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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 98, Issue 21
Monday, April 2,1990
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
iiMe bolt ctar
ta ti a rr u w
Lithuania stands firm in
VILNIUS, U.S.S.R. Dozens of
newly arrived Soviet military vehicles
lumbered through Lithuania's capital
Sunday, but defiant republic leaders
resisted the increased pressure to re
nounce their independence declaration.
The Lithuanian parliament's Presid
ium met to consider its next moves, and
Deputy Prime Minister Kazimieras
Motieka told reporters the government
"remains ready to negotiate and dis
cuss any questions with the Soviet
Union except that of independence."
The last Western correspondents were
ousted from the Baltic republic Sunday
night on orders of the Soviet govern
ment, leading some Lithuanians to
express fears of an impending crack
down by the Soviet military.
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev
urged the rebellious republic in an
appeal Saturday night to renounce its
March 1 1 declaration of independence
and enter into talks with the Kremlin on
the basis of the Soviet Constitution. He
warned ;hat a refusal may result in
"grave consequences" for all of us.
London tax protest turns
into destructive riot
LONDON Prime Minister Mar
garet Thatcher on Sunday blamed ex
tremist groups for turning a carnival
like tax protest into one of London's
worst riots this century.
The new local tax went into effect
Sunday in England and Wales despite
Saturday's protest by 40,000 people in
Trafalgar Square, which went amok
when militants smashed windows,
torched cars and battled police. Hun
dreds of people were injured.
The so-called community charge
replaces a property tax with a levy on
each adult and increases the amount
many pay by up to a third. Critics said
it was unfair because Britain's richest
man, the Duke of Westminster, pays
the same rate as his gardener.
Israeli leader plans new
JERUSALEM Caretaker Prime
! Minister Yitzhak Shamir has set in
; motion plans to quickly start five more
; Jewish settlements in the occupied ter
ritories, an aide said Sunday.
The action is bound to fuel tensions
with the United States, whose leaders
have renewed warnings that the settle
ments in the occupied West Bank and
Gaza Strip are an obstacle to peace.
: endorses one-party rule
HARARE, Zimbabwe President
; Robert Mugabe vowed Sunday to push
ahead with plans for one-party rule
after election results gave his party all
but three of parliament's 150 seats.
X"It is a mandate for all our policies,
including a one-party state," he said.
He indicated his party would not
immediately outlaw opposition parties
or bar the three opposition legislators
from taking their seats.
A sweeping victory for Mugabe's
Zimbabwe African National Union had
been expected in this nation of 9.2
million people. However, the election
results and poor turnout indicated dis
satisfaction with the government.
From Associated Press reports
An intriguing courtroom drama you're
libel to enjoy 4
Eric Clapton .picks Chapel Hill as a
stop on his journey 5
Doug Hoogervorst predicts Rebels to
run away with NCAA crown ...5
Campus and city 3
Arts and Features 4
Classified : 6
Sports Monday 10
wMu code vMatioiffi
By NANCY WYKLE
Student Body President-elect Bill
Hildebolt could be removed from of
fice if he is placed on probation as a
result of a pending Undergraduate
Student Court hearing, several sources
said Sunday. The hearing involves
possible honor code violations stem
ming from an election incident.
The case was filed with the Under
graduate Student Court in late Febru
ary, according to a source who requested
anonymity because of his proximity to
the honor court process. Hildebolt is
being brought up on charges of damage
or destruction to personal property
because he removed chalked campaign
signs for candidate John Lomax from
the sidewalk outside the Undergradu
If Hildebolt is found guilty of the
charges, he would be placed on proba
tion and removed from office. The
student body vice president would as
sume his responsibilities. However,
Committee formed to aid.
By ELIZABETH BYRD
Following the fall 1989 controversy
over Gillian Cell's reappointment as
dean of the College of Arts and Sci
ences, an advisory committee has been
formed to aid Cell in matters pertaining
to minority students, as well as to the
general student body.
Protest over Cell's reappointment
centered around students' concerns
about her past decisions on minority
affairs. Specific issues included ques
tions about her accessibility to minor
Rebecca Chopp speaks about
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Smith aimoMices resignation from Elections
By STEPHEN POOLE
David Smith, who has served as
Elections Board chairman for the past
year, resigned Friday, citing academic
Smith's resignation went into effect
at 2 p.m. Friday after his announcement
March 26 in letters to Student Body
President (SBP) Brien Lewis and Stu
dent Congress Speaker Gene Davis.
Smith, a senior, said the only reason
he resigned was that he had fallen behind
on a paper for an independent study
project as well as other course work.
"I have academic work I must catch
up on," he said. "Professors of my
classes don't know who I am."
Smith's resignation came about two
selection of this year's vice president
may not be completed for several days.
Candidates applying for vice president
will be screened through a search
committee that submits three names to
the student body president. The SBP
will then submit a choice to be ap
proved by Student Congress.
On the conditions that a vice presi
dent has not been selected and Hilde
bolt is removed from office, whomever
the new Student Congress elects speaker
pro tempore on Wednesday would
become student body president.
Although Hildebolt has been aware
of the investigation since a few days
after the original election, he said that
for a while he thought the case had been
dropped. The Undergraduate Student
Court told him before Spring Break
that he would be notified within a few
days, he said. He was not notified until
March 26, the day before the runoff.
Although the Student Supreme Court
ruled that chalk did not constitute a
campaign material in its decision to
on stadteiit concerns
ity students, her commitment to hiring
and retaining black faculty and her
commitment to the African-American
The advisory committee was estab
lished by Dana Lumsden, director of
Minority and Women's Affairs for
student government, and Ann Ards, a
member of the National Collegiate
Black Caucus and a leader in last
semester's protest against Cell's reap
pointment. Representatives from other
campus organizations will also serve
on the committee.
ethics in feminism Friday night
weeks before the selection process for
a new Elections Board chairman and
"People are going to ask why I'm
quitting with two weeks left," he said.
"Basically because I've got to get this
Elizabeth Wheless, Elections Board
vice chairwoman, took over the board's
leadership position Friday and will serve
as interim chairwoman as required by
the student government code.
In two weeks, student government
will make applications available for the
positions of board chairman and vice
SBP-elect Bill Hildebolt will select
an applicant for each office and submit
them for approval to Student Congress,
never knows, does one? Fats Waller
reinstate the runoff election between
Hildebolt and Mark Bibbs, it did not
make any statement as to whether the
signs should be considered personal
The case was neither confirmed nor
denied by Philip Floyd, former assis
tant attorney general. Anyone connected
with the judicial branch of student
government is not allowed to talk about
cases, he said. Even after cases have
been decided, members cannot release
the facts involved.
Floyd added that defendants or oth
ers outside of the judicial system were
free to release information about cases.
Hildebolt said he has had difficulty
deciding whether to inform the student
body or to keep the information confi
dential to prevent the outcome of the
case from being affected. Information
about cases that is released to the media
can affect their outcomes, he said.
"I don't want to feel like I'm sup
See COURT, page 7
'The purpose of the committee is to
advise the dean on matters of curricu
lum, faculty presence and recruitment
and retainment of minority students,"
Committee members will serve as
liaisons between the University com
munity and the College of Arts and
Sciences, advising the dean on how
best to serve the students, Ards said.
"We expect to see visible efforts and
tangible results from the dean, not just
See CELL, page 2
Lecture probes ieminim9
women's ime in society
By LEE WEEKS
Feminism has helped provoke criti
cal examination of problems women
encounter in society, including aspects
of the workplace and religion, Rebecca
Chopp, associate professor of theology
at Emory University, said Friday.
About 45 people attended Chopp' s
lecture in Gerrard Hall. Her lecture
"Ethics and Feminism: Critique and
Transformation" was the ninth in a
series of 12 forums focusing on ethics.
The series is sponsored by the 1990
The presence of women in the work
force has significantly changed
society's perception of the economic
and family roles of women. Before
1960, only poor, lower-class women
were working outside the home, Chopp
said. Today 74 percent to 86 percent of
women with children are working out
side the home, she said.
"The factor of women working across
racial and economic and class lines
today is a tremendous impact on the
American ethos (ethics)," Chopp said.
As more women have entered the
work' force, magazines catering to
women have changed their focus to
meet the needs of the "superwoman,"
Chopp said. A radical change in the
magazines has contributed to new roles
and images adopted by women.
which has until the end of the spring
semester to approve the appointments,
Wheless and Mary Jo Harris, an
other board member, said they thought
Smith had served well, but were not
completely surprised by his resigna
tion. "He did a very good job this year,"
Harris said. "We had talked about it
(his resignation), but I thought he would
stay until a (new) chair and vice chair
"His resignation has not hindered
any of the election process. After vali
dation (Friday), his job is technically
over," he said.
Wheless said, "He had done a great
job. I knew he was ready for a break."
si-. r j tf
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A face only a mother could love
Todd Layden takes second place in the Theta Chi Ugly Man Contest, which
benefits the Orange County Rape Crisis Center, Sunday night inGreat Hall.
E T II I C S
"These magazines are how women
are trying to figure out, in a common
world in which we live, how to live
their lives, how to deal with the tradi
tional patterns assigned to them in terms
of taking care of homes," she said.
Women in the work force are now
redefining marital and family roles. No
longer are men the sole breadwinners.
Women are now making as much money
as men. Power roles in the family and
marriage contracts have undergone
substantial modifications because
women are working outside the home,
Many feminist theologians blame
Christianity for limiting women to the
marginal development of society. Scrip
tures asserting men's hierarchy over
women have been used to rationalize
men's physical abuse of women, she
"The values of what it is to be a man
and the values of what it is to be a
woman are not only divided, but they
are related through a kind of hierarchy
where man is seen as closer to God."
Chopp said she had seen firsthand
the abusive attitudes of men toward
women in the name of religion. "In
Harris also said she was pleased with
Smith's work with the academic com
puting service and the improvements in
the ballot system. "Regardless of the
problems we had with the new ballot,
it's much more efficient."
In the near future, the Elections Board
will have to revise the ballot system and
the student government code as well as
make preparations for the special Stu
dent Congress elections in the fall,
Wheless added that the board would
examine the election laws and specifi
cally the board's role in this month's
SBP election. "We feel the election
board has no power and we have to
See SMITH, page 7
deed, working in women's shelters in
Atlanta has convinced me that one of
the most common characteristics of
abused women in our culture is that
they exist in places and spaces in fami
lies where words of scripture are often
cited to allow the husband or the boy
friend or abuser the right to perform
abusive acts," she said.
Feminism emphasizes changing at
titudes with the times and moving for
ward, Chopp said. "We're in one of
those times of great change in our cul
ture that the ethos, the values, the turns,
the stories we live our lives by are
rapidly changing," she said. "We can't
go back, I think, to the ethos, to the
values and narratives that we lived in
the 1950s and 1960s."
The origin of the feminist movement
dates back to the abolition of slavery,
when women became concerned about
their individual rights. The feminist
movement exploded into action again
in the 1 960s, focusing on issues involv
ing civil rights, birth control and work
ing women, Chopp said.
Deep divisions formed over ques
tions of differences between men and
"Men get to establish one set of val
ues and women represent another set of
values," Chopp said. "I think it's that
deep divide that has been the biggest
problem for feminism to overcome."