a Colombian journalist
who fled the country following her
sister's death at the hands of the
Medellin drug cartel; Raul Gonzales,
who has studied the effect of DEA
efforts to eradicate drug production on
fanners in Peru; and Lenn Murrelle,
who conducted Colombia's first na
tional household drug survey. Profes
sor Jonathan Hartlyn of the Institue of
Latin American Studies moderated the
discussion and acted as interpreter for
Raul Gonzales, who spoke in Spanish.
"North Americans have no real idea
of what is going on in Latin America,"
Murrelle said. "Domestic cocaine use
and domestic violence in Colombiahave
increased with the increase of cocaine
use in the United States," he said.
In 1986, homicide ranked as the
second-highest cause of death in Co
lombia. By 1 985, in the city of Medellin,
homicide ranked number one.
"Numbers like that are unheard of in
a nonwarring country," Murrelle said.
In 1985, more than half the deaths in the
15- to 44-year-old age group were at
Making a point
Professor Dwight Allen of Old Dominion University lambasts the Ameri
can education system in a lecture Monday night. See story, page 3.
UNC budget control subject to N.C. Assembly approva
By KENNY M0NTEITH
If the N.C. General Assembly ap
proves the March 9 recommendations
from the UNC-system Board of Gover
nors (BOG), UNC could soon have
more control over its budget, Univer
sity officials said Monday.
The BOG voted unanimously to
recommend six budget proposals to the
N.C. General Assembly. The proposals
would give the UNC-system universi
ties more control over the funds they
receive from the state.
The first recommendation would give
UNC more control over its budget and
provide more incentives for adminis
non, a sophomore from Charlotte, could
Brannon said that because chalk was
not a campaign material the elections
board had erred in its decision to nullify
the first race and should hold the origi
nally scheduled runoff between Hilde
bolt and Bibbs.
The original group of defendants
included Elections Board Chairman
David Smith, the rest of the board and
all SBP candidates. The defense re
quested that Hildebolt and Bibbs be
removed from the list.The court agreed.
The two candidates then entered a
motion for intervention status. The court
granted the motion, making them plain
tiffs along with Brannon.
Arguments in the case focused on
the question of whether chalk was a
campaign material and the possibility
that the area the chalked slogan was in
tributed to homicide. "Almost half a
million years of life were lost due to
homicide in the 1980's decade," he
Basuca, or raw cocaine, is the most
popular drug in Colombia, Murrelle
said. The number of users has grown
since it first was introduced in the
1970's, and in 1989, 98.4 percent of
those treated for drug use were treated
for basuca addiction.
One side effect of basuca use is
depression, and, as a consequence,
suicide. "Just being a basuca addict
raises your chance of a suicide attempt
seven times," he said.
Gonzalez discussed the effect of
cocaine production and consumption
on Peru, where the coca plant is grown.
The government of Peru is attempting
to dominate the Shining Path Guerilla
movement, which manipulates the cul
tivation and sale of the coca plant out
side the country. The Shining Path
gained control of the coca-producing
area of Northern Peru in 1988, attack
ing the already existing drug cartels.
The guerilla movement has governed
with the support of the people since
then, effectively negating the state's
influence in the area.
Peru faces two major problems,
"The Shining Path's control has
caused political destabilization within
the state, and Peru's economic prob
lems have isolated it from the rest of the
Chancellor Paul Hardin said the
present system is inconvenient because
budget decisions are made in Raleigh.
"It isn't realistic for the budgeting to
be done by the legislature," he said.
"We would have more flexibility in
using the resources that we have (at
The BOG also recommended that
the state refund sales and taxes paid by
state universities and colleges on pur
chases from contract and grant funds.
Presently, only private colleges and
universities can apply for refunds.
Private institutions qualify for these
refunds because they are often church
related, Hardin said.
"We don't have the privileges that
can make a rule.
was off-limits to candidates.
Brad Torgan, Biannon's counsel,
said the plaintiffs had to show that the
Elections Board's actions were invalid
according to student law. "If the court
finds the Elections Board violated the
law, it must over-turn their action."
Torgan argued that in sections two
and three of the-elections laws, posters
and broadsides were listed as examples
of campaign materials, while inscrip
tions were listed independently. He said
that in section five of the laws, posters
and broadsides wete listed, but inscrip
tions were not.
"Section five is what the Elections
Board used to throw out the election,"
Torgan said. "We believe section five
implies campaign materials are per
sonal property, which is something that
"A piece of chalk may be personal
" DTHT odd Diggs
Jonathan Hartlyn moderates the discussion as Raul Gonzalez, Maria Jimena Duzan and Lenn Murrelle listen
world," he said. The economy of the
state depends somewhat on the money
that comes from production of the coca
plant, he said.
"Peru must take a position on drug
trafficking befoie it's loo late, but for
that to happen, the consuming coun
tries, the United States and European
Phone registration system coming on-line
By LEE WEEKS
UNC students will have to endure
drop-add hysteria in Woollen Gym only
one last time befoie a computer named
Caroline will take over the job of pre
registering students by phone for the
Spring 1991 semester.
