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Volume S3, Issue 36
Tuesday, April 24, 19S0
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
acJk it mmoofly
IB ft m f: fr It V
closes after oil blockade
VILNIUS, U.S.S.R. Lithuania's
only refinery closed Monday when the
Kremlin's economic blockade dried up
oil supplies, and the prime minister
said the defiant republic might try to
sell gold to import fuel.
Vith the Soviet sanctions pressuring
Lithuanians to ease their quest for inde
pendence, a Lithuanian parliamentary
delegation arrived in Moscow in hope
of meeting .with President Mikhail
:-The refinery at Mazheikiai operated
until Monday on reserves, dispatcher
Lidiya Cheblakova said in a telephone
interview from the refinery.
Cheblakova said that with produc
tion stopped, the refinery's 2,000 work
ers were now idle. "The mood is tense,
worrisome," she said.
Soviet officials shut off the oil pipe
line feeding the plant from the Russian
city of Polotsk on Wednesday and later
curtailed natural gas supplies and ship
ments of other products.
The refinery in the northwestern town
of Mazheikiai produced gasoline for
the republic as well as for Estonia,
Latvia and Byelorussia.
Black South African
factional fighting kills 13
Johannesburg, South Africa
Rival black factions clashed with guns
and knives and attacked homes during
the weekend, killing at least 13 people,
including two black police officers,
authorities said Monday.
Police said 11 people were killed
during the weekend in factional fight
ing in Natal Province. Among the dead
were a 15 -year-old boy and a 70-year-old
woman, who were shot in separate
incidents, police said.
Police gave few details on the fight
ing in other parts of the nation. Two
black police officers were killed in
separate incidents in Cape Province
and Natal, police said.
Police backed up by South African
army troops arrested about 70 people in
a sweep Sunday through a black town
ship near Viljoenskroon in Orange Free
State, police said.
Chinese premier aims to
improve Soviet relations
MOSCOW Premier Li Peng on
Monday began the first visit in 26 years
by a Chinese head of government by
emphasizing that his country and the
Soviet Union have the right to tailor
reforms to their own needs.
-Li's four-day trip is aimed at im
proving relations and easing border
tensions as both countries grapple with
At a Kremlin dinner in his honor, the
. 61-year-old premier noted that the
Soviet Union and China share a 4,300-
. , "Both are socialist countries and
I conduct reform and perestroika in ac
cordance with the realities of their
countries," Li said in remarks reported
by the official Soviet news agency Tass
Perestroika is the catch phrase for
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev's
. political and economic reform program
. Li went on to tell the dignitaries in
the Grand Kremlin Palace that his
country was committed to developing
friendly ties with the Soviet Union
. From Associated Press reports
Director Richard Cashwell announces
resignation from post... 3
On the (H)edge
New Age guitarist tears up Memorial
Hall in weekend concert 5
In the swing of things
UNC shortstop Ron Maurer breaks
school hitting record 6
'Campus and city 3
Features ....... , 4
il v- 0 tit
Tree of knowledge
Freshman Will Richey, a math major from Durham, uses a natural backrest
as he studies in the Arboretum Monday morning.
By LEE WEEKS
The Financial Aid Department will
not cut the amount of student aid it will
offer next year, even though the amount
of money the department usually re
ceives for scholarships, grants and loans
has been drastically reduced.
Student Stores traditionally earmarks
half its revenues for student aid, but this
year's donation decreased because the
stores earned significantly less than
years past, said Rutledge Tufts, general
manager of Student Stores. "Over the
past five years, Student Stores has given
$2.5 million to the Financial Aid De
partment," Tufts said.
Thomas Langston, associate direc
todent lab fees mtonched
By MICHELLE SMITH
Despite the financial difficulties
UNC's science departments are facing,
students will not pay higher lab fees
next year to compensate for the lack of
funds, said Gillian Cell, dean of the
College of Arts and Sciences.
University officials are not allowed
to chose the option of raising student
lab fees without the approval of N.C.
legislators, Cell said. "It is the respon
sibility of the legislature to set tuition.
If the University sets course fees, it is
seen by some legislators as indirectly
raising the tuition."
Campus construction projects set summer
By STEPHANIE JOHNSTON
Assistant University Editor
When many UNC students leave for
summer vacation, construction proj
ects on campus will head toward com
pletion. Construction at Fetzer Field and
Fetzer Track should be completed by
August, said Ed Willis, construction
administration director. "Fetzer Field
(construction) is primarily controlled
by the weather," he said.
Jeff Elliott, athletic department fa
cility director, said that the original
estimated cost for the project was $1.1
million, but that because of unforeseen
problems, the cost would be closer to
When workers began to dig up the
field, they found an old sewage system
and other pipe lines, which had not
been documented on any recent dia
grams of the area.
