North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
High in upper 80s
High in mid-80s
Jorge Or denes on
"Debt and Condional
ity in Latin America'1
12 noon, 210 Union
A A A
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 98, issue 37
Wednesday, April 25, 1990
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
(D IB II 6 fr
Germany names date for
economic, social union
BONN, West Germany Chancel
lor Helmut Kohl and East German Prime
Minister Lothar de Maiziere on Tues
day named July 2 the day for economic
and social union of the two Germanys,
a West German spokesman said.
Union in those areas will bring the
divided nation a long way toward full
unification after more than four dec
ades of separation following the horror
of the Nazi dictatorship and defeat in
World War II.
;l;The issue of political union, or hold
ing an election to form a single govern
ment, remains to be worked out.
U.S. Secretary of State James Baker
and Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard
Shevardnadze, joined by their col
leagues from Britain, France and the
two German states, are scheduled to
meet in Bonn on May 5.
U.S. failure to act against
Moscow angers Lithuania
; MOSCOW The Kremlin tight
ened its grip Tuesday on Lithuania by
reinforcing KGB border guards in the
republic, and Lithuania's president
criticized the United States for not sid
ing with Vilnius against Moscow.
President Bush announced in Wash
ington that he would not impose sanc
tions at this time against the Soviet
Union over its crackdown on Lithu
ania. Bush said he feared sanctions
might prompt the Soviet Union "to take
action that would set back the whole
case of freedom around the world."
The Soviets cut off oil and curtailed gas
and other supplies to Lithuania in an
effort to get the Baltic republic to halt
its drive for independence.
Earlier, Soviet Foreign Ministry
spokesman Vadim Perf iliev warned that
U.S. sanctions could have "negative
consequences." Perf iliev did not state
directly that the Soviet Union might
retaliate but said "any actions taken
which could pull apart the sides of the
argument of course could have nega
tive consequences, not only for the
Soviet Union but for the international
President of Zaire plans
to permit free elections
KINSHASA, Zaire Bowing to
weeks of pressure, President Mobutu
Sese Seko said Tuesday he would lift a
20-year ban on opposition parties and
let a multiparty government replace his
in a year.
Thousands of Zaireans, chanting,
singing and waving branches, poured
. into downtown Kinshasa, the capital,
. and blocked the streets to cheer the
;' Mobutu, absolute ruler since taking
;power Nov. 24, 1965, announced in a
' nationally broadcast speech that he was
setting up a transitional government to
rule until free elections could be held.
No election date was set.
;X "I am taking leave of the Popular
Movement for the Revolution," said
Mobutu, 59. He said he would no longer
be head of the party that supplanted the
government in 1970, but would remain
as president "at the request of the people
He said the constitution would be
.rewritten and a transitional government
established until elections are held.
From Associated Press reports
One for the books
,AP0 co-op fights back from losing
sales to competitors 3
.For ages 18 and up
Focus on pornography in North Caro
Getting her final kicks
' Higgins receives 1 990 Patterson
Medal for four years of footwork.. 9
State and nation 5
may Ibe t evampec
Council considers recommended changes
By STACEY LEE KAPLAN
The Chapel Hill noise ordinance may
be changed this summer, pending the
town council's decision concerning
recommendations from a committee
appointed to study the regulations.
The committee has been meeting
since February to review and revise the
present ordinance, said committee
member Frederic Schroeder, dean of
The committee comprises 18 stu
dents, residents, council members and
representatives from the University who
will formulate any necessary changes
in the present ordinance, Schroeder said.
'There have been complaints to the
town council and police on an ongoing
Recommendations the committee
makes to the town council will not be
binding and may or may not be fol
lowed if a new ordinance is passed, he
Neal McKnight, a committee mem
ber and senior from Raleigh, said is
sues discussed included decibel levels,
hours, single instances of startling
noises and the process by which per
mits are issued.
Noise zones have also been brought
up by the committee, he said. One
proposal is to label different sections of
Chapel Hill as either residential or
University. "This wouldn't be fair to
Stodemts MinMkely to face
By DI0NNE LOY
; - staff WrRer -
Though there is no anticipation that
the N.C. General Assembly will vote to
increase tuition this summer, the Uni
versity will be prepared to combat an
increase if it does occur, Student Body
President (SBP) Bill Hildebolt said
"I'm not actively anticipating an
increase," Hildebolt said. "But some
thing is always happening in the sum
mer, so I'm definitely on guard and
Br oo-adcL course
By JENNIFER PILLA
The latest wave of budget cuts and
hiring freezes is not expected to affect
the drop-add process or the number of
courses offered next semester, admin
istrators said Tuesday.
Provost Dennis O'Connor said he
was unsure if there would be further
cuts made by the General Assembly
this summer, but the present hiring
freeze would not affect the number of
Grass roots artist
r ft 1 l fm , . - 'V
. '' ') it I 'J , V f-"
i ""?ttt : - ill I I M I ltl -
Sara Caldwell, a freshman from Clarksville, Md, does artwork while relaxing
in the Arboretum on a warm, beautifulTuesday afternoon. Today's forecast
Only dull people are brilliant
"Every time someone complains, the
ordinance can't be changed, because
potentially the changes will never
the many students who live in residen
tial areas," McKnight said.
Voting on whether any changes are
necessary will be very close, McKnight
said. The recommendations are tenta
tively scheduled .to be completed by
June, but students will probably be upset
if the town council makes drastic
changes during the summer, he said.