Caroline is a computerized voice that
will direct students through UNC's new,
32-line telephone registration system,
said Ruffin Hall, Director of Academic
Affairs for student government's ex
The new system will begin operat
ing at UNC two weeks after the 1991
spring semester course manuals have
been released. The registration process
will take place over a four-month pe
riod. The first phase will be open regis
tration lines to callers from Oct. 27 to
Nov. 28, 1990. Each class will be given
a week, beginning with seniors and
ending with freshmen during the fourth
week, Hall said. Upperclassmen can
call at any time after their designated
Priority will be given to students
within their classes as well. "Each class
is divided up into thirds," Hall said.
"Seniors and juniors are divided up by
the number of hours passed. The more
"It isn't realistic
for the budgeting
to be done by the
private institutions have," he said. "This
makes us very competitive in research
with private institutions."
Another recommendation would to
allow campuses to keep tuition and fees
income that surpasses projected levels.
property, but once it's on a building it's
not. You can't remove the chalk dust. A
chalk slogan on the sidewalk is an in
scription, removal of which without the
candidate's permission would not vio
late elections law."
Smith said the chalk was considered
to be a campaign material because it
was used to convey a message from a
candidate to students.
"The intent of this law is to prevent
an individual from interfering with the
transmission of a message," he said. "I
found that a candidate and his cam
paign workers went out with the intent
to erase the (slogans). I find that to be a
Smith said a material violation was
defined as one which was malicious
Torgan also said the place where the
slogan was chalked was a non-public
nations, have to understand the details
of the problem," Gonzalez said.
Gonzalez questioned President
Bush's plans for ending drug traffick
ing. "When it's the U.S.'s plan to re
duce consumption of cocaine by 5
percent next year, why should the pro
ducing countries be expected to elimi
will be getting
the classes they
want, rather than
they've been put
hours you've passed, the earlier you get
Sophomores and freshmen will be
divided according to their Social Secu
Students can also call between Dec.
3-20, 1990 and Jan. 8-25, 1991. This
extended time period should provide
students with a greater opportunity to
get the classes they want, Hall said.
"More people will be getting the classes
they want, rather than the classes they've
been put into," he said.
N.C. State University (NCSU) stu
dents have been using a similar system
to register since spring semester of last
If universities receive more money than
expected, they presently must return
the money to the General Fund.
"This (recommendation) gives us the
opportunity to keep the money that we
generate by our own fees," Hardin said.
The governors also recommended
that money granted by state and federal
agencies for the overhead costs of re
search be kept by the universities.
Provost Dennis O'Connor said the
money would not necessarily go to
ward improvements in the quality or
quantity of research, but would go
toward the overhead costs, which pay
for laboratories' technical aspects.
The board's proposals are a step in
the right direction because the propos
. . - s$3$
forum. "Because it is a non-public fo
rum, there are restrictions on free
speech," he said. "The right to free
expression can be restricted in an area
that is not traditionally a public forum.
The chalk inscription is a damage to
University property. It is aesthetically
damaging. We believe actual physical
damage is not required."
Philip Floyd, Smith's defense coun
selor, said the Elections Board does
have the right to declare areas restricted.
"Sidewalks are not legally restricted
areas," he said. "Chalk is easily re;
moved from property. Aesthetic dam
age is not defined by the code." ; t .
Floyd said the campaigns would then
be under the Facility Usage Plan, but.
according to Dean Donald Boulton, the
regulations are suspended during cam-'
nate their problems entirely within only
one or two years? We need to coordi
nate our objectives."
Duzan told a similar story about
Colombia. The production of cocaine
has brought areas of Colombia out of
.See DRUGS, page 7
year, and the NCSU registrar's office
has helped UNC establish its telephone
But UNC's system will be more
advanced than NCSU's, said Assistant
Registrar Donna Redmon. "We are
bridging previous stored information
into a new database package," she said.
"This should greatly increase the capa
bilities and functions of the telephonic
UNC and NCSU are employingJhe
same kind of equipment in their sys
tems. They purchased the same com
puter, but have adopted different pro
graming concepts, said Leonard Strobel,
administrative data processing direc
tor. Students will give Caroline their
Social Security number and then a four
digit number called a PIN (Personal
A student's PIN must be picked up
from the student's academic adviser.
"This process guarantees that a student
will have some contact with an aca
demic advisor before pre-registering,"
said NCSU Registrar James Bundy..
The UNC Registrar's Office plans to
develop a code card that students may
use in the future when registering for
classes by phone, Hall said. ,
als will give UNC more variety in the
ways money would be spent, O'Connor
Hardin said the proposals have been
debated by the governors for many
years. "This has been the fruit of a long
conversation, and it's an important step
for the University," he said. "The prp
posals may not be immediately imple-.
mented, but they could happen over the
next two or three years."
Garland Hershey, vice chancellor for
health affairs, said the proposals would
be an asset to his office.
"Any policy or program that pro
vides additional flexibility to our man
agers will be a positive addition to our
programs," he said.