"The construction will be paid for by
a combination of donations and athletic
reserves," Elliott said. "The track proj
ect includes resurfacing the track and
the renovation of the field used for men
and women's track, lacrosse and soc
cer." The Alumni Center will be 25 per
cent to 30 percent completed by the end
of the summer, Willis said. "By the end
of the summer, a good deal of the struc
ture will be in place. Trucks will be
coming in and out for the life of the
, The trucks going to the construction
site next year will not be as large, Willis
said. The large trucks carrying steel
girders to the construction site have
forced a segment of Stadium Drive to
Peculiar travel suggestions are dancing
I K - ui v-
hurt by lower r evetfrae donations
tor of financial aid, said half the funds
from the Trademark Scholarship, a fund
supported by sales of merchandise
bearing UNC insignia, would be used
to make up for the lack of Student
Stores proceeds. "We had plans for that
money to increase the amount of funds
available, but now we are going to use
some of this money to help take up the
slack for the lack of Student Stores
proceeds," he said.
Tufts said proceeds dropped this year
because of a N.C. Criminal Statute
prohibiting state-owned University
stores from selling merchandise that
competed with town merchants.
The Student Stores no longer carry
greeting cards and clothing that don't
Another problem with a lab fees hike
is that the money would go into the
N.C. General Fund, not back to UNC or
the departments for which it was raised,
This year's program is stabilized,
but next year will probably bring prob
lems because of state budget cuts, said
Provost Dennis O'Connor. "My con
cern is for next year," he said. "If we
don't get some financial relief, then it
will be a very difficult situation."
University officials said Monday that
other solutions would be examined
before students were charged extra fees.
"One solution may be instead of having
be closed during part of this week.
Alumni Center construction, which
began in November 1989, is scheduled
to be completed in November 1991.
The estimated cost for the new center is
$9.8 million, according to construction
administration officials. The General
Alumni Association and private contri
butions will pay for the center, said
Tom Shumate, facilities planning and
Construction on the Continuing
Education Center, located near Finley
Golf Course, should be completed in
December, Willis said.
"(The center will be used) to give
short courses, two- or three-day type
things, have meetings, things like that,"
The estimated cost of the education
center is $11.8 million, according to
construction administration records.
State appropriations will be used to
finance the project, Shumate said.
Willis said the Craige Parking Deck,
which has been under construction since
October, would not be finished until
June 1991. "They are just now putting
up the foundation walls," he said.
The cost for the project is estimated
at $9.9 million. The parking deck is
being paid for by bond sales, Shumate
said. "What goes to pay for the sale of
bonds is the future parking fees and
Willis said construction on a bio
technology building, located in the Bell
Tower parking lot, should be completed
in November. The estimated $9.6 mil
lion cost of the project is being financed
by state appropriations.
By ELIZABETH BYRD
UNC housing needs to take a more
active role in hiring blacks and other
minorities as area directors (ADs), said
resident assistants (RAs) and housing
Many RAs are concerned that ADs
now do not respond adequately to
No minorities are in AD positions
now, and there is only one black assis
tant area director (AAD). Iris Hunt
Smith, UNC's most recent black area
director, left the University in April
1989 to become dean of students at
Fayetteville State University. "It defi
nitely causes problems to have blacks
underrepresented in this area," she said.
UNC must put more effort into ac
tively seeking minority job applicants,
she said. 'The University needs to go to
black colleges to recruit people for these
positions. Possibly they could do net
working with other black professionals
in the University community."
Gret Diffendal, Residence Hall
Association president, said she too was
concerned about the lack of minority
carry UNC symbols, Tufts said. "We
have restricted kinds of merchandise to
educational-related items such as books,
collegiate material such as Carolina
sweatshirts, and miscellaneous items
such as toothpaste," he said.
Although this year's sales were
higher than last year's, Student Stores
proceeds are still quite low, Tufts said.
High-priced merchandise like comput
ers and books have raised revenues, but
these items are sold at a low profit
margin. "High proceed generators such
as greeting cards and snacks have defi
nitely not sold well this year," he said.
Increased utilities costs, higher fi
nancial costs for credit card usage and
the stores' renovation debt have also
two people as lab partners, doubling up
and having four," O'Connor said. That
would be an option to consider before
eliminating lab sections, he said.
Administrators have tried to keep
the impact of budget cuts on the Uni
versity to an absolute minimum, but
there is no way for the students not to be
affected, Cell said. "I think that all of us
expect that next year is going to be a
difficult year, on the basis that the state
revenues are so far behind."
Harry Gooder, professor of microbi
ology, said graduate and professional
science programs had not felt the ef
fects of the budget cuts as much as
Bids on the Student Recreation
Center (SRC) will not be taken until
January 1991, Shumate said. The SRC
construction will be paid for with stu
Shumate said built-in equipment,
movable equipment, architectural,
Freshman Shannon Hunter, left,
and sophomores KirstinRuss and
lessons from God. Kurt Vonnegut Jr.
ADs, particularly on South Campus
where the concentration of black stu
dents is highest. "If minority students
don't feel comfortable with their AD,
they will be more hesitant about ap
proaching the AD with a problem," she
said. "Is a black student going to want
to talk to a white AD about something
if he thinks he won't be understood?
"I don't see much activity on the part
of the administration in hiring more
Allan Calarco, associate director of
University housing, said the
department's interest in the representa
tion of minorities was not new. "It's
something I have always paid attention
to. We pay attention to any problems
expressed by staff members."
The housing department is doing its
best to hire qualified minorities, he
said. All candidates the housing depart
ment interviews for positions must first
be referred by the University's person-
A number of reasons have contrib
uted to the lack of minority ADs, Ca
larco said. "In the past we have lost
black applicants to other universities
lowered the proceeds that go to finan
cial aid, Tufts said.
Administrators have implemented
several measures to reduce the stores'
costs. The building now closes at 7 p.m.
instead of at 9 p.m. as in the past; the
stores will not open on Sundays this
summer; and 12 job openings will
remain unfilled, Tufts said.
The Financial Aid Department ex
pects to receive $240,000 from the
Trademark Scholarship fund this year,
but in a few years that amount could
increase, said Brien Lewis, former stu
dent body president.
A financial aid task force Lewis
appointed last year in conjunction with
a faculty council committee will de
Iby lack off ffendliii
undergraduate programs had because
those departments had sought alternate
Money was raised from private
sources, perhaps from alumni or alumni
groups, Gooder said.
Some money is available in grants
from institutions such as the National
Institute of Health, but those funds are
solely for research, he said. They can
not be used in an instructional capacity,
such as educational labs.
Professors have had to make some
sacrifices to save money, Gooder said.
Some have had to put exam questions
on blackboards or overhead projectors
engineering and contingency fees were
often included in the total cost when
estimating building costs. Contingency
fees are normally 3 percent to 5 percent
of the total construction cost set aside
for unknown conditions that may arise,
junior Leah Brackett some sun Monday
Melissa Scott soak up Connor Beach.
m0 ' iFZgr i Jzz
where they felt the environment was
more suited to them. Some have simply
gotten better opportunities elsewhere."
Minorities are alsoin higher demand
everywhere, he said. y
Although UNC is considered a lib-:
eral school, the campus is not popular
among blacks who are looking for jobs,
Hunt-Smith said. The lack of black
professionals employed by UNQ is
partially responsible for the laclcCf
black applicants, she said. X
A number of black RAs have said
they thought problems resulted from
not having any minority ADs.
Sheritha Lee, an RA in Aycock
Residence Hall, said the housing sys
tem would be improved if a black AD
could address black RA needs. "There
is a problem in finding a liaison be
tween the AD staff and black RAs,"he
More black students than white stu
dents remain in residence halls, she
said. "They have needs that have to be
catered to. We need blacks involved? in
the hiring of RAs as well as day-to-day
See MINORITIES, page 9
liver a proposal Friday to the Board of
Trustees asking that the athletic depart-
ment, another beneficiary of the Trade
mark Scholarship Fund, only receive;
funding in amounts of $240,000 for the
next two years and no more than;
$250,000 thereafter, Lewis said. This;
would redistribute Trademark earnings,
giving student aid a higher percentage
of the fund's proceeds than athletics.
"Hopefully the Trademark licensing
proceeds will continue to grow, and as
they do, this increase would go to edu
cational scholarships," Lewis said.
If this proposal passes, the Financial
Aid Department could receive as much
as $450,000 from the Trademark Schol
arship Fund, he added.
because they were not allowed to use
duplicating machines in the department.
Cell said she knew of professors
who had paid for exam copies them
selves because the funds were not avail
able. Officials also have solicited out
side donations to ease the crunch the
departments are facing, she said.
In addition to private funds, Cell said
she has helped certain departments by
giving them money she had not planned
to use yet. "I have a small amount of
non-state funds that I would make
available on a definite need basis, It's
difficult to make up for the loss of funds
To begin any new construction, the
University must go through the bidding
process, no matter how the building
will be financed. "Even if someone
gives us money for a building, we have
to go through (the approval process),"
afternoon. The group was relaxing'orf
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