Committee member Rob Beatty, a
junior from Charlotte, said the
committee's goal was to work on
something that would please both the
community of Chapel Hill and the stu
dents. "Students don't tend to think
about Chapel Hill as a town, and resi
dents think of it as a town and not a
college community," he said.
Student Body President Bill Hilde
bolt, another committee member, said
the most recent changes in the noise
ordinance took place about three years
ago, when the council made decibel
limits twice as restrictive as before. "It
did a lot to strain relations between the
Last summer the General Assembly
called for an increase of $100, or 20
percent, for in-state residents, and $669,
or 15 percent, for out-of-state students.
Former SBP Brien Lewis implemented
the Tuition Defense Initiative (TDI) in
response to the increase.
If tuition is increased again, the aims
of TDI will be reinstated, Hidebolt said.
"Brien did a great job putting together
TDI, and I haven't dropped the ball," he
said. "Our plan of attack is already
professors hired for next year. "We are
hopeful that the number of classes will
not be cut," he said. "The freeze does
not extend beyond July 1, and the fac
ulty that has been invited to join for
next fall will arrive after that."
Hiring for next fall was not affected
by the hiring freeze, said Stephen
Birdsall, associate dean of the College
of Arts and Sciences. "In terms of hir
ing for next year that will occur in
the next fiscal year and the cuts are only
town and the University," he said.
Changing the decibel level of the
ordinance is not the best remedy for the
situation because there are always
noises that bother someone, Hildebolt
"Every time someone complains, the
ordinance can't be changed, because
potentially the changes will never end,"
Most of the complaints about noise
come from single instances of noise
such as traffic, horn-honking and
screams late at night, rather than frater
nity and house parties, Hildebolt said.
In order to make recommendations
that address the various concerns of
residents, the committee will consider
noise ordinance requirements in other
towns, especially college towns, he said.
Hildebolt also added that student
committee members were concerned
about making changes during the sum
mer because that might create ill feel
ings among students.
outlined, thanks to Brien."
One especially appealing provision
of TDI proposes that any tuition in
crease enacted by the General Assem
bly not take effect until the following
calendar year, Hildebolt said. Last
summer's tuition increase was imple
mented immediately in the fall tuition
fees, he said.
"A surprise bill could really mess up
a person's academic situation," Hilde
bolt said. "Also, when the General
Assembly can enact an increase imme
for this fiscal year," he said. "The hir
ing process which was begun before
the budget cuts for next fall has not
The freeze should not affect the hir
ing of permanent professors in general,
Birdsall said. "We're doing our best to
make sure there are enough faculty
members," he said.
O'Connor said he did not expect
next year to be an easy one for his
office. "I don't think that next year is
promises a near-duplicate of Tuesday's
- inuiuiuiuwi u jauiiwaa U WLi I l.J y uiii.ni
- V- ' A -
'AVrv fir I
f I K, ve
Bloivin' in the wind
Jess Deltac, a freshman from Charlotte, blows bubbles near Whitehead.
Residence Hall Tuesday afternoon.
diately, it becomes a very attractive
source of revenue. -
"However, if the tuition increase is
qualified to be put off to the following
academic year, they might stop think
ing of the students as a source of easy,
The requirement to raise financial
aid grants an automatic 20 percent to 25
percent of any tuition increase is also an
important point of TDI, Hildebolt said.
"This is a must in order to substantially
offset students in the fiscal crunch."
unaffected by cuts
going to be a bed of roses," he said.
"We are hoping that there will not be
further cuts, but we'll just have to wait
and see what the legislature does in the
short session this summer."
David Lanier, University registrar,
said he did not think this year's budget
cuts would affect drop-add this fall.
"Since we don't know what the budget
cuts will be, if we do have more, we
can't really say if drop-add will be
affected," he said.
weather, with clear skies and a high
Because the University has suffered
so much this year, a tuition increase this
summer is doubtful, he said. "They've
already hurt the University so much
with the budget cuts that increasing
tuition will just be adding to the in
jury," he said. "We have to let them, the
General Assembly, know that it's time
to stop socking it to the University."
Provost Dennis O'Connor said he
did not foresee an increase in tuition.
See TUITION, page 11
If there are more cuts, the registrar's
office might be forced to hire less
temporary help than usual for fall reg
istration, he said. "That could mean
longer lines and less help for students
filling out their paperwork," he said.
Lanier said cuts would not be likely
to affect the implementation of phone
in drop-add this fall. Installation of the
system is expected to be completed by
See DROP-ADD, page 11
By SARAH KIR KM AN
Staff Writer ' ;
One way UNC combats the recent
state budget cuts is by soliciting private
donations and gifts, which make up
about 5 percent of the University's
revenue, development officials said
"Last year we had in private gifts and
grants $49,215,284," said Jean Vick
ery, an accountant from the Office of
Development. Of that money,
$28,121,193 was contributed by indi
viduals, and $21,094,091 was contrib
uted by organizations, she said. "
Scott Hart, a part-time worker at the
Carolina Phonathon, said people could
earmark their donations for any part of
the University they chose. Alumni of
ten give money to the schools from
which they graduated, he said. :
"We call people for their schools,'
he said. "You can give it to any aca
demic department on campus; it doesn't
matter where you graduated from or
what we're calling you for." : !
Vickery said expendable gifts make
up the majority of donations. About
half of the $27 million that comes from
these donations is used for research,
she said. Endowment gifts account for
$ 12 million. "These are gifts not only tt
See DONATIONS, page 11